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Wie listen Sie den Primärschlüssel einer SQL Server-Tabelle auf?

Einfache Frage, wie listet man mit T-SQL den Primärschlüssel einer Tabelle auf? Ich weiß, wie man Indizes für eine Tabelle erhält, kann mich aber nicht daran erinnern, wie man die PK erhält.

82
swilliams
SELECT Col.Column_Name from 
    INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS Tab, 
    INFORMATION_SCHEMA.CONSTRAINT_COLUMN_USAGE Col 
WHERE 
    Col.Constraint_Name = Tab.Constraint_Name
    AND Col.Table_Name = Tab.Table_Name
    AND Constraint_Type = 'PRIMARY KEY'
    AND Col.Table_Name = '<your table name>'
125
Guy Starbuck

Es wird allgemein empfohlen, jetzt die sys.*-Ansichten über INFORMATION_SCHEMA in SQL Server zu verwenden. Wenn Sie also keine Datenbanken migrieren möchten, würde ich diese verwenden. So würden Sie es mit den sys.*-Ansichten machen:

SELECT 
    c.name AS column_name,
    i.name AS index_name,
    c.is_identity
FROM sys.indexes i
    inner join sys.index_columns ic  ON i.object_id = ic.object_id AND i.index_id = ic.index_id
    inner join sys.columns c ON ic.object_id = c.object_id AND c.column_id = ic.column_id
WHERE i.is_primary_key = 1
    and i.object_ID = OBJECT_ID('<schema>.<tablename>');
23
Dave Zych

Dies ist eine Lösung, die nur sys -Tabellen verwendet.

Es listet alle Primärschlüssel in der Datenbank auf. Es gibt schema, Tabellenname, Spaltenname und die korrekte Spaltensortierreihenfolge für jeden Primärschlüssel zurück.

Wenn Sie den Primärschlüssel für eine bestimmte Tabelle erhalten möchten, müssen Sie nach SchemaName und TableName filtern. 

IMHO ist diese Lösung sehr generisch und verwendet keine String-Literale, sodass sie auf jeder Maschine ausgeführt werden kann.

select 
    s.name as SchemaName,
    t.name as TableName,
    tc.name as ColumnName,
    ic.key_ordinal as KeyOrderNr
from 
    sys.schemas s 
    inner join sys.tables t   on s.schema_id=t.schema_id
    inner join sys.indexes i  on t.object_id=i.object_id
    inner join sys.index_columns ic on i.object_id=ic.object_id 
                                   and i.index_id=ic.index_id
    inner join sys.columns tc on ic.object_id=tc.object_id 
                             and ic.column_id=tc.column_id
where i.is_primary_key=1 
order by t.name, ic.key_ordinal ;
16
SQLGeorge

Hier ist eine andere Möglichkeit aus der Frage Holen Sie den Tabellenprimärschlüssel mithilfe von SQL-Abfrage :

SELECT COLUMN_NAME
FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.KEY_COLUMN_USAGE
WHERE OBJECTPROPERTY(OBJECT_ID(CONSTRAINT_SCHEMA+'.'+CONSTRAINT_NAME), 'IsPrimaryKey') = 1
  AND TABLE_NAME = '<your table name>'

Es verwendet KEY_COLUMN_USAGE , um die Einschränkungen für eine bestimmte Tabelle zu bestimmen
Verwendet dann OBJECTPROPERTY(id, 'IsPrimaryKey') , um zu bestimmen, ob jeder ein Primärschlüssel ist

7
KyleMit

Wird MS SQL Server verwendet, können Sie Folgendes tun: 

--List all tables primary keys
select * from information_schema.table_constraints
where constraint_type = 'Primary Key'

Sie können auch nach der Spalte Tabellenname filtern, wenn Sie eine bestimmte Tabelle wünschen. 

6
Dwight T

Ich mag die INFORMATION_SCHEMA-Technik, aber eine andere, die ich verwendet habe, ist:

5
user12861

- Dies ist eine weitere modifizierte Version, die auch ein Beispiel für Co-Related Query ist

SELECT TC.TABLE_NAME as [Table_name], TC.CONSTRAINT_NAME as [Primary_Key]
 FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS TC
 INNER JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.CONSTRAINT_COLUMN_USAGE CCU
 ON TC.CONSTRAINT_NAME = CCU.CONSTRAINT_NAME
 WHERE TC.CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'PRIMARY KEY' AND
 TC.TABLE_NAME IN
 (SELECT [NAME] AS [TABLE_NAME] FROM SYS.OBJECTS 
 WHERE TYPE = 'U')
4

Hier sollten alle Einschränkungen (Primärschlüssel und Fremdschlüssel) aufgeführt werden. Am Ende der Abfrage setzen Sie den Tabellennamen.

/* CAST IS DONE , SO THAT OUTPUT INTEXT FILE REMAINS WITH SCREEN LIMIT*/
WITH   ALL_KEYS_IN_TABLE (CONSTRAINT_NAME,CONSTRAINT_TYPE,PARENT_TABLE_NAME,PARENT_COL_NAME,PARENT_COL_NAME_DATA_TYPE,REFERENCE_TABLE_NAME,REFERENCE_COL_NAME) 
AS
(
SELECT  CONSTRAINT_NAME= CAST (PKnUKEY.name AS VARCHAR(30)) ,
        CONSTRAINT_TYPE=CAST (PKnUKEY.type_desc AS VARCHAR(30)) ,
        PARENT_TABLE_NAME=CAST (PKnUTable.name AS VARCHAR(30)) ,
        PARENT_COL_NAME=CAST ( PKnUKEYCol.name AS VARCHAR(30)) ,
        PARENT_COL_NAME_DATA_TYPE=  oParentColDtl.DATA_TYPE,        
        REFERENCE_TABLE_NAME='' ,
        REFERENCE_COL_NAME='' 

FROM sys.key_constraints as PKnUKEY
    INNER JOIN sys.tables as PKnUTable
            ON PKnUTable.object_id = PKnUKEY.parent_object_id
    INNER JOIN sys.index_columns as PKnUColIdx
            ON PKnUColIdx.object_id = PKnUTable.object_id
            AND PKnUColIdx.index_id = PKnUKEY.unique_index_id
    INNER JOIN sys.columns as PKnUKEYCol
            ON PKnUKEYCol.object_id = PKnUTable.object_id
            AND PKnUKEYCol.column_id = PKnUColIdx.column_id
     INNER JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS oParentColDtl
            ON oParentColDtl.TABLE_NAME=PKnUTable.name
            AND oParentColDtl.COLUMN_NAME=PKnUKEYCol.name
UNION ALL
SELECT  CONSTRAINT_NAME= CAST (oConstraint.name AS VARCHAR(30)) ,
        CONSTRAINT_TYPE='FK',
        PARENT_TABLE_NAME=CAST (oParent.name AS VARCHAR(30)) ,
        PARENT_COL_NAME=CAST ( oParentCol.name AS VARCHAR(30)) ,
        PARENT_COL_NAME_DATA_TYPE= oParentColDtl.DATA_TYPE,     
        REFERENCE_TABLE_NAME=CAST ( oReference.name AS VARCHAR(30)) ,
        REFERENCE_COL_NAME=CAST (oReferenceCol.name AS VARCHAR(30)) 
FROM sys.foreign_key_columns FKC
    INNER JOIN sys.sysobjects oConstraint
            ON FKC.constraint_object_id=oConstraint.id 
    INNER JOIN sys.sysobjects oParent
            ON FKC.parent_object_id=oParent.id
    INNER JOIN sys.all_columns oParentCol
            ON FKC.parent_object_id=oParentCol.object_id /* ID of the object to which this column belongs.*/
            AND FKC.parent_column_id=oParentCol.column_id/* ID of the column. Is unique within the object.Column IDs might not be sequential.*/
    INNER JOIN sys.sysobjects oReference
            ON FKC.referenced_object_id=oReference.id
    INNER JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS oParentColDtl
            ON oParentColDtl.TABLE_NAME=oParent.name
            AND oParentColDtl.COLUMN_NAME=oParentCol.name
    INNER JOIN sys.all_columns oReferenceCol
            ON FKC.referenced_object_id=oReferenceCol.object_id /* ID of the object to which this column belongs.*/
            AND FKC.referenced_column_id=oReferenceCol.column_id/* ID of the column. Is unique within the object.Column IDs might not be sequential.*/

)

select * from   ALL_KEYS_IN_TABLE
where   
    PARENT_TABLE_NAME  in ('YOUR_TABLE_NAME') 
    or REFERENCE_TABLE_NAME  in ('YOUR_TABLE_NAME')
ORDER BY PARENT_TABLE_NAME,CONSTRAINT_NAME;

Als Referenz lesen Sie bitte - http://blogs.msdn.com/b/sqltips/archive/2005/09/16/469136.aspx

3
dekdev
SELECT A.TABLE_NAME as [Table_name], A.CONSTRAINT_NAME as [Primary_Key]
 FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS A, INFORMATION_SCHEMA.CONSTRAINT_COLUMN_USAGE B
 WHERE CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'PRIMARY KEY' AND A.CONSTRAINT_NAME = B.CONSTRAINT_NAME
1

Ich erzähle eine einfache Technik, der ich folge 

SP_HELP 'table_name'

führen Sie diesen Code als Abfrage aus. Erwähnen Sie Ihren Tabellennamen an der Stelle von table_name, für die Sie den Primärschlüssel wissen möchten (vergessen Sie nicht die einfachen Anführungszeichen). Das Ergebnis wird als angefügtes Bild angezeigt. Ich hoffe es wird dir helfen

 enter image description here

1
Bha15

Die folgende Abfrage listet Primärschlüssel von bestimmte Tabelle :

SELECT DISTINCT
    CONSTRAINT_NAME AS [Constraint],
    TABLE_SCHEMA AS [Schema],
    TABLE_NAME AS TableName
FROM
    INFORMATION_SCHEMA.KEY_COLUMN_USAGE
WHERE
    TABLE_NAME = 'mytablename'
1
Anjan Kant

Danke, Guy.

Mit einer kleinen Variation habe ich alle Primärschlüssel für alle Tabellen gefunden.

SELECT A.Name,Col.Column_Name from 
    INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS Tab, 
    INFORMATION_SCHEMA.CONSTRAINT_COLUMN_USAGE Col ,
    (select NAME from dbo.sysobjects where xtype='u') AS A
WHERE 
    Col.Constraint_Name = Tab.Constraint_Name
    AND Col.Table_Name = Tab.Table_Name
    AND Constraint_Type = 'PRIMARY KEY '
    AND Col.Table_Name = A.Name
1
MartinC

Dieses gibt Ihnen die Spalten, die PK sind.

SELECT COLUMN_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.KEY_COLUMN_USAGE WHERE TABLE_NAME = 'TableName'
1
Tanner Ornelas

Ich fand das nützlich, gibt eine Liste von Tabellen mit einer durch Kommas getrennten Liste der Spalten und dann auch eine durch Kommas getrennte Liste der Primärschlüssel

SELECT T.TABLE_SCHEMA, T.TABLE_NAME, 
STUFF((
    SELECT ', ' + C.COLUMN_NAME
    FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS C
        WHERE C.TABLE_SCHEMA = T.TABLE_SCHEMA
        AND T.TABLE_NAME = C.TABLE_NAME
        FOR XML PATH ('')
    ), 1, 2, '') AS Columns,
STUFF((
SELECT ', ' + C.COLUMN_NAME 
FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.CONSTRAINT_COLUMN_USAGE C
INNER JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS TC
    ON C.TABLE_SCHEMA = TC.TABLE_SCHEMA
    AND C.TABLE_NAME = TC.TABLE_NAME
    WHERE C.TABLE_SCHEMA = T.TABLE_SCHEMA
    AND T.TABLE_NAME = C.TABLE_NAME
    AND TC.CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'PRIMARY KEY'
    FOR XML PATH ('')
), 1, 2, '') AS [Key]
FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLES T
ORDER BY T.TABLE_SCHEMA, T.TABLE_NAME
1
Pricey

Die gespeicherte Systemprozedur sp_help gibt Ihnen die Informationen. Führen Sie die folgende Anweisung aus:

execute sp_help table_name
1
boes

Ich fand das von meinem Freund, sehr effektiv, wenn Sie alle Primärschlüssel der Tabelle unter einem bestimmten Schema suchen.

SELECT tc.constraint_name AS IndexName,tc.table_name AS TableName,tc.table_schema
AS SchemaName,kc.column_name AS COLUMN_NAME
FROM information_schema.table_constraints tc,information_schema.key_column_usage kc
WHERE tc.constraint_type = 'PRIMARY KEY' AND kc.table_name = tc.table_name AND kc.table_schema = tc.table_schema
AND kc.constraint_name = tc.constraint_name AND tc.table_schema='<SCHEMA_NAME>'
0
WEshruth

Diese Version zeigt das Schema, den Tabellennamen und eine geordnete, durch Kommas getrennte Liste der Primärschlüssel an. Object_Id () funktioniert nicht für Verbindungsserver, daher wird nach dem Tabellennamen gefiltert. 

Ohne REPLACE (Si1.Column_Name, '', '') würde es die XML-Tags zum Öffnen und Schließen von Column_Name in der Datenbank anzeigen, in der ich gerade testete. Ich bin nicht sicher, warum für die Datenbank ein 'Column_Name' ersetzt werden sollte. Wenn also jemand weiß, dann kommentieren Sie dies bitte.

DECLARE @TableName VARCHAR(100) = '';
WITH Sysinfo
    AS (SELECT Kcu.Table_Name
            , Kcu.Table_Schema AS Schema_Name
            , Kcu.Column_Name
            , Kcu.Ordinal_Position
        FROM   [LinkServer].Information_Schema.Key_Column_Usage Kcu
             JOIN [LinkServer].Information_Schema.Table_Constraints AS Tc ON Tc.Constraint_Name = Kcu.Constraint_Name
        WHERE  Tc.Constraint_Type = 'Primary Key')
    SELECT           Schema_Name
                    ,Table_Name
                    , STUFF(
                          (
                             SELECT ', '
                                 , REPLACE(Si1.Column_Name, '', '')
                             FROM    Sysinfo Si1
                             WHERE  Si1.Table_Name = Si2.Table_Name
                             ORDER BY Si1.Table_Name
                                   , Si1.Ordinal_Position
                             FOR XML PATH('')
                          ), 1, 2, '') AS Primary_Keys
    FROM Sysinfo Si2
    WHERE Table_Name = CASE
                       WHEN @TableName NOT IN( '', 'All')
                       THEN @TableName
                       ELSE Table_Name
                    END
    GROUP BY Si2.Table_Name, Si2.Schema_Name;

Und das gleiche Muster mit Georges Abfrage:

DECLARE @TableName VARCHAR(100) = '';
WITH Sysinfo
    AS (SELECT S.Name AS Schema_Name
            , T.Name AS Table_Name
            , Tc.Name AS Column_Name
            , Ic.Key_Ordinal AS Ordinal_Position
        FROM   [LinkServer].Sys.Schemas S
             JOIN [LinkServer].Sys.Tables T ON S.Schema_Id = T.Schema_Id
             JOIN [LinkServer].Sys.Indexes I ON T.Object_Id = I.Object_Id
             JOIN [LinkServer].Sys.Index_Columns Ic ON I.Object_Id = Ic.Object_Id
                                                       AND I.Index_Id = Ic.Index_Id
             JOIN [LinkServer].Sys.Columns Tc ON Ic.Object_Id = Tc.Object_Id
                                                  AND Ic.Column_Id = Tc.Column_Id
        WHERE  I.Is_Primary_Key = 1)
    SELECT           Schema_Name
                    ,Table_Name
                    , STUFF(
                          (
                             SELECT ', '
                                 , REPLACE(Si1.Column_Name, '', '')
                             FROM    Sysinfo Si1
                             WHERE  Si1.Table_Name = Si2.Table_Name
                             ORDER BY Si1.Table_Name
                                   , Si1.Ordinal_Position
                             FOR XML PATH('')
                          ), 1, 2, '') AS Primary_Keys
    FROM Sysinfo Si2
    WHERE Table_Name = CASE
                       WHEN @TableName NOT IN('', 'All')
                       THEN @TableName
                       ELSE Table_Name
                    END
    GROUP BY Si2.Table_Name, Si2.Schema_Name;
0
Soenhay

Probieren Sie es aus:

SELECT
    CONSTRAINT_CATALOG AS DataBaseName,
    CONSTRAINT_SCHEMA AS SchemaName,
    TABLE_NAME AS TableName,
    CONSTRAINT_Name AS PrimaryKey
FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS 
WHERE CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'Primary Key' and Table_Name = 'YourTable'
0
Austin Salonen

Darf ich eine genauere und einfachere Antwort auf die ursprüngliche Frage vorschlagen?

SELECT 
KEYS.table_schema, KEYS.table_name, KEYS.column_name, KEYS.ORDINAL_POSITION 
FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.KEY_COLUMN_USAGE keys
INNER JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS CONS 
    ON cons.TABLE_SCHEMA = keys.TABLE_SCHEMA 
    AND cons.TABLE_NAME = keys.TABLE_NAME 
    AND cons.CONSTRAINT_NAME = keys.CONSTRAINT_NAME
WHERE cons.CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'PRIMARY KEY'

Anmerkungen:

  1. Bei einigen Antworten fehlt ein Filter nur für Primärschlüsselspalten !
  2. Ich verwende unten in einem CTE, um sich einer größeren Spalte anzuschließen Listing, um die Metadaten aus einer Quelle bereitzustellen, um die BIML-Generierung von Staging-Tabellen und SSIS-Code zuzuführen
0
Saxman

Könnte in letzter Zeit gepostet werden, aber hoffentlich hilft dies jemandem, die Liste der Primärschlüssel in SQL Server unter Verwendung dieser T-SQL-Abfrage anzuzeigen:

SELECT  schema_name(t.schema_id) AS [schema_name], t.name AS TableName,        
    COL_NAME(ic.OBJECT_ID,ic.column_id) AS PrimaryKeyColumnName,
    i.name AS PrimaryKeyConstraintName
FROM    sys.tables t 
INNER JOIN sys.indexes AS i  on t.object_id=i.object_id 
INNER JOIN  sys.index_columns AS ic ON  i.OBJECT_ID = ic.OBJECT_ID
                            AND i.index_id = ic.index_id 
WHERE OBJECT_NAME(ic.OBJECT_ID) = 'YourTableNameHere'

Sie können die Liste aller Fremdschlüssel mit dieser Abfrage anzeigen, wenn Sie möchten:

SELECT
f.name as ForeignKeyConstraintName
,OBJECT_NAME(f.parent_object_id) AS ReferencingTableName
,COL_NAME(fc.parent_object_id, fc.parent_column_id) AS ReferencingColumnName
,OBJECT_NAME (f.referenced_object_id) AS ReferencedTableName
,COL_NAME(fc.referenced_object_id, fc.referenced_column_id) AS 
 ReferencedColumnName  ,delete_referential_action_desc AS 
DeleteReferentialActionDesc ,update_referential_action_desc AS 
UpdateReferentialActionDesc
FROM sys.foreign_keys AS f
INNER JOIN sys.foreign_key_columns AS fc
ON f.object_id = fc.constraint_object_id
 --WHERE OBJECT_NAME(f.parent_object_id) = 'YourTableNameHere' 
 --If you want to know referecing table details 
 WHERE OBJECT_NAME(f.referenced_object_id) = 'YourTableNameHere' 
 --If you want to know refereced table details 
ORDER BY f.name
0
Humayoun_Kabir
SELECT t.name AS 'table', i.name AS 'index', it.xtype,

(SELECT c.name FROM syscolumns c INNER JOIN sysindexkeys k 
    ON k.indid = i.indid 
        AND c.colid = k.colid 
        AND c.id = t.id 
        AND k.keyno = 1 
        AND k.id = t.id)
    AS 'column1',

(SELECT c.name FROM syscolumns c INNER JOIN sysindexkeys k 
    ON k.indid = i.indid 
        AND c.colid = k.colid 
        AND c.id = t.id 
        AND k.keyno = 2 
        AND k.id = t.id)
    AS 'column2',

(SELECT c.name FROM syscolumns c INNER JOIN sysindexkeys k 
    ON k.indid = i.indid 
        AND c.colid = k.colid 
        AND c.id = t.id 
        AND k.keyno = 3
        AND k.id = t.id)
    AS 'column3',

(SELECT c.name FROM syscolumns c INNER JOIN sysindexkeys k 
    ON k.indid = i.indid 
        AND c.colid = k.colid 
        AND c.id = t.id 
        AND k.keyno = 4
        AND k.id = t.id)
    AS 'column4',

(SELECT c.name FROM syscolumns c INNER JOIN sysindexkeys k 
    ON k.indid = i.indid 
        AND c.colid = k.colid 
        AND c.id = t.id 
        AND k.keyno = 5
        AND k.id = t.id)
    AS 'column5',

(SELECT c.name FROM syscolumns c INNER JOIN sysindexkeys k 
    ON k.indid = i.indid 
        AND c.colid = k.colid 
        AND c.id = t.id 
        AND k.keyno = 6
        AND k.id = t.id)
    AS 'column6',

(SELECT c.name FROM syscolumns c INNER JOIN sysindexkeys k 
    ON k.indid = i.indid 
        AND c.colid = k.colid 
        AND c.id = t.id 
        AND k.keyno = 7
        AND k.id = t.id)
    AS 'column7',

(SELECT c.name FROM syscolumns c INNER JOIN sysindexkeys k 
    ON k.indid = i.indid 
        AND c.colid = k.colid 
        AND c.id = t.id 
        AND k.keyno = 8 
        AND k.id = t.id)
    AS 'column8',

(SELECT c.name FROM syscolumns c INNER JOIN sysindexkeys k 
    ON k.indid = i.indid 
        AND c.colid = k.colid 
        AND c.id = t.id 
        AND k.keyno = 9 
        AND k.id = t.id)
    AS 'column9',

(SELECT c.name FROM syscolumns c INNER JOIN sysindexkeys k 
    ON k.indid = i.indid 
        AND c.colid = k.colid 
        AND c.id = t.id 
        AND k.keyno = 10
        AND k.id = t.id)
    AS 'column10',

FROM sysobjects t
    INNER JOIN sysindexes i ON i.id = t.id 
    INNER JOIN sysobjects it ON it.parent_obj = t.id AND it.name = i.name

WHERE it.xtype = 'PK'
ORDER BY t.name, i.name
0
Liban01

Wenn Sie nach einem eigenen ORM suchen oder aus einer bestimmten Tabelle Code generieren möchten, können Sie das Formular so aussehen:

declare @table varchar(100) = 'mytable';

with cte as
(
    select 
        tc.CONSTRAINT_SCHEMA
        , tc.CONSTRAINT_TYPE
        , tc.TABLE_NAME
        , ccu.COLUMN_NAME
        , IS_NULLABLE
        , DATA_TYPE
        , CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH
        , NUMERIC_PRECISION
    from 
        INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS tc 
        inner join INFORMATION_SCHEMA.CONSTRAINT_COLUMN_USAGE ccu on tc.TABLE_NAME=ccu.TABLE_NAME  and tc.TABLE_SCHEMA=ccu.TABLE_SCHEMA
        inner join information_schema.COLUMNS c on ccu.COLUMN_NAME=c.COLUMN_NAME and ccu.TABLE_NAME=c.TABLE_NAME and ccu.TABLE_SCHEMA=c.TABLE_SCHEMA
    where 
        [email protected]
        and 
        ccu.CONSTRAINT_NAME=tc.CONSTRAINT_NAME
    union 
    select TABLE_SCHEMA,'COLUMN', TABLE_NAME, COLUMN_NAME, IS_NULLABLE, DATA_TYPE,CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH, NUMERIC_PRECISION from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS where [email protected]
    and COLUMN_NAME not in (select COLUMN_NAME from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.CONSTRAINT_COLUMN_USAGE where TABLE_NAME = @table)
)
select 
    cast(iif(CONSTRAINT_TYPE='PRIMARY KEY',1,0) as bit) PrimaryKey
    ,cast(iif(CONSTRAINT_TYPE='FOREIGN KEY',1,0) as bit) ForeignKey
    ,cast(iif(CONSTRAINT_TYPE='COLUMN',1,0) as bit) NotKey
    ,COLUMN_NAME
    ,cast(iif(is_nullable='NO',0,1) as bit) IsNullable
    , DATA_TYPE
    , CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH
    , NUMERIC_PRECISION 
from 
    cte 
order by 
    case CONSTRAINT_TYPE 
        when 'PRIMARY KEY' then 1 
        when 'FOREIGN KEY' then 2 
        else 3 end
    , COLUMN_NAME

So würde das Ergebnis aussehen:

				<table cellspacing=0 border=1>
					<tr>
						<td style=min-width:50px>PrimaryKey</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>ForeignKey</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>NotKey</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>COLUMN_NAME</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>IsNullable</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>DATA_TYPE</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>NUMERIC_PRECISION</td>
					</tr>
					<tr>
						<td style=min-width:50px>1</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>LectureNoteID</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>int</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>NULL</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>10</td>
					</tr>
					<tr>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>1</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>LectureId</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>int</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>NULL</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>10</td>
					</tr>
					<tr>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>1</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>NoteTypeID</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>int</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>NULL</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>10</td>
					</tr>
					<tr>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>1</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>Body</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>nvarchar</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>-1</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>NULL</td>
					</tr>
					<tr>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>1</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>DisplayOrder</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>0</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>int</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>NULL</td>
						<td style=min-width:50px>10</td>
					</tr>
				</table>
				

0
TruthSeeker

Für eine durch Kommas getrennte Liste von Primärschlüsselspalten für einen bestimmten Tabellennamen und ein bestimmtes Schema:

Select distinct SUBSTRING ( stuff(( select distinct ',' + [COLUMN_NAME] 
                                    from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.KEY_COLUMN_USAGE  
                                    where OBJECTPROPERTY(OBJECT_ID(CONSTRAINT_SCHEMA + '.' + QUOTENAME(CONSTRAINT_NAME)), 'IsPrimaryKey') = 1  
                                    AND TABLE_NAME = 'TableName' AND TABLE_SCHEMA = 'Schema'  
                                    order by 1 FOR XML PATH(''), TYPE).value('.', 'NVARCHAR(MAX)'),1,0,'' ) 
                            ,2,9999) 
0
Allan F

Wenn Primärschlüssel und -typ benötigt werden, kann diese Abfrage nützlich sein:

SELECT L.TABLE_SCHEMA, L.TABLE_NAME, L.COLUMN_NAME, R.TypeName
FROM(
    SELECT COLUMN_NAME, TABLE_NAME, TABLE_SCHEMA
    FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.KEY_COLUMN_USAGE
    WHERE OBJECTPROPERTY(OBJECT_ID(CONSTRAINT_SCHEMA + '.' + QUOTENAME(CONSTRAINT_NAME)), 'IsPrimaryKey') = 1
)L
LEFT JOIN (
    SELECT
    OBJECT_NAME(c.OBJECT_ID) TableName ,c.name AS ColumnName ,t.name AS TypeName
    FROM sys.columns AS c
    JOIN sys.types AS t ON c.user_type_id=t.user_type_id
)R ON L.COLUMN_NAME = R.ColumnName AND L.TABLE_NAME = R.TableName
0
Hamed Nikzad

Die Tabelle "Sys.Objects Table" enthält eine Zeile für jeden benutzerdefinierten Schemabereich Objekt .

Einschränkungen, die wie Primärschlüssel oder andere erstellt werden, sind object und Der Tabellenname lautet parent_object.

Fragen Sie sys.Objects ab und erfassen Sie die Objekt-IDs des erforderlichen Typs

declare @TableName nvarchar(50)='TblInvoice' -- your table name
declare @TypeOfKey nvarchar(50)='PK' -- For Primary key

SELECT Name FROM sys.objects
WHERE type = @TypeOfKey 
AND  parent_object_id = OBJECT_ID (@TableName)
0
UJS