it-swarm.com.de

So suchen Sie nach Nicht-Ascii-Zeichen

Wie kann am besten überprüft werden, ob ein VARCHAR-Feld Nicht-Ascii-Zeichen enthält?
CHAR(1) bis CHAR(31) und CHAR(127) bis CHAR(255).

Ich habe versucht, PATINDEX zu verwenden, und bin auf das folgende Problem gestoßen.

Das Überprüfen des unteren Bereichs funktionierte korrekt.

SELECT *      
FROM mbrnotes      
WHERE PATINDEX('%[' + CHAR(1)+ '-' +CHAR(31)+']%',LINE_TEXT) > 0  

Meine Daten hatten drei Datensätze mit 0x1E und alle drei wurden zurückgegeben.

Aber wenn ich nur den oberen Bereich überprüfe:

SELECT *      
FROM mbrnotes      
WHERE PATINDEX('%[' + CHAR(127)+ '-' +CHAR(255)+']%',LINE_TEXT) > 0 

Es gibt nahezu alle Datensätze in der Tabelle zurück (Tabellenanzahl 170737 und zurückgegebene Anzahl 170735), und da meine Daten keine Werte in diesem Bereich hatten, würde ich denken, dass keine Datensätze zurückgegeben werden sollten.

16
Gerhard Weiss

Bereiche in der Mustersyntax verwenden die Sortierregeln Ihrer Sortierung.

Verwenden Sie eine binäre Kollatierungsklausel, damit der Bereich nach Zeichencode geordnet ist.

(Ich habe es auch in LIKE geändert, da ich das offensichtlicher finde als PATINDEX > 0)

SELECT *      
FROM mbrnotes      
WHERE LINE_TEXT LIKE '%[' + CHAR(127)+ '-' +CHAR(255)+']%'  COLLATE Latin1_General_100_BIN2
18
Martin Smith

Wenn Sie wie ich sind und im Laufe der Jahre müde geworden sind, nach diesen Zeichen in den schrecklichen Daten Ihres Unternehmens zu suchen, können Sie diese Funktion verwenden oder für Ihren eigenen Zweck neu schreiben. Es ist zwar wortreich, aber es ist der zusätzliche Schritt, Sonderzeichen zu identifizieren, wenn Sie dies möchten - kommentieren Sie die Zeilen 19 - 179 aus.

Wenn die Zeichenfolge keine nicht druckbaren oder erweiterten ASCII-Werte enthält, wird NULL zurückgegeben.

CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[Find_Invalid_Chars]
(
    @SearchString VARCHAR(8000)
)
RETURNS VARCHAR(8000)
AS
BEGIN
    DECLARE @CharPosition INT, @CharVal VARCHAR(100), @ReturnVal VARCHAR(8000) = '', @isValid BIT = 1 -- Start as valid

    SET @CharPosition = 1

    WHILE @CharPosition <= DATALENGTH(@SearchString)
    BEGIN
    IF (ASCII(SUBSTRING(@SearchString, @CharPosition, 1)) NOT BETWEEN (32) AND (127))
        BEGIN
            SET @CharVal = '[' + CAST(ASCII(SUBSTRING(@SearchString, @CharPosition, 1)) AS VARCHAR(3)) + ']'
            SET @isValid = 0
            ---- Non-Printables
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[0]', '[NUL]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[1]', '[SOH]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[2]', '[STX]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[3]', '[ETX]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[4]', '[EOT]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[5]', '[ENQ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[6]', '[ACK]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[7]', '[BEL]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[8]', '[BS]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[9]', '[HT]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[10]', '[LF]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[11]', '[VT]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[12]', '[FF]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[13]', '[CR]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[14]', '[SO]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[15]', '[SI]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[16]', '[DLE]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[17]', '[DC1]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[18]', '[DC2]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[19]', '[DC3]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[20]', '[DC4]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[21]', '[NAK]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[22]', '[SYN]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[23]', '[ETB]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[24]', '[CAN]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[25]', '[EM]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[26]', '[SUB]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[27]', '[ESC]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[28]', '[FS]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[29]', '[GS]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[30]', '[RS]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[31]', '[US]')
            ---- Extended Ascii
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[128]', '[€]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[129]', '[]]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[130]', '[‚]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[131]', '[ƒ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[132]', '[„]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[133]', '[…]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[134]', '[†]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[135]', '[‡]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[136]', '[ˆ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[137]', '[‰]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[138]', '[Š]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[139]', '[‹]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[140]', '[Œ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[141]', '[]]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[142]', '[Ž]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[143]', '[]]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[144]', '[]]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[145]', '[‘]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[146]', '[’]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[147]', '[“]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[148]', '[”]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[149]', '[•]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[150]', '[–]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[151]', '[—]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[152]', '[˜]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[153]', '[™]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[154]', '[š]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[155]', '[›]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[156]', '[œ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[157]', '[]]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[158]', '[ž]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[159]', '[Ÿ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[160]', '[]]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[161]', '[¡]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[162]', '[¢]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[163]', '[£]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[164]', '[¤]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[165]', '[¥]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[166]', '[¦]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[167]', '[§]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[168]', '[¨]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[169]', '[©]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[170]', '[ª]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[171]', '[«]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[172]', '[¬]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[173]', '[]]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[174]', '[®]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[175]', '[¯]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[176]', '[°]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[177]', '[±]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[178]', '[²]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[179]', '[³]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[180]', '[´]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[181]', '[µ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[182]', '[¶]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[183]', '[·]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[184]', '[¸]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[185]', '[¹]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[186]', '[º]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[187]', '[»]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[188]', '[¼]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[189]', '[½]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[190]', '[¾]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[191]', '[¿]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[192]', '[À]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[193]', '[Á]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[194]', '[Â]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[195]', '[Ã]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[196]', '[Ä]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[197]', '[Å]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[198]', '[Æ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[199]', '[Ç]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[200]', '[È]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[201]', '[É]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[202]', '[Ê]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[203]', '[Ë]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[204]', '[Ì]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[205]', '[Í]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[206]', '[Î]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[207]', '[Ï]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[208]', '[Ð]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[209]', '[Ñ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[210]', '[Ò]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[211]', '[Ó]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[212]', '[Ô]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[213]', '[Õ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[214]', '[Ö]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[215]', '[×]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[216]', '[Ø]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[217]', '[Ù]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[218]', '[Ú]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[219]', '[Û]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[220]', '[Ü]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[221]', '[Ý]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[222]', '[Þ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[223]', '[ß]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[224]', '[à]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[225]', '[á]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[226]', '[â]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[227]', '[ã]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[228]', '[ä]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[229]', '[å]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[230]', '[æ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[231]', '[ç]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[232]', '[è]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[233]', '[é]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[234]', '[ê]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[235]', '[ë]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[236]', '[ì]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[237]', '[í]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[238]', '[î]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[239]', '[ï]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[240]', '[ð]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[241]', '[ñ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[242]', '[ò]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[243]', '[ó]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[244]', '[ô]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[245]', '[õ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[246]', '[ö]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[247]', '[÷]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[248]', '[ø]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[249]', '[ù]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[250]', '[ú]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[251]', '[û]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[252]', '[ü]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[253]', '[ý]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[254]', '[þ]')
            --SET @CharVal = REPLACE(@CharVal, '[255]', '[ÿ]')
        END
    ELSE
        BEGIN
            SET @CharVal = SUBSTRING(@SearchString, @CharPosition, 1)
        END

    SET @ReturnVal = @ReturnVal + @CharVal

    SET @CharPosition = @CharPosition + 1
    END

IF (@isValid = 1) SET @ReturnVal = NULL

RETURN @ReturnVal

END

Und dann nenne es wie:

SELECT BadString, dbo.Find_Invalid_Chars(BadString) [Invalid Characters]
FROM #tmp_Table tmp_mc
WHERE dbo.Find_Invalid_Chars(BadString) IS NOT NULL

Beispielausgabe:

(With Char Identity

Oder

(Without Char Identity

1
John