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Liste aller Index- und Indexspalten in der SQL Server-Datenbank

Wie erhalte ich eine Liste aller Index- und Indexspalten in SQL Server 2005+? Ich könnte am nächsten kommen:

select s.name, t.name, i.name, c.name from sys.tables t
inner join sys.schemas s on t.schema_id = s.schema_id
inner join sys.indexes i on i.object_id = t.object_id
inner join sys.index_columns ic on ic.object_id = t.object_id
inner join sys.columns c on c.object_id = t.object_id and
        ic.column_id = c.column_id

where i.index_id > 0    
 and i.type in (1, 2) -- clustered & nonclustered only
 and i.is_primary_key = 0 -- do not include PK indexes
 and i.is_unique_constraint = 0 -- do not include UQ
 and i.is_disabled = 0
 and i.is_hypothetical = 0
 and ic.key_ordinal > 0

order by ic.key_ordinal

Welches ist nicht genau das, was ich will.
Ich möchte alle benutzerdefinierten Indizes auflisten ( was bedeutet, dass keine Indizes, die eindeutige Integritätsbedingungen und Primärschlüssel unterstützen ) mit allen Spalten (geordnet nach der Indexdefinition) plus so viel Metadaten wie möglich.

303
Anton Gogolev

Es gibt zwei "sys" -Katalogsichten, die Sie einsehen können:

select * from sys.indexes

select * from sys.index_columns

Diese geben Ihnen so gut wie alle Informationen, die Sie möglicherweise über Indizes und deren Spalten wünschen.

BEARBEITEN: Diese Abfrage kommt dem, was Sie suchen, ziemlich nahe:

SELECT 
     TableName = t.name,
     IndexName = ind.name,
     IndexId = ind.index_id,
     ColumnId = ic.index_column_id,
     ColumnName = col.name,
     ind.*,
     ic.*,
     col.* 
FROM 
     sys.indexes ind 
INNER JOIN 
     sys.index_columns ic ON  ind.object_id = ic.object_id and ind.index_id = ic.index_id 
INNER JOIN 
     sys.columns col ON ic.object_id = col.object_id and ic.column_id = col.column_id 
INNER JOIN 
     sys.tables t ON ind.object_id = t.object_id 
WHERE 
     ind.is_primary_key = 0 
     AND ind.is_unique = 0 
     AND ind.is_unique_constraint = 0 
     AND t.is_ms_shipped = 0 
ORDER BY 
     t.name, ind.name, ind.index_id, ic.index_column_id;
531
marc_s

Mit dem sp_helpindex können Sie alle Indizes einer Tabelle anzeigen.

EXEC sys.sp_helpindex @objname = N'User' -- nvarchar(77)

Für alle Indizes können Sie sys.objects durchlaufen, um alle Indizes für jede Tabelle abzurufen.

59
Dragon

Keines der oben genannten Dinge hat die Arbeit für mich erledigt, aber dies tut:

-- KDF9's concise index list for SQL Server 2005+  (see below for 2000)
--   includes schemas and primary keys, in easy to read format
--   with unique, clustered, and all ascending/descendings in a single column
-- Needs simple manual add or delete to change maximum number of key columns
--   but is easy to understand and modify, with no UDFs or complex logic
--
SELECT
  schema_name(schema_id) as SchemaName, OBJECT_NAME(si.object_id) as TableName, si.name as IndexName,
  (CASE is_primary_key WHEN 1 THEN 'PK' ELSE '' END) as PK,
  (CASE is_unique WHEN 1 THEN '1' ELSE '0' END)+' '+
  (CASE si.type WHEN 1 THEN 'C' WHEN 3 THEN 'X' ELSE 'B' END)+' '+  -- B=basic, C=Clustered, X=XML
  (CASE INDEXKEY_PROPERTY(si.object_id,index_id,1,'IsDescending') WHEN 0 THEN 'A' WHEN 1 THEN 'D' ELSE '' END)+
  (CASE INDEXKEY_PROPERTY(si.object_id,index_id,2,'IsDescending') WHEN 0 THEN 'A' WHEN 1 THEN 'D' ELSE '' END)+
  (CASE INDEXKEY_PROPERTY(si.object_id,index_id,3,'IsDescending') WHEN 0 THEN 'A' WHEN 1 THEN 'D' ELSE '' END)+
  (CASE INDEXKEY_PROPERTY(si.object_id,index_id,4,'IsDescending') WHEN 0 THEN 'A' WHEN 1 THEN 'D' ELSE '' END)+
  (CASE INDEXKEY_PROPERTY(si.object_id,index_id,5,'IsDescending') WHEN 0 THEN 'A' WHEN 1 THEN 'D' ELSE '' END)+
  (CASE INDEXKEY_PROPERTY(si.object_id,index_id,6,'IsDescending') WHEN 0 THEN 'A' WHEN 1 THEN 'D' ELSE '' END)+
  '' as 'Type',
  INDEX_COL(schema_name(schema_id)+'.'+OBJECT_NAME(si.object_id),index_id,1) as Key1,
  INDEX_COL(schema_name(schema_id)+'.'+OBJECT_NAME(si.object_id),index_id,2) as Key2,
  INDEX_COL(schema_name(schema_id)+'.'+OBJECT_NAME(si.object_id),index_id,3) as Key3,
  INDEX_COL(schema_name(schema_id)+'.'+OBJECT_NAME(si.object_id),index_id,4) as Key4,
  INDEX_COL(schema_name(schema_id)+'.'+OBJECT_NAME(si.object_id),index_id,5) as Key5,
  INDEX_COL(schema_name(schema_id)+'.'+OBJECT_NAME(si.object_id),index_id,6) as Key6
FROM sys.indexes as si
LEFT JOIN sys.objects as so on so.object_id=si.object_id
WHERE index_id>0 -- omit the default heap
  and OBJECTPROPERTY(si.object_id,'IsMsShipped')=0 -- omit system tables
  and not (schema_name(schema_id)='dbo' and OBJECT_NAME(si.object_id)='sysdiagrams') -- omit sysdiagrams
ORDER BY SchemaName,TableName,IndexName

-------------------------------------------------------------------
-- or to generate creation scripts put a simple wrapper around that
SELECT SchemaName, TableName, IndexName,
  (CASE pk
    WHEN 'PK' THEN 'ALTER '+
     'TABLE '+SchemaName+'.'+TableName+' ADD CONSTRAINT '+IndexName+' PRIMARY KEY'+
     (CASE substring(Type,3,1) WHEN 'C' THEN ' CLUSTERED' ELSE '' END)
    ELSE 'CREATE '+
     (CASE substring(Type,1,1) WHEN '1' THEN 'UNIQUE ' ELSE '' END)+
     (CASE substring(Type,3,1) WHEN 'C' THEN 'CLUSTERED ' ELSE '' END)+
     'INDEX '+IndexName+' ON '+SchemaName+'.'+TableName
    END)+
  ' ('+
    (CASE WHEN Key1 is null THEN '' ELSE      Key1+(CASE substring(Type,4+1,1) WHEN 'D' THEN ' DESC' ELSE '' END) END)+
    (CASE WHEN Key2 is null THEN '' ELSE ', '+Key2+(CASE substring(Type,4+2,1) WHEN 'D' THEN ' DESC' ELSE '' END) END)+
    (CASE WHEN Key3 is null THEN '' ELSE ', '+Key3+(CASE substring(Type,4+3,1) WHEN 'D' THEN ' DESC' ELSE '' END) END)+
    (CASE WHEN Key4 is null THEN '' ELSE ', '+Key4+(CASE substring(Type,4+4,1) WHEN 'D' THEN ' DESC' ELSE '' END) END)+
    (CASE WHEN Key5 is null THEN '' ELSE ', '+Key5+(CASE substring(Type,4+5,1) WHEN 'D' THEN ' DESC' ELSE '' END) END)+
    (CASE WHEN Key6 is null THEN '' ELSE ', '+Key6+(CASE substring(Type,4+6,1) WHEN 'D' THEN ' DESC' ELSE '' END) END)+
    ')' as CreateIndex
FROM (
  ...
  ...listing SQL same as above minus the ORDER BY...
  ...
  ) as indexes
ORDER BY SchemaName,TableName,IndexName

----------------------------------------------------------
-- For SQL Server 2000 the following should work
--   change table names to sysindexes and sysobjects (no dots)
--   change object_id => id, index_id => indid,
--   change is_primary_key => (select count(constid) from sysconstraints as sc where sc.id=si.id and sc.status&15=1)
--   change is_unique => INDEXPROPERTY(si.id,si.name,'IsUnique')
--   change si.type => INDEXPROPERTY(si.id,si.name,'IsClustered')
--   remove all references to schemas including schema name qualifiers, and the XML type
--   add select where indid<255 and si.status&64=0 (to omit the text/image index and autostats)

Wenn Ihre Namen Leerzeichen enthalten, fügen Sie sie in den Erstellungsskripts mit eckigen Klammern ein.

Wenn die letzte Schlüsselspalte alle Nullen ist, wissen Sie, dass keine fehlen.

Das Herausfiltern von Primärschlüsseln usw. wie in der ursprünglichen Anforderung ist trivial.

HINWEIS: Seien Sie vorsichtig mit dieser Lösung, da indizierte und eingeschlossene Spalten nicht unterschieden werden.

35
KDF9

--Kurz und bündig:

SELECT OBJECT_SCHEMA_NAME(T.[object_id],DB_ID()) AS [Schema],  
  T.[name] AS [table_name], I.[name] AS [index_name], AC.[name] AS [column_name],  
  I.[type_desc], I.[is_unique], I.[data_space_id], I.[ignore_dup_key], I.[is_primary_key], 
  I.[is_unique_constraint], I.[fill_factor],    I.[is_padded], I.[is_disabled], I.[is_hypothetical], 
  I.[allow_row_locks], I.[allow_page_locks], IC.[is_descending_key], IC.[is_included_column] 
FROM sys.[tables] AS T  
  INNER JOIN sys.[indexes] I ON T.[object_id] = I.[object_id]  
  INNER JOIN sys.[index_columns] IC ON I.[object_id] = IC.[object_id] 
  INNER JOIN sys.[all_columns] AC ON T.[object_id] = AC.[object_id] AND IC.[column_id] = AC.[column_id] 
WHERE T.[is_ms_shipped] = 0 AND I.[type_desc] <> 'HEAP' 
ORDER BY T.[name], I.[index_id], IC.[key_ordinal]   
30
Tim Ford

Folgendes gibt an, was ähnlich ist wie sp_helpindex Tabellenname

select T.name as TableName, I.name as IndexName, AC.Name as ColumnName, I.type_desc as IndexType 
from sys.tables as T inner join sys.indexes as I on T.[object_id] = I.[object_id] 
   inner join sys.index_columns as IC on IC.[object_id] = I.[object_id] and IC.[index_id] = I.[index_id] 
   inner join sys.all_columns as AC on IC.[object_id] = AC.[object_id] and IC.[column_id] = AC.[column_id] 
order by T.name, I.name
8
hshen

Ich musste auch bestimmte Indizes, ihre Indexspalten und ihre eingeschlossenen Spalten erhalten. Hier ist die Abfrage, die ich verwendet habe:

SELECT INX.[name] AS [Index Name]
      ,TBL.[name] AS [Table Name]
      ,DS1.[IndexColumnsNames]
      ,DS2.[IncludedColumnsNames]
FROM [sys].[indexes] INX
INNER JOIN [sys].[tables] TBL
    ON INX.[object_id] = TBL.[object_id]
CROSS APPLY 
(
    SELECT STUFF
    (
        (
            SELECT ' [' + CLS.[name] + ']'
            FROM [sys].[index_columns] INXCLS
            INNER JOIN [sys].[columns] CLS 
                ON INXCLS.[object_id] = CLS.[object_id] 
                AND INXCLS.[column_id] = CLS.[column_id]
            WHERE INX.[object_id] = INXCLS.[object_id] 
                AND INX.[index_id] = INXCLS.[index_id]
                AND INXCLS.[is_included_column] = 0
            FOR XML PATH('')
        )
        ,1
        ,1
        ,''
    ) 
) DS1 ([IndexColumnsNames])
CROSS APPLY 
(
    SELECT STUFF
    (
        (
            SELECT ' [' + CLS.[name] + ']'
            FROM [sys].[index_columns] INXCLS
            INNER JOIN [sys].[columns] CLS 
                ON INXCLS.[object_id] = CLS.[object_id] 
                AND INXCLS.[column_id] = CLS.[column_id]
            WHERE INX.[object_id] = INXCLS.[object_id] 
                AND INX.[index_id] = INXCLS.[index_id]
                AND INXCLS.[is_included_column] = 1
            FOR XML PATH('')
        )
        ,1
        ,1
        ,''
    ) 
) DS2 ([IncludedColumnsNames])
8
gotqn

Hey Leute, ich habe es nicht durchgemacht, aber ich habe das bekommen, was ich in der vom ursprünglichen Autor gestellten Abfrage wollte.

Ich habe es (ohne Bedingungen/Filter) für meine Anforderung verwendet, aber es gab falsche Ergebnisse

Das Hauptproblem war die Ergebnisse, die Cross-Produkte ohne Join-Bedingung für index_id erhalten  

SELECT S.NAME SCHEMA_NAME,T.NAME TABLE_NAME,I.NAME INDEX_NAME,C.NAME COLUMN_NAME
  FROM SYS.TABLES T
       INNER JOIN SYS.SCHEMAS S
    ON T.SCHEMA_ID = S.SCHEMA_ID
       INNER JOIN SYS.INDEXES I
    ON I.OBJECT_ID = T.OBJECT_ID
       INNER JOIN SYS.INDEX_COLUMNS IC
    ON IC.OBJECT_ID = T.OBJECT_ID
       INNER JOIN SYS.COLUMNS C
    ON C.OBJECT_ID  = T.OBJECT_ID
   **AND IC.INDEX_ID    = I.INDEX_ID**
   AND IC.COLUMN_ID = C.COLUMN_ID
 WHERE 1=1

ORDER BY I.NAME,I.INDEX_ID,IC.KEY_ORDINAL
8
Solow Developer

Das Folgende funktioniert auf SQL Server 2014/2016 sowie auf jeder Microsoft Azure SQL-Datenbank.

Erzeugt ein umfassendes Resultset, das leicht in Notepad/Excel exportiert werden kann, um es zu schneiden und zu schneiden

  1. Tabellenname
  2. Indexname
  3. Index Beschreibung
  4. Indizierte Spalten - In Reihenfolge
  5. Enthaltene Spalten - In Reihenfolge
 SELECT '[' + s.NAME + '].[' + o.NAME + ']' AS 'table_name'
    ,+ i.NAME AS 'index_name'
    ,LOWER(i.type_desc) + CASE 
        WHEN i.is_unique = 1
            THEN ', unique'
        ELSE ''
        END + CASE 
        WHEN i.is_primary_key = 1
            THEN ', primary key'
        ELSE ''
        END AS 'index_description'
    ,STUFF((
            SELECT ', [' + sc.NAME + ']' AS "text()"
            FROM syscolumns AS sc
            INNER JOIN sys.index_columns AS ic ON ic.object_id = sc.id
                AND ic.column_id = sc.colid
            WHERE sc.id = so.object_id
                AND ic.index_id = i1.indid
                AND ic.is_included_column = 0
            ORDER BY key_ordinal
            FOR XML PATH('')
            ), 1, 2, '') AS 'indexed_columns'
    ,STUFF((
            SELECT ', [' + sc.NAME + ']' AS "text()"
            FROM syscolumns AS sc
            INNER JOIN sys.index_columns AS ic ON ic.object_id = sc.id
                AND ic.column_id = sc.colid
            WHERE sc.id = so.object_id
                AND ic.index_id = i1.indid
                AND ic.is_included_column = 1
            FOR XML PATH('')
            ), 1, 2, '') AS 'included_columns'
FROM sysindexes AS i1
INNER JOIN sys.indexes AS i ON i.object_id = i1.id
    AND i.index_id = i1.indid
INNER JOIN sysobjects AS o ON o.id = i1.id
INNER JOIN sys.objects AS so ON so.object_id = o.id
    AND is_ms_shipped = 0
INNER JOIN sys.schemas AS s ON s.schema_id = so.schema_id
WHERE so.type = 'U'
    AND i1.indid < 255
    AND i1.STATUS & 64 = 0 --index with duplicates
    AND i1.STATUS & 8388608 = 0 --auto created index
    AND i1.STATUS & 16777216 = 0 --stats no recompute
    AND i.type_desc <> 'heap'
    AND so.NAME <> 'sysdiagrams'
ORDER BY table_name
    ,index_name;
6
AeyJey

das wird funktionieren: 

DECLARE @IndexInfo  TABLE (index_name         varchar(250)
                          ,index_description  varchar(250)
                          ,index_keys         varchar(250)
                          )

INSERT INTO @IndexInfo
exec sp_msforeachtable 'sp_helpindex ''?'''
select * from @IndexInfo

dadurch wird der Tabellenname nicht wiederhergestellt, und Sie erhalten Warnungen für alle Tabellen ohne Index. Wenn dies ein Problem ist, können Sie eine Schleife über die Tabellen erstellen, die folgende Indizes haben:

DECLARE @IndexInfoTemp  TABLE (index_name         varchar(250)
                              ,index_description  varchar(250)
                              ,index_keys         varchar(250)
                              )

DECLARE @IndexInfo  TABLE (table_name         sysname
                          ,index_name         varchar(250)
                          ,index_description  varchar(250)
                          ,index_keys         varchar(250)
                          )

DECLARE @Tables Table (RowID       int not null identity(1,1)
                      ,TableName   sysname 
                      )
DECLARE @MaxRow       int
DECLARE @CurrentRow   int
DECLARE @CurrentTable sysname

INSERT INTO @Tables
    SELECT
        DISTINCT t.name 
        FROM sys.indexes i
            INNER JOIN sys.tables t ON i.object_id = t.object_id
        WHERE i.Name IS NOT NULL
SELECT @[email protected]@ROWCOUNT,@CurrentRow=1

WHILE @CurrentRow<[email protected]
BEGIN

    SELECT @CurrentTable=TableName FROM @Tables WHERE [email protected]

    INSERT INTO @IndexInfoTemp
    exec sp_helpindex @CurrentTable

    INSERT INTO @IndexInfo
            (table_name   , index_name , index_description , index_keys)
        SELECT
            @CurrentTable , index_name , index_description , index_keys
        FROM @IndexInfoTemp

    DELETE FROM @IndexInfoTemp

    SET @[email protected]+1

END --WHILE
SELECT * from @IndexInfo

EDIT
Wenn Sie möchten, können Sie die Daten filtern. Hier einige Beispiele (diese funktionieren für beide Methoden):

SELECT * FROM @IndexInfo WHERE index_description NOT LIKE '%primary key%'
SELECT * FROM @IndexInfo WHERE index_description NOT LIKE '%nonclustered%' AND index_description  LIKE '%clustered%'
SELECT * FROM @IndexInfo WHERE index_description LIKE '%unique%'
6
KM.
with connect(schema_name,table_name,index_name,index_column_id,column_name) as
(   select s.name schema_name, t.name table_name, i.name index_name, index_column_id, cast(c.name as varchar(max)) column_name
 from sys.tables t
inner join sys.schemas s on t.schema_id = s.schema_id
inner join sys.indexes i on i.object_id = t.object_id
inner join sys.index_columns ic on ic.object_id = t.object_id and ic.index_id=i.index_id
        inner join sys.columns c on c.object_id = t.object_id and
                ic.column_id = c.column_id
                where index_column_id=1
union all
select s.name schema_name, t.name table_name, i.name index_name, ic.index_column_id, cast(connect.column_name + ',' + c.name as varchar(max)) column_name
 from sys.tables t
inner join sys.schemas s on t.schema_id = s.schema_id
inner join sys.indexes i on i.object_id = t.object_id
inner join sys.index_columns ic on ic.object_id = t.object_id and ic.index_id=i.index_id
        inner join sys.columns c on c.object_id = t.object_id and
                ic.column_id = c.column_id join connect on
connect.index_column_id+1 = ic.index_column_id
and connect.schema_name = s.name
and connect.table_name = t.name
and connect.index_name = i.name)
select connect.schema_name,connect.table_name,connect.index_name,connect.column_name
from connect join (select schema_name,table_name,index_name,MAX(index_column_id) index_column_id
from connect group by schema_name,table_name,index_name) mx
on connect.schema_name = mx.schema_name
and connect.table_name = mx.table_name
and connect.index_name = mx.index_name
and connect.index_column_id = mx.index_column_id
order by 1,2,3
6
jona

Basierend auf der akzeptierten Antwort und zwei weiteren Fragen 1 , 2 Ich habe folgende Abfrage zusammengestellt:

SELECT
    QUOTENAME(t.name) AS TableName,
    QUOTENAME(i.name) AS IndexName,
    i.is_primary_key,
    i.is_unique,
    i.is_unique_constraint,
    STUFF(REPLACE(REPLACE((
        SELECT QUOTENAME(c.name) + CASE WHEN ic.is_descending_key = 1 THEN ' DESC' ELSE '' END AS [data()]
        FROM sys.index_columns AS ic
        INNER JOIN sys.columns AS c ON ic.object_id = c.object_id AND ic.column_id = c.column_id
        WHERE ic.object_id = i.object_id AND ic.index_id = i.index_id AND ic.is_included_column = 0
        ORDER BY ic.key_ordinal
        FOR XML PATH
    ), '<row>', ', '), '</row>', ''), 1, 2, '') AS KeyColumns,
    STUFF(REPLACE(REPLACE((
        SELECT QUOTENAME(c.name) AS [data()]
        FROM sys.index_columns AS ic
        INNER JOIN sys.columns AS c ON ic.object_id = c.object_id AND ic.column_id = c.column_id
        WHERE ic.object_id = i.object_id AND ic.index_id = i.index_id AND ic.is_included_column = 1
        ORDER BY ic.index_column_id
        FOR XML PATH
    ), '<row>', ', '), '</row>', ''), 1, 2, '') AS IncludedColumns,
    u.user_seeks,
    u.user_scans,
    u.user_lookups,
    u.user_updates
FROM sys.tables AS t
INNER JOIN sys.indexes AS i ON t.object_id = i.object_id
LEFT JOIN sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats AS u ON i.object_id = u.object_id AND i.index_id = u.index_id
WHERE t.is_ms_shipped = 0
AND i.type <> 0

Diese Abfrage gibt Ergebnisse wie unten zurück, die die Liste der Indizes, ihre Spalten und ihre Verwendung anzeigen. Sehr hilfreich bei der Bestimmung, welcher Index besser abschneidet als andere:

 index list, columns and usage

5
Salman A

Dies ist eine Möglichkeit, in die Indizes zu gelangen. Sie können SHOWCONTIG verwenden, um die Fragmentierung zu bewerten. Es listet alle Indizes für die Datenbank oder Tabelle sowie Statistiken auf. Ich würde darauf hinweisen, dass es auf einer großen Datenbank lange dauern kann. Für mich ist einer der Vorteile dieses Ansatzes, dass Sie kein Administrator sein müssen, um ihn zu verwenden.

- Fragmentierungsinformationen für alle Indizes in einer Datenbank anzeigen

SET NOCOUNT ON
USE pubs
DBCC SHOWCONTIG WITH ALL_INDEXES
GO

... schalten Sie NOCOUNT ab, wenn Sie fertig sind

- Fragmentierungsinfo für alle Indizes einer Tabelle anzeigen

SET NOCOUNT ON
USE pubs
DBCC SHOWCONTIG (authors) WITH ALL_INDEXES
GO

- Fragmentierungsinformationen für einen bestimmten Index anzeigen

SET NOCOUNT ON
USE pubs
DBCC SHOWCONTIG (authors,aunmind)
GO
4
DOK

Darf ich eine andere Antwort auf diese gesättigte Frage wagen?

Dies ist eine liberale Überarbeitung der Antwort von @marc_s, gemischt mit einigen Dingen von @ Tim Ford, mit dem Ziel, ein bisschen sauberere und einfachere Ergebnismenge und eine abschließende Anzeige und Reihenfolge für meine aktuellen Bedürfnisse zu haben.

SELECT 
    OBJECT_SCHEMA_NAME(t.[object_id],DB_ID()) AS [Schema],
    t.[name] AS [TableName], 
    ind.[name] AS [IndexName], 
    col.[name] AS [ColumnName],
    ic.column_id AS [ColumnId],
    ind.[type_desc] AS [IndexTypeDesc], 
    col.is_identity AS [IsIdentity],
    ind.[is_unique] AS [IsUnique],
    ind.[is_primary_key] AS [IsPrimaryKey],
    ic.[is_descending_key] AS [IsDescendingKey],
    ic.[is_included_column] AS [IsIncludedColumn]
FROM 
    sys.indexes ind 
INNER JOIN 
    sys.index_columns ic 
    ON ind.object_id = ic.object_id AND ind.index_id = ic.index_id 
INNER JOIN 
    sys.columns col 
    ON ic.object_id = col.object_id and ic.column_id = col.column_id 
INNER JOIN 
    sys.tables t 
    ON ind.object_id = t.object_id 
WHERE 
    t.is_ms_shipped = 0
    --ind.is_primary_key = 1 -- include or not pks, etc
    --AND ind.is_unique = 0
    --AND ind.is_unique_constraint = 0 
ORDER BY 
    [Schema],
    TableName, 
    IndexName,
    [ColumnId],
    ColumnName
4

Ich habe mir dieses ausgedacht, das mir den genauen Überblick gibt, den ich brauche. Was hilft, ist, dass Sie pro Index eine Zeile erhalten, in der die Indexspalten zusammengefasst werden. 

select 
    o.name as ObjectName, 
    i.name as IndexName, 
    i.is_primary_key as [PrimaryKey],
    SUBSTRING(i.[type_desc],0,6) as IndexType,
    i.is_unique as [Unique],
    Columns.[Normal] as IndexColumns,
    Columns.[Included] as IncludedColumns
from sys.indexes i 
join sys.objects o on i.object_id = o.object_id
cross apply
(
    select
        substring
        (
            (
                select ', ' + co.[name]
                from sys.index_columns ic
                join sys.columns co on co.object_id = i.object_id and co.column_id = ic.column_id
                where ic.object_id = i.object_id and ic.index_id = i.index_id and ic.is_included_column = 0
                order by ic.key_ordinal
                for xml path('')
            )
            , 3
            , 10000
        )    as [Normal]    
        , substring
        (
            (
                select ', ' + co.[name]
                from sys.index_columns ic
                join sys.columns co on co.object_id = i.object_id and co.column_id = ic.column_id
                where ic.object_id = i.object_id and ic.index_id = i.index_id and ic.is_included_column = 1
                order by ic.key_ordinal
                for xml path('')
            )
            , 3
            , 10000
        )    as [Included]    

) Columns
where o.[type] = 'U' --USER_TABLE
order by o.[name], i.[name], i.is_primary_key desc
3

basierend auf Tim Ford-Code ist dies die richtige Antwort:

  select tab.[name]  as [table_name],
         idx.[name]  as [index_name],
         allc.[name] as [column_name],
         idx.[type_desc],
         idx.[is_unique],
         idx.[data_space_id],
         idx.[ignore_dup_key],
         idx.[is_primary_key],
         idx.[is_unique_constraint],
         idx.[fill_factor],
         idx.[is_padded],
         idx.[is_disabled],
         idx.[is_hypothetical],
         idx.[allow_row_locks],
         idx.[allow_page_locks],
         idxc.[is_descending_key],
         idxc.[is_included_column],
         idxc.[index_column_id]

     from sys.[tables] as tab

    inner join sys.[indexes]       idx  on tab.[object_id] =  idx.[object_id]
    inner join sys.[index_columns] idxc on idx.[object_id] = idxc.[object_id] and  idx.[index_id]  = idxc.[index_id]
    inner join sys.[all_columns]   allc on tab.[object_id] = allc.[object_id] and idxc.[column_id] = allc.[column_id]

    where tab.[name] Like '%table_name%'
      and idx.[name] Like '%index_name%'
    order by tab.[name], idx.[index_id], idxc.[index_column_id]
3
Stefan Cantacuz

Beachten Sie einfach, dass Sie, wenn Sie eine der obigen Arbeitsabfragen zum Skriptieren Ihrer Indizes verwenden möchten, die Spalte filter_definition aus der Tabelle sys.indexes in Ihre Abfragen integrieren müssen, um die Filterdefinition nicht gruppierter Indizes in SQL 2008+ zu erhalten

AM

2
user3101273

Die obige Lösung ist elegant, aber laut MS wird INDEXKEY_PROPERTY nicht mehr empfohlen. Siehe: http://msdn.Microsoft.com/de-de/library/ms186773.aspx

2
Lisa

In Oracle

select CONNECYBY.SCHEMA_NAME,CONNECYBY.TABLE_NAME,CONNECYBY.INDEX_NAME,CONNECYBY.COLUMN_NAME
from (  select TABLE_OWNER SCHEMA_NAME,TABLE_NAME,INDEX_NAME,COLUMN_POSITION,trim(',' from sys_connect_by_path(COLUMN_NAME,',')) COLUMN_NAME
        from DBA_IND_COLUMNS
        start with COLUMN_POSITION = 1
        connect by TABLE_OWNER = prior TABLE_OWNER
        and TABLE_NAME = prior TABLE_NAME
        and INDEX_NAME = prior INDEX_NAME
        and COLUMN_POSITION = prior COLUMN_POSITION + 1) CONNECYBY
join (  select TABLE_OWNER SCHEMA_NAME,TABLE_NAME,INDEX_NAME,max(COLUMN_POSITION) COLUMN_POSITION
        from DBA_IND_COLUMNS
        group by TABLE_OWNER,TABLE_NAME,INDEX_NAME) MAX_CONNECYBY
on (    CONNECYBY.SCHEMA_NAME = MAX_CONNECYBY.SCHEMA_NAME
        and CONNECYBY.TABLE_NAME = MAX_CONNECYBY.TABLE_NAME
        and CONNECYBY.INDEX_NAME = MAX_CONNECYBY.INDEX_NAME
        and CONNECYBY.COLUMN_POSITION = MAX_CONNECYBY.COLUMN_POSITION)
order by CONNECYBY.SCHEMA_NAME,CONNECYBY.TABLE_NAME,CONNECYBY.INDEX_NAME

In SQL Server mit .__ 

CONNECTBY(SCHEMA_NAME,TABLE_NAME,INDEX_NAME,INDEX_COLUMN_ID,COLUMN_NAME) 
as 
    (   select SCHEMAS.NAME SCHEMA_NAME
            , TABLES.NAME TABLE_NAME
            , INDEXES.NAME INDEX_NAME
            , INDEX_COLUMNS.INDEX_COLUMN_ID INDEX_COLUMN_ID
            , cast(COLUMNS.NAME AS VARCHAR(MAX)) COLUMN_NAME
        from SYS.INDEXES
        join SYS.TABLES on (INDEXES.OBJECT_ID = TABLES.OBJECT_ID)
        join SYS.SCHEMAS on (TABLES.SCHEMA_ID = SCHEMAS.SCHEMA_ID)
        join SYS.INDEX_COLUMNS on ( INDEXES.OBJECT_ID = INDEX_COLUMNS.OBJECT_ID 
                                    and INDEX_COLUMNS.INDEX_ID = INDEXES.INDEX_ID)
        join SYS.COLUMNS on (   INDEXES.OBJECT_ID = COLUMNS.OBJECT_ID 
                                and INDEX_COLUMNS.COLUMN_ID = COLUMNS.COLUMN_ID)
        where INDEX_COLUMNS.INDEX_COLUMN_ID = 1
        union all
        select SCHEMAS.NAME SCHEMA_NAME
            , TABLES.NAME TABLE_NAME
            , INDEXES.NAME INDEX_NAME
            , INDEX_COLUMNS.INDEX_COLUMN_ID INDEX_COLUMN_ID
            , cast(PRIOR.COLUMN_NAME + ',' + COLUMNS.NAME AS VARCHAR(MAX)) COLUMN_NAME
        from SYS.INDEXES
        join SYS.TABLES on (INDEXES.OBJECT_ID = TABLES.OBJECT_ID)
        join SYS.SCHEMAS on (TABLES.SCHEMA_ID = SCHEMAS.SCHEMA_ID)
        join SYS.INDEX_COLUMNS on ( INDEXES.OBJECT_ID = INDEX_COLUMNS.OBJECT_ID 
                                    and INDEX_COLUMNS.INDEX_ID = INDEXES.INDEX_ID)
        join SYS.COLUMNS on (   INDEXES.OBJECT_ID = COLUMNS.OBJECT_ID 
                                and INDEX_COLUMNS.COLUMN_ID = COLUMNS.COLUMN_ID)
        join CONNECTBY as PRIOR on (SCHEMAS.NAME = PRIOR.SCHEMA_NAME 
                                    and TABLES.NAME = PRIOR.TABLE_NAME 
                                    and INDEXES.NAME = PRIOR.INDEX_NAME 
                                    and INDEX_COLUMNS.INDEX_COLUMN_ID = PRIOR.INDEX_COLUMN_ID + 1))
select CONNECTBY.SCHEMA_NAME,CONNECTBY.TABLE_NAME,CONNECTBY.INDEX_NAME,CONNECTBY.COLUMN_NAME
from CONNECTBY
join (  select  SCHEMA_NAME
                , TABLE_NAME
                , INDEX_NAME
                , MAX(INDEX_COLUMN_ID) INDEX_COLUMN_ID
        from CONNECTBY 
        group by SCHEMA_NAME,TABLE_NAME,INDEX_NAME) MAX_CONNECTBY
        on (CONNECTBY.SCHEMA_NAME = MAX_CONNECTBY.SCHEMA_NAME
            and CONNECTBY.TABLE_NAME = MAX_CONNECTBY.TABLE_NAME
            and CONNECTBY.INDEX_NAME = MAX_CONNECTBY.INDEX_NAME
            and CONNECTBY.INDEX_COLUMN_ID = MAX_CONNECTBY.INDEX_COLUMN_ID)
order by CONNECTBY.SCHEMA_NAME,CONNECTBY.TABLE_NAME,CONNECTBY.INDEX_NAME
2
jona

Da in Ihrem Profil angegeben wird, dass Sie .NET verwenden, können Sie könnte Server Managed Objects (SMO) programmgesteuert verwenden. Andernfalls sind alle obigen Antworten fantastisch.

2
Kane

Die folgende Abfrage enthält alle relevanten Informationen für die benutzerdefinierten Indizes (keine Indizes für eindeutige Integritätsbedingungen und Primärschlüssel) mit allen Spalten:

SELECT I.name as IndexName, 
        CASE WHEN I.is_unique = 1 THEN 'Yes' ELSE 'No' END as 'Unique',
        I.type_desc COLLATE DATABASE_DEFAULT as Index_Type,
        '[' + SCHEMA_NAME(T.schema_id) + ']' as 'Schema',
        '[' + T.name + ']' as TableName,
        STUFF((SELECT ', [' + C.name + CASE WHEN IC.is_descending_key = 0 THEN '] ASC' ELSE '] DESC' END
            FROM sys.index_columns IC INNER JOIN sys.columns C ON  IC.object_id = C.object_id  AND IC.column_id = C.column_id
            WHERE IC.is_included_column = 0 AND IC.object_id = I.object_id AND IC.index_id = I.Index_id
            FOR XML PATH('')), 1, 2, '') as Key_Columns,
        Included_Columns, 
        I.filter_definition,
        CASE WHEN I.is_padded = 1 THEN 'ON' ELSE 'OFF' END as PAD_INDEX, 
        CASE WHEN ST.no_recompute = 0 THEN 'OFF' ELSE 'ON' END as [Statistics_Norecompute],
        CONVERT(VARCHAR(5), CASE WHEN I.fill_factor = 0 THEN 100 ELSE I.fill_factor END) as [Fillfactor],
        CASE WHEN I.ignore_dup_key = 1 THEN 'ON' ELSE 'OFF' END as [Ignore_Dup_Key],       
        CASE WHEN I.allow_row_locks = 1 THEN 'ON' ELSE 'OFF' END as [Allow_Row_Locks], 
        CASE WHEN I.allow_page_locks = 1 THEN 'ON' ELSE 'OFF' END [Allow_Page_Locks]        
FROM    sys.indexes I INNER JOIN        
        sys.tables T ON  T.object_id = I.object_id INNER JOIN       
        sys.stats ST ON  ST.object_id = I.object_id AND ST.stats_id = I.index_id INNER JOIN 
        sys.data_spaces DS ON  I.data_space_id = DS.data_space_id INNER JOIN 
        sys.filegroups FG ON  I.data_space_id = FG.data_space_id LEFT OUTER JOIN 
        (SELECT * FROM 
            (SELECT IC2.object_id, IC2.index_id,
                STUFF((SELECT ', ' + C.name FROM sys.index_columns IC1 INNER JOIN 
                    sys.columns C ON C.object_id = IC1.object_id
                        AND C.column_id = IC1.column_id
                        AND IC1.is_included_column = 1
                    WHERE  IC1.object_id = IC2.object_id AND IC1.index_id = IC2.index_id
                    GROUP BY IC1.object_id, C.name, index_id  FOR XML PATH('')
                ), 1, 2, '') as Included_Columns
            FROM sys.index_columns IC2
            GROUP BY IC2.object_id, IC2.index_id) tmp1
            WHERE Included_Columns IS NOT NULL
        ) tmp2
        ON tmp2.object_id = I.object_id AND tmp2.index_id = I.index_id
WHERE I.is_primary_key = 0 AND I.is_unique_constraint = 0;

Als zusätzlicher Bonus wird die folgende Abfrage so formatiert, dass sie die Indexe zum Erstellen von Indizes und zum Löschen der Indexe ausschreibt:

SELECT I.name as IndexName, 
        -- Uncommnent line below to include checking for index exists as part of the script
        --'IF NOT EXISTS (SELECT name FROM sysindexes WHERE name = '''+ I.name +''') ' +
        'CREATE ' + CASE WHEN I.is_unique = 1 THEN ' UNIQUE ' ELSE '' END +
        I.type_desc COLLATE DATABASE_DEFAULT + ' INDEX [' +
        I.name + '] ON [' + SCHEMA_NAME(T.schema_id) + '].[' + T.name + '] (' + STUFF(
        (SELECT ', [' + C.name + CASE WHEN IC.is_descending_key = 0 THEN '] ASC' ELSE '] DESC' END
            FROM sys.index_columns IC INNER JOIN sys.columns C ON  IC.object_id = C.object_id  AND IC.column_id = C.column_id
            WHERE IC.is_included_column = 0 AND IC.object_id = I.object_id AND IC.index_id = I.Index_id
            FOR XML PATH('')), 1, 2, '')  + ') ' +
        ISNULL(' INCLUDE (' + IncludedColumns + ') ', '') +
        ISNULL(' WHERE ' + I.filter_definition, '') + 
        'WITH (PAD_INDEX = ' + CASE WHEN I.is_padded = 1 THEN 'ON' ELSE 'OFF' END + 
        ', STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = ' + CASE WHEN ST.no_recompute = 0 THEN 'OFF' ELSE 'ON' END + 
        ', SORT_IN_TEMPDB = OFF' + 
        ', FILLFACTOR = ' + CONVERT(VARCHAR(5), CASE WHEN I.fill_factor = 0 THEN 100 ELSE I.fill_factor END) +
        ', IGNORE_DUP_KEY = ' + CASE WHEN I.ignore_dup_key = 1 THEN 'ON' ELSE 'OFF' END +      
        ', ONLINE = OFF' + 
        ', ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ' + CASE WHEN I.allow_row_locks = 1 THEN 'ON' ELSE 'OFF' END + 
        ', ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ' + CASE WHEN I.allow_page_locks = 1 THEN 'ON' ELSE 'OFF' END + 
        ') ON [' + DS.name + '];' + CHAR(13) + CHAR(10) + 'GO' as [CreateIndex],
        'DROP INDEX ['+ I.name +'] ON ['+ SCHEMA_NAME(T.schema_id) +'].['+ T.name +'];' +
        CHAR(13) + CHAR(10) + 'GO' AS [DropIndex]
FROM    sys.indexes I INNER JOIN        
        sys.tables T ON  T.object_id = I.object_id INNER JOIN       
        sys.stats ST ON  ST.object_id = I.object_id AND ST.stats_id = I.index_id INNER JOIN 
        sys.data_spaces DS ON  I.data_space_id = DS.data_space_id INNER JOIN 
        sys.filegroups FG ON  I.data_space_id = FG.data_space_id LEFT OUTER JOIN 
        (SELECT * FROM 
            (SELECT IC2.object_id, IC2.index_id,
                STUFF((SELECT ', ' + C.name FROM sys.index_columns IC1 INNER JOIN 
                    sys.columns C ON C.object_id = IC1.object_id
                        AND C.column_id = IC1.column_id
                        AND IC1.is_included_column = 1
                    WHERE  IC1.object_id = IC2.object_id AND IC1.index_id = IC2.index_id
                    GROUP BY IC1.object_id, C.name, index_id  FOR XML PATH('')
                ), 1, 2, '') as IncludedColumns
            FROM sys.index_columns IC2
            GROUP BY IC2.object_id, IC2.index_id) tmp1
            WHERE IncludedColumns IS NOT NULL
        ) tmp2
        ON tmp2.object_id = I.object_id AND tmp2.index_id = I.index_id
WHERE I.is_primary_key = 0 AND I.is_unique_constraint = 0 
1
SteveD

Für eindeutige Spalten pro Index:

select s.name, t.name, i.name, i.index_id,c.name,c.column_id
 from sys.schemas s
inner join sys.tables t on t.schema_id = s.schema_id
inner join sys.indexes i on i.object_id = t.object_id
inner join sys.index_columns ic on ic.object_id = t.object_id
    and ic.index_id=i.index_id
inner join sys.columns c on c.object_id = t.object_id 
    and ic.column_id = c.column_id
where i.object_id = object_id('previous.account_1')  
order by index_id,column_id
1
user4525484

Beachten Sie zunächst, dass bei allen obigen Abfragen die INCLUDE -Spalten der Indizes möglicherweise fehlen oder falsch eingefügt werden. In einigen fehlt auch die richtige Reihenfolge und/oder ASC/DESC-Option der Spalten.

Die obige Abfrage wurde von jona geändert. Abgesehen davon installiere ich in vielen Datenbanken, die ich verwende, meine eigene Aggregatfunktion CLR CONCATENATE, sodass der folgende Code davon abhängt, dass so etwas vorhanden ist. Die obigen SQL-Anweisungen reduzieren sich auf ein viel mehr zu pflegendes:

SELECT
  s.[name] AS [schema_name]
, t.[name] AS [table_name]
, i.[name] AS [index_name]
, dbo.Concatenate(CASE WHEN ic.[key_ordinal] > 0 AND ic.[is_descending_key] = 1 THEN c.[name] + ' DESC' WHEN key_ordinal > 0 THEN c.[name] ELSE NULL END,',',1) AS [columns]
, dbo.Concatenate(CASE WHEN ic.[is_included_column] = 1 THEN c.[name] ELSE NULL END,',',1) AS [includes]
FROM
  sys.tables t
INNER JOIN
  sys.schemas s ON t.[schema_id] = s.[schema_id]
INNER JOIN
  sys.indexes i ON i.[object_id] = t.[object_id]
INNER JOIN
  sys.index_columns ic ON ic.[object_id] = t.[object_id] AND ic.index_id = i.index_id
INNER JOIN
  sys.columns c ON c.[object_id] = t.[object_id] AND ic.column_id = c.column_id
GROUP BY
  s.[name]
, t.[name]
, i.[name]
ORDER BY
  s.[name]
, t.[name]
, i.[name]

Es gibt viele Verkettungsaggregate , wenn Ihre Umgebung CLR-basierte Funktionen zulässt.

1
alphadogg

Bei Verwendung von SQL Server 2016 wird eine vollständige Liste aller Indizes mit einem integrierten Speicherauszug für jede Tabelle angezeigt, damit Sie sehen können, wie sich die Tabellen beziehen. Es zeigt auch Spalten, die in überdeckenden Indizes enthalten sind:

select t.name TableName, i.name IdxName, c.name ColName
    , ic.index_column_id ColPosition
    , i.type_desc Type
    , case when i.is_primary_key = 1 then 'Yes' else '' end [Primary?]
    , case when i.is_unique = 1 then 'Yes' else '' end [Unique?]
    , case when ic.is_included_column = 0 then '' else 'Yes - Included' end [CoveredColumn?]
    , 'indexes >>>>' [*indexes*], i.*, 'index_columns >>>>' [*index_columns*]
    , ic.*, 'tables >>>>' [*tables*]
    , t.*, 'columns >>>>' [*columns*], c.*
from sys.index_columns ic
join sys.tables t on t.object_id = ic.object_id
join sys.columns c on c.object_id = t.object_id and c.column_id = ic.column_id
join sys.indexes i on i.object_id = t.object_id and i.index_id = ic.index_id
order by TableName, IdxName, ColPosition
0
ejamesr

Hier ist der beste Weg, dies zu tun:

SELECT sys.tables.object_id, sys.tables.name as table_name, sys.columns.name as column_name, sys.indexes.name as index_name,
sys.indexes.is_unique, sys.indexes.is_primary_key 
FROM sys.tables, sys.indexes, sys.index_columns, sys.columns 
WHERE (sys.tables.object_id = sys.indexes.object_id AND sys.tables.object_id = sys.index_columns.object_id AND sys.tables.object_id = sys.columns.object_id
AND sys.indexes.index_id = sys.index_columns.index_id AND sys.index_columns.column_id = sys.columns.column_id) 
AND sys.tables.name = 'your_table_name'

Ich bevorzuge die Verwendung von impliziten Verknüpfungen, da dies für mich viel einfacher zu verstehen ist. Sie können die object_id-Referenz entfernen, da Sie sie möglicherweise nicht benötigen.

Prost.

0
Obinwanne Hill

Dies ist meins, funktioniert mit einem Standardschema, kann aber leicht verbessert werden. Es gibt 3 Spalten mit SQLQueries - Erstellen/Löschen/Wiederherstellen

Abfrage:

SELECT
'CREATE ' + 
CASE WHEN is_primary_key=1 THEN 'CLUSTERED' 
WHEN is_primary_key=0 and is_unique_constraint=0 THEN 'NONCLUSTERED'
WHEN is_primary_key=0 and is_unique_constraint=1 THEN 'UNIQUE' END  
+ ' INDEX ' +
QUOTENAME(i.name) + ' ON ' +
QUOTENAME(t.name) + ' ( '  + 
STUFF(REPLACE(REPLACE((
        SELECT QUOTENAME(c.name) + CASE WHEN ic.is_descending_key = 1 THEN ' DESC' ELSE '' END AS [data()]
        FROM sys.index_columns AS ic
        INNER JOIN sys.columns AS c ON ic.object_id = c.object_id AND ic.column_id = c.column_id
        WHERE ic.object_id = i.object_id AND ic.index_id = i.index_id AND ic.is_included_column = 0
        ORDER BY ic.key_ordinal
        FOR XML PATH
    ), '<row>', ', '), '</row>', ''), 1, 2, '') + ' ) '  -- keycols
+ COALESCE(' INCLUDE ( ' +
    STUFF(REPLACE(REPLACE((
        SELECT QUOTENAME(c.name) AS [data()]
        FROM sys.index_columns AS ic
        INNER JOIN sys.columns AS c ON ic.object_id = c.object_id AND ic.column_id = c.column_id
        WHERE ic.object_id = i.object_id AND ic.index_id = i.index_id AND ic.is_included_column = 1
        ORDER BY ic.index_column_id
        FOR XML PATH
    ), '<row>', ', '), '</row>', ''), 1, 2, '') + ' ) ',    -- included cols
    '') as [Create],
'DROP INDEX ' + QUOTENAME(i.name) + ' ON ' + QUOTENAME(t.name) as [Drop],
'ALTER INDEX ' + QUOTENAME(i.name)  + ' ON ' +QUOTENAME(t.name) + ' REBUILD ' as [Rebuild]
FROM sys.tables AS t
INNER JOIN sys.indexes AS i ON t.object_id = i.object_id
LEFT JOIN sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats AS u ON i.object_id = u.object_id AND i.index_id = u.index_id
WHERE t.is_ms_shipped = 0
AND i.type <> 0
order by QUOTENAME(t.name), is_primary_key desc

Ausgabe

Create                                                                                                      Drop                                    Rebuild
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CREATE CLUSTERED INDEX [PK_Table1] ON [Table1] ( [Tab1_ID] )                                                DROP INDEX [PK_Table1] ON [Table1]      ALTER INDEX [PK_Table1] ON [Table1] REBUILD 
CREATE UNIQUE INDEX [IX_Table1_Name] ON [Table1] ( [Tab1_Name] )                                            DROP INDEX [IX_Table1_Name] ON [Table1] ALTER INDEX [IX_Table1_Name] ON [Table1] REBUILD 
CREATE NONCLUSTERED INDEX [IX_Table2] ON [Table2] ( [Tab2_Name], [Tab2_City] )  INCLUDE ( [Tab2_PhoneNo] )  DROP INDEX [IX_Table2] ON [Table2]      ALTER INDEX [IX_Table2] ON [Table2] REBUILD
0
mr R

Arbeitslösung für SQL Server 2014. Ich habe hier nur eine Handvoll Ausgabefelder eingefügt, kann aber beliebig viele hinzufügen.

SELECT
    o.object_id AS objectId
    ,o.name AS objectName
    ,i.index_id AS indexId
    ,i.name AS indexName
    ,i.type_desc AS typeDesc
    ,ic.index_column_id AS indexColumnId
    ,ic.key_ordinal AS keyOrdinal
    ,ic.is_included_column AS isIncludedColumn
    ,ic.column_id AS columnId
    ,c.name AS columnName
FROM {database}.sys.objects AS o
    INNER JOIN {database}.sys.columns AS c ON
        c.object_id = o.object_id
        AND o.type = 'U'
    INNER JOIN {database}.sys.indexes AS i ON
        i.object_id = o.object_id
    INNER JOIN {database}.sys.index_columns AS ic ON
        ic.object_id = i.object_id
        AND ic.index_id = i.index_id
        AND ic.column_id = c.column_id
ORDER BY
    o.object_id
    ,i.index_id
    ,ic.index_column_id

Ich habe die folgende Abfrage verwendet, als ich diese Anforderung hatte ...

SELECT 
    TableName = t.name,
    ColumnId = col.column_id, 
    ColumnName = col.name,
    DataType = ty.name,
    MaxSize = ty.max_length,
    IsNullable = CASE WHEN (col.is_nullable = 1) THEN 'Y' END,
    IsIdentity = CASE WHEN (col.is_identity = 1) THEN 'Y' END,
    IsPrimaryKey = CASE WHEN (ic.column_id = col.column_id) THEN 'Y' END,
    IsForeignKey = CASE WHEN (fkc.parent_column_id = col.column_id) THEN 'Y' END,
    IsDefault = CASE WHEN (dc.parent_column_id = col.column_id) THEN 'Y' END
FROM 
    sys.tables t
INNER JOIN 
     sys.columns col ON t.object_id = col.object_id 
LEFT JOIN
    sys.indexes ind ON t.object_id = ind.object_id 
LEFT JOIN 
     sys.index_columns ic ON ic.index_id=ind.index_id AND ic.object_id = col.object_id and ic.column_id = col.column_id
LEFT JOIN sys.foreign_key_columns fkc
                ON fkc.parent_object_id = col.object_id AND fkc.parent_column_id=col.column_id
LEFT JOIN sys.default_constraints dc
                ON dc.parent_object_id = col.object_id AND dc.parent_column_id=col.column_id
LEFT JOIN
     sys.types ty on ty.user_type_id = col.user_type_id

WHERE
    --t.name='<TABLENAME>'
    t.schema_id = 10    --SCHEMA ID
    AND ind.is_primary_key=1    
ORDER BY
    t.name, ColumnId
0
Amit Philips