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So schreiben Sie alle Berechtigungen für ein Schema

Mit SQL Management Studio können Skripte für alle Datenbankobjekte erstellt werden. Bisher konnte ich jedoch keine Möglichkeit finden, ein Schema oder einen Benutzer korrekt zu skripten. Die Berechtigungen eines Benutzers für ein Schema sind in dem erstellten Skript nicht enthalten. Habe ich etwas falsch gemacht oder ist MSFT ein bisschen schlampig?

10
nojetlag

Dein Freund ist sys.database_permissions zum Auschecken/Skriptieren von Berechtigungen.

Unten finden Sie das Skript, das ich beim Aktualisieren von PROD auf einem DEV- oder UAT-Server verwende. Ich werde alle Berechtigungen vorab ausschreiben und nach der Wiederherstellung nur das Skript ausführen.

/*
Script DB Level Permissions v2.1
Source: http://www.sqlservercentral.com/scripts/Security/71562/
*/

DECLARE 
    @sql VARCHAR(2048)
    ,@sort INT 

DECLARE tmp CURSOR FOR


/*********************************************/
/*********   DB CONTEXT STATEMENT    *********/
/*********************************************/
SELECT '-- [-- DB CONTEXT --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        1 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT  'USE' + SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME(DB_NAME()) AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        1 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]

UNION

SELECT '' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        2 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]

UNION

/*********************************************/
/*********     DB USER CREATION      *********/
/*********************************************/

SELECT '-- [-- DB USERS --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        3 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT  'IF NOT EXISTS (SELECT [name] FROM sys.database_principals WHERE [name] = ' + SPACE(1) + '''' + [name] + '''' + ') BEGIN CREATE USER ' + SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME([name]) + ' FOR LOGIN ' + QUOTENAME([name]) + ' WITH DEFAULT_SCHEMA = ' + QUOTENAME([default_schema_name]) + SPACE(1) + 'END; ' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        4 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
FROM    sys.database_principals AS rm
WHERE [type] IN ('U', 'S', 'G') -- windows users, sql users, windows groups

UNION

/*********************************************/
/*********    DB ROLE PERMISSIONS    *********/
/*********************************************/
SELECT '-- [-- DB ROLES --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        5 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT  'EXEC sp_addrolemember @rolename ='
    + SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME(USER_NAME(rm.role_principal_id), '''') + ', @membername =' + SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME(USER_NAME(rm.member_principal_id), '''') AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        6 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
FROM    sys.database_role_members AS rm
WHERE   USER_NAME(rm.member_principal_id) IN (  
                                                --get user names on the database
                                                SELECT [name]
                                                FROM sys.database_principals
                                                WHERE [principal_id] > 4 -- 0 to 4 are system users/schemas
                                                and [type] IN ('G', 'S', 'U') -- S = SQL user, U = Windows user, G = Windows group
                                              )
--ORDER BY rm.role_principal_id ASC


UNION

SELECT '' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        7 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]

UNION

/*********************************************/
/*********  OBJECT LEVEL PERMISSIONS *********/
/*********************************************/
SELECT '-- [-- OBJECT LEVEL PERMISSIONS --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        8 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT  CASE 
            WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN perm.state_desc 
            ELSE 'GRANT'
        END
        + SPACE(1) + perm.permission_name + SPACE(1) + 'ON ' + QUOTENAME(SCHEMA_NAME(obj.schema_id)) + '.' + QUOTENAME(obj.name) --select, execute, etc on specific objects
        + CASE
                WHEN cl.column_id IS NULL THEN SPACE(0)
                ELSE '(' + QUOTENAME(cl.name) + ')'
          END
        + SPACE(1) + 'TO' + SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME(USER_NAME(usr.principal_id)) COLLATE database_default
        + CASE 
                WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN SPACE(0)
                ELSE SPACE(1) + 'WITH GRANT OPTION'
          END
            AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        9 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
FROM    
    sys.database_permissions AS perm
        INNER JOIN
    sys.objects AS obj
            ON perm.major_id = obj.[object_id]
        INNER JOIN
    sys.database_principals AS usr
            ON perm.grantee_principal_id = usr.principal_id
        LEFT JOIN
    sys.columns AS cl
            ON cl.column_id = perm.minor_id AND cl.[object_id] = perm.major_id
--WHERE usr.name = @OldUser
--ORDER BY perm.permission_name ASC, perm.state_desc ASC



UNION

SELECT '' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
    10 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]

UNION

/*********************************************/
/*********    DB LEVEL PERMISSIONS   *********/
/*********************************************/
SELECT '-- [--DB LEVEL PERMISSIONS --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        11 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT  CASE 
            WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN perm.state_desc --W=Grant With Grant Option
            ELSE 'GRANT'
        END
    + SPACE(1) + perm.permission_name --CONNECT, etc
    + SPACE(1) + 'TO' + SPACE(1) + '[' + USER_NAME(usr.principal_id) + ']' COLLATE database_default --TO <user name>
    + CASE 
            WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN SPACE(0) 
            ELSE SPACE(1) + 'WITH GRANT OPTION' 
      END
        AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        12 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
FROM    sys.database_permissions AS perm
    INNER JOIN
    sys.database_principals AS usr
    ON perm.grantee_principal_id = usr.principal_id
--WHERE usr.name = @OldUser

WHERE   [perm].[major_id] = 0
    AND [usr].[principal_id] > 4 -- 0 to 4 are system users/schemas
    AND [usr].[type] IN ('G', 'S', 'U') -- S = SQL user, U = Windows user, G = Windows group

UNION

SELECT '' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        13 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]

UNION 

SELECT '-- [--DB LEVEL SCHEMA PERMISSIONS --] --' AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        14 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
UNION
SELECT  CASE
            WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN perm.state_desc --W=Grant With Grant Option
            ELSE 'GRANT'
            END
                + SPACE(1) + perm.permission_name --CONNECT, etc
                + SPACE(1) + 'ON' + SPACE(1) + class_desc + '::' COLLATE database_default --TO <user name>
                + QUOTENAME(SCHEMA_NAME(major_id))
                + SPACE(1) + 'TO' + SPACE(1) + QUOTENAME(USER_NAME(grantee_principal_id)) COLLATE database_default
                + CASE
                    WHEN perm.state <> 'W' THEN SPACE(0)
                    ELSE SPACE(1) + 'WITH GRANT OPTION'
                    END
            AS [-- SQL STATEMENTS --],
        15 AS [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]
from sys.database_permissions AS perm
    inner join sys.schemas s
        on perm.major_id = s.schema_id
    inner join sys.database_principals dbprin
        on perm.grantee_principal_id = dbprin.principal_id
WHERE class = 3 --class 3 = schema


ORDER BY [-- RESULT ORDER HOLDER --]


OPEN tmp
FETCH NEXT FROM tmp INTO @sql, @sort
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN
        PRINT @sql
        FETCH NEXT FROM tmp INTO @sql, @sort    
END

CLOSE tmp
DEALLOCATE tmp 
12
Kin Shah

Sie müssen Skriptberechtigungen in zwei Schritten erstellen: Rollen und Objekte. Wie Kin anspielt, können Sie sys.database_permissions Für die Objekte verwenden, aber Sie möchten sys.database_principals Und sys.database_role_members Für die Rollenmitgliedschaft verwenden. Das folgende SQL funktioniert nur für SQL 2012 (frühere Versionen sollten sp_addrolemember Für Rollen verwenden) und sollte im Kontext der Datenbank ausgeführt werden, für die Sie Skriptberechtigungen erstellen. Filtern Sie nach Bedarf nach einem bestimmten Benutzer.

--Add to roles
SELECT 'ALTER ROLE ' + quotename(dpr.name,'[')  + ' ADD MEMBER ' + quotename(dpu.name,'[')
    FROM sys.database_principals dpr
    JOIN sys.database_role_members drm on (dpr.principal_id = drm.role_principal_id)
    JOIN sys.database_principals dpu on (drm.member_principal_id = dpu.principal_id)
    WHERE dpu.principal_id > 4

--Grant explicit permissions
SELECT 'GRANT ' + dp.permission_name collate latin1_general_cs_as
    + ' ON ' + s.name + '.' + o.name + ' TO ' + dpr.name 
    FROM sys.database_permissions AS dp
    INNER JOIN sys.objects AS o ON dp.major_id=o.object_id
    INNER JOIN sys.schemas AS s ON o.schema_id = s.schema_id
    INNER JOIN sys.database_principals AS dpr ON dp.grantee_principal_id=dpr.principal_id
    WHERE dpr.name NOT IN ('public','guest')

Hutspitze zu dieser Antwort für das zweite Skript.

8
Mike Fal