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Überprüfen Sie eine Signatur in JWT.IO

Ich habe das folgende Token generiert und versuche, die Signatur mit http://jwt.io zu überprüfen. Ich habe auch den Inhalt meines jwks-Endpunkts angehängt, der alle Details enthalten sollte, die ich überprüfen muss.

Meine Frage lautet also: Wie erhalte ich die Signatur, die auf der Website jwt.io gültig ist? Fehlt eine Transformation für den Zertifikatkettenparameter?

Hier ist das spec für jwks als Referenz.

eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsIng1dCI6ImEzck1VZ01Gdjl0UGNsTGE2eUYzekFrZnF1RSIsImtpZCI6ImEzck1VZ01Gdjl0UGNsTGE2eUYzekFrZnF1RSJ9.eyJub25jZSI6IjYzNjA3MDM0OTc3NDIzODg2NS5OMlkxTldKbU1EZ3RZbU13TkMwME9XWTNMVGt5TlRJdE9ERXpOell4Wm1NME0yVmxNV1l5TkdOaFlXTXRaVEpqT1MwME4yRmpMVGd6WmpVdFpXWTVOVEEwWmpFMU1qWTEiLCJpYXQiOjE0NzE0MzgxODIsImF0X2hhc2giOiJLWUJpVkl1Uy1YZERzU3NHcWU5dTJBIiwic3ViIjoiMSIsImFtciI6InBhc3N3b3JkIiwiYXV0aF90aW1lIjoxNDcxNDM4MTgyLCJpZHAiOiJpZHNydiIsImlzcyI6Imh0dHBzOi8vZWx3ZWJhcHBsaWNhdGlvbjEuYXp1cmV3ZWJzaXRlcy5uZXQvaWRlbnRpdHkiLCJhdWQiOiJtdmMiLCJleHAiOjE0NzE0Mzg0ODIsIm5iZiI6MTQ3MTQzODE4Mn0.Ehck2-rA09cJzlfURhDMp-WcXm_t_dl-u0Mli3exdv1HxX8i77x5VfFPM6rP4lcpI3lpN8Yj-FefZYDTUY_UmxCYvXf6ILSrhzEfQVaXSPKX1RUQQIDJGPU6NuFLcR416JpUAkE8joYae3WPj5VsM4yNENGGjUANm4qgj6G_mYy_BiXcSqvRGRYwW5GHDsnnANrIw4oktIYS05yCbjdiNYgQZ043L6Pb2p-5eTPCFqG7WRHp208dhg8D3nhtYEov2Kxod93oKHXSp1zf-Ot0cadk6Ss4fClaTE9S1f29lbwxw7ZxI1L3R4oOL3FZPSSHGp4d3a3AdUKOjKvvTVPv6w

{
    keys : [{
            kty : "RSA",
            use : "sig",
            kid : "a3rMUgMFv9tPclLa6yF3zAkfquE",
            x5t : "a3rMUgMFv9tPclLa6yF3zAkfquE",
            e : "AQAB",
            n : "qnTksBdxOiOlsmRNd-mMS2M3o1IDpK4uAr0T4_YqO3zYHAGAWTwsq4ms-NWynqY5HaB4EThNxuq2GWC5JKpO1YirOrwS97B5x9LJyHXPsdJcSikEI9BxOkl6WLQ0UzPxHdYTLpR4_O-0ILAlXw8NU4-jB4AP8Sn9YGYJ5w0fLw5YmWioXeWvocz1wHrZdJPxS8XnqHXwMUozVzQj-x6daOv5FmrHU1r9_bbp0a1GLv4BbTtSh4kMyz1hXylho0EvPg5p9YIKStbNAW9eNWvv5R8HN7PPei21AsUqxekK0oW9jnEdHewckToX7x5zULWKwwZIksll0XnVczVgy7fCFw",
            x5c : [
                "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"
            ]
        }
    ]
}

invalid signature image

28
Jeremy Gray

jwt.io sagt, um den Schlüssel einzugeben

Öffentlicher Schlüssel oder Zertifikat. Geben Sie es nur im Klartext ein, wenn Sie ein Token überprüfen möchten

also Ich habe den JSON-Webschlüssel in ein PEM-Format konvertiert. Ich schätze, er würde ein Base64-Format benötigen und es funktioniert!

jwt validation ok

Dies ist der öffentliche Schlüssel, der aus Modul und Exponent aufgebaut ist

-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----
MIIBIjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAAOCAQ8AMIIBCgKCAQEAqnTksBdxOiOlsmRNd+mMS2M3o1IDpK4uAr0T4/YqO3zYHAGAWTwsq4ms+NWynqY5HaB4EThNxuq2GWC5JKpO1YirOrwS97B5x9LJyHXPsdJcSikEI9BxOkl6WLQ0UzPxHdYTLpR4/O+0ILAlXw8NU4+jB4AP8Sn9YGYJ5w0fLw5YmWioXeWvocz1wHrZdJPxS8XnqHXwMUozVzQj+x6daOv5FmrHU1r9/bbp0a1GLv4BbTtSh4kMyz1hXylho0EvPg5p9YIKStbNAW9eNWvv5R8HN7PPei21AsUqxekK0oW9jnEdHewckToX7x5zULWKwwZIksll0XnVczVgy7fCFwIDAQAB
-----END PUBLIC KEY-----

Nach einigen Versuchen habe ich beschlossen, ein einfaches Testprogramm zu schreiben, um zu überprüfen, ob die JWT-Signatur korrekt ist oder ob es sich um ein Schlüsselformatproblem handelt. Sie können es testen (Java 8). Es ist voll funktionsfähig

package test;

import Java.math.BigInteger;
import Java.security.InvalidKeyException;
import Java.security.KeyFactory;
import Java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import Java.security.NoSuchProviderException;
import Java.security.PublicKey;
import Java.security.Signature;
import Java.security.SignatureException;
import Java.security.spec.InvalidKeySpecException;
import Java.security.spec.RSAPublicKeySpec;
import Java.util.Base64;


public class JWKTest {
    private static final String[] HEX_TABLE = new String[]{
        "00", "01", "02", "03", "04", "05", "06", "07", "08", "09", "0a", "0b", "0c", "0d", "0e", "0f",
        "10", "11", "12", "13", "14", "15", "16", "17", "18", "19", "1a", "1b", "1c", "1d", "1e", "1f",
        "20", "21", "22", "23", "24", "25", "26", "27", "28", "29", "2a", "2b", "2c", "2d", "2e", "2f",
        "30", "31", "32", "33", "34", "35", "36", "37", "38", "39", "3a", "3b", "3c", "3d", "3e", "3f",
        "40", "41", "42", "43", "44", "45", "46", "47", "48", "49", "4a", "4b", "4c", "4d", "4e", "4f",
        "50", "51", "52", "53", "54", "55", "56", "57", "58", "59", "5a", "5b", "5c", "5d", "5e", "5f",
        "60", "61", "62", "63", "64", "65", "66", "67", "68", "69", "6a", "6b", "6c", "6d", "6e", "6f",
        "70", "71", "72", "73", "74", "75", "76", "77", "78", "79", "7a", "7b", "7c", "7d", "7e", "7f",
        "80", "81", "82", "83", "84", "85", "86", "87", "88", "89", "8a", "8b", "8c", "8d", "8e", "8f",
        "90", "91", "92", "93", "94", "95", "96", "97", "98", "99", "9a", "9b", "9c", "9d", "9e", "9f",
        "a0", "a1", "a2", "a3", "a4", "a5", "a6", "a7", "a8", "a9", "aa", "ab", "ac", "ad", "ae", "af",
        "b0", "b1", "b2", "b3", "b4", "b5", "b6", "b7", "b8", "b9", "ba", "bb", "bc", "bd", "be", "bf",
        "c0", "c1", "c2", "c3", "c4", "c5", "c6", "c7", "c8", "c9", "ca", "cb", "cc", "cd", "ce", "cf",
        "d0", "d1", "d2", "d3", "d4", "d5", "d6", "d7", "d8", "d9", "da", "db", "dc", "dd", "de", "df",
        "e0", "e1", "e2", "e3", "e4", "e5", "e6", "e7", "e8", "e9", "ea", "eb", "ec", "ed", "ee", "ef",
        "f0", "f1", "f2", "f3", "f4", "f5", "f6", "f7", "f8", "f9", "fa", "fb", "fc", "fd", "fe", "ff",
    };

    public static String toHexFromBytes(byte[] bytes) {
        StringBuffer rc = new StringBuffer(bytes.length * 2);
        for (int i = 0; i < bytes.length; i++) {
            rc.append(HEX_TABLE[0xFF & bytes[i]]);
        }
        return rc.toString();
    }

    // Build the public key from modulus and exponent
    public static PublicKey getPublicKey (String modulusB64u, String exponentB64u) throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, InvalidKeySpecException{
        //conversion to BigInteger. I have transformed to Hex because new BigDecimal(byte) does not work for me
        byte exponentB[] = Base64.getUrlDecoder().decode(exponentB64u);
        byte modulusB[] = Base64.getUrlDecoder().decode(modulusB64u);
        BigInteger exponent = new BigInteger(toHexFromBytes(exponentB), 16);
        BigInteger modulus = new BigInteger(toHexFromBytes(modulusB), 16);

        //Build the public key
        RSAPublicKeySpec spec = new RSAPublicKeySpec(modulus, exponent);
        KeyFactory factory = KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");
        PublicKey pub = factory.generatePublic(spec);

        return pub;
    }

    public final static void main (String argv[]) throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, InvalidKeySpecException, SignatureException, NoSuchProviderException, InvalidKeyException{
        String exponentB64u = "AQAB";
        String modulusB64u = "qnTksBdxOiOlsmRNd-mMS2M3o1IDpK4uAr0T4_YqO3zYHAGAWTwsq4ms-NWynqY5HaB4EThNxuq2GWC5JKpO1YirOrwS97B5x9LJyHXPsdJcSikEI9BxOkl6WLQ0UzPxHdYTLpR4_O-0ILAlXw8NU4-jB4AP8Sn9YGYJ5w0fLw5YmWioXeWvocz1wHrZdJPxS8XnqHXwMUozVzQj-x6daOv5FmrHU1r9_bbp0a1GLv4BbTtSh4kMyz1hXylho0EvPg5p9YIKStbNAW9eNWvv5R8HN7PPei21AsUqxekK0oW9jnEdHewckToX7x5zULWKwwZIksll0XnVczVgy7fCFw";
        String jwt = "eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsIng1dCI6ImEzck1VZ01Gdjl0UGNsTGE2eUYzekFrZnF1RSIsImtpZCI6ImEzck1VZ01Gdjl0UGNsTGE2eUYzekFrZnF1RSJ9.eyJub25jZSI6IjYzNjA3MDM0OTc3NDIzODg2NS5OMlkxTldKbU1EZ3RZbU13TkMwME9XWTNMVGt5TlRJdE9ERXpOell4Wm1NME0yVmxNV1l5TkdOaFlXTXRaVEpqT1MwME4yRmpMVGd6WmpVdFpXWTVOVEEwWmpFMU1qWTEiLCJpYXQiOjE0NzE0MzgxODIsImF0X2hhc2giOiJLWUJpVkl1Uy1YZERzU3NHcWU5dTJBIiwic3ViIjoiMSIsImFtciI6InBhc3N3b3JkIiwiYXV0aF90aW1lIjoxNDcxNDM4MTgyLCJpZHAiOiJpZHNydiIsImlzcyI6Imh0dHBzOi8vZWx3ZWJhcHBsaWNhdGlvbjEuYXp1cmV3ZWJzaXRlcy5uZXQvaWRlbnRpdHkiLCJhdWQiOiJtdmMiLCJleHAiOjE0NzE0Mzg0ODIsIm5iZiI6MTQ3MTQzODE4Mn0.Ehck2-rA09cJzlfURhDMp-WcXm_t_dl-u0Mli3exdv1HxX8i77x5VfFPM6rP4lcpI3lpN8Yj-FefZYDTUY_UmxCYvXf6ILSrhzEfQVaXSPKX1RUQQIDJGPU6NuFLcR416JpUAkE8joYae3WPj5VsM4yNENGGjUANm4qgj6G_mYy_BiXcSqvRGRYwW5GHDsnnANrIw4oktIYS05yCbjdiNYgQZ043L6Pb2p-5eTPCFqG7WRHp208dhg8D3nhtYEov2Kxod93oKHXSp1zf-Ot0cadk6Ss4fClaTE9S1f29lbwxw7ZxI1L3R4oOL3FZPSSHGp4d3a3AdUKOjKvvTVPv6w";

        //Build the public key from modulus and exponent
        PublicKey publicKey = getPublicKey (modulusB64u,exponentB64u);

        //print key as PEM (base64 and headers)
        String publicKeyPEM = 
              "-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----\n" 
            + Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(publicKey.getEncoded()) +"\n"
            + "-----END PUBLIC KEY-----";
        System.out.println(  publicKeyPEM);

        //get signed data and signature from JWT
        String signedData = jwt.substring(0, jwt.lastIndexOf("."));
        String signatureB64u = jwt.substring(jwt.lastIndexOf(".")+1,jwt.length());
        byte signature[] = Base64.getUrlDecoder().decode(signatureB64u);

        //verify Signature
        Signature sig = Signature.getInstance("SHA256withRSA");
        sig.initVerify(publicKey);
        sig.update(signedData.getBytes());
        boolean v = sig.verify(signature);
        System.out.println(v);


    }

}
30
pedrofb