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Lesen von JSON aus SimpleHTTPServer Post-Daten

Ich versuche einen einfachen REST Server mit python SimpleHTTPServer. Ich habe Probleme beim Lesen der Daten aus der Beitragsnachricht. Bitte lassen Sie es mich wissen, wenn ich es tue es richtig.

from SimpleHTTPServer import SimpleHTTPRequestHandler
import SocketServer
import simplejson

class S(SimpleHTTPRequestHandler):
    def _set_headers(self):
        self.send_response(200)
        self.send_header('Content-type', 'text/html')
        self.end_headers()

    def do_GET(self):
        print "got get request %s" % (self.path)
        if self.path == '/':
          self.path = '/index.html'
          return SimpleHTTPRequestHandler.do_GET(self)

    def do_POST(self):
        print "got post!!"
        content_len = int(self.headers.getheader('content-length', 0))
        post_body = self.rfile.read(content_len)
        test_data = simplejson.loads(post_body)
        print "post_body(%s)" % (test_data)
        return SimpleHTTPRequestHandler.do_POST(self)

def run(handler_class=S, port=80):
    httpd = SocketServer.TCPServer(("", port), handler_class)
    print 'Starting httpd...'
    httpd.serve_forever()

Die Datei index.html

<html>
<title>JSON TEST PAGE</title>
<head>
<script type="text/javascript" src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.2/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">

JSONTest = function() {

var resultDiv = $("#resultDivContainer");

$.ajax({
    url: "http://128.107.138.51:8080",
    type: "POST",
    data: {txt1: $("#json_text").val()},
    dataType: "json",
    success: function (result) {
        switch (result) {
            case true:
                processResponse(result);
                break;
            default:
                resultDiv.html(result);
        }
    },
    error: function (xhr, ajaxOptions, thrownError) {
    alert(xhr.status);
    alert(thrownError);
    }
});
};

</script>
</head>
<body>

<h1>My Web Page</h1>
<div id="resultDivContainer"></div>
<form>
<textarea name="json_text" id="json_text" rows="50" cols="80">
[{"resources": {"dut": "any_ts", "endpoint1": "endpoint", "endpoint2": "endpoint"}},
{"action": "create_conference", "serverName": "dut", "confName": "GURU_TEST"}]
</textarea>
<button type="button" onclick="JSONTest()">Generate Test</button>
</form>
</body>
</html>

Der SimpleJson kann den json nicht aus der POST message laden. Ich bin nicht mit Web-Codierung vertraut und bin mir nicht sicher, ob das, was ich tue, für die Erstellung eines einfachen REST API-Server. Ich bedanke mich für Ihre Hilfe.

32
Guru Govindan

Danke matthewatabet für die kleine Idee. Ich habe eine Möglichkeit gefunden, es mit BaseHTTPHandler zu implementieren. Der Code unten.

from BaseHTTPServer import BaseHTTPRequestHandler, HTTPServer
import SocketServer
import simplejson
import random

class S(BaseHTTPRequestHandler):
    def _set_headers(self):
        self.send_response(200)
        self.send_header('Content-type', 'text/html')
        self.end_headers()

    def do_GET(self):
        self._set_headers()
        f = open("index.html", "r")
        self.wfile.write(f.read())

    def do_HEAD(self):
        self._set_headers()

    def do_POST(self):
        self._set_headers()
        print "in post method"
        self.data_string = self.rfile.read(int(self.headers['Content-Length']))

        self.send_response(200)
        self.end_headers()

        data = simplejson.loads(self.data_string)
        with open("test123456.json", "w") as outfile:
            simplejson.dump(data, outfile)
        print "{}".format(data)
        f = open("for_presen.py")
        self.wfile.write(f.read())
        return


def run(server_class=HTTPServer, handler_class=S, port=80):
    server_address = ('', port)
    httpd = server_class(server_address, handler_class)
    print 'Starting httpd...'
    httpd.serve_forever()

if __name__ == "__main__":
    from sys import argv

if len(argv) == 2:
    run(port=int(argv[1]))
else:
    run()

Und die entsprechende HTML-Seite

<form action="/profile/index/sendmessage" method="post" enctype="application/x-www-form-urlencoded">
<div class="upload_form">
    <dt id="message-label"><label class="optional" for="message">Enter Message</label></dt>
    <dd id="message-element">
    <textarea cols="80" rows="50" id="message" name="message">
[{"resources": {"dut": "any_ts", "endpoint1": "multistream_endpoint", "endpoint2": "multistream_endpoint"}},

{"action": "create_conference", "serverName": "dut", "conferenceName": "GURU_SLAVE_TS"},

{"action": "dial_out_ep", "serverName": "dut", "confName": "GURU_SLAVE_TS", "epName": "endpoint1"}
]
        </textarea></dd>
    <dt id="id-label">&nbsp;</dt>
    <dd id="id-element">
    <input type="hidden" id="id" value="145198" name="id"></dd>
    <dt id="send_message-label">&nbsp;</dt>
    <dd id="send_message-element">
    <input type="submit" class="sendamessage" value="Send" id="send_message" name="send_message"></dd>
</div>
</form>

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.2/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
$("input.sendamessage").click(function(event) {
event.preventDefault();

var message = $('textarea#message').val();
var id      = $('input#id').val();
url = "http://128.107.138.51:8080"

var posting = $.post(url, message)

posting.done(function( data ) {
  alert(message);
});
});


</script>
44
Guru Govindan

SimpleHTTPRequestHandler unterstützt kein POST. Es ist in der Tat sehr einfach. Schauen Sie sich Klein an, dessen Server etwas umfangreicher ist.

Hier finden Sie ein Beispiel für einen json-PUT (ziemlich nah an POST): https://pypi.python.org/pypi/klein/0.2.

import json

from klein import Klein


class ItemStore(object):
    app = Klein()

    def __init__(self):
        self._items = {}

    @app.route('/')
    def items(self, request):
        request.setHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json')
        return json.dumps(self._items)

    @app.route('/<string:name>', methods=['PUT'])
    def save_item(self, request, name):
        request.setHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json')
        body = json.loads(request.content.read())
        self._items[name] = body
        return json.dumps({'success': True})

    @app.route('/<string:name>', methods=['GET'])
    def get_item(self, request, name):
        request.setHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json')
        return json.dumps(self._items.get(name))


if __name__ == '__main__':
    store = ItemStore()
    store.app.run('localhost', 8080)
11
matthewatabet