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Finden Sie abhängige Objekte für eine Tabelle oder Ansicht

Hintergrund

Beim Ablegen (oder Ersetzen) von Objekten in PostgreSQL schlägt das Löschen bei Abhängigkeiten fehl (ohne Angabe von CASCADE).

Problem

Die von der Datenbank zurückgegebene Fehlernachricht listet die abhängigen Objekte nicht auf.

Beispiellösung

Die Abfrage könnte ungefähr so ​​aussehen:

SELECT * FROM information_schema i, pg_depend pd WHERE
  i.object_id = pd.object_id AND
  i.object_type = 'TABLE' AND
  i.object_schema = 'public' AND
  i.object_name = 'table_with_dependents';

Der objid fehlt.

Verbunden

Frage

Wie generieren Sie eine Liste abhängiger Objekte nach Name und Typ?

31
Dave Jarvis
\d+ your_table

um eine Liste der Angehörigen zu erhalten. Wie Scott im Kommentar erwähnt, können Sie die erstellte Abfrage abrufen, indem Sie die Befehlszeile psql mit der Option -E und dann den gleichen Befehl wie oben verwenden (schauen Sie sich das Handbuch an). Auf diese Weise druckt postgres die Abfrage

$ psql -U username -E -c '\d+ table' database

Die Ausgabe ist ziemlich lang, stellen Sie also sicher, dass die Ausgabe in eine Datei geleitet wird.

7
DrColossos

Die vorgeschlagene Lösung hat mit postgresql 9.1.4 nicht funktioniert

das hat funktioniert:

SELECT dependent_ns.nspname as dependent_schema
, dependent_view.relname as dependent_view 
, source_ns.nspname as source_schema
, source_table.relname as source_table
, pg_attribute.attname as column_name
FROM pg_depend 
JOIN pg_rewrite ON pg_depend.objid = pg_rewrite.oid 
JOIN pg_class as dependent_view ON pg_rewrite.ev_class = dependent_view.oid 
JOIN pg_class as source_table ON pg_depend.refobjid = source_table.oid 
JOIN pg_attribute ON pg_depend.refobjid = pg_attribute.attrelid 
    AND pg_depend.refobjsubid = pg_attribute.attnum 
JOIN pg_namespace dependent_ns ON dependent_ns.oid = dependent_view.relnamespace
JOIN pg_namespace source_ns ON source_ns.oid = source_table.relnamespace
WHERE 
source_ns.nspname = 'my_schema'
AND source_table.relname = 'my_table'
AND pg_attribute.attnum > 0 
AND pg_attribute.attname = 'my_column'
ORDER BY 1,2;
58
encc

Der einfache Weg ist:

begin;
drop object cascade;
rollback;
17
Scott Marlowe

Verwenden Sie ab PostgreSQL 9.3 die folgende Ansicht und die folgenden Funktionen, um die Abhängigkeit von Benutzerobjekten anzuzeigen. Ich habe auch https://wiki.postgresql.org/wiki/Pg_depend_display aktualisiert.

/**** Usage Examples ****
-- Examine the entire object hierarchy
SELECT report.dependency_tree('');

-- Dependencies for any relations with names containing match (in regular expression)
SELECT report.dependency_tree('match');

-- Dependencies for relations person & address
SELECT report.dependency_tree('{person,address}'::text[]);

-- Dependencies for function slice
SELECT report.dependency_tree(ARRAY['slice'::regproc]);

-- Dependencies for type hstore
SELECT report.dependency_tree(ARRAY['hstore'::regtype]);

-- Dependencies for triggers by the name updated
SELECT report.dependency_tree(ARRAY(
  SELECT oid FROM pg_trigger WHERE tgname ~ 'updated'
  ));

-- Dependencies for foreign key constraint names starting with product
SELECT report.dependency_tree(ARRAY(
  SELECT oid FROM pg_constraint
  WHERE conname ~ '^product.*_fk'
  ));
*/

DROP VIEW IF EXISTS report.dependency;
CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW report.dependency AS
WITH RECURSIVE preference AS (
  SELECT 10 AS max_depth
    , 16384 AS min_oid -- user objects only
    , '^(londiste|pgq|pg_toast)'::text AS schema_exclusion
    , '^pg_(conversion|language|ts_(dict|template))'::text AS class_exclusion
    , '{"SCHEMA":"00", "TABLE":"01", "TABLE CONSTRAINT":"02", "DEFAULT VALUE":"03",
        "INDEX":"05", "SEQUENCE":"06", "TRIGGER":"07", "FUNCTION":"08",
        "VIEW":"10", "MATERIALIZED VIEW":"11", "FOREIGN TABLE":"12"}'::json AS type_sort_orders
)
, dependency_pair AS (
    SELECT objid
      , array_agg(objsubid ORDER BY objsubid) AS objsubids
      , upper(obj.type) AS object_type
      , coalesce(obj.schema, substring(obj.identity, E'(\\w+?)\\.'), '') AS object_schema
      , obj.name AS object_name
      , obj.identity AS object_identity
      , refobjid
      , array_agg(refobjsubid ORDER BY refobjsubid) AS refobjsubids
      , upper(refobj.type) AS refobj_type
      , coalesce(CASE WHEN refobj.type='schema' THEN refobj.identity
                                                ELSE refobj.schema END
          , substring(refobj.identity, E'(\\w+?)\\.'), '') AS refobj_schema
      , refobj.name AS refobj_name
      , refobj.identity AS refobj_identity
      , CASE deptype
            WHEN 'n' THEN 'normal'
            WHEN 'a' THEN 'automatic'
            WHEN 'i' THEN 'internal'
            WHEN 'e' THEN 'extension'
            WHEN 'p' THEN 'pinned'
        END AS dependency_type
    FROM pg_depend dep
      , LATERAL pg_identify_object(classid, objid, 0) AS obj
      , LATERAL pg_identify_object(refclassid, refobjid, 0) AS refobj
      , preference
    WHERE deptype = ANY('{n,a}')
    AND objid >= preference.min_oid
    AND (refobjid >= preference.min_oid OR refobjid = 2200) -- need public schema as root node
    AND coalesce(obj.schema, substring(obj.identity, E'(\\w+?)\\.'), '') !~ preference.schema_exclusion
    AND coalesce(CASE WHEN refobj.type='schema' THEN refobj.identity
                                                ELSE refobj.schema END
          , substring(refobj.identity, E'(\\w+?)\\.'), '') !~ preference.schema_exclusion
    GROUP BY objid, obj.type, obj.schema, obj.name, obj.identity
      , refobjid, refobj.type, refobj.schema, refobj.name, refobj.identity, deptype
)
, dependency_hierarchy AS (
    SELECT DISTINCT
        0 AS level,
        refobjid AS objid,
        refobj_type AS object_type,
        refobj_identity AS object_identity,
        --refobjsubids AS objsubids,
        NULL::text AS dependency_type,
        ARRAY[refobjid] AS dependency_chain,
        ARRAY[concat(preference.type_sort_orders->>refobj_type,refobj_type,':',refobj_identity)] AS dependency_sort_chain
    FROM dependency_pair root
    , preference
    WHERE NOT EXISTS
       (SELECT 'x' FROM dependency_pair branch WHERE branch.objid = root.refobjid)
    AND refobj_schema !~ preference.schema_exclusion
    UNION ALL
    SELECT
        level + 1 AS level,
        child.objid,
        child.object_type,
        child.object_identity,
        --child.objsubids,
        child.dependency_type,
        parent.dependency_chain || child.objid,
        parent.dependency_sort_chain || concat(preference.type_sort_orders->>child.object_type,child.object_type,':',child.object_identity)
    FROM dependency_pair child
    JOIN dependency_hierarchy parent ON (parent.objid = child.refobjid)
    , preference
    WHERE level < preference.max_depth
    AND child.object_schema !~ preference.schema_exclusion
    AND child.refobj_schema !~ preference.schema_exclusion
    AND NOT (child.objid = ANY(parent.dependency_chain)) -- prevent circular referencing
)
SELECT * FROM dependency_hierarchy
ORDER BY dependency_chain ;

-- Procedure to report depedency tree using regexp search pattern (relation-only)
CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION report.dependency_tree(search_pattern text)
  RETURNS TABLE(dependency_tree text)
  SECURITY DEFINER LANGUAGE SQL
  AS $function$
WITH target AS (
  SELECT objid, dependency_chain
  FROM report.dependency
  WHERE object_identity ~ search_pattern
)
, list AS (
  SELECT
    format('%*s%s %s', -4*level
          , CASE WHEN object_identity ~ search_pattern THEN '*' END
          , object_type, object_identity
    ) AS dependency_tree
  , dependency_sort_chain
  FROM target
  JOIN report.dependency report
    ON report.objid = ANY(target.dependency_chain) -- root-bound chain
    OR target.objid = ANY(report.dependency_chain) -- leaf-bound chain
  WHERE length(search_pattern) > 0
  -- Do NOT waste search time on blank/null search_pattern.
  UNION
  -- Query the entire dependencies instead.
  SELECT
    format('%*s%s %s', 4*level, '', object_type, object_identity) AS depedency_tree
  , dependency_sort_chain
  FROM report.dependency
  WHERE length(coalesce(search_pattern,'')) = 0
)
SELECT dependency_tree FROM list
ORDER BY dependency_sort_chain;
$function$ ;

-- Procedure to report depedency tree by specific relation name(s) (in text array)
CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION report.dependency_tree(object_names text[])
  RETURNS TABLE(dependency_tree text)
  SECURITY DEFINER LANGUAGE SQL
  AS $function$
WITH target AS (
  SELECT objid, dependency_chain
  FROM report.dependency
  JOIN unnest(object_names) AS target(objname) ON objid = objname::regclass
)
, list AS (
  SELECT DISTINCT
    format('%*s%s %s', -4*level
          , CASE WHEN object_identity = ANY(object_names) THEN '*' END
          , object_type, object_identity
    ) AS dependency_tree
  , dependency_sort_chain
  FROM target
  JOIN report.dependency report
    ON report.objid = ANY(target.dependency_chain) -- root-bound chain
    OR target.objid = ANY(report.dependency_chain) -- leaf-bound chain
)
SELECT dependency_tree FROM list
ORDER BY dependency_sort_chain;
$function$ ;

-- Procedure to report depedency tree by oid
CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION report.dependency_tree(object_ids oid[])
  RETURNS TABLE(dependency_tree text)
  SECURITY DEFINER LANGUAGE SQL
  AS $function$
WITH target AS (
  SELECT objid, dependency_chain
  FROM report.dependency
  JOIN unnest(object_ids) AS target(objid) USING (objid)
)
, list AS (
  SELECT DISTINCT
    format('%*s%s %s', -4*level
          , CASE WHEN report.objid = ANY(object_ids) THEN '*' END
          , object_type, object_identity
    ) AS dependency_tree
  , dependency_sort_chain
  FROM target
  JOIN report.dependency report
    ON report.objid = ANY(target.dependency_chain) -- root-bound chain
    OR target.objid = ANY(report.dependency_chain) -- leaf-bound chain
)
SELECT dependency_tree FROM list
ORDER BY dependency_sort_chain;
$function$ ;
9
Kong Man

Fügen Sie verschachtelte Ansichten wie folgt in die Abfrage ein:

WITH RECURSIVE view_deps AS (
SELECT DISTINCT dependent_ns.nspname as dependent_schema
, dependent_view.relname as dependent_view
, source_ns.nspname as source_schema
, source_table.relname as source_table
FROM pg_depend
JOIN pg_rewrite ON pg_depend.objid = pg_rewrite.oid
JOIN pg_class as dependent_view ON pg_rewrite.ev_class = dependent_view.oid
JOIN pg_class as source_table ON pg_depend.refobjid = source_table.oid
JOIN pg_namespace dependent_ns ON dependent_ns.oid = dependent_view.relnamespace
JOIN pg_namespace source_ns ON source_ns.oid = source_table.relnamespace
WHERE NOT (dependent_ns.nspname = source_ns.nspname AND dependent_view.relname = source_table.relname)
UNION
SELECT DISTINCT dependent_ns.nspname as dependent_schema
, dependent_view.relname as dependent_view
, source_ns.nspname as source_schema
, source_table.relname as source_table
FROM pg_depend
JOIN pg_rewrite ON pg_depend.objid = pg_rewrite.oid
JOIN pg_class as dependent_view ON pg_rewrite.ev_class = dependent_view.oid
JOIN pg_class as source_table ON pg_depend.refobjid = source_table.oid
JOIN pg_namespace dependent_ns ON dependent_ns.oid = dependent_view.relnamespace
JOIN pg_namespace source_ns ON source_ns.oid = source_table.relnamespace
INNER JOIN view_deps vd
    ON vd.dependent_schema = source_ns.nspname
    AND vd.dependent_view = source_table.relname
    AND NOT (dependent_ns.nspname = vd.dependent_schema AND dependent_view.relname = vd.dependent_view)
)

SELECT *
FROM view_deps
ORDER BY source_schema, source_table;

Wenn Sie sich für bestimmte Tabellenattribute interessieren, fügen Sie dies dem oberen Teil des rekursiven CTE hinzu:

JOIN pg_attribute ON pg_depend.refobjid = pg_attribute.attrelid 
    AND pg_depend.refobjsubid = pg_attribute.attnum 
...
WHERE 
source_ns.nspname = 'my_schema'
AND source_table.relname = 'my_table'
AND pg_attribute.attnum > 0 
AND pg_attribute.attname = 'my_column'
3
DB140141

pg_constraint enthält alle Einschränkungen in der Datenbank. Sie können die oid abhängiger Tabellen mit confrelid und conrelid aus allen Fremdschlüsseleinschränkungen auflisten

abfrage sieht so aus

select confrelid,conrelid from pg_constraint where contype='f'; 

0
hkbharath