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Eben PHP Array zum Hierarchiebaum

Ich habe ein Array mit den folgenden Schlüsseln

id   
parent_id
name

Ein Beispielarray:

array(7) {
  [0]=>
  array(3) {
    ["id"]=>
    string(1) "4"
    ["parent_id"]=>
    string(1) "0"
    ["name"]=>
    string(16) "Top Level Page 4"
  }
  [1]=>
  array(3) {
    ["id"]=>
    string(1) "5"
    ["parent_id"]=>
    string(1) "1"
    ["name"]=>
    string(19) "Second Level Page 1"
  }
  [2]=>
  array(3) {
    ["id"]=>
    string(1) "6"
    ["parent_id"]=>
    string(1) "2"
    ["name"]=>
    string(19) "Second Level Page 2"
  }
  [3]=>
  array(3) {
    ["id"]=>
    string(1) "7"
    ["parent_id"]=>
    string(1) "5"
    ["name"]=>
    string(18) "Third Level Page 1"
  }
  [4]=>
  array(3) {
    ["id"]=>
    string(1) "3"
    ["parent_id"]=>
    string(1) "0"
    ["name"]=>
    string(16) "Top Level Page 3"
  }
  [5]=>
  array(3) {
    ["id"]=>
    string(1) "2"
    ["parent_id"]=>
    string(1) "0"
    ["name"]=>
    string(16) "Top Level Page 2"
  }
  [6]=>
  array(3) {
    ["id"]=>
    string(1) "1"
    ["parent_id"]=>
    string(1) "0"
    ["name"]=>
    string(16) "Top Level Page 1"
  }
}

Was ich tun möchte, ist, einen Hierarchiebaum unter Verwendung dieses Arrays anzuzeigen, der Code, den ich im Moment habe, produziert:

Top Level Page 4
--Second Level Page 1
---Second Level Page 2
----Third Level Page 1
Top Level Page 3
Top Level Page 2
Top Level Page 1

Idealerweise muss ich das folgende Ergebnis erzielen, aber mit unbegrenzten Ebenen:

Top Level Page 4
-Second Level Page 1
-Second Level Page 2
--Third Level Page 1
Top Level Page 3
Top Level Page 2
Top Level Page 1

Der Code, den ich bisher habe, ist:

$level = 1;
        foreach ($data as $row) {
            if ($row['parent_id'] == 0) {
                echo $row['name'] . '<br/>';
            } else {
                $level++;
                foreach ($data as $m) {
                    if ($m['parent_id'] === $row['parent_id']) {
                        $c = 0;
                        $append = '';
                        while ($c < $level) {
                            $append.="-";
                            $c++;
                        }
                        echo $append . $row['name'] . '<br/>';
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

Wenn mir jemand Hinweise geben könnte, wie dies erreicht werden kann, wäre er sehr dankbar.

Ich habe hier eine Lösung gefunden: Verschachtelte Liste aus PHP Array für Dropdown-Auswahlfeld erstellen

10
Tommy Arnold

Sie sollten die Rekursion verwenden.

Hier ein Codebeispiel:

$datas = array(
    array('id' => 1, 'parent' => 0, 'name' => 'Page 1'),
    array('id' => 2, 'parent' => 1, 'name' => 'Page 1.1'),
    array('id' => 3, 'parent' => 2, 'name' => 'Page 1.1.1'),
    array('id' => 4, 'parent' => 3, 'name' => 'Page 1.1.1.1'),
    array('id' => 5, 'parent' => 3, 'name' => 'Page 1.1.1.2'),
    array('id' => 6, 'parent' => 1, 'name' => 'Page 1.2'),
    array('id' => 7, 'parent' => 6, 'name' => 'Page 1.2.1'),
    array('id' => 8, 'parent' => 0, 'name' => 'Page 2'),
    array('id' => 9, 'parent' => 0, 'name' => 'Page 3'),
    array('id' => 10, 'parent' => 9, 'name' => 'Page 3.1'),
    array('id' => 11, 'parent' => 9, 'name' => 'Page 3.2'),
    array('id' => 12, 'parent' => 11, 'name' => 'Page 3.2.1'),
    );

function generatePageTree($datas, $parent = 0, $depth=0){
    $ni=count($datas);
    if($ni === 0 || $depth > 1000) return ''; // Make sure not to have an endless recursion
    $tree = '<ul>';
    for($i=0; $i < $ni; $i++){
        if($datas[$i]['parent'] == $parent){
            $tree .= '<li>';
            $tree .= $datas[$i]['name'];
            $tree .= generatePageTree($datas, $datas[$i]['id'], $depth+1);
            $tree .= '</li>';
        }
    }
    $tree .= '</ul>';
    return $tree;
}

echo(generatePageTree($datas));

Sie können es testen unter: http://phpfiddle.org/main/code/1qy-5fj

Oder wenn Sie das genaue Format wünschen:

function generatePageTree($datas, $parent = 0, $depth = 0){
    $ni=count($datas);
    if($ni === 0 || $depth > 1000) return ''; // Make sure not to have an endless recursion
    $tree = '';
    for($i=0; $i < $ni; $i++){
        if($datas[$i]['parent'] == $parent){
            $tree .= str_repeat('-', $depth);
            $tree .= $datas[$i]['name'] . '<br/>';
            $tree .= generatePageTree($datas, $datas[$i]['id'], $depth+1);
        }
    }
    return $tree;
}

Der Test: http://phpfiddle.org/main/code/jw3-s1j

33
Code-Source

Sie können die Klasse FlatToTreeConverter aus der Gears-Hilfsbibliothek verwenden:

<?php
namespace Cosmologist\Gears\Collection;
/**
 * Class able to convert a flat array with parent ID's to a nested tree
 */
class FlatToTreeConverter
{
    /**
     * Convert a flat array with parent ID's to a nested tree
     *
     * @link http://blog.tekerson.com/2009/03/03/converting-a-flat-array-with-parent-ids-to-a-nested-tree/
     *
     * @param array  $array           Flat array
     * @param string $idKeyName       Key name for the element containing the item ID
     * @param string $parentIdKey     Key name for the element containing the parent item ID
     * @param string $childNodesField Key name for the element for placement children
     *
     * @return array
     */
    public static function convert(array $array, $idKeyName = 'id', $parentIdKey = 'parentId', $childNodesField = 'children')
    {
        $indexed = array();
        // first pass - get the array indexed by the primary id
        foreach ($array as $row) {
            $indexed[$row[$idKeyName]]                   = $row;
            $indexed[$row[$idKeyName]][$childNodesField] = array();
        }
        // second pass
        $root = array();
        foreach ($indexed as $id => $row) {
            $indexed[$row[$parentIdKey]][$childNodesField][$id] = &$indexed[$id];
            if (!$row[$parentIdKey]) {
                $root[$id] = &$indexed[$id];
            }
        }
        return $root;
    }
}
2
Cosmologist

Ich bin mir nicht sicher, ob Sie eine Antwort gefunden haben, aber ich habe heute nach der gleichen Lösung gesucht und schließlich meine eigene Lösung entwickelt. Der folgende Code ist die Klasse, die ich gerade erstellt habe. Er funktioniert mit PHP Arrays und Objekten und ist für eine unbegrenzte Anzahl von Dimensionen rekursiv.

GitHubhttps://github.com/DukeOfMarshall/PHP-Array-Heirarchy-Display

Ein einfaches Beispiel für die Verwendung dieses Codes wäre:

<?php

require_once('Arrays.class.php');
$display = new Array_Functions();

$display->display_hierarchy($multidimensional_array);

?>

Es gibt auch andere Optionen, die eingestellt werden können, aber dies war nur eine direkte hierarchische Anzeige eines Arrays oder Objekts.

<?php

class Array_Functions {
public $number_of_tabs  = 3; # The default number of tabs to use when branching out
private $counter            = 0; # The counter to use for the number of tab iterations to use on the current branch

public $display_square_brackets     = TRUE; 
public $display_squiggly_brackets = FALSE;
public $display_parenthesis           = FALSE;

public $display_apostrophe  = TRUE;
public $display_quotes        = FALSE;

public function __construct(){
}

/**
 * Displays the array in an organized heirarchy and even does so recursively
 * 
 * $array ARRAY - The array to display in a heirarchy
 * 
 * $key_bookends STRING - The character to place on either side of the array key when printed
 * @@ square - Displays a set of square brackets around the key (DEFAULT)
 * @@ squiggly - Displays a set of squiggly brackets around the key
 * @@ parenthesis - Displays a set of parenthesis around the key
 * @@ FALSE - Turns off the display of bookends around the array key
 * 
 * $key_padding STRING - The padding to use around the array key with printed
 * @@ quotes - Pads the array key with double quotes when printed
 * @@ apostrophe - Pads the array key with apostrophes when printed (DEFAULT)
 * @@ FALSE - Turns off the display of padding around the array key
 * 
 * $number_of_tabs_to_use INT - The number of tabs to use when a sub array within the array creates a branch in the heirarchy
 * 
 */
public function display_hierarchy($array, $key_bookends = '', $key_padding = '', $number_of_tabs_to_use = ''){
    # Convert the input to a JSON and then back to an array just to make sure we know what we're working with
    $array = $this->convert_object_to_array($array);

    # If the $array variable is still not an array, then error out.
    # We're not going to fool around with your stupidity
    if(gettype($array) != 'array'){
        echo 'Value submitted was '.strtoupper(gettype($array)).' instead of ARRAY or OBJECT. Only arrays or OBJECTS are allowed Terminating execution.';
        exit();
    }

    # Establish the bookend variables
    if($key_bookends != '' || !$key_bookends){
        if(strtolower($key_bookends) == 'square'){
            $this->display_square_brackets      = TRUE;
            $this->display_squiggly_brackets    = FALSE;
            $this->display_parenthesis            = FALSE;
        }elseif(strtolower($key_bookends) == 'squiggly'){
            $this->display_square_brackets      = TRUE;
            $this->display_squiggly_brackets    = TRUE;
            $this->display_parenthesis            = FALSE;
        }elseif(strtolower($key_bookends) == 'parenthesis'){
            $this->display_square_brackets      = FALSE;
            $this->display_squiggly_brackets    = FALSE;
            $this->display_parenthesis          = TRUE;
        }elseif(!$key_bookends){
            $this->display_square_brackets      = FALSE;
            $this->display_squiggly_brackets    = FALSE;
            $this->display_parenthesis            = FALSE;
        }
    }


    # Establish the padding variables
    if($key_padding != '' || !$key_padding){
        if(strtolower($key_padding) == 'apostrophe'){
            $this->display_apostrophe = TRUE;
            $this->display_quotes       = FALSE;
        }elseif(strtolower($key_padding) == 'quotes'){
            $this->display_apostrophe = FALSE;
            $this->display_quotes       = TRUE;
        }elseif(!$key_padding){
            $this->display_apostrophe = FALSE;
            $this->display_quotes       = FALSE;
        }
    }       

    # Establish variable for the number of tabs
    if(isset($number_of_tabs_to_use) && $number_of_tabs_to_use != ''){
        $this->number_of_tabs = $number_of_tabs_to_use;
    }

    foreach($array as $key => $value){
        $this->insert_tabs();

        if(is_array($value)){
            echo $this->display_padding($key)." => {<BR>";

            $this->counter++;
            $this->display_hierarchy($value);
            $this->counter--;
            $this->insert_tabs();
            echo '} <BR>';
        }else{
            echo $this->display_padding($key)." => ".$value.'<BR>';
        }
    }
}

# Inserts tab spaces for sub arrays when a sub array triggers a branch in the heirarchy
# Helps to make the display more human readable and easier to understand
private function insert_tabs(){
    for($i=1; $i<=$this->counter; $i++){
        for($x=1; $x<=$this->number_of_tabs; $x++){
            echo '&emsp;';
        }
    }
}

# Takes a PHP object and converts it to an array
# Works with single dimension and multidimensional arrays
public function convert_object_to_array($object){
    $object = json_decode(json_encode($object), TRUE);
    return $object;
}

# Sets the displayed padding around the array keys when printed on the screen
public function display_padding($value){
    $default_container = "['VALUE_TO_REPLACE']";

    $value = str_replace("VALUE_TO_REPLACE", $value, $default_container);

    if($this->display_square_brackets){
    }elseif($this->display_squiggly_brackets){
        $value = str_replace('[', '{', $value);
        $value = str_replace(']', '}', $value);
    }elseif($this->display_parenthesis){
        $value = str_replace('[', '(', $value);
        $value = str_replace(']', ')', $value);
    }else{
        $value = str_replace('[', '', $value);
        $value = str_replace(']', '', $value);
    }

    if($this->display_apostrophe){
    }elseif($this->display_quotes){
        $value = str_replace("'", '"', $value);
    }else{
        $value = str_replace("'", '', $value);
    }

    return $value;
}
}

?>