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Erlaubnis verweigert (öffentlich, tastaturinteraktiv)

Ich habe versucht, mit ssh eine Verbindung zum planetlab-Knoten herzustellen. Es wirft mir Fehler wie Erlaubnis verweigert (publickey, keyboard-interaktiv). Was bedeutet das? Hier ist der Wortlaut der Ausnahme.

> OpenSSH_5.1p1 Debian-5ubuntu1, OpenSSL
> 0.9.8g 19 Oct 2007 debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config
> debug1: Applying options for * debug2:
> ssh_connect: needpriv 0 debug1:
> Connecting to planetlab1.csee.usf.edu
> [131.247.2.241] port 22. debug1:
> Connection established. debug1:
> permanently_set_uid: 0/0 debug3: Not a
> RSA1 key file /home/keven/.ssh/id_rsa.
> debug2: key_type_from_name: unknown
> key type '-----BEGIN' debug3:
> key_read: missing keytype debug2:
> key_type_from_name: unknown key type
> 'Proc-Type:' debug3: key_read: missing
> keytype debug2: key_type_from_name:
> unknown key type 'DEK-Info:' debug3:
> key_read: missing keytype debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug3:
> key_read: missing whitespace debug2:
> key_type_from_name: unknown key type
> '-----END' debug3: key_read: missing
> keytype debug1: identity file
> /home/keven/.ssh/id_rsa type 1 debug1:
> Checking blacklist file
> /usr/share/ssh/blacklist.RSA-2048
> debug1: Checking blacklist file
> /etc/ssh/blacklist.RSA-2048 debug1:
> Remote protocol version 2.0, remote
> software version OpenSSH_4.7 debug1:
> match: OpenSSH_4.7 pat OpenSSH_4*
> debug1: Enabling compatibility mode
> for protocol 2.0 debug1: Local version
> string SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_5.1p1
> Debian-5ubuntu1 debug2: fd 3 setting
> O_NONBLOCK debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT
> sent debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT received
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
> diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1,diffie-hellman-group1-sha1
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
> ssh-rsa,ssh-dss debug2:
> kex_parse_kexinit:
> aes128-cbc,3des-cbc,blowfish-cbc,cast128-cbc,arcfour128,arcfour256,arcfour,aes192-cbc,aes256-cbc,[email protected],aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
> aes128-cbc,3des-cbc,blowfish-cbc,cast128-cbc,arcfour128,arcfour256,arcfour,aes192-cbc,aes256-cbc,[email protected],aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
> hmac-md5,hmac-sha1,[email protected],hmac-ripemd160,[email protected],hmac-sha1-96,hmac-md5-96
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
> hmac-md5,hmac-sha1,[email protected],hmac-ripemd160,[email protected],hmac-sha1-96,hmac-md5-96
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
> none,[email protected],zlib debug2:
> kex_parse_kexinit:
> none,[email protected],zlib debug2:
> kex_parse_kexinit:  debug2:
> kex_parse_kexinit:  debug2:
> kex_parse_kexinit: first_kex_follows 0
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit: reserved 0 
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
> diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1,diffie-hellman-group1-sha1
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
> ssh-rsa,ssh-dss debug2:
> kex_parse_kexinit:
> aes128-cbc,3des-cbc,blowfish-cbc,cast128-cbc,arcfour128,arcfour256,arcfour,aes192-cbc,aes256-cbc,[email protected],aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
> aes128-cbc,3des-cbc,blowfish-cbc,cast128-cbc,arcfour128,arcfour256,arcfour,aes192-cbc,aes256-cbc,[email protected],aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
> hmac-md5,hmac-sha1,[email protected],hmac-ripemd160,[email protected],hmac-sha1-96,hmac-md5-96
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
> hmac-md5,hmac-sha1,[email protected],hmac-ripemd160,[email protected],hmac-sha1-96,hmac-md5-96
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
> none,[email protected] debug2:
> kex_parse_kexinit:
> none,[email protected] debug2:
> kex_parse_kexinit:  debug2:
> kex_parse_kexinit:  debug2:
> kex_parse_kexinit: first_kex_follows 0
> debug2: kex_parse_kexinit: reserved 0 
> debug2: mac_setup: found hmac-md5
> debug1: kex: server->client aes128-cbc
> hmac-md5 none debug2: mac_setup: found
> hmac-md5 debug1: kex: client->server
> aes128-cbc hmac-md5 none debug1:
> SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_REQUEST(1024<1024<8192)
> sent debug1: expecting
> SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_GROUP debug2:
> dh_gen_key: priv key bits set: 128/256
> debug2: bits set: 508/1024 debug1:
> SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_INIT sent debug1:
> expecting SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_REPLY
> debug3: check_Host_in_hostfile:
> filename /root/.ssh/known_hosts
> debug3: check_Host_in_hostfile: match
> line 1 debug3: check_Host_in_hostfile:
> filename /root/.ssh/known_hosts
> debug3: check_Host_in_hostfile: match
> line 2 debug1: Host
> 'planetlab1.csee.usf.edu' is known and
> matches the RSA Host key. debug1:
> Found key in /root/.ssh/known_hosts:1
> debug2: bits set: 535/1024 debug1:
> ssh_rsa_verify: signature correct
> debug2: kex_derive_keys debug2:
> set_newkeys: mode 1 debug1:
> SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS sent debug1:
> expecting SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS debug2:
> set_newkeys: mode 0 debug1:
> SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS received debug1:
> SSH2_MSG_SERVICE_REQUEST sent debug2:
> service_accept: ssh-userauth debug1:
> SSH2_MSG_SERVICE_ACCEPT received
> debug2: key: /home/keven/.ssh/id_rsa
> (0xb80c9878) debug1: Authentications
> that can continue:
> publickey,keyboard-interactive debug3:
> start over, passed a different list
> publickey,keyboard-interactive debug3:
> preferred
> gssapi-keyex,gssapi-with-mic,gssapi,publickey,keyboard-interactive,password
> debug3: authmethod_lookup publickey
> debug3: remaining preferred:
> keyboard-interactive,password debug3:
> authmethod_is_enabled publickey
> debug1: Next authentication method:
> publickey debug1: Offering public key:
> /home/keven/.ssh/id_rsa debug3:
> send_pubkey_test debug2: we sent a
> publickey packet, wait for reply
> debug1: Authentications that can
> continue:
> publickey,keyboard-interactive debug2:
> we did not send a packet, disable
> method debug3: authmethod_lookup
> keyboard-interactive debug3: remaining
> preferred: password debug3:
> authmethod_is_enabled
> keyboard-interactive debug1: Next
> authentication method:
> keyboard-interactive debug2:
> userauth_kbdint debug2: we sent a
> keyboard-interactive packet, wait for
> reply debug1: Authentications that can
> continue:
> publickey,keyboard-interactive debug3:
> userauth_kbdint: disable: no
> info_req_seen debug2: we did not send
> a packet, disable method debug1: No
> more authentication methods to try.
> Permission denied
> (publickey,keyboard-interactive).
51

Möglicherweise möchten Sie die Dateiberechtigungen für authorized_keys überprüfen:

$ chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

Neuere SSH-Serverversionen sind in dieser Hinsicht sehr wählerisch.

27
déo

Sie müssen das sshd_config Datei auf dem entfernten Server (wahrscheinlich in /etc/ssh/sshd_config).

Veränderung

PasswordAuthentication no

zu

PasswordAuthentication yes

Starten Sie anschließend den Dämon sshd neu.

25
Geir Freysson

Der Server versucht zunächst, Sie mit dem öffentlichen Schlüssel zu authentifizieren. Das funktioniert nicht (ich vermute, Sie haben noch keine eingerichtet), daher wird auf "keyboard-interactive" zurückgegriffen. Es sollte Sie dann nach einem Passwort fragen, was Sie vermutlich nicht richtig verstehen. Haben Sie eine Passwortabfrage gesehen?

7
ire_and_curses