it-swarm.com.de

Wie aktiviere ich CORS auf dem Nginx-Proxy-Server?

Als mein Titel ist hier die Konfigurationsdatei in conf.d/api-server.conf

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name api.localhost;

  location / {
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' 'http://api.localhost';
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow_Credentials' 'true';
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers' 'Authorization,Accept,Origin,DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Content-Range,Range';
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods' 'GET,POST,OPTIONS,PUT,DELETE,PATCH';

    if ($request_method = 'OPTIONS') {
      add_header 'Access-Control-Max-Age' 1728000;
      add_header 'Content-Type' 'text/plain charset=UTF-8';
      add_header 'Content-Length' 0;
      return 204;
    }

    proxy_redirect off;
    proxy_set_header Host $Host;
    proxy_set_header X-real-ip $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-forward-for $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:3000;
  }
}

Die Datei nginx.conf bleibt unverändert.

Nachdem ich eine Anfrage an api.localhost (api.localhost/admin/login) gesendet habe, erhalte ich immer noch die Fehlermeldung 405:

XMLHttpRequest cannot load http://api.localhost/admin/login. Response 
to preflight request doesn't pass access control check: No 'Access-
Control-Allow-Origin' header is present on the requested resource. 
Origin 'http://admin.localhost:3000' is therefore not allowed access. 
The response had HTTP status code 405.

That is the response from serverThat's the request looks like

15
qwang07

Das Problem ist, dass Ihre if-Bedingung die Header im übergeordneten Element in / Nicht sendet. Wenn Sie die Preflight-Antwortheader überprüfen, ist dies der Fall

HTTP/1.1 204 No Content
Server: nginx/1.13.3
Date: Fri, 01 Sep 2017 05:24:04 GMT
Connection: keep-alive
Access-Control-Max-Age: 1728000
Content-Type: text/plain charset=UTF-8
Content-Length: 0

Und das gibt nichts. Also zwei mögliche Lösungen für Sie. Kopieren Sie den add_header In if-Block mit

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name api.localhost;

  location / {
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' 'http://api.localhost';
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Credentials' 'true';
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers' 'Authorization,Accept,Origin,DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Content-Range,Range';
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods' 'GET,POST,OPTIONS,PUT,DELETE,PATCH';

    if ($request_method = 'OPTIONS') {
      add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' 'http://api.localhost';
      add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Credentials' 'true';
      add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers' 'Authorization,Accept,Origin,DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Content-Range,Range';
      add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods' 'GET,POST,OPTIONS,PUT,DELETE,PATCH';
      add_header 'Access-Control-Max-Age' 1728000;
      add_header 'Content-Type' 'text/plain charset=UTF-8';
      add_header 'Content-Length' 0;
      return 204;
    }

    proxy_redirect off;
    proxy_set_header Host $Host;
    proxy_set_header X-real-ip $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-forward-for $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:3000;
  }
}

Sie können es auch außerhalb des Standortblocks verschieben, sodass jede Anforderung die Antwort enthält

server {
   listen 80;
   server_name api.localhost;

 add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' 'http://api.localhost';
 add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Credentials' 'true';
 add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers' 'Authorization,Accept,Origin,DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Content-Range,Range';
 add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods' 'GET,POST,OPTIONS,PUT,DELETE,PATCH';

  location / {

    if ($request_method = 'OPTIONS') {
      add_header 'Access-Control-Max-Age' 1728000;
      add_header 'Content-Type' 'text/plain charset=UTF-8';
      add_header 'Content-Length' 0;
      return 204;
    }

    proxy_redirect off;
    proxy_set_header Host $Host;
    proxy_set_header X-real-ip $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-forward-for $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:3000;
  }
}

Wenn Sie nur bestimmte Speicherorte in Ihrer Konfiguration für CORS zulassen möchten. Wie /api sollten Sie dann eine Vorlage erstellen, die mit Ihren Kopfzeilen übereinstimmt

 add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' 'http://api.localhost';
 add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Credentials' 'true';
 add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers' 'Authorization,Accept,Origin,DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Content-Range,Range';
 add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods' 'GET,POST,OPTIONS,PUT,DELETE,PATCH';

und dann verwenden

include conf.d/corsheaders.conf;

in Ihrem OPTIONS Block und /api Block. CORS sind also nur für den /api Erlaubt. Wenn es Ihnen egal ist, an welchem ​​Speicherort CORS installiert ist, können Sie den zweiten Ansatz zum Verschieben von Core-Headern in den Serverblock verwenden

17
Tarun Lalwani