it-swarm.com.de

Rand mit abgerundeten Ecken und Transparenz

Der folgende Screenshot zeigt einen Test von TextBubbleBorder1. Ich möchte, dass die Ecken der Komponente, die sich außerhalb des Rechtecks ​​befinden, vollständig transparent sind und zeigen, welche Komponente sich darunter befindet. Ich habe eine Möglichkeit gefunden, die HG-Farbe eines Etiketts auf "innerhalb des Rahmens" zu beschränken, indem ich ein Clip (das den Bereich außerhalb der abgerundeten Ecken darstellt) in der Instanz Graphics2D Festgelegt und clearRect(). Das kann man in Label 1 Sehen.

Border Test

Sie können jedoch die Kehrseite dieses Ansatzes erkennen, wenn im übergeordneten Bedienfeld ein roter Hintergrund (oder eine andere als die Standardfarbe) angezeigt wird. Die Ecken werden standardmäßig in der Standardfarbe angezeigt (am einfachsten in Panel 2).

Letztendlich möchte ich, dass dies für eine nicht standardmäßige Farbe im übergeordneten Container funktioniert, aber es wurde teilweise inspiriert von Was muss ich tun, um diese Komponente mit Verlaufsfarbe zu replizieren?

Kennt jemand einen Weg, um diese Ecken transparent zu machen?

import Java.awt.*;
import Java.awt.geom.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.border.*;

public class BorderTest {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Runnable r = new Runnable() {

            @Override
            public void run() {
                JPanel gui = new JPanel(new GridLayout(1,0,5,5));
                gui.setBorder(new EmptyBorder(10,10,10,10));
                gui.setBackground(Color.RED);

                AbstractBorder brdr = new TextBubbleBorder(Color.BLACK,2,16,0);

                JLabel l1 = new JLabel("Label 1");
                l1.setBorder(brdr);
                gui.add(l1);

                JLabel l2 = new JLabel("Label 2");
                l2.setBorder(brdr);
                l2.setBackground(Color.YELLOW);
                l2.setOpaque(true);
                gui.add(l2);

                JPanel p1 = new JPanel();
                p1.add(new JLabel("Panel 1"));
                p1.setBorder(brdr);
                p1.setOpaque(false);
                gui.add(p1);

                JPanel p2 = new JPanel();
                p2.add(new JLabel("Panel 2"));
                p2.setBorder(brdr);
                gui.add(p2);

                JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, gui);
            }
        };
        // Swing GUIs should be created and updated on the EDT
        // http://docs.Oracle.com/javase/tutorial/uiswing/concurrency/initial.html
        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(r);
    }

}

class TextBubbleBorder extends AbstractBorder {

    private Color color;
    private int thickness = 4;
    private int radii = 8;
    private int pointerSize = 7;
    private Insets insets = null;
    private BasicStroke stroke = null;
    private int strokePad;
    private int pointerPad = 4;
    RenderingHints hints;

    TextBubbleBorder(
            Color color) {
        new TextBubbleBorder(color, 4, 8, 7);
    }

    TextBubbleBorder(
            Color color, int thickness, int radii, int pointerSize) {
        this.thickness = thickness;
        this.radii = radii;
        this.pointerSize = pointerSize;
        this.color = color;

        stroke = new BasicStroke(thickness);
        strokePad = thickness / 2;

        hints = new RenderingHints(
                RenderingHints.KEY_ANTIALIASING,
                RenderingHints.VALUE_ANTIALIAS_ON);

        int pad = radii + strokePad;
        int bottomPad = pad + pointerSize + strokePad;
        insets = new Insets(pad, pad, bottomPad, pad);
    }

    @Override
    public Insets getBorderInsets(Component c) {
        return insets;
    }

    @Override
    public Insets getBorderInsets(Component c, Insets insets) {
        return getBorderInsets(c);
    }

    @Override
    public void paintBorder(
            Component c,
            Graphics g,
            int x, int y,
            int width, int height) {

        Graphics2D g2 = (Graphics2D) g;

        int bottomLineY = height - thickness - pointerSize;

        RoundRectangle2D.Double bubble = new RoundRectangle2D.Double(
                0 + strokePad,
                0 + strokePad,
                width - thickness,
                bottomLineY,
                radii,
                radii);

        Polygon pointer = new Polygon();

        // left point
        pointer.addPoint(
                strokePad + radii + pointerPad,
                bottomLineY);
        // right point
        pointer.addPoint(
                strokePad + radii + pointerPad + pointerSize,
                bottomLineY);
        // bottom point
        pointer.addPoint(
                strokePad + radii + pointerPad + (pointerSize / 2),
                height - strokePad);

        Area area = new Area(bubble);
        area.add(new Area(pointer));

        g2.setRenderingHints(hints);

        Area spareSpace = new Area(new Rectangle(0, 0, width, height));
        spareSpace.subtract(area);
        g2.setClip(spareSpace);
        g2.clearRect(0, 0, width, height);
        g2.setClip(null);

        g2.setColor(color);
        g2.setStroke(stroke);
        g2.draw(area);
    }
}
  1. Während das TextBubbleBorder für Internes Auffüllen für JTextArea mit Hintergrundbild (& wurde mit einem JLabel beendet, da der Textbereich aus den oben genannten Gründen unordentlich war) Wenn Sie pointerSize mit 0 angeben, erhalten Sie stattdessen ein abgerundetes Rechteck.

29
Andrew Thompson

N.B. In diesem Code gibt es einen Clipping-Fehler, der in der akzeptierten Antwort behoben ist, dass paintComponent () auf andere Komponenten zeichnet . Dies sollte nur als eine Lösung betrachtet werden, wenn die 'Clipping-Bugfix' enthalten ist.


// Paint the BG color of the parent, everywhere outside the clip
// of the text bubble.

Siehe diesen Punkt im Code für die Quelle, die korrekt angezeigt wird als:

BorderTest with 0px speech pointer

BorderTest with 16px speech pointer

import Java.awt.*;
import Java.awt.image.*;
import Java.awt.geom.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.border.*;

public class BorderTest {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Runnable r = new Runnable() {

            @Override
            public void run() {
                JPanel gui = new JPanel(new GridLayout(2,0,5,5));
                gui.setBorder(new EmptyBorder(10,10,10,10));
                gui.setBackground(Color.RED);

                AbstractBorder brdrLeft = new TextBubbleBorder(Color.BLACK,2,16,16);
                AbstractBorder brdrRight = new TextBubbleBorder(Color.BLACK,2,16,16,false);

                JLabel l1 = new JLabel("Label 1");
                l1.setBorder(brdrRight);
                gui.add(l1);

                JLabel l2 = new JLabel("Label 2");
                l2.setBorder(brdrLeft);
                l2.setBackground(Color.YELLOW);
                l2.setOpaque(true);
                gui.add(l2);

                JPanel p1 = new JPanel();
                p1.add(new JLabel("Panel 1"));
                p1.setBorder(brdrRight);
                p1.setOpaque(false);
                gui.add(p1);

                JPanel p2 = new JPanel();
                p2.add(new JLabel("Panel 2"));
                p2.setBorder(brdrLeft);
                gui.add(p2);

                JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, gui);
            }
        };
        // Swing GUIs should be created and updated on the EDT
        // http://docs.Oracle.com/javase/tutorial/uiswing/concurrency/initial.html
        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(r);
    }

}

class TextBubbleBorder extends AbstractBorder {

    private Color color;
    private int thickness = 4;
    private int radii = 8;
    private int pointerSize = 7;
    private Insets insets = null;
    private BasicStroke stroke = null;
    private int strokePad;
    private int pointerPad = 4;
    private boolean left = true;
    RenderingHints hints;

    TextBubbleBorder(
            Color color) {
        this(color, 4, 8, 7);
    }

    TextBubbleBorder(
            Color color, int thickness, int radii, int pointerSize) {
        this.thickness = thickness;
        this.radii = radii;
        this.pointerSize = pointerSize;
        this.color = color;

        stroke = new BasicStroke(thickness);
        strokePad = thickness / 2;

        hints = new RenderingHints(
                RenderingHints.KEY_ANTIALIASING,
                RenderingHints.VALUE_ANTIALIAS_ON);

        int pad = radii + strokePad;
        int bottomPad = pad + pointerSize + strokePad;
        insets = new Insets(pad, pad, bottomPad, pad);
    }

    TextBubbleBorder(
            Color color, int thickness, int radii, int pointerSize, boolean left) {
        this(color, thickness, radii, pointerSize);
        this.left = left;
    }

    @Override
    public Insets getBorderInsets(Component c) {
        return insets;
    }

    @Override
    public Insets getBorderInsets(Component c, Insets insets) {
        return getBorderInsets(c);
    }

    @Override
    public void paintBorder(
            Component c,
            Graphics g,
            int x, int y,
            int width, int height) {

        Graphics2D g2 = (Graphics2D) g;

        int bottomLineY = height - thickness - pointerSize;

        RoundRectangle2D.Double bubble = new RoundRectangle2D.Double(
                0 + strokePad,
                0 + strokePad,
                width - thickness,
                bottomLineY,
                radii,
                radii);

        Polygon pointer = new Polygon();

        if (left) {
            // left point
            pointer.addPoint(
                    strokePad + radii + pointerPad,
                    bottomLineY);
            // right point
            pointer.addPoint(
                    strokePad + radii + pointerPad + pointerSize,
                    bottomLineY);
            // bottom point
            pointer.addPoint(
                    strokePad + radii + pointerPad + (pointerSize / 2),
                    height - strokePad);
        } else {
            // left point
            pointer.addPoint(
                    width - (strokePad + radii + pointerPad),
                    bottomLineY);
            // right point
            pointer.addPoint(
                    width - (strokePad + radii + pointerPad + pointerSize),
                    bottomLineY);
            // bottom point
            pointer.addPoint(
                    width - (strokePad + radii + pointerPad + (pointerSize / 2)),
                    height - strokePad);
        }

        Area area = new Area(bubble);
        area.add(new Area(pointer));

        g2.setRenderingHints(hints);

        // Paint the BG color of the parent, everywhere outside the clip
        // of the text bubble.
        Component parent  = c.getParent();
        if (parent!=null) {
            Color bg = parent.getBackground();
            Rectangle rect = new Rectangle(0,0,width, height);
            Area borderRegion = new Area(rect);
            borderRegion.subtract(area);
            g2.setClip(borderRegion);
            g2.setColor(bg);
            g2.fillRect(0, 0, width, height);
            g2.setClip(null);
        }

        g2.setColor(color);
        g2.setStroke(stroke);
        g2.draw(area);
    }
}
26
Andrew Thompson

Versuche dies:

  JPanel p = new JPanel() {
     @Override
     protected void paintComponent(Graphics g) {
        super.paintComponent(g);
        Dimension arcs = new Dimension(15,15); //Border corners arcs {width,height}, change this to whatever you want
        int width = getWidth();
        int height = getHeight();
        Graphics2D graphics = (Graphics2D) g;
        graphics.setRenderingHint(RenderingHints.KEY_ANTIALIASING, RenderingHints.VALUE_ANTIALIAS_ON);


        //Draws the rounded panel with borders.
        graphics.setColor(getBackground());
        graphics.fillRoundRect(0, 0, width-1, height-1, arcs.width, arcs.height);//Paint background
        graphics.setColor(getForeground());
        graphics.drawRoundRect(0, 0, width-1, height-1, arcs.width, arcs.height);//Paint border
     }
  };

Mit meinem Test:

  JFrame f = new JFrame();
  f.setLayout(null);
  f.setDefaultCloseOperation(3);
  f.setSize(500, 500);
  JPanel p = new JPanel() {
     @Override
     protected void paintComponent(Graphics g) {
        super.paintComponent(g);
        Dimension arcs = new Dimension(15,15);
        int width = getWidth();
        int height = getHeight();
        Graphics2D graphics = (Graphics2D) g;
        graphics.setRenderingHint(RenderingHints.KEY_ANTIALIASING, RenderingHints.VALUE_ANTIALIAS_ON);


        //Draws the rounded opaque panel with borders.
        graphics.setColor(getBackground());
        graphics.fillRoundRect(0, 0, width-1, height-1, arcs.width, arcs.height);//Paint background
        graphics.setColor(getForeground());
        graphics.drawRoundRect(0, 0, width-1, height-1, arcs.width, arcs.height);//Paint border
     }
  };
  p.setBounds(10,10,100,30);
  p.setOpaque(false);
  f.getContentPane().setBackground(Color.red);
  f.add(p);
  f.show();

das Ergebnis ist:

Code result

16
BackSlash

Danke @BackSlash, Schön und einfach. Ich habe es erweitert, damit es wiederverwendbarer ist. Dies ermöglicht auch das Festlegen einer Hintergrundfarbe im Konstruktor. Und ich zeige, wie man zum Spaß eine runde Tafel machen kann.

enter image description here

import Java.awt.*;
import javax.swing.*;

public class RoundedPanelExample extends JFrame
{
    public RoundedPanelExample()
    {
        setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
        setTitle("Rounded Panel Example");
        setResizable(true);
        setDefaultLookAndFeelDecorated(true);
        setSize(500, 500);

        Container pane = getContentPane();
        pane.setLayout(null);
        pane.setBackground(Color.LIGHT_GRAY);

        JPanel p1 = new RoundedPanel(10, Color.CYAN);
        p1.setBounds(10,10,100,60);
        p1.setOpaque(false);
        pane.add(p1);

        JPanel p2 = new RoundedPanel(15, Color.RED);
        p2.setBounds(150,10,50,50);
        p2.setOpaque(false);
        pane.add(p2);

        JPanel p3 = new RoundedPanel(30);
        p3.setBounds(230,10,100,150);
        p3.setOpaque(false);
        pane.add(p3);

        JPanel p4 = new RoundedPanel(20);
        p4.setBounds(10,200,100,100);
        p4.setBackground(Color.GREEN);
        p4.setOpaque(false);
        pane.add(p4);

        JPanel p5 = new RoundedPanel(200);
        p5.setBounds(150,200,200,200);
        p5.setBackground(Color.BLUE);
        p5.setOpaque(false);
        pane.add(p5);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) 
    {
        RoundedPanelExample gui = new RoundedPanelExample();
        gui.setVisible(true);
    }

    class RoundedPanel extends JPanel
    {
        private Color backgroundColor;
        private int cornerRadius = 15;

        public RoundedPanel(LayoutManager layout, int radius) {
            super(layout);
            cornerRadius = radius;
        }

        public RoundedPanel(LayoutManager layout, int radius, Color bgColor) {
            super(layout);
            cornerRadius = radius;
            backgroundColor = bgColor;
        }

        public RoundedPanel(int radius) {
            super();
            cornerRadius = radius;
        }

        public RoundedPanel(int radius, Color bgColor) {
            super();
            cornerRadius = radius;
            backgroundColor = bgColor;
        }

        @Override
        protected void paintComponent(Graphics g) {
            super.paintComponent(g);
            Dimension arcs = new Dimension(cornerRadius, cornerRadius);
            int width = getWidth();
            int height = getHeight();
            Graphics2D graphics = (Graphics2D) g;
            graphics.setRenderingHint(RenderingHints.KEY_ANTIALIASING, RenderingHints.VALUE_ANTIALIAS_ON);

            //Draws the rounded panel with borders.
            if (backgroundColor != null) {
                graphics.setColor(backgroundColor);
            } else {
                graphics.setColor(getBackground());
            }
            graphics.fillRoundRect(0, 0, width-1, height-1, arcs.width, arcs.height); //Paint background
            graphics.setColor(getForeground());
            graphics.drawRoundRect(0, 0, width-1, height-1, arcs.width, arcs.height); //Paint border
        }
    }
}
4
Ryan