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GSON wirft "BEGIN_OBJECT erwartet, aber BEGIN_ARRAY"?

Ich versuche, eine JSON-Zeichenfolge wie diese zu analysieren

[
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 21:06:01",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.728840",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"JOHN",
      "url":"http://rus.JOHN.JOHN/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f4791da203d0c2d76000035",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:58.840076"
   },
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 14:07:44",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.033108",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"PETER",
      "url":"http://PETER.PETER.lv/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f476f61203d0c2d89000253",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:57.928001"
   }
]

in eine Liste von Objekten.

List<ChannelSearchEnum> lcs = (List<ChannelSearchEnum>) new Gson().fromJson( jstring , ChannelSearchEnum.class);

Hier ist eine Objektklasse, die ich verwende.

import com.google.gson.annotations.SerializedName;

public class ChannelSearchEnum {



@SerializedName("updated_at")
private String updated_at;

@SerializedName("fetched_at")
private String fetched_at;

@SerializedName("description")
private String description;

@SerializedName("language")
private String language;

@SerializedName("title")
private String title;

@SerializedName("url")
private String url;

@SerializedName("icon_url")
private String icon_url;

@SerializedName("logo_url")
private String logo_url;

@SerializedName("id")
private String id;

@SerializedName("modified")
private String modified;

public final String get_Updated_at() {
    return this.updated_at;
}

public final String get_Fetched_at() {
    return this.fetched_at;
}

public final String get_Description() {
    return this.description;
}

public final String get_Language() {
    return this.language;
}

public final String get_Title() {
    return this.title;
}

public final String get_Url() {
    return this.url;
}

public final String get_Icon_url() {
    return this.icon_url;
}

public final String get_Logo_url() {
    return this.logo_url;
}

public final String get_Id() {
    return this.id;
}

public final String get_Modified() {
    return this.modified;
}

        }

Aber es wirft mich mit

com.google.gson.JsonSyntaxException: Java.lang.IllegalStateException: Expected BEGIN_OBJECT but was BEGIN_ARRAY at line 1 column 2

Irgendwelche Ideen, wie ich das beheben soll?

261
Roger Travis

Das Problem ist, dass Sie Gson mitteilen, dass Sie ein Objekt Ihres Typs haben. Das tust du nicht. Sie haben eine Reihe von Objekten Ihres Typs. Sie können nicht einfach versuchen, das Ergebnis so zu besetzen und erwarten, dass es auf magische Weise funktioniert;)

Die Bedienungsanleitung für Gson erklärt, wie Sie damit umgehen:

https://github.com/google/gson/blob/master/UserGuide.md

Das wird funktionieren:

ChannelSearchEnum[] enums = gson.fromJson(yourJson, ChannelSearchEnum[].class);

Aber das ist besser:

Type collectionType = new TypeToken<Collection<ChannelSearchEnum>>(){}.getType();
Collection<ChannelSearchEnum> enums = gson.fromJson(yourJson, collectionType);
301
Brian Roach

Das Problem ist, dass Sie nach einem Objekt vom Typ ChannelSearchEnum fragen, aber tatsächlich ein Objekt vom Typ List<ChannelSearchEnum> haben.

Sie erreichen dies mit:

Type collectionType = new TypeToken<List<ChannelSearchEnum>>(){}.getType();
List<ChannelSearchEnum> lcs = (List<ChannelSearchEnum>) new Gson()
               .fromJson( jstring , collectionType);
39
Guillaume Polet

In meinem Fall JSON-String:

[{"category":"College Affordability",
  "uid":"150151",
  "body":"Ended more than $60 billion in wasteful subsidies for big banks and used the savings to put the cost of college within reach for more families.",
  "url":"http:\/\/www.whitehouse.gov\/economy\/middle-class\/helping middle-class-families-pay-for-college",
  "url_title":"ending subsidies for student loan lenders",
  "type":"Progress",
  "path":"node\/150385"}]

und ich drucke "category" und "url_title" in recycleview

Datum.class

import com.google.gson.annotations.Expose;
import com.google.gson.annotations.SerializedName;

public class Datum {
@SerializedName("category")
@Expose
private String category;
@SerializedName("uid")
@Expose
private String uid;
@SerializedName("url_title")
@Expose
private String urlTitle;

/**
 * @return The category
 */
public String getCategory() {
    return category;
}

/**
 * @param category The category
 */
public void setCategory(String category) {
    this.category = category;
}

/**
 * @return The uid
 */
public String getUid() {
    return uid;
}

/**
 * @param uid The uid
 */
public void setUid(String uid) {
    this.uid = uid;
}

/**
 * @return The urlTitle
 */
public String getUrlTitle() {
    return urlTitle;
}

/**
 * @param urlTitle The url_title
 */
public void setUrlTitle(String urlTitle) {
    this.urlTitle = urlTitle;
}

}

RequestInterface

import Java.util.List;

import retrofit2.Call;
import retrofit2.http.GET;

/**
 * Created by Shweta.Chauhan on 13/07/16.
 */

public interface RequestInterface {

   @GET("facts/json/progress/all")
   Call<List<Datum>> getJSON();
}

Datenadapter

import Android.content.Context;
import Android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import Android.view.LayoutInflater;
import Android.view.View;
import Android.view.ViewGroup;
import Android.widget.TextView;

import Java.util.ArrayList;
import Java.util.List;

/**
 * Created by Shweta.Chauhan on 13/07/16.
 */

public class DataAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<DataAdapter.MyViewHolder>{

private Context context;
private List<Datum> dataList;

public DataAdapter(Context context, List<Datum> dataList) {
    this.context = context;
    this.dataList = dataList;
}

@Override
public MyViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
    View view= LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.data,parent,false);
    return new MyViewHolder(view);
}

@Override
public void onBindViewHolder(MyViewHolder holder, int position) {
    holder.categoryTV.setText(dataList.get(position).getCategory());
    holder.urltitleTV.setText(dataList.get(position).getUrlTitle());

}

@Override
public int getItemCount() {
    return dataList.size();
}

public class MyViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder{

    public TextView categoryTV, urltitleTV;

    public MyViewHolder(View itemView) {
        super(itemView);
        categoryTV = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.txt_category);
        urltitleTV = (TextView)     itemView.findViewById(R.id.txt_urltitle);
    }
}
}

und schließlich MainActivity.Java

import Android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import Android.os.Bundle;
import Android.support.v7.widget.LinearLayoutManager;
import Android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import Android.util.Log;
import Java.util.ArrayList;
import Java.util.Arrays;
import Java.util.List;

import retrofit2.Call;
import retrofit2.Callback;
import retrofit2.Response;
import retrofit2.Retrofit;
import retrofit2.converter.gson.GsonConverterFactory;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

private RecyclerView recyclerView;
private DataAdapter dataAdapter;
private List<Datum> dataArrayList;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
    initViews();
}

private void initViews(){
    recyclerView=(RecyclerView) findViewById(R.id.recycler_view);
    recyclerView.setLayoutManager(new LinearLayoutManager(getApplicationContext()));
    loadJSON();
}

private void loadJSON(){
    dataArrayList = new ArrayList<>();
    Retrofit retrofit=new Retrofit.Builder().baseUrl("https://www.whitehouse.gov/").addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create()).build();
    RequestInterface requestInterface=retrofit.create(RequestInterface.class);
    Call<List<Datum>> call= requestInterface.getJSON();
    call.enqueue(new Callback<List<Datum>>() {
        @Override
        public void onResponse(Call<List<Datum>> call, Response<List<Datum>> response) {
            dataArrayList = response.body();
            dataAdapter=new DataAdapter(getApplicationContext(),dataArrayList);
            recyclerView.setAdapter(dataAdapter);
        }

        @Override
        public void onFailure(Call<List<Datum>> call, Throwable t) {
            Log.e("Error",t.getMessage());
        }
    });
}
}
27
Shweta Chauhan

Alternative könnte sein

damit Ihre Antwort so aussieht

myCustom_JSONResponse

{"master":[
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 21:06:01",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.728840",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"JOHN",
      "url":"http://rus.JOHN.JOHN/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f4791da203d0c2d76000035",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:58.840076"
   },
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 14:07:44",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.033108",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"PETER",
      "url":"http://PETER.PETER.lv/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f476f61203d0c2d89000253",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:57.928001"
   }
]
}

anstatt von

server_JSONResponse

[
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 21:06:01",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.728840",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"JOHN",
      "url":"http://rus.JOHN.JOHN/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f4791da203d0c2d76000035",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:58.840076"
   },
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 14:07:44",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.033108",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"PETER",
      "url":"http://PETER.PETER.lv/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f476f61203d0c2d89000253",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:57.928001"
   }
]

CODE

  String server_JSONResponse =.... // the string in which you are getting your JSON Response after hitting URL
String myCustom_JSONResponse="";// in which we will keep our response after adding object element to it
     MyClass apiResponse = new MyClass();

     myCustom_JSONResponse="{\"master\":"+server_JSONResponse+"}";



    apiResponse = gson.fromJson(myCustom_JSONResponse, MyClass .class);

Danach wird es nur noch irgendein anderer GSON Parsing sein

11
DeltaCap019

laut GSON-Benutzerhandbuch können Sie nicht.

Sammlungsbeschränkungen

Kann die Auflistung beliebiger Objekte serialisieren, aber nicht daraus deserialisieren. Weil der Benutzer den Typ des resultierenden Objekts nicht angeben kann

7
njzk2