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Wie mache ich eine HTTP-Anfrage in Swift?

Ich habe die Programmiersprache Swift von Apple in iBooks gelesen, kann jedoch nicht herausfinden, wie eine http-Anfrage (etwas wie CURL) in Swift gestellt wird. Muss ich Obj-C-Klassen importieren oder muss ich nur Standardbibliotheken importieren? Oder ist es nicht möglich, eine HTTP-Anfrage auf der Basis von Swift-Code zu erstellen?

308
Dicky Tsang

Eine weitere Option ist die Alamofire -Lib, die Chainable Request/Response-Methoden anbietet.

https://github.com/Alamofire/Alamofire

Eine Anfrage machen

import Alamofire

Alamofire.request(.GET, "http://httpbin.org/get")

Antwortbehandlung

Alamofire.request(.GET, "http://httpbin.org/get", parameters: ["foo": "bar"])
         .response { request, response, data, error in
              print(request)
              print(response)
              print(error)
          }
91
Bijan

Sie können URL, URLRequest und URLSession oder NSURLConnection wie gewohnt in Objective-C verwenden. Beachten Sie, dass für iOS 7.0 und höher URLSession bevorzugt wird.

URLSession verwenden

Initialisieren Sie ein URL-Objekt und eine URLSessionDataTask aus URLSession. Führen Sie dann die Aufgabe mit resume() aus.

let url = URL(string: "http://www.stackoverflow.com")!

let task = URLSession.shared.dataTask(with: url) {(data, response, error) in
    guard let data = data else { return }
    print(String(data: data, encoding: .utf8)!)
}

task.resume()

NSURLConnection verwenden

Initialisieren Sie zunächst eine URL und eine URLRequest:

let url = URL(string: "http://www.stackoverflow.com")!
var request = URLRequest(url: url)
request.httpMethod = "POST" 

Dann können Sie die Anforderung asynchron laden mit:

NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request, queue: OperationQueue.main) {(response, data, error) in
    guard let data = data else { return }
    print(String(data: data, encoding: .utf8)!)
}

Oder Sie können eine NSURLConnection initialisieren:

let connection = NSURLConnection(request: request, delegate:nil, startImmediately: true)

Stellen Sie einfach sicher, dass Ihr Delegat auf etwas anderes als nil gesetzt ist, und verwenden Sie die Delegat-Methoden, um mit der Antwort und den empfangenen Daten zu arbeiten. 

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Dokumentation zum Protokoll NSURLConnectionDataDelegate .

Testen auf einem Xcode-Spielplatz

Wenn Sie diesen Code auf einem Xcode-Spielplatz ausprobieren möchten, fügen Sie import PlaygroundSupport zu Ihrem Spielplatz hinzu sowie den folgenden Aufruf:

PlaygroundPage.current.needsIndefiniteExecution = true

Auf diese Weise können Sie asynchronen Code in Spielplätzen verwenden.

462
Cezar

Überprüfen Sie die folgenden Codes:

1. SynchonousRequest

Swift 1.2

    let urlPath: String = "YOUR_URL_HERE"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request1: NSURLRequest = NSURLRequest(URL: url)
    var response: AutoreleasingUnsafeMutablePointer<NSURLResponse?>=nil
    var dataVal: NSData =  NSURLConnection.sendSynchronousRequest(request1, returningResponse: response, error:nil)!
    var err: NSError
    println(response)
    var jsonResult: NSDictionary = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(dataVal, options: NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: &err) as? NSDictionary
    println("Synchronous\(jsonResult)")

Swift 2.0 +

let urlPath: String = "YOUR_URL_HERE"
    let url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    let request1: NSURLRequest = NSURLRequest(URL: url)
    let response: AutoreleasingUnsafeMutablePointer<NSURLResponse?>=nil


    do{

        let dataVal = try NSURLConnection.sendSynchronousRequest(request1, returningResponse: response)

            print(response)
            do {
                if let jsonResult = try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(dataVal, options: []) as? NSDictionary {
                    print("Synchronous\(jsonResult)")
                }
            } catch let error as NSError {
                print(error.localizedDescription)
            }



    }catch let error as NSError
    {
         print(error.localizedDescription)
    }

2. AsynchonousRequest

Swift 1.2

let urlPath: String = "YOUR_URL_HERE"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request1: NSURLRequest = NSURLRequest(URL: url)
    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()
    NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request1, queue: queue, completionHandler:{ (response: NSURLResponse!, data: NSData!, error: NSError!) -> Void in
        var err: NSError
        var jsonResult: NSDictionary = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options: NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: nil) as NSDictionary
        println("Asynchronous\(jsonResult)")
       })

Swift 2.0 +

let urlPath: String = "YOUR_URL_HERE"
    let url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    let request1: NSURLRequest = NSURLRequest(URL: url)
    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()

    NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request1, queue: queue, completionHandler:{ (response: NSURLResponse?, data: NSData?, error: NSError?) -> Void in

        do {
            if let jsonResult = try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data!, options: []) as? NSDictionary {
                print("ASynchronous\(jsonResult)")
            }
        } catch let error as NSError {
            print(error.localizedDescription)
        }


    })

3. Wie üblich URL-Verbindung

Swift 1.2

    var dataVal = NSMutableData()
    let urlPath: String = "YOUR URL HERE"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request: NSURLRequest = NSURLRequest(URL: url)
    var connection: NSURLConnection = NSURLConnection(request: request, delegate: self, startImmediately: true)!
    connection.start()

Dann

 func connection(connection: NSURLConnection!, didReceiveData data: NSData!){
    self.dataVal?.appendData(data)
}


func connectionDidFinishLoading(connection: NSURLConnection!)
{
    var error: NSErrorPointer=nil

    var jsonResult: NSDictionary = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(dataVal!, options: NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: error) as NSDictionary

    println(jsonResult)



}

Swift 2.0 +

   var dataVal = NSMutableData()
    let urlPath: String = "YOUR URL HERE"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request: NSURLRequest = NSURLRequest(URL: url)
    var connection: NSURLConnection = NSURLConnection(request: request, delegate: self, startImmediately: true)!
    connection.start()

Dann

func connection(connection: NSURLConnection!, didReceiveData data: NSData!){
    dataVal.appendData(data)
}


func connectionDidFinishLoading(connection: NSURLConnection!)
{

    do {
        if let jsonResult = try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(dataVal, options: []) as? NSDictionary {
            print(jsonResult)
        }
    } catch let error as NSError {
        print(error.localizedDescription)
    }

}

4. Asynchonische POST Anfrage

Swift 1.2

    let urlPath: String = "YOUR URL HERE"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request1: NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url)

    request1.HTTPMethod = "POST"
     var stringPost="deviceToken=123456" // Key and Value

    let data = stringPost.dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)

    request1.timeoutInterval = 60
    request1.HTTPBody=data
    request1.HTTPShouldHandleCookies=false

    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()

     NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request1, queue: queue, completionHandler:{ (response: NSURLResponse!, data: NSData!, error: NSError!) -> Void in


        var err: NSError

        var jsonResult: NSDictionary = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options: NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: nil) as NSDictionary
        println("AsSynchronous\(jsonResult)")


        })

Swift 2.0 +

let urlPath: String = "YOUR URL HERE"
    let url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    let request1: NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url)

    request1.HTTPMethod = "POST"
    let stringPost="deviceToken=123456" // Key and Value

    let data = stringPost.dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)

    request1.timeoutInterval = 60
    request1.HTTPBody=data
    request1.HTTPShouldHandleCookies=false

    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()

    NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request1, queue: queue, completionHandler:{ (response: NSURLResponse?, data: NSData?, error: NSError?) -> Void in

        do {
            if let jsonResult = try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data!, options: []) as? NSDictionary {
                print("ASynchronous\(jsonResult)")
            }
        } catch let error as NSError {
            print(error.localizedDescription)
        }


    })

5. Asynchonische GET-Anfrage

Swift 1.2

    let urlPath: String = "YOUR URL HERE"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request1: NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url)

    request1.HTTPMethod = "GET"
    request1.timeoutInterval = 60
    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()

     NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request1, queue: queue, completionHandler:{ (response: NSURLResponse!, data: NSData!, error: NSError!) -> Void in


        var err: NSError

        var jsonResult: NSDictionary = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options: NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: nil) as NSDictionary
        println("AsSynchronous\(jsonResult)")


        })

Swift 2.0 +

let urlPath: String = "YOUR URL HERE"
    let url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    let request1: NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url)

    request1.HTTPMethod = "GET"
    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()

    NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request1, queue: queue, completionHandler:{ (response: NSURLResponse?, data: NSData?, error: NSError?) -> Void in

        do {
            if let jsonResult = try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data!, options: []) as? NSDictionary {
                print("ASynchronous\(jsonResult)")
            }
        } catch let error as NSError {
            print(error.localizedDescription)
        }


    })

6. Bild (Datei) Upload

Swift 2.0 +

  let mainURL = "YOUR_URL_HERE"

    let url = NSURL(string: mainURL)
    let request = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url!)
    let boundary = "78876565564454554547676"
    request.addValue("multipart/form-data; boundary=\(boundary)", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")


    request.HTTPMethod = "POST" // POST OR PUT What you want
    let session = NSURLSession(configuration:NSURLSessionConfiguration.defaultSessionConfiguration(), delegate: nil, delegateQueue: nil)

    let imageData = UIImageJPEGRepresentation(UIImage(named: "Test.jpeg")!, 1)





    var body = NSMutableData()

    body.appendData("--\(boundary)\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)

    // Append your parameters

    body.appendData("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"name\"\r\n\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)
    body.appendData("PREMKUMAR\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding, allowLossyConversion: true)!)
    body.appendData("--\(boundary)\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)

    body.appendData("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"description\"\r\n\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)
    body.appendData("IOS_DEVELOPER\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding, allowLossyConversion: true)!)
    body.appendData("--\(boundary)\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)


    // Append your Image/File Data

    var imageNameval = "HELLO.jpg"

    body.appendData("--\(boundary)\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)
    body.appendData("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"profile_photo\"; filename=\"\(imageNameval)\"\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)
    body.appendData("Content-Type: image/jpeg\r\n\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)
    body.appendData(imageData!)
    body.appendData("\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)

    body.appendData("--\(boundary)--\r\n".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!)

    request.HTTPBody = body




    let dataTask = session.dataTaskWithRequest(request) { (data, response, error) -> Void in

        if error != nil {

            //handle error


        }
        else {




            let outputString : NSString = NSString(data:data!, encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding)!
            print("Response:\(outputString)")


        }
    }
    dataTask.resume()
94
PREMKUMAR

Swift 3 und höher-Datenanforderung mit URLSession-API

   //create the url with NSURL
   let url = URL(string: "https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/todos/1")! //change the url

   //create the session object
   let session = URLSession.shared

   //now create the URLRequest object using the url object
   let request = URLRequest(url: url)

   //create dataTask using the session object to send data to the server
   let task = session.dataTask(with: request as URLRequest, completionHandler: { data, response, error in

       guard error == nil else {
           return
       }

       guard let data = data else {
           return
       }

      do {
         //create json object from data
         if let json = try JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: data, options: .mutableContainers) as? [String: Any] {
            print(json)
         }
      } catch let error {
        print(error.localizedDescription)
      }
   })

   task.resume()

Swift 4, Decodable und Result enum

//APPError enum which shows all possible errors
enum APPError: Error {
    case networkError(Error)
    case dataNotFound
    case jsonParsingError(Error)
    case invalidStatusCode(Int)
}

//Result enum to show success or failure
enum Result<T> {
    case success(T)
    case failure(APPError)
}

//dataRequest which sends request to given URL and convert to Decodable Object
func dataRequest<T: Decodable>(with url: String, objectType: T.Type, completion: @escaping (Result<T>) -> Void) {

    //create the url with NSURL
    let dataURL = URL(string: url)! //change the url

    //create the session object
    let session = URLSession.shared

    //now create the URLRequest object using the url object
    let request = URLRequest(url: dataURL, cachePolicy: .useProtocolCachePolicy, timeoutInterval: 60)

    //create dataTask using the session object to send data to the server
    let task = session.dataTask(with: request, completionHandler: { data, response, error in

        guard error == nil else {
            completion(Result.failure(AppError.networkError(error!)))
            return
        }

        guard let data = data else {
            completion(Result.failure(APPError.dataNotFound))
            return
        }

        do {
            //create decodable object from data
            let decodedObject = try JSONDecoder().decode(objectType.self, from: data)
            completion(Result.success(decodedObject))
        } catch let error {
            completion(Result.failure(APPError.jsonParsingError(error as! DecodingError)))
        }
    })

    task.resume()
}

Beispiel:

// Wenn wir ToDo von der Platzhalter-API abrufen möchten, definieren wir die ToDo-Struktur und rufen dataRequest auf und übergeben die String-URL " https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/todos/1 ".

struct ToDo: Decodable {
    let id: Int
    let userId: Int
    let title: String
    let completed: Bool

}

dataRequest(with: "https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/todos/1", objectType: ToDo.self) { (result: Result) in
    switch result {
    case .success(let object):
        print(object)
    case .failure(let error):
        print(error)
    }
}

// Dies gibt das Ergebnis aus:

ToDo(id: 1, userId: 1, title: "delectus aut autem", completed: false)
23
Suhit Patil

Basic Swift 3-Lösung

let url = URL(string: "http://www.stackoverflow.com")

let task = URLSession.shared.dataTask(with: url! as URL) { data, response, error in

  guard let data = data, error == nil else { return }

  print(NSString(data: data, encoding: String.Encoding.utf8.rawValue))
}

task.resume()
19
Ben Sullivan

Ich verwende den Wrapper dieses Mannes mit guten Ergebnissen https://github.com/daltoniam/swiftHTTP . Keine großen undichte Abstraktionen bis jetzt

Beispiel

    do {
        let opt = try HTTP.GET("https://google.com")
        opt.start { response in
            if let err = response.error {
                print("error: \(err.localizedDescription)")
                return //also notify app of failure as needed
            }
            print("opt finished: \(response.description)")
            //print("data is: \(response.data)") access the response of the data with response.data
        }
    } catch let error {
        print("got an error creating the request: \(error)")
    }
14
Alex Nolasco

Einzelheiten

Xcode 9.2, Swift 4

Lösung

import Foundation

class Data {

    static fileprivate let queue = DispatchQueue(label: "requests.queue", qos: .utility)
    static fileprivate let mainQueue = DispatchQueue.main

    fileprivate class func make(session: URLSession = URLSession.shared, request: URLRequest, closure: @escaping (_ json: [String: Any]?, _ error: Error?)->()) {
            let task = session.dataTask(with: request) { data, response, error in
                queue.async {
                    guard error == nil else {
                        return
                    }
                    guard let data = data else {
                        return
                    }

                    do {
                        if let json = try JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: data, options: .mutableContainers) as? [String: Any] {
                            mainQueue.async {
                                closure(json, nil)
                            }
                        }
                    } catch let error {
                        print(error.localizedDescription)
                        mainQueue.async {
                            closure(nil, error)
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

            task.resume()
    }

    class func searchRequest(term: String, closure: @escaping (_ json: [String: Any]?, _ error: Error?)->()) {
        let url = URL(string: "https://iTunes.Apple.com/search?term=\(term.replacingOccurrences(of: " ", with: "+"))")
        let request = URLRequest(url: url!)
        Data.make(request: request) { json, error in
            closure(json, error)
        }
    }
}

Verwendungszweck

Data.searchRequest(term: "jack johnson") { json, error  in
      print(error ?? "nil")
      print(json ?? "nil")
      print("Update views")
}

Ergebnisse

 enter image description here

7

Ich habeHTTPRequest Beide MethodenERHALTEN&POSTmit JSON-Analyse so

auf viewDidLoad () :

override func viewDidLoad() {
super.viewDidLoad()

    makeGetRequest()
    makePostRequest()

}

func makePostRequest(){

    let urlPath: String = "http://www.swiftdeveloperblog.com/http-post-example-script/"
    var url: NSURL = NSURL(string: urlPath)!
    var request: NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url)

    request.HTTPMethod = "POST"
    var stringPost="firstName=James&lastName=Bond" // Key and Value

    let data = stringPost.dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)

    request.timeoutInterval = 60
    request.HTTPBody=data
    request.HTTPShouldHandleCookies=false

    let queue:NSOperationQueue = NSOperationQueue()

    NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request, queue: NSOperationQueue(), completionHandler:{ (response:NSURLResponse!, data: NSData!, error: NSError!) -> Void in
        var error: AutoreleasingUnsafeMutablePointer<NSError?> = nil
        let jsonResult: NSDictionary! = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options:NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: error) as? NSDictionary

         if (jsonResult != nil) {
            // Success
           println(jsonResult)

           let message = jsonResult["Message"] as! NSString

           println(message)
         }else {
            // Failed
            println("Failed")
        }

    })

}

func makeGetRequest(){
    var url : String = "http://api.androidhive.info/contacts/"
    var request : NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest()
    request.URL = NSURL(string: url)
    request.HTTPMethod = "GET"
    request.timeoutInterval = 60

    NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request, queue: NSOperationQueue(), completionHandler:{ (response:NSURLResponse!, data: NSData!, error: NSError!) -> Void in
        var error: AutoreleasingUnsafeMutablePointer<NSError?> = nil
        let jsonResult: NSDictionary! = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options:NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: error) as? NSDictionary

        if (jsonResult != nil) {
            // Success
            println(jsonResult)

            let dataArray = jsonResult["contacts"] as! NSArray;

            for item in dataArray { // loop through data items

                let obj = item as! NSDictionary

                for (key, value) in obj {

                    println("Key: \(key) - Value: \(value)")

                    let phone = obj["phone"] as! NSDictionary;

                    let mobile = phone["mobile"] as! NSString
                    println(mobile)
                    let home = phone["home"] as! NSString
                    println(home)
                    let office = phone["office"] as! NSString
                    println(office)
                }
            }

        } else {
            // Failed
            println("Failed")
        }

    })
}

Erledigt

7
Hiren Patel

Ich rufe den Json beim Login-Button click an

@IBAction func loginClicked(sender : AnyObject) {

    var request = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: NSURL(string: kLoginURL)) // Here, kLogin contains the Login API.

    var session = NSURLSession.sharedSession()

    request.HTTPMethod = "POST"

    var err: NSError?
    request.HTTPBody = NSJSONSerialization.dataWithJSONObject(self.criteriaDic(), options: nil, error: &err) // This Line fills the web service with required parameters.
    request.addValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")
    request.addValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Accept")

    var task = session.dataTaskWithRequest(request, completionHandler: {data, response, error -> Void in
        var strData = NSString(data: data, encoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding)
        var err1: NSError?
        var json2 = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(strData.dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding), options: .MutableLeaves, error:&err1 ) as NSDictionary

        println("json2 :\(json2)")

        if(err) {
            println(err!.localizedDescription)
        }
        else {
            var success = json2["success"] as? Int
            println("Success: \(success)")
        }
    })

    task.resume()
}

Hier habe ich ein separates Wörterbuch für die Parameter erstellt.

var params = ["format":"json", "MobileType":"IOS","MIN":"f8d16d98ad12acdbbe1de647414495ec","UserName":emailTxtField.text,"PWD":passwordTxtField.text,"SigninVia":"SH"]as NSDictionary
    return params
}

// You can add your own sets of parameter here.
3
Annu

Sie können Just verwenden, eine HTTP-Bibliothek im python-requests-Stil.

Beispiel für das Senden einer HTTP-Anfrage mit Just:

// synchronous GET request with URL query a=1
let r = Just.get("https://httpbin.org/get", params:["a":1])

// asynchronous POST request with form value and file uploads
Just.post(
    "http://justiceleauge.org/member/register",
    data: ["username": "barryallen", "password":"ReverseF1ashSucks"],
    files: ["profile_photo": .URL(fileURLWithPath:"flash.jpeg", nil)]
) { (r)
    if (r.ok) { /* success! */ }
}

In beiden Fällen kann auf das Ergebnis einer Anforderung r auf ähnliche Weise wie python-request zugegriffen werden:

r.ok            // is the response successful?
r.statusCode    // status code of response
r.content       // response body as NSData?
r.text          // response body as text?
r.json          // response body parsed by NSJSONSerielization

Weitere Beispiele finden Sie auf diesem Spielplatz

Die Verwendung dieser Bibliothek im synchronen Modus auf einem Spielplatz ist das, was cURL in Swift am nächsten kommt.

2
Daniel Duan

Ein einfacher Ansatz von Swift 2.0 zum Erstellen einer HTTP-GET-Anforderung

Die HTTP-Anforderung ist asynchron. Sie müssen also den zurückgegebenen Wert von der HTTP-Anforderung abrufen. Dieser Ansatz verwendet Notifier und ist auf zwei Klassen verteilt. 

Das Beispiel ist die Überprüfung des Benutzernamens und des Kennworts für ein Bezeichner-Token mithilfe der Website http://www.example.com/handler.php?do=CheckUserJson&json= Das heißt, die Datei heißt handler.php und hat eine switch-Anweisung für den Parameter do, um einen RESTful-Ansatz zu erhalten.

In viewDidLoad richten wir den NotifierObserver ein, richten den Json ein und rufen die Funktion getHTTPRequest auf. Sie kehrt mit dem zurückgegebenen Parameter aus der http-Anforderung zur Funktion checkedUsernameAndPassword zurück.

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
    // setup the Notification observer to catch the result of check username and password
    NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().addObserver(self, selector: "checkedUsernameAndPassword:", name: CHECK_USERNAME_AND_PASSWORD, object: nil)        
    let username = GlobalVariables.USER_NAME
    let password = GlobalVariables.PASSWORD
    // check username and password
    if let jsonString = Utility.checkUsernameAndPasswordJson(username, password:password){
        print("json string returned = \(jsonString)")
        let url = CHECKUSERJSON+jsonString
        // CHECKUSERJSON = http://www.example.com/handler.php?do=CheckUserJson&json=
        // jsonString = {\"username\":\"demo\",\"password\":\"demo\"}"
        // the php script handles a json request and returns a string identifier           
        Utility.getHTTPRequest(url,notifierId: CHECK_USERNAME_AND_PASSWORD)
        // the returned identifier is sent to the checkedUsernaeAndPassword function when it becomes availabel.
    }
}

In Utility.Swift gibt es zwei statische Funktionen, um den Json zu codieren und dann den HTTP-Aufruf auszuführen.

    static func checkUsernameAndPasswordJson(username: String, password: String) -> String?{
    let para:NSMutableDictionary = NSMutableDictionary()
        para.setValue("demo", forKey: "username")
        para.setValue("demo", forKey: "password")
    let jsonData: NSData
    do{
        jsonData = try NSJSONSerialization.dataWithJSONObject(para, options: NSJSONWritingOptions())
        let jsonString = NSString(data: jsonData, encoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding) as! String
        return jsonString
    } catch _ {
        print ("UH OOO")
        return nil
    }
}

und die HTTP-Anfrage

    static func getHTTPRequest (url:String , notifierId: String) -> Void{
    let urlString = url
    let config = NSURLSessionConfiguration.defaultSessionConfiguration()
    let session = NSURLSession(configuration: config, delegate: nil, delegateQueue: nil)
    let safeURL = urlString.stringByAddingPercentEncodingWithAllowedCharacters(NSCharacterSet.URLQueryAllowedCharacterSet())!
    if let url = NSURL(string: safeURL){
        let request  = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url)
        request.HTTPMethod = "GET"
        request.timeoutInterval = 60
        let taskData = session.dataTaskWithRequest(request, completionHandler: {
            (data:NSData?, response:NSURLResponse?, error:NSError?) -> Void in
            if (data != nil) {
                let result = NSString(data: data! , encoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding)
                sendNotification (notifierId, message: String(result), num: 0)
            }else{
                  sendNotification (notifierId, message: String(UTF8String: nil), num: -1)                    }
        })
    taskData.resume()
    }else{
        print("bad urlString = \(urlString)")
    }
}

Die Funktion sendNotification schließt den Kreis ab. Beachten Sie, dass sich im Observer am Ende der Auswahlzeichenfolge ein ":" befindet. Dadurch kann die Benachrichtigung eine Nutzlast in userInfo tragen. Ich gebe diesem einen String und einen Int.

    static func sendNotification (key: String, message:String?, num: Int?){
    NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().postNotificationName(
        key,
        object: nil,
        userInfo:   (["message": message!,
                      "num": "\(num!)"])
    )
}

Beachten Sie, dass die Verwendung von HTTP altmodisch ist, bevorzuge HTTPS. Siehe Wie lade ich eine HTTP-URL mit aktivierter App Transport Security in iOS 9?

1
user462990

In Swift 4.1 und Xcode 9.4.1.

Beispiel für JSON POST. Um die Internetverbindung zu überprüfen, fügen Sie die Dateien Reachability.h und .m unter https://developer.Apple.com/library/archive/samplecode/Reachability/Introduction/Intro.html#//Apple_ref/doc/uid/DTS40007324-- hinzu -DontLinkElementID_2

func yourFunctionName {
    //Check internet connection
    let networkReachability = Reachability.forInternetConnection()
    let networkStatus:Int = (networkReachability?.currentReachabilityStatus())!.rawValue
    print(networkStatus)
    if networkStatus == NotReachable.rawValue {
        let msg = SharedClass.sharedInstance.noNetMsg//Message
        //Call alert from shared class
        SharedClass.sharedInstance.alert(view: self, title: "", message: msg)
    } else {
        //Call spinner from shared class
        SharedClass.sharedInstance.activityIndicator(view: self.view)//Play spinner

        let parameters = "Your parameters here"
        var request = URLRequest(url: URL(string: url)!)

        request.setValue("application/x-www-form-urlencoded", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")
        request.httpMethod = "POST"

        print("URL : \(request)")

        request.httpBody = parameters.data(using: .utf8)

        let task = URLSession.shared.dataTask(with: request) { data, response, error in guard let data = data, error == nil else { // check for fundamental networking error
            //Stop spinner
            SharedClass.sharedInstance.stopActivityIndicator() //Stop spinner
            //Print error in alert
            SharedClass.sharedInstance.alert(view: self, title: "", message: "\(String(describing: error!.localizedDescription))")
            return
            }

            SharedClass.sharedInstance.stopActivityIndicator() //Stop spinner

            if let httpStatus = response as? HTTPURLResponse, httpStatus.statusCode != 200 { // check for http errors
                print("statusCode should be 200, but is \(httpStatus.statusCode)")
                print("response = \(String(describing: response))")
            }

            do {
                let response = try JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: data, options: []) as? [String: AnyObject]
                print(response!)
                //Your code here                    
            } catch let error as NSError {
                print(error)
            }
        }

        task.resume()

    }

}

Wenn Sie Interesse haben, diese Funktion in SharedClass zu verwenden 

//My shared class
import UIKit
class SharedClass: NSObject {

static let sharedInstance = SharedClass()

func postRequestFunction(apiName: String , parameters: String, onCompletion: @escaping (_ success: Bool, _ error: Error?, _ result: [String: Any]?)->()) {

    var URL =  "your URL here/index.php/***?"

    URL = URL.replacingOccurrences(of: "***", with: apiName)

    var request = URLRequest(url: URL(string: URL)!)
    request.setValue("application/x-www-form-urlencoded", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")
    request.httpMethod = "POST"
    print("shared URL : \(request)")
    request.httpBody = parameters.data(using: .utf8)

    var returnRes:[String:Any] = [:]
    let task = URLSession.shared.dataTask(with: request) { data, response, error in

        if let error = error {
            onCompletion(false, error, nil)
        } else {
            guard let data = data else {
                onCompletion(false, error, nil)
                return
            }

            if let httpStatus = response as? HTTPURLResponse, httpStatus.statusCode == 200 {
                do {
                   returnRes = try JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: data, options: []) as! [String : Any]
                    onCompletion(true, nil, returnRes)

                } catch let error as NSError {
                   onCompletion(false, error, nil)
                }
            } else {
                onCompletion(false, error, nil)
            }
        }
    }
    task.resume()
}


private override init() {

}

Und schließlich rufen Sie diese Funktion so auf ...

SharedClass.sharedInstance.postRequestFunction(apiName: "Your API name", parameters: parameters) { (success, error, result) in
    print(result!)
    if success {
        //Your code here
    } else {
        print(error?.localizedDescription ?? "")
    }
}
1
iOS

Swift 5

Niemand hat die Verwendung des URL-Ladekonstruktors erwähnt Data(contentsOf:) :

private func loadDataIntoUI(from url: URL) {
    DispatchQueue.global(qos: .userInitiated).async { [weak self] in
        if let data = try? Data(contentsOf: url) {
            DispatchQueue.main.async {
                // TODO: Update UI with data
            }
        }
    }
}
0
Chris Chute

Hier ist ein sehr einfaches Swift 4 Beispiel auf einem Spielplatz:

import UIKit
// run asynchronously in a playground
import PlaygroundSupport
PlaygroundPage.current.needsIndefiniteExecution = true

// create a url
let url = URL(string: "http://www.stackoverflow.com")

// create a data task
let task = URLSession.shared.dataTask(with: url!) { (data, response, error) in
    if error != nil {
        print("there's a problem")
    }
    print(String(data: data!, encoding: String.Encoding.utf8) ?? "")
}

//running the task w/ resume
task.resume()
0
craft
 var post:NSString = "api=myposts&userid=\(uid)&page_no=0&limit_no=10"

    NSLog("PostData: %@",post);

    var url1:NSURL = NSURL(string: url)!

    var postData:NSData = post.dataUsingEncoding(NSASCIIStringEncoding)!

    var postLength:NSString = String( postData.length )

    var request:NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url1)
    request.HTTPMethod = "POST"
    request.HTTPBody = postData
    request.setValue(postLength, forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Length")
    request.setValue("application/x-www-form-urlencoded", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")
    request.setValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Accept")

    var reponseError: NSError?
    var response: NSURLResponse?

    var urlData: NSData? = NSURLConnection.sendSynchronousRequest(request, returningResponse:&response, error:&reponseError)

    if ( urlData != nil ) {
        let res = response as NSHTTPURLResponse!;

        NSLog("Response code: %ld", res.statusCode);

        if (res.statusCode >= 200 && res.statusCode < 300)
        {
            var responseData:NSString  = NSString(data:urlData!, encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding)!

            NSLog("Response ==> %@", responseData);

            var error: NSError?

            let jsonData:NSDictionary = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(urlData!, options:NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers , error: &error) as NSDictionary

            let success:NSInteger = jsonData.valueForKey("error") as NSInteger

            //[jsonData[@"success"] integerValue];

            NSLog("Success: %ld", success);

            if(success == 0)
            {
                NSLog("Login SUCCESS");

                self.dataArr = jsonData.valueForKey("data") as NSMutableArray
                self.table.reloadData()

            } else {

                NSLog("Login failed1");
                ZAActivityBar.showErrorWithStatus("error", forAction: "Action2")
            }

        } else {

            NSLog("Login failed2");
            ZAActivityBar.showErrorWithStatus("error", forAction: "Action2")

        }
    } else {

        NSLog("Login failed3");
        ZAActivityBar.showErrorWithStatus("error", forAction: "Action2")
}

es wird dir sicher helfen

0
Mohit tomar

// Hier ist ein Beispiel, das für mich funktioniert hat 

// Swift-Funktion, die eine Anforderung mit Schlüsselwerten an einen Server sendet 

func insertRecords()
{



    let usrID = txtID.text
    let checkin = lblInOut.text
    let comment = txtComment.text



    // The address of the web service
    let urlString = "http://your_url/checkInOut_post.php"

    // These are the keys that your are sending as part of the post request
    let keyValues = "id=\(usrID)&inout=\(checkin)&comment=\(comment)"




    // 1 - Create the session by getting the configuration and then
    //     creating the session

    let config = NSURLSessionConfiguration.defaultSessionConfiguration()
    let session = NSURLSession(configuration: config, delegate: nil, delegateQueue: nil)


    // 2 - Create the URL Object

    if let url = NSURL(string: urlString){


        // 3 - Create the Request Object

        var request  = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: url)
        request.HTTPMethod = "POST"

        // set the key values
        request.HTTPBody = keyValues.dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding);


        // 4 - execute the request

        let taskData = session.dataTaskWithRequest(request, completionHandler: {

            (data:NSData!, response:NSURLResponse!, error:NSError!) -> Void in

            println("\(data)")

            // 5 - Do something with the Data back

            if (data != nil) {

                // we got some data back
                println("\(data)")

                let result = NSString(data: data , encoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding)
                println("\(result)")

                if result == "OK" {

                    let a = UIAlertView(title: "OK", message: "Attendece has been recorded", delegate: nil, cancelButtonTitle: "OK")

                    println("\(result)")

                    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue()) {


                    a.show()


                    }


                } else {
                  // display error and do something else

                }


            } else

            {   // we got an error
                println("Error getting stores :\(error.localizedDescription)")

            }


        })

        taskData.resume()



    }


}

PHP Code, um die Schlüsselwerte zu erhalten 

$ empID = $ _POST ['id'];

$ inOut = $ _POST ['inout'];

$ comment = $ _POST ['comment'];

0
Ali

Verwenden von URLSession + Swift 5

Hinzufügen zu Cezars Antwort , wenn Sie eine Webanforderung mithilfe der URLSession-Klasse von Apple erstellen möchten, haben Sie mehrere Möglichkeiten, die Aufgabe auszuführen

  1. Einfache GET-Anfrage mit URL
  2. Einfache GET-Anfrage mit URL und Parametern
  3. Einfache GET-Anforderung mit URL mit Fehlerbehandlungen
  4. Einfache POST Anfrage mit URL, Parameter mit Fehlerbehandlung

1. Einfache GET-Anfrage mit URL

func simpleGetUrlRequest()
    {
        let url = URL(string: "https://httpbin.org/get")!

        let task = URLSession.shared.dataTask(with: url) {(data, response, error) in
            guard let data = data else { return }
            print("The response is : ",String(data: data, encoding: .utf8)!)
            //print(NSString(data: data, encoding: String.Encoding.utf8.rawValue) as Any)
        }
        task.resume()
    }

Hinweis: Stellen Sie sicher, dass Sie den Schlüssel "NSAppTransportSecurity" in der pList für http Anforderungen hinzufügen müssen.

<key>NSAppTransportSecurity</key>
<dict>
<key>NSAllowsArbitraryLoads</key>
<true/>
</dict>

2. Einfache GET-Anfrage mit URL und Parametern

func simpleGetUrlWithParamRequest()
    {
        let url = URL(string: "https://www.google.com/search?q=peace")!

        let task = URLSession.shared.dataTask(with: url) {(data, response, error) in

            if error != nil || data == nil {
                print("Client error!")
                return
            }
            guard let response = response as? HTTPURLResponse, (200...299).contains(response.statusCode) else {
                print("Server error!")
                return
            }
            print("The Response is : ",response)
        }
        task.resume()
    }

3. Einfache GET-Anforderung mit URL mit Fehlerbehandlungen

func simpleGetUrlRequestWithErrorHandling()
    {
        let session = URLSession.shared
        let url = URL(string: "https://httpbin.org/get")!

        let task = session.dataTask(with: url) { data, response, error in

            if error != nil || data == nil {
                print("Client error!")
                return
            }

            guard let response = response as? HTTPURLResponse, (200...299).contains(response.statusCode) else {
                print("Server error!")
                return
            }

            guard let mime = response.mimeType, mime == "application/json" else {
                print("Wrong MIME type!")
                return
            }

            do {
                let json = try JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: data!, options: [])
                print("The Response is : ",json)
            } catch {
                print("JSON error: \(error.localizedDescription)")
            }

        }
        task.resume()
    }

4. Einfache POST Anfrage mit URL, Parameter mit Fehlerbehandlungen.

func simplePostRequestWithParamsAndErrorHandling(){
        var session = URLSession.shared
        let configuration = URLSessionConfiguration.default
        configuration.timeoutIntervalForRequest = 30
        configuration.timeoutIntervalForResource = 30
        session = URLSession(configuration: configuration)

        let url = URL(string: "https://httpbin.org/post")!

        var request = URLRequest(url: url)
        request.httpMethod = "POST"
        request.setValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")
        request.addValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Accept")

        let parameters = ["username": "foo", "password": "123456"]

        do {
            request.httpBody = try JSONSerialization.data(withJSONObject: parameters, options: .prettyPrinted)
        } catch let error {
            print(error.localizedDescription)
        }

        let task = session.dataTask(with: request as URLRequest, completionHandler: { data, response, error in

            if error != nil || data == nil {
                print("Client error!")
                return
            }

            guard let response = response as? HTTPURLResponse, (200...299).contains(response.statusCode) else {
                print("Oops!! there is server error!")
                return
            }

            guard let mime = response.mimeType, mime == "application/json" else {
                print("response is not json")
                return
            }

            do {
                let json = try JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: data!, options: [])
                print("The Response is : ",json)
            } catch {
                print("JSON error: \(error.localizedDescription)")
            }

        })

        task.resume()
    }

Ihre Vorschläge werden geschätzt !!

0
swiftBoy