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Den Unterschied zwischen zwei NSDaten in (Monate/Tage/Stunden/Minuten/Sekunden) ermitteln

Ich versuche, die Differenz zwischen dem aktuellen Datum als NSDate() und einem Datum aus einem PHP time();-Aufruf zu ermitteln. Beispiel: NSDate(timeIntervalSinceReferenceDate: 1417147270). Wie gehe ich vor, um den zeitlichen Unterschied zwischen den beiden Daten zu ermitteln? Ich möchte eine Funktion haben, die die beiden Datumsangaben vergleicht und if(seconds > 60) dann Minuten, if(minutes > 60) return Stunden und if(hours > 24) return days usw. zurückgibt. 

Wie soll ich das machen?

EDIT: Die aktuell akzeptierte Antwort hat genau das gemacht, was ich wollte. Ich empfehle es zur einfachen Verwendung, um die Zeit zwischen zwei Datumsangaben in der Form zu erhalten, die von der PHP time()-Funktion verwendet wird. Wenn Sie sich mit PHP nicht besonders gut auskennen, ist dies die Zeit in Sekunden ab dem 1. Januar 1970. Dies ist vorteilhaft für ein Backend in PHP. Wenn Sie ein Backend wie NodeJS verwenden, sollten Sie einige der anderen Optionen in Betracht ziehen, die Sie unten finden.

177
uhfocuz

Xcode 8.3 • Swift 3.1 oder höher

Sie können Kalender verwenden, um Sie beim Erstellen einer Erweiterung zu unterstützen, um Ihre Datumsberechnungen wie folgt durchzuführen:

extension Date {
    /// Returns the amount of years from another date
    func years(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.year], from: date, to: self).year ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of months from another date
    func months(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.month], from: date, to: self).month ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of weeks from another date
    func weeks(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.weekOfMonth], from: date, to: self).weekOfMonth ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of days from another date
    func days(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.day], from: date, to: self).day ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of hours from another date
    func hours(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.hour], from: date, to: self).hour ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of minutes from another date
    func minutes(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.minute], from: date, to: self).minute ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of seconds from another date
    func seconds(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.second], from: date, to: self).second ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the a custom time interval description from another date
    func offset(from date: Date) -> String {
        if years(from: date)   > 0 { return "\(years(from: date))y"   }
        if months(from: date)  > 0 { return "\(months(from: date))M"  }
        if weeks(from: date)   > 0 { return "\(weeks(from: date))w"   }
        if days(from: date)    > 0 { return "\(days(from: date))d"    }
        if hours(from: date)   > 0 { return "\(hours(from: date))h"   }
        if minutes(from: date) > 0 { return "\(minutes(from: date))m" }
        if seconds(from: date) > 0 { return "\(seconds(from: date))s" }
        return ""
    }
}

Verwenden von Date Components Formatter 

let dateComponentsFormatter = DateComponentsFormatter()
dateComponentsFormatter.allowedUnits = [.year,.month,.weekOfMonth,.day,.hour,.minute,.second]
dateComponentsFormatter.maximumUnitCount = 1
dateComponentsFormatter.unitsStyle = .full
dateComponentsFormatter.string(from: Date(), to: Date(timeIntervalSinceNow: 4000000))  // "1 month"

let date1 = DateComponents(calendar: .current, year: 2014, month: 11, day: 28, hour: 5, minute: 9).date!
let date2 = DateComponents(calendar: .current, year: 2015, month: 8, day: 28, hour: 5, minute: 9).date!

let years = date2.years(from: date1)     // 0
let months = date2.months(from: date1)   // 9
let weeks = date2.weeks(from: date1)     // 39
let days = date2.days(from: date1)       // 273
let hours = date2.hours(from: date1)     // 6,553
let minutes = date2.minutes(from: date1) // 393,180
let seconds = date2.seconds(from: date1) // 23,590,800

let timeOffset = date2.offset(from: date1) // "9M"

let date3 = DateComponents(calendar: .current, year: 2014, month: 11, day: 28, hour: 5, minute: 9).date!
let date4 = DateComponents(calendar: .current, year: 2015, month: 11, day: 28, hour: 5, minute: 9).date!

let timeOffset2 = date4.offset(from: date3) // "1y"

let date5 = DateComponents(calendar: .current, year: 2017, month: 4, day: 28).date!
let now = Date()
let timeOffset3 = now.offset(from: date5) // "1w"
474
Leo Dabus

Wenn jemand alle Zeiteinheiten anzeigen muss, beispielsweise "Stunden, Minuten, Sekunden", nicht nur "Stunden". Nehmen wir an, der Zeitunterschied zwischen zwei Datumsangaben beträgt 1 Stunde, 59 Minuten, 20 Sekunden. Diese Funktion zeigt "1h 59m 20s" an. 

Hier ist mein Code:

extension NSDate {

    func offsetFrom(date : NSDate) -> String {

        let dayHourMinuteSecond: NSCalendarUnit = [.Day, .Hour, .Minute, .Second]
        let difference = NSCalendar.currentCalendar().components(dayHourMinuteSecond, fromDate: date, toDate: self, options: [])

        let seconds = "\(difference.second)s"
        let minutes = "\(difference.minute)m" + " " + seconds
        let hours = "\(difference.hour)h" + " " + minutes
        let days = "\(difference.day)d" + " " + hours

        if difference.day    > 0 { return days }
        if difference.hour   > 0 { return hours }
        if difference.minute > 0 { return minutes }
        if difference.second > 0 { return seconds }
        return ""
    }

}

In Swift 3:

extension Date {

    func offsetFrom(date : Date) -> String {

        let dayHourMinuteSecond: Set<Calendar.Component> = [.day, .hour, .minute, .second]
        let difference = NSCalendar.current.dateComponents(dayHourMinuteSecond, from: date, to: self);

        let seconds = "\(difference.second ?? 0)s"
        let minutes = "\(difference.minute ?? 0)m" + " " + seconds
        let hours = "\(difference.hour ?? 0)h" + " " + minutes
        let days = "\(difference.day ?? 0)d" + " " + hours

        if let day = difference.day, day          > 0 { return days }
        if let hour = difference.hour, hour       > 0 { return hours }
        if let minute = difference.minute, minute > 0 { return minutes }
        if let second = difference.second, second > 0 { return seconds }
        return ""
    }

}
37
Adam Studenic

Du fragst:

Ich möchte eine Funktion haben, die die beiden Datumsangaben vergleicht und wenn (Sekunden> 60) dann Minuten zurückgegeben wird, wenn (Minuten> 60) Stunden zurückgeben und wenn (Stunden> 24) Tage und so weiter zurückgeben.

Ich gehe davon aus, dass Sie versuchen, eine Zeichenfolgendarstellung der abgelaufenen Zeit zwischen zwei Datumsangaben zu erstellen. Anstatt Ihren eigenen Code dafür zu schreiben, verfügt Apple bereits über eine Klasse, die genau dafür ausgelegt ist. Verwenden Sie DateComponentsFormatter , setzen Sie allowedUnits für die Werte, die für Ihre App sinnvoll sind, setzen Sie unitsStyle auf das, was Sie möchten (z. B. .full), und rufen Sie dann string(from:to:) auf.

Z.B. in Swift 3:

let previousDate = ...
let now = Date()

let formatter = DateComponentsFormatter()
formatter.unitsStyle = .full
formatter.allowedUnits = [.month, .day, .hour, .minute, .second]
formatter.maximumUnitCount = 2   // often, you don't care about seconds if the elapsed time is in months, so you'll set max unit to whatever is appropriate in your case

let string = formatter.string(from: previousDate, to: now)

Dadurch wird auch die für das betreffende Gerät geeignete Zeichenfolge lokalisiert.

Oder in Swift 2.3:

let previousDate = ...
let now = NSDate()

let formatter = NSDateComponentsFormatter()
formatter.unitsStyle = .Full
formatter.allowedUnits = [.Month, .Day, .Hour, .Minute, .Second]
formatter.maximumUnitCount = 2

let string = formatter.stringFromDate(previousDate, toDate: now)

Wenn Sie nach den tatsächlichen numerischen Werten suchen, verwenden Sie einfach dateComponents. Z.B. in Swift 3:

let components = Calendar.current.dateComponents([.month, .day, .hour, .minute, .second], from: previousDate, to: now)

Oder in Swift 2.3:

let components = NSCalendar.currentCalendar().components([.Month, .Day, .Hour, .Minute, .Second], fromDate: previousDate, toDate: now, options: [])
10
Rob
   func dateDiff(dateStr:String) -> String {
            var f:NSDateFormatter = NSDateFormatter()
            f.timeZone = NSTimeZone.localTimeZone()
            f.dateFormat = "yyyy-M-dd'T'HH:mm:ss.SSSZZZ"

            var now = f.stringFromDate(NSDate())
            var startDate = f.dateFromString(dateStr)
            var endDate = f.dateFromString(now)
            var calendar: NSCalendar = NSCalendar.currentCalendar()

            let calendarUnits = NSCalendarUnit.CalendarUnitWeekOfMonth | NSCalendarUnit.CalendarUnitDay | NSCalendarUnit.CalendarUnitHour | NSCalendarUnit.CalendarUnitMinute | NSCalendarUnit.CalendarUnitSecond
            let dateComponents = calendar.components(calendarUnits, fromDate: startDate!, toDate: endDate!, options: nil)

            let weeks = abs(dateComponents.weekOfMonth)
            let days = abs(dateComponents.day)
            let hours = abs(dateComponents.hour)
            let min = abs(dateComponents.minute)
            let sec = abs(dateComponents.second)

            var timeAgo = ""

            if (sec > 0){
                if (sec > 1) {
                    timeAgo = "\(sec) Seconds Ago"
                } else {
                    timeAgo = "\(sec) Second Ago"
                }
            }

            if (min > 0){
                if (min > 1) {
                    timeAgo = "\(min) Minutes Ago"
                } else {
                    timeAgo = "\(min) Minute Ago"
                }
            }

            if(hours > 0){
                if (hours > 1) {
                    timeAgo = "\(hours) Hours Ago"
                } else {
                    timeAgo = "\(hours) Hour Ago"
                }
            }

            if (days > 0) {
                if (days > 1) {
                    timeAgo = "\(days) Days Ago"
                } else {
                    timeAgo = "\(days) Day Ago"
                }
            }

            if(weeks > 0){
                if (weeks > 1) {
                    timeAgo = "\(weeks) Weeks Ago"
                } else {
                    timeAgo = "\(weeks) Week Ago"
                }
            }

            print("timeAgo is===> \(timeAgo)")
            return timeAgo;
        }
4
jose920405

kombinierte Erweiterung + DateComponentsFormatter aus der Antwort von @ leo-dabus

Xcode 8.3 • Swift 3.1

extension DateComponentsFormatter {
    func difference(from fromDate: Date, to toDate: Date) -> String? {
        self.allowedUnits = [.year,.month,.weekOfMonth,.day]
        self.maximumUnitCount = 1
        self.unitsStyle = .full
        return self.string(from: fromDate, to: toDate)
    }
}

let dateComponentsFormatter = DateComponentsFormatter()
dateComponentsFormatter.difference(from: Date(), to: Date(timeIntervalSinceNow: 4000000)) // "1 month"
4
Adam Smaka

Ich habe der Antwort von Leo Dabus eine "lange" Version hinzugefügt, falls Sie eine Zeichenfolge haben wollen, die etwas wie "vor 2 Wochen" anstelle von "2w" sagt ...

extension Date {
    /// Returns the amount of years from another date
    func years(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.year], from: date, to: self).year ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of months from another date
    func months(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.month], from: date, to: self).month ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of weeks from another date
    func weeks(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.weekOfYear], from: date, to: self).weekOfYear ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of days from another date
    func days(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.day], from: date, to: self).day ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of hours from another date
    func hours(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.hour], from: date, to: self).hour ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of minutes from another date
    func minutes(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.minute], from: date, to: self).minute ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of seconds from another date
    func seconds(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.second], from: date, to: self).second ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the a custom time interval description from another date
    func offset(from date: Date) -> String {
        if years(from: date)   > 0 { return "\(years(from: date))y"   }
        if months(from: date)  > 0 { return "\(months(from: date))M"  }
        if weeks(from: date)   > 0 { return "\(weeks(from: date))w"   }
        if days(from: date)    > 0 { return "\(days(from: date))d"    }
        if hours(from: date)   > 0 { return "\(hours(from: date))h"   }
        if minutes(from: date) > 0 { return "\(minutes(from: date))m" }
        if seconds(from: date) > 0 { return "\(seconds(from: date))s" }
        return ""
    }

    func offsetLong(from date: Date) -> String {
        if years(from: date)   > 0 { return years(from: date) > 1 ? "\(years(from: date)) years ago" : "\(years(from: date)) year ago" }
        if months(from: date)  > 0 { return months(from: date) > 1 ? "\(months(from: date)) months ago" : "\(months(from: date)) month ago" }
        if weeks(from: date)   > 0 { return weeks(from: date) > 1 ? "\(weeks(from: date)) weeks ago" : "\(weeks(from: date)) week ago"   }
        if days(from: date)    > 0 { return days(from: date) > 1 ? "\(days(from: date)) days ago" : "\(days(from: date)) day ago" }
        if hours(from: date)   > 0 { return hours(from: date) > 1 ? "\(hours(from: date)) hours ago" : "\(hours(from: date)) hour ago"   }
        if minutes(from: date) > 0 { return minutes(from: date) > 1 ? "\(minutes(from: date)) minutes ago" : "\(minutes(from: date)) minute ago" }
        if seconds(from: date) > 0 { return seconds(from: date) > 1 ? "\(seconds(from: date)) seconds ago" : "\(seconds(from: date)) second ago" }
        return ""
    }

}
3
zumzum

Leicht modifizierter Code für Swift 3.0

let calendar = NSCalendar.current as NSCalendar

// Replace the hour (time) of both dates with 00:00
let date1 = calendar.startOfDay(for: startDateTime)
let date2 = calendar.startOfDay(for: endDateTime)

let flags = NSCalendar.Unit.day
let components = calendar.components(flags, from: date1, to: date2, options: [])

return components.day!
3
Sagar Desai

Eine kleine Ergänzung der Antwort von Leo Dabus, um die Mehrzahl der Versionen bereitzustellen und für den Menschen lesbarer zu sein.

Swift 3

extension Date {
    /// Returns the amount of years from another date
    func years(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.year], from: date, to: self).year ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of months from another date
    func months(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.month], from: date, to: self).month ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of weeks from another date
    func weeks(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.weekOfMonth], from: date, to: self).weekOfMonth ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of days from another date
    func days(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.day], from: date, to: self).day ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of hours from another date
    func hours(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.hour], from: date, to: self).hour ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of minutes from another date
    func minutes(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.minute], from: date, to: self).minute ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the amount of seconds from another date
    func seconds(from date: Date) -> Int {
        return Calendar.current.dateComponents([.second], from: date, to: self).second ?? 0
    }
    /// Returns the a custom time interval description from another date
    func offset(from date: Date) -> String {
        if years(from: date)   == 1 { return "\(years(from: date)) year"   } else if years(from: date)   > 1 { return "\(years(from: date)) years"   }
        if months(from: date)  == 1 { return "\(months(from: date)) month"  } else if months(from: date)  > 1 { return "\(months(from: date)) month"  }
        if weeks(from: date)   == 1 { return "\(weeks(from: date)) week"   } else if weeks(from: date)   > 1 { return "\(weeks(from: date)) weeks"   }
        if days(from: date)    == 1 { return "\(days(from: date)) day"    } else if days(from: date)    > 1 { return "\(days(from: date)) days"    }
        if hours(from: date)   == 1 { return "\(hours(from: date)) hour"   } else if hours(from: date)   > 1 { return "\(hours(from: date)) hours"   }
        if minutes(from: date) == 1 { return "\(minutes(from: date)) minute" } else if minutes(from: date) > 1 { return "\(minutes(from: date)) minutes" }
        return ""
    }
}
1
brycejl

Hier ist meine Antwort für die Swift 3-Antworten oben. Dies ist der Stand vom November 2016, die Xcode-Version war 8.2 Beta (8C23). Benutzte einige der beiden Vorschläge von Sagar und Emin und musste Xcode autocomplete verwenden lassen, um die Syntax vorzuschlagen. Es schien, als hätte sich die Syntax wirklich zu dieser Betaversion geändert. buyDate Ich habe von einem DatePicker bekommen:

let calendar = NSCalendar.current as NSCalendar
let currentDate = Date()
let date1 = calendar.startOfDay(for: buyDate!)
let date2 = calendar.startOfDay(for: currentDate)      
let flags = NSCalendar.Unit.day
let components = calendar.components(flags, from: date1, to: date2)
NSLog(" day= \(components.day)")
1
flashgordon

-> Verwenden Sie diese Option, um einen Zeitabstand zwischen zwei Datumsangaben in Swift (With zwei Strings) zu finden.

func timeGapBetweenDates(previousDate : String,currentDate : String)
{
    let dateString1 = previousDate
    let dateString2 = currentDate

    let Dateformatter = DateFormatter()
    Dateformatter.dateFormat = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"


    let date1 = Dateformatter.date(from: dateString1)
    let date2 = Dateformatter.date(from: dateString2)


    let distanceBetweenDates: TimeInterval? = date2?.timeIntervalSince(date1!)
    let secondsInAnHour: Double = 3600
    let minsInAnHour: Double = 60
    let secondsInDays: Double = 86400
    let secondsInWeek: Double = 604800
    let secondsInMonths : Double = 2592000
    let secondsInYears : Double = 31104000

    let minBetweenDates = Int((distanceBetweenDates! / minsInAnHour))
    let hoursBetweenDates = Int((distanceBetweenDates! / secondsInAnHour))
    let daysBetweenDates = Int((distanceBetweenDates! / secondsInDays))
    let weekBetweenDates = Int((distanceBetweenDates! / secondsInWeek))
    let monthsbetweenDates = Int((distanceBetweenDates! / secondsInMonths))
    let yearbetweenDates = Int((distanceBetweenDates! / secondsInYears))
    let secbetweenDates = Int(distanceBetweenDates!)




    if yearbetweenDates > 0
    {
        print(yearbetweenDates,"years")//0 years
    }
    else if monthsbetweenDates > 0
    {
        print(monthsbetweenDates,"months")//0 months
    }
    else if weekBetweenDates > 0
    {
        print(weekBetweenDates,"weeks")//0 weeks
    }
    else if daysBetweenDates > 0
    {
        print(daysBetweenDates,"days")//5 days
    }
    else if hoursBetweenDates > 0
    {
        print(hoursBetweenDates,"hours")//120 hours
    }
    else if minBetweenDates > 0
    {
        print(minBetweenDates,"minutes")//7200 minutes
    }
    else if secbetweenDates > 0
    {
        print(secbetweenDates,"seconds")//seconds
    }
}
1
Ayush jain

In Swift 2.2

    /// Returns the amount of years from another date
func years(fromdate: NSDate) -> Int {
    return NSCalendar.currentCalendar().components([.Year], fromDate: fromdate, toDate: NSDate(), options: []).year ?? 0
}
/// Returns the amount of months from another date
func months(fromdate: NSDate) -> Int {
    return NSCalendar.currentCalendar().components([.Month], fromDate: fromdate, toDate: NSDate(), options: []).month ?? 0
}
/// Returns the amount of weeks from another date
func weeks(fromdate: NSDate) -> Int {
    return NSCalendar.currentCalendar().components([.WeekOfYear], fromDate: fromdate, toDate: NSDate(), options: []).weekOfYear ?? 0
}
/// Returns the amount of days from another date
func days(fromdate: NSDate) -> Int {
    return NSCalendar.currentCalendar().components([.Day], fromDate: fromdate, toDate: NSDate(), options: []).day ?? 0
}
/// Returns the amount of hours from another date
func hours(fromdate: NSDate) -> Int {
    return NSCalendar.currentCalendar().components([.Hour], fromDate: fromdate, toDate: NSDate(), options: []).hour ?? 0
}
/// Returns the amount of minutes from another date
func minutes(fromdate: NSDate) -> Int {
    return NSCalendar.currentCalendar().components([.Minute], fromDate: fromdate, toDate: NSDate(), options: []).minute ?? 0
}
/// Returns the amount of seconds from another date
func seconds(fromdate: NSDate) -> Int {
    return NSCalendar.currentCalendar().components(.Second, fromDate: fromdate, toDate: NSDate(), options: []).second ?? 0
}
1
Mohsin Qureshi

Mit Swift 3 können Sie je nach Ihren Bedürfnissen eine der beiden folgenden Möglichkeiten wählen, um Ihr Problem zu lösen.


1. Zeigen Sie dem Benutzer die Differenz zwischen zwei Datumsangaben an

Sie können eine DateComponentsFormatter verwenden, um Zeichenfolgen für die Benutzeroberfläche Ihrer App zu erstellen. DateComponentsFormatter hat eine maximumUnitCount-Eigenschaft mit der folgenden Deklaration:

var maximumUnitCount: Int { get set }

Verwenden Sie diese Eigenschaft, um die Anzahl der in der resultierenden Zeichenfolge angezeigten Einheiten zu begrenzen. Wenn diese Eigenschaft beispielsweise auf 2 gesetzt ist und nicht "1h 10m, 30s", ist die resultierende Zeichenfolge "1h 10m". Verwenden Sie diese Eigenschaft, wenn Sie aus Platzgründen eingeschränkt sind oder Werte auf die nächste große Einheit aufrunden möchten.

Wenn Sie den Wert von maximumUnitCount auf 1 setzen, wird die Differenz in nur einer Einheit der DateComponentsFormatter (Jahren, Monate, Tage, Stunden oder Minuten) angezeigt.

Der folgende Code für den Spielplatz zeigt, wie der Unterschied zwischen zwei Datumsangaben angezeigt wird:

import Foundation

let oldDate = Date(timeIntervalSinceReferenceDate: -16200)
let newDate = Date(timeIntervalSinceReferenceDate: 0)

let dateComponentsFormatter = DateComponentsFormatter()
dateComponentsFormatter.allowedUnits = [NSCalendar.Unit.year, .month, .day, .hour, .minute]
dateComponentsFormatter.maximumUnitCount = 1
dateComponentsFormatter.unitsStyle = DateComponentsFormatter.UnitsStyle.full
let timeDifference = dateComponentsFormatter.string(from: oldDate, to: newDate)

print(String(reflecting: timeDifference)) // prints Optional("5 hours")

Beachten Sie, dass DateComponentsFormatter das Ergebnis aufrundet. Daher wird eine Differenz von 4 Stunden und 30 Minuten als 5 Stunden angezeigt.

Wenn Sie diesen Vorgang wiederholen müssen, können Sie Ihren Code umgestalten:

import Foundation

struct Formatters {

    static let dateComponentsFormatter: DateComponentsFormatter = {
        let dateComponentsFormatter = DateComponentsFormatter()
        dateComponentsFormatter.allowedUnits = [NSCalendar.Unit.year, .month, .day, .hour, .minute]
        dateComponentsFormatter.maximumUnitCount = 1
        dateComponentsFormatter.unitsStyle = DateComponentsFormatter.UnitsStyle.full
        return dateComponentsFormatter
    }()

}

extension Date {

    func offset(from: Date) -> String? {
        return Formatters.dateComponentsFormatter.string(from: oldDate, to: self)
    }

}

let oldDate = Date(timeIntervalSinceReferenceDate: -16200)
let newDate = Date(timeIntervalSinceReferenceDate: 0)

let timeDifference = newDate.offset(from: oldDate)
print(String(reflecting: timeDifference)) // prints Optional("5 hours")

2. Ermitteln Sie die Differenz zwischen zwei Datumsangaben ohne Formatierung

Wenn Sie die Differenz zwischen zwei Datumsangaben für den Benutzer nicht formatieren müssen, können Sie Calendar verwenden. Calendar hat eine Methode dateComponents(_:from:to:), die die folgende Deklaration hat:

func dateComponents(_ components: Set<Calendar.Component>, from start: Date, to end: Date) -> DateComponents

Gibt die Differenz zwischen zwei Datumsangaben zurück.

Der folgende Playground-Code, der dateComponents(_:from:to:) verwendet, zeigt, wie die Differenz zwischen zwei Datumsangaben abgerufen wird, indem die Differenz nur in einem Typ von Calendar.Component (Jahren, Monaten, Tagen, Stunden oder Minuten) zurückgegeben wird.

import Foundation

let oldDate = Date(timeIntervalSinceReferenceDate: -16200)
let newDate = Date(timeIntervalSinceReferenceDate: 0)

let descendingOrderedComponents = [Calendar.Component.year, .month, .day, .hour, .minute]
let dateComponents = Calendar.current.dateComponents(Set(descendingOrderedComponents), from: oldDate, to: newDate)
let arrayOfTuples = descendingOrderedComponents.map { ($0, dateComponents.value(for: $0)) }

for (component, value) in arrayOfTuples {
    if let value = value, value > 0 {
        print(component, value) // prints hour 4
        break
    }
}

Wenn Sie diesen Vorgang wiederholen müssen, können Sie Ihren Code umgestalten:

import Foundation

extension Date {

    func offset(from: Date) -> (Calendar.Component, Int)? {
        let descendingOrderedComponents = [Calendar.Component.year, .month, .day, .hour, .minute]
        let dateComponents = Calendar.current.dateComponents(Set(descendingOrderedComponents), from: from, to: self)
        let arrayOfTuples = descendingOrderedComponents.map { ($0, dateComponents.value(for: $0)) }

        for (component, value) in arrayOfTuples {
            if let value = value, value > 0 {
                return (component, value)
            }
        }

        return nil
    }

}

let oldDate = Date(timeIntervalSinceReferenceDate: -16200)
let newDate = Date(timeIntervalSinceReferenceDate: 0)

if let (component, value) = newDate.offset(from: oldDate) {
    print(component, value) // prints hour 4
}
1
Imanou Petit

Verwenden Sie diesen Code:

let registrationDateString = "2008-10-06 00:00:00"
    let dateFormatter = DateFormatter()
    dateFormatter.dateFormat = "yyyy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss"
    if let registrationDate = dateFormatter.date(from: registrationDateString) {
        let currentDate = Date()
        let dateDifference = Calendar.current.dateComponents([.day, .month, .year],
                                                               from: registrationDate,
                                                               to: currentDate)
        print("--------------------- Result: \(dateDifference.year ?? 0) years \(dateDifference.month ?? 0) months and \(dateDifference.day ?? 0) days")
    } else {
        print("--------------------- No result")
    }

Ausgabe ist: Ergebnis: 10 Jahre 1 Monate und 18 Tage

0
iDev750

Wenn Sie die genaue Tageszahl zwischen zwei Datumsangaben ermitteln möchten, können Sie dieses Problem wie folgt umgehen: 

// Assuming that firstDate and secondDate are defined
// ...

var calendar: NSCalendar = NSCalendar.currentCalendar()

// Replace the hour (time) of both dates with 00:00
let date1 = calendar.startOfDayForDate(firstDate)
let date2 = calendar.startOfDayForDate(secondDate)

let flags = NSCalendarUnit.DayCalendarUnit
let components = calendar.components(flags, fromDate: date1, toDate: date2, options: nil)

components.day  // This will return the number of day(s) between dates
0

Einige Ergänzungen in jose920405 antworten, um es mit Swift 3.0 und darüber kompatibel zu machen 

func getDateTimeDiff(dateStr:String) -> String {

    let formatter : DateFormatter = DateFormatter()
    formatter.timeZone = NSTimeZone.local
    formatter.dateFormat = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"

    let now = formatter.string(from: NSDate() as Date)
    let startDate = formatter.date(from: dateStr)
    let endDate = formatter.date(from: now)

    // *** create calendar object ***
    var calendar = NSCalendar.current

    // *** Get components using current Local & Timezone ***
    print(calendar.dateComponents([.year, .month, .day, .hour, .minute, .second], from: startDate!))

    // *** define calendar components to use as well Timezone to UTC ***
    let unitFlags = Set<Calendar.Component>([.year, .month, .day, .hour, .minute, .second])
    calendar.timeZone = TimeZone(identifier: "UTC")!
    let dateComponents = calendar.dateComponents(unitFlags, from: startDate!, to: endDate!)

    // *** Get Individual components from date ***
    let years = dateComponents.year!
    let months = dateComponents.month!
    let days = dateComponents.day!
    let hours = dateComponents.hour!
    let minutes = dateComponents.minute!
    let seconds = dateComponents.second!

    var timeAgo = ""

    if (seconds > 0){
        if seconds < 2 {
            timeAgo = "Second Ago"
        }
        else{
            timeAgo = "\(seconds) Second Ago"
        }
    }

    if (minutes > 0){
        if minutes < 2 {
            timeAgo = "Minute Ago"
        }
        else{
            timeAgo = "\(minutes) Minutes Ago"
        }
    }

    if(hours > 0){
        if minutes < 2 {
            timeAgo = "Hour Ago"
        }
        else{
            timeAgo = "\(hours) Hours Ago"
        }
    }

    if (days > 0) {
        if minutes < 2 {
            timeAgo = "Day Ago"
        }
        else{
            timeAgo = "\(days) Days Ago"
        }
    }

    if(months > 0){
        if minutes < 2 {
            timeAgo = "Month Ago"
        }
        else{
            timeAgo = "\(months) Months Ago"
        }
    }

    if(years > 0){
        if minutes < 2 {
            timeAgo = "Year Ago"
        }
        else{
            timeAgo = "\(years) Years Ago"
        }
    }

    DLog("timeAgo is ===> \(timeAgo)")
    return timeAgo;
}
0
Ajit Satarkar
import Foundation

extension DateComponents {

    func dateComponentsToTimeString() -> String {

        var hour = "\(self.hour!)"
        var minute = "\(self.minute!)"
        var second = "\(self.second!)"

        if self.hour! < 10 { hour = "0" + hour }
        if self.minute! < 10 { minute = "0" + minute }
        if self.second! < 10 { second = "0" + second }

        let str = "\(hour):\(minute):\(second)"
        return str
    }

}

extension Date {

    func offset(from date: Date)-> DateComponents {
        let components = Set<Calendar.Component>([.second, .minute, .hour, .day, .month, .year])
        let differenceOfDate = Calendar.current.dateComponents(components, from: date, to: self)
        return differenceOfDate
    }
}

Benutzen:

var durationString: String {
        return self.endTime.offset(from: self.startTime).dateComponentsToTimeString()
    }
0

Dies ist die kürzere Version: Grundsätzlich versuche ich jetzt mit der Date() den Unterschied zwischen dem Postzeitstempel zu ermitteln.

// MARK: - UPDATE Time Stamp
static func updateTimeStampPost(postTimeStamp: Date?, _ completion: (_ finalString: String?) -> Void) {
    // date in the current state
    let date = Date()
    let dateComponentFormatter = DateComponentsFormatter()

    // change the styling date, wether second minute or hour
    dateComponentFormatter.unitsStyle = .abbreviated
    dateComponentFormatter.allowedUnits = [.second, .minute, .hour, .day, .weekOfMonth]
    dateComponentFormatter.maximumUnitCount = 1

    // return the date new format as a string in the completion
    completion(dateComponentFormatter.string(from: postTimeStamp!, to: date))
}
0
Buka Cakrawala

Für XCode Version 8.3.3 und Swift 3.0:

    let dateFormatter = DateFormatter()
    dateFormatter.dateStyle = .medium
    dateFormatter.timeStyle = .short

    var beginDate = "2017-08-24 12:00:00"
    var endDate = "2017-09-07 12:00:00"


    let startDateTime = dateFormatter.date(from: beginDate) //according to date format your date string
    print(startDateTime ?? "") //Convert String to Date

    let endDateTime = dateFormatter.date(from: endDate) //according to date format your date string
    print(endDateTime ?? "") //Convert String to Date

    let dateComponentsFormatter = DateComponentsFormatter()
    dateComponentsFormatter.allowedUnits = [NSCalendar.Unit.minute,NSCalendar.Unit.hour,NSCalendar.Unit.day]


   let interval = endDateTime!.timeIntervalSince(startDateTime!)
   var diff = dateComponentsFormatter.string(from: interval)!

   print(diff)

   var day_i  = 0
   var hour_i = 0
   var min_i = 0


     if (diff.contains("d"))
       {
              let day = diff.substring(to: (diff.range(of: "d")?.lowerBound)!)

               day_i  = Int(day)!
               print ("day --> \(day_i)")

               diff = diff.substring(from:(diff.range(of : " ")?.upperBound )!)
               print(diff)
       }


       let hour = diff.substring(to: (diff.range(of : ":")?.lowerBound )!)
       hour_i  = Int(hour)!
       print ("hour --> \(hour_i)")

       let min = diff.substring(from: (diff.range(of : ":")?.upperBound )!)
       min_i  = Int(min)!
       print ("min --> \(min_i)")
0
Muge Cevik