it-swarm.com.de

Zeigen Sie benutzerdefinierte Post-Daten in der Seitenleiste mit/Dropdown an

Ich versuche, einen Seitenleistenbereich einzurichten, der zwei Dinge bewirkt:

  1. Zeigen Sie eine Dropdown-Liste der Beiträge in einem bestimmten benutzerdefinierten Beitragstyp an.
  2. Post-Metadaten (Inhalt und benutzerdefinierte Felder) anzeigen, wenn der Post ausgewählt ist

Das, was mich beschäftigt, hat zwei Gründe:

  1. Sobald die ausgewählten Post-Metadaten über die Dropdown-Liste ausgewählt wurden, werden sie in der Seitenleiste angezeigt
  2. Aktualisieren des Inhalts über Ajax oder JQuery, damit nicht die gesamte Seite aktualisiert wird
1
Norcross

Was Sie suchen, ist ein bisschen kompliziert, aber ich habe es trotzdem geschrieben. Leider hat es länger gedauert, als ich geplant hatte, so dass mir das Benzin ausgegangen ist, aber ich habe den Code so hoffentlich dokumentiert, dass Sie ihm folgen können und hier eine Kopie des Codes herunterladen .

Das auf der Website verwendete Widget:

WordPress Widget showing a Dropdown List of Posts
(Quelle: mikeschinkel.com )

Beachten Sie, dass ich in meinem Beispiel eine generische Funktion geschrieben habe, mit der alle Metaschlüssel und Metawerte, die mit einem Beitrag verknüpft sind, abgerufen werden können, um etwas anzuzeigen. Das sehen Sie auf dem Bildschirm.

Die Widget-Konfiguration in der Admin-Konsole:

Screenshot of WordPress Widgets Admin Screen
(Quelle: mikeschinkel.com )

Der Code

Hier ist der Code. Dies kann in der functions.php-Datei Ihres Themas oder als eigenständige Datei in einem Plugin oder Thema verwendet werden, das Sie entwickeln:

<?php
/*
Plugin Name: List_Custom_Post_Type_Posts_with_AJAX class
Version: 0.1
Author: Mike Schinkel
Author URI: http://mikeschinkel.com

  Shows how to create a widget with a dropdown list of posts for a given post type 
  and then retrieve HTML specific to the selected post via AJAX to insert into the         
  page.

  Yes, the name of the class is insanely long in hopes that you'll be forced to 
  think about what would be a better name.

  This can be used in your theme's functions.php file or as a standalone file in a
  plugin or theme you are developing.

*/

class List_Custom_Post_Type_Posts_with_AJAX extends WP_Widget {
  /*
   * List_Custom_Post_Type_Posts_with_AJAX() used by the Widget API 
   * to initialize the Widget class
   */
  function List_Custom_Post_Type_Posts_with_AJAX() {
    $this->WP_Widget(
      'list-custom-post-type-posts-with-ajax',
      'List Custom Post Type Posts with AJAX',
      // Widget Settings
      array(
        'classname' => 'list-custom-post-type-posts-with-ajax',
        'description' => 'Widget to List List Custom Post Type Posts with AJAX.',
      ),
      // Widget Control Settings
      array(
        'height' => 250,  // Set the form height (doesn't seem to do anything)
        'width'  => 300,  // Set the form width
        'id_base' => 'list-custom-post-type-posts-with-ajax',
      )
    );
  }
  /*
   * widget() used by the Widget API to display a form in the widget area of the admin console
   *
   */
  function form( $instance ) {
    global $wp_post_types;
    $instance = self::defaults($instance);  // Get default values

    // Build the options list for our select
    $options = array();
    foreach($wp_post_types as $post_type) {
      if ($post_type->publicly_queryable) {
        $selected_html = '';
        if ($post_type->name==$instance['post_type']) {
          $selected_html = ' selected="true"';
          $post_type_object = $post_type;
        }
        $options[] = "<option value=\"{$post_type->name}\"{$selected_html}>{$post_type->label}</option>";
      }
    }
    $options = implode("\n",$options);

    // Get form attributes from Widget API convenience functions
    $title_field_id = $this->get_field_id( 'title' );
    $title_field_name = $this->get_field_name( 'title' );
    $post_type_field_id = $this->get_field_id( 'post_type' );
    $post_type_field_name = $this->get_field_name( 'post_type' );

    // Get HTML for the form
    $html = array();
    $html = <<<HTML
<p>
  <label for="{$post_type_field_id}">Post Type:</label>
  <select id="{$post_type_field_id}" name="{$post_type_field_name}">
    {$options}
  </select>
</p>
<p>
  <label for="{$title_field_id}">Label:</label>
  <input type="text" id="{$title_field_id}" name="{$title_field_name}"
      value="{$instance['title']}" style="width:90%" />
</p>
HTML;
    echo $html;
  }
  /*
   * widget() used by the Widget API to display the widget on the external site
   *
   */
  function widget( $args, $instance ) {
    extract( $args );
    $post_type = $instance['post_type'];
    $dropdown_name = $this->get_field_id( $post_type );
    // jQuery code to response to change in drop down
    $ajax_url = admin_url('admin-ajax.php');
    $script = <<<SCRIPT
<script type="text/javascript">
jQuery( function($) {
  var ajaxurl = "{$ajax_url}";
  $("select#{$dropdown_name}").change( function() {
    var data = {
      action: 'get_post_data_via_AJAX',
      post_id: $(this).val()
    };
    $.post(ajaxurl, data, function(response) {
      if (typeof(response)=="string") {
        response = eval('(' + response + ')');
      }
      if (response.result=='success') {
        if (response.html.length==0) {
          response.html = 'Nothing Found';
        }
        $("#{$dropdown_name}-target").html(response.html);
      }
    });
    return false;
  });
});
</script>
SCRIPT;
    echo $script;
    echo $before_widget;
    if ( $instance['title'] )
       echo "{$before_title}{$instance['title']}{$after_title}";

    global $wp_post_types;
    // Dirty ugly hack because get_pages() called by wp_dropdown_pages() ignores non-hierarchical post types
    $hierarchical = $wp_post_types[$post_type]->hierarchical;
    $wp_post_types[$post_type]->hierarchical = true;

    // Show a drop down of post types
    wp_dropdown_pages(array(
      'post_type'   => $post_type,
      'name'        => $dropdown_name,
      'id'          => $dropdown_name,
      'post_status' => ($post_type=='attachment' ? 'inherit' : 'publish'),
    ));

    $wp_post_types[$post_type]->hierarchical = $hierarchical;

    echo $after_widget;

    // Create our post html target for jQuery to fill in
    echo "<div id=\"{$dropdown_name}-target\"></div>";

  }
  /*
   * update() used by the Widget API to capture the values for a widget upon save.
   *
   */
  function update( $new_instance, $old_instance ) {
    return $this->defaults($new_instance);
  }
  /*
   * defaults() conveninence function to set defaults, to be called from 2 places
   *
   */
  static function defaults( $instance ) {
    // Give post_type a default value
    if (!get_post_type_object($instance['post_type']))
      $instance['post_type'] = 'post';

    // Give title a default value based on the post type
    if (empty($instance['title'])) {
      global $wp_post_types;
      $post_type_object = $wp_post_types[$instance['post_type']];
      $instance['title'] = "Select a {$post_type_object->labels->singular_name}";
    }
    return $instance;
  }
  /*
   * self::action_init() ensures we have jQuery when we need it, called by the 'init' hook
   *
   */
  static function action_init() {
    wp_enqueue_script('jquery');
  }
  /*
   * self::action_widgets_init() registers our widget when called by the 'widgets_init' hook
   *
   */
  static function action_widgets_init() {
    register_widget( 'List_Custom_Post_Type_Posts_with_AJAX' );
  }
  /*
   * self::get_post_data_via_AJAX() is the function that will be called by AJAX
   *
   */
  static function get_post_data_via_AJAX() {
    $post_id = intval(isset($_POST['post_id']) ? $_POST['post_id'] : 0);
    $html = self::get_post_data_html($post_id);
    $json = json_encode(array(
      'result'  => 'success',
      'html'    => $html,
    ));
    header('Content-Type:application/json',true,200);
    echo $json;
    die();
  }
  /*
   * self::on_load() initializes our hooks
   *
   */
  static function on_load() {
    add_action('init',array(__CLASS__,'action_init'));
    add_action('widgets_init',array(__CLASS__,'action_widgets_init'));

    require_once(ABSPATH."/wp-includes/pluggable.php");
    $user = wp_get_current_user();
    $priv_no_priv = ($user->ID==0 ? '_nopriv' : '');
    add_action("wp_ajax{$priv_no_priv}_get_post_data_via_AJAX",array(__CLASS__,'get_post_data_via_AJAX'));
  }
  /*
   *  get_post_data_html($post_id)
   *
   *    This is the function that generates the HTML to send back to the client
   *    Below is a generic want to list post meta but you'll probably want to
   *    write custom code and use the outrageously long named hook called:
   *
   *      'html-for-list-custom-post-type-posts-with-ajax'
   *
   */
  static function get_post_data_html($post_id) {
    $html = array();
    $html[] = '<ul>';
    foreach(get_post_custom($post_id) as $name => $value) {
      $html[] = "<li>{$name}: {$value[0]}</li>";
    }
    $html[] = '</ul>';
    return apply_filters('html-for-list-custom-post-type-posts-with-ajax',implode("\n",$html));
  }
}
// This sets the necessary hooks
List_Custom_Post_Type_Posts_with_AJAX::on_load();

Wenn Sie einen guten Artikel über das Codieren von Widgets lesen möchten, hat Justin Tadlock einen guten Artikel namens:

3
MikeSchinkel