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Bootstrap 3 Schieben Sie das Menü/die Navigationsleiste in Mobile ein

Ich baue eine browserbasierte mobile App und habe mich dazu entschlossen, Bootstrap 3 als CSS-Framework für das Design zu verwenden. Bootstrap 3 verfügt in der Navigationsleiste über eine "reaktionsschnelle" Funktion, die automatisch abgeblendet wird, wenn ein bestimmter "Haltepunkt" in Bezug auf die Auflösung des Browsers erkannt wird. Es funktioniert in vielen Situationen.

Aber haben Sie in letzter Zeit bemerkt, dass bei vielen browserbasierten mobilen Apps die Hauptnavigation auf der linken Seite des Bildschirms ausgeblendet ist, und wenn das Umschalt-Symbol in der oberen rechten Ecke gedrückt wird (umschalten), wird die Hauptnavigation nach außen verschoben das Recht ungefähr 2/3 des Weges in den Bildschirm? Dies ist eine immer populärer werdende Lösung für die Navigation durch browserbasierte Apps auf mobilen Geräten. Theoretisch sollte es ziemlich einfach sein, Bootstrap css/js an diese Version der Navigationszusammenbruchfunktion anzupassen.

Wie können diese Funktionen implementiert werden? Es scheint, als sollte es nicht zu viel Modifikation brauchen. Ich würde gerne Ihre Gedanken/Lösungen zu diesem Thema hören. Ich denke auch, dass es eine großartige langfristige Lösung für Bootstrap ist, die als integrierte Funktion implementiert werden kann.

Leider habe ich keine Versuche unternommen, um diese Funktion zu erstellen, da ich zwar mit diesen Technologien vertraut bin, aber überwiegend PHP/MySQL-Entwickler bin. Ich glaube, dass eine ebenso nützliche Funktion, wie sie von Experten entwickelt werden sollte, mit Erkenntnissen erstellt werden sollte, die ich nicht habe als Frontend-Entwickler.

118
Armin

Dies war für mein eigenes Projekt und ich teile es auch hier. 

DEMO: http://jsbin.com/OjOTIGaP/1/edit

Dieser hatte nach 3.2 Probleme, daher könnte der folgende für Sie besser funktionieren:

https://jsbin.com/seqola/2/edit --- BESSERE VERSION, etwas


CSS

/* adjust body when menu is open */
body.slide-active {
    overflow-x: hidden
}
/*first child of #page-content so it doesn't shift around*/
.no-margin-top {
    margin-top: 0px!important
}
/*wrap the entire page content but not nav inside this div if not a fixed top, don't add any top padding */
#page-content {
    position: relative;
    padding-top: 70px;
    left: 0;
}
#page-content.slide-active {
    padding-top: 0
}
/* put toggle bars on the left :: not using button */
#slide-nav .navbar-toggle {
    cursor: pointer;
    position: relative;
    line-height: 0;
    float: left;
    margin: 0;
    width: 30px;
    height: 40px;
    padding: 10px 0 0 0;
    border: 0;
    background: transparent;
}
/* icon bar prettyup - optional */
#slide-nav .navbar-toggle > .icon-bar {
    width: 100%;
    display: block;
    height: 3px;
    margin: 5px 0 0 0;
}
#slide-nav .navbar-toggle.slide-active .icon-bar {
    background: orange
}
.navbar-header {
    position: relative
}
/* un fix the navbar when active so that all the menu items are accessible */
.navbar.navbar-fixed-top.slide-active {
    position: relative
}
/* screw writing importants and shit, just stick it in max width since these classes are not shared between sizes */
@media (max-width:767px) { 
    #slide-nav .container {
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0!important;
    }
    #slide-nav .navbar-header {
        margin: 0 auto;
        padding: 0 15px;
    }
    #slide-nav .navbar.slide-active {
        position: absolute;
        width: 80%;
        top: -1px;
        z-index: 1000;
    }
    #slide-nav #slidemenu {
        background: #f7f7f7;
        left: -100%;
        width: 80%;
        min-width: 0;
        position: absolute;
        padding-left: 0;
        z-index: 2;
        top: -8px;
        margin: 0;
    }
    #slide-nav #slidemenu .navbar-nav {
        min-width: 0;
        width: 100%;
        margin: 0;
    }
    #slide-nav #slidemenu .navbar-nav .dropdown-menu li a {
        min-width: 0;
        width: 80%;
        white-space: normal;
    }
    #slide-nav {
        border-top: 0
    }
    #slide-nav.navbar-inverse #slidemenu {
        background: #333
    }
    /* this is behind the navigation but the navigation is not inside it so that the navigation is accessible and scrolls*/
    #slide-nav #navbar-height-col {
        position: fixed;
        top: 0;
        height: 100%;
        width: 80%;
        left: -80%;
        background: #eee;
    }
    #slide-nav.navbar-inverse #navbar-height-col {
        background: #333;
        z-index: 1;
        border: 0;
    }
    #slide-nav .navbar-form {
        width: 100%;
        margin: 8px 0;
        text-align: center;
        overflow: hidden;
        /*fast clearfixer*/
    }
    #slide-nav .navbar-form .form-control {
        text-align: center
    }
    #slide-nav .navbar-form .btn {
        width: 100%
    }
}
@media (min-width:768px) { 
    #page-content {
        left: 0!important
    }
    .navbar.navbar-fixed-top.slide-active {
        position: fixed
    }
    .navbar-header {
        left: 0!important
    }
}

HTML

 <div class="navbar navbar-inverse navbar-fixed-top" role="navigation" id="slide-nav">
  <div class="container">
   <div class="navbar-header">
    <a class="navbar-toggle"> 
      <span class="sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
      <span class="icon-bar"></span>
      <span class="icon-bar"></span>
      <span class="icon-bar"></span>
     </a>
    <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">Project name</a>
   </div>
   <div id="slidemenu">

          <form class="navbar-form navbar-right" role="form">
            <div class="form-group">
              <input type="search" placeholder="search" class="form-control">
            </div>
            <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Search</button>
          </form>

    <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
     <li class="active"><a href="#">Home</a></li>
     <li><a href="#about">About</a></li>
     <li><a href="#contact">Contact</a></li>
     <li class="dropdown"> <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown">Dropdown <b class="caret"></b></a>
      <ul class="dropdown-menu">
       <li><a href="#">Action</a></li>
       <li><a href="#">Another action</a></li>
       <li><a href="#">Something else here</a></li>
       <li class="divider"></li>
       <li class="dropdown-header">Nav header</li>
       <li><a href="#">Separated link</a></li>
       <li><a href="#">One more separated link</a></li>
       <li><a href="#">Action</a></li>
       <li><a href="#">Another action</a></li>
       <li><a href="#">Something else here</a></li>
       <li class="divider"></li>
       <li class="dropdown-header">Nav header</li>
       <li><a href="#">Separated link</a></li>
       <li><a href="#">One more separated link</a></li>
       <li><a href="#">Action</a></li>
       <li><a href="#">Another action</a></li>
       <li><a href="#">Something else here</a></li>
       <li class="divider"></li>
       <li class="dropdown-header">Nav header</li>
       <li><a href="#">Separated link test long title goes here</a></li>
       <li><a href="#">One more separated link</a></li>
      </ul>
     </li>
    </ul>

   </div>
  </div>
 </div>

jQuery

$(document).ready(function () {


    //stick in the fixed 100% height behind the navbar but don't wrap it
    $('#slide-nav.navbar .container').append($('<div id="navbar-height-col"></div>'));

    // Enter your ids or classes
    var toggler = '.navbar-toggle';
    var pagewrapper = '#page-content';
    var navigationwrapper = '.navbar-header';
    var menuwidth = '100%'; // the menu inside the slide menu itself
    var slidewidth = '80%';
    var menuneg = '-100%';
    var slideneg = '-80%';


    $("#slide-nav").on("click", toggler, function (e) {

        var selected = $(this).hasClass('slide-active');

        $('#slidemenu').stop().animate({
            left: selected ? menuneg : '0px'
        });

        $('#navbar-height-col').stop().animate({
            left: selected ? slideneg : '0px'
        });

        $(pagewrapper).stop().animate({
            left: selected ? '0px' : slidewidth
        });

        $(navigationwrapper).stop().animate({
            left: selected ? '0px' : slidewidth
        });


        $(this).toggleClass('slide-active', !selected);
        $('#slidemenu').toggleClass('slide-active');


        $('#page-content, .navbar, body, .navbar-header').toggleClass('slide-active');


    });


    var selected = '#slidemenu, #page-content, body, .navbar, .navbar-header';


    $(window).on("resize", function () {

        if ($(window).width() > 767 && $('.navbar-toggle').is(':hidden')) {
            $(selected).removeClass('slide-active');
        }


    });

});
137
Christina

Bootstrap 4

Erstellen Sie eine responsive Navbar-Sidebar "Schublade" in Bootstrap 4?

Bootstrap 3

Ich glaube, das, wonach Sie suchen, wird allgemein als "Off-Canvas" -Layout bezeichnet. Hier ist das Standard-Off-Canvas-Beispiel aus den offiziellen Bootstrap-Dokumenten: http://getbootstrap.com/examples/offcanvas/

Das "offizielle" Beispiel verwendet eine rechte Seitenleiste, die ein- und ausgeschaltet werden kann, getrennt vom oberen Menü der Navigationsleiste. Ich habe auch diese Off-Canvas-Variationen gefunden, die von links nach innen rutschen und vielleicht näher an dem sind, wonach Sie suchen.

http://www.bootstrapzero.com/bootstrap-template/off-canvas-sidebarhttp://www.bootstrapzero.com/bootstrap-template/facebook

67
Zim

Ohne Plugin können wir das tun; mehrstufiges, reaktionsschnelles Bootstrap-Menü für Mobiltelefon mit Schieberegler für Mobilgeräte:

$('[data-toggle="slide-collapse"]').on('click', function() {
  $navMenuCont = $($(this).data('target'));
  $navMenuCont.animate({
    'width': 'toggle'
  }, 350);
  $(".menu-overlay").fadeIn(500);
});

$(".menu-overlay").click(function(event) {
  $(".navbar-toggle").trigger("click");
  $(".menu-overlay").fadeOut(500);
});

// if ($(window).width() >= 767) {
//     $('ul.nav li.dropdown').hover(function() {
//         $(this).find('>.dropdown-menu').stop(true, true).delay(200).fadeIn(500);
//     }, function() {
//         $(this).find('>.dropdown-menu').stop(true, true).delay(200).fadeOut(500);
//     });

//     $('ul.nav li.dropdown-submenu').hover(function() {
//         $(this).find('>.dropdown-menu').stop(true, true).delay(200).fadeIn(500);
//     }, function() {
//         $(this).find('>.dropdown-menu').stop(true, true).delay(200).fadeOut(500);
//     });


//     $('ul.dropdown-menu [data-toggle=dropdown]').on('click', function(event) {
//         event.preventDefault();
//         event.stopPropagation();
//         $(this).parent().siblings().removeClass('open');
//         $(this).parent().toggleClass('open');
//         $('b', this).toggleClass("caret caret-up");
//     });
// }

// $(window).resize(function() {
//     if( $(this).width() >= 767) {
//         $('ul.nav li.dropdown').hover(function() {
//             $(this).find('>.dropdown-menu').stop(true, true).delay(200).fadeIn(500);
//         }, function() {
//             $(this).find('>.dropdown-menu').stop(true, true).delay(200).fadeOut(500);
//         });
//     }
// });

var windowWidth = $(window).width();
if (windowWidth > 767) {
  // $('ul.dropdown-menu [data-toggle=dropdown]').on('click', function(event) {
  //     event.preventDefault();
  //     event.stopPropagation();
  //     $(this).parent().siblings().removeClass('open');
  //     $(this).parent().toggleClass('open');
  //     $('b', this).toggleClass("caret caret-up");
  // });

  $('ul.nav li.dropdown').hover(function() {
    $(this).find('>.dropdown-menu').stop(true, true).delay(200).fadeIn(500);
  }, function() {
    $(this).find('>.dropdown-menu').stop(true, true).delay(200).fadeOut(500);
  });

  $('ul.nav li.dropdown-submenu').hover(function() {
    $(this).find('>.dropdown-menu').stop(true, true).delay(200).fadeIn(500);
  }, function() {
    $(this).find('>.dropdown-menu').stop(true, true).delay(200).fadeOut(500);
  });


  $('ul.dropdown-menu [data-toggle=dropdown]').on('click', function(event) {
    event.preventDefault();
    event.stopPropagation();
    $(this).parent().siblings().removeClass('open');
    $(this).parent().toggleClass('open');
    // $('b', this).toggleClass("caret caret-up");
  });
}
if (windowWidth < 767) {
  $('ul.dropdown-menu [data-toggle=dropdown]').on('click', function(event) {
    event.preventDefault();
    event.stopPropagation();
    $(this).parent().siblings().removeClass('open');
    $(this).parent().toggleClass('open');
    // $('b', this).toggleClass("caret caret-up");
  });
}

// $('.dropdown a').append('Some text');
@media only screen and (max-width: 767px) {
  #slide-navbar-collapse {
    position: fixed;
    top: 0;
    left: 15px;
    z-index: 999999;
    width: 280px;
    height: 100%;
    background-color: #f9f9f9;
    overflow: auto;
    bottom: 0;
    max-height: inherit;
  }
  .menu-overlay {
    display: none;
    background-color: #000;
    bottom: 0;
    left: 0;
    opacity: 0.5;
    filter: alpha(opacity=50);
    /* IE7 & 8 */
    position: fixed;
    right: 0;
    top: 0;
    z-index: 49;
  }
  .navbar-fixed-top {
    position: initial !important;
  }
  .navbar-nav .open .dropdown-menu {
    background-color: #ffffff;
  }
  ul.nav.navbar-nav li {
    border-bottom: 1px solid #eee;
  }
  .navbar-nav .open .dropdown-menu .dropdown-header,
  .navbar-nav .open .dropdown-menu>li>a {
    padding: 10px 20px 10px 15px;
  }
}

.dropdown-submenu {
  position: relative;
}

.dropdown-submenu .dropdown-menu {
  top: 0;
  left: 100%;
  margin-top: -1px;
}

li.dropdown a {
  display: block;
  position: relative;
}

li.dropdown>a:before {
  content: "\f107";
  font-family: FontAwesome;
  position: absolute;
  right: 6px;
  top: 5px;
  font-size: 15px;
}

li.dropdown-submenu>a:before {
  content: "\f107";
  font-family: FontAwesome;
  position: absolute;
  right: 6px;
  top: 10px;
  font-size: 15px;
}

ul.dropdown-menu li {
  border-bottom: 1px solid #eee;
}

.dropdown-menu {
  padding: 0px;
  margin: 0px;
  border: none !important;
}

li.dropdown.open {
  border-bottom: 0px !important;
}

li.dropdown-submenu.open {
  border-bottom: 0px !important;
}

li.dropdown-submenu>a {
  font-weight: bold !important;
}

li.dropdown>a {
  font-weight: bold !important;
}

.navbar-default .navbar-nav>li>a {
  font-weight: bold !important;
  padding: 10px 20px 10px 15px;
}

li.dropdown>a:before {
  content: "\f107";
  font-family: FontAwesome;
  position: absolute;
  right: 6px;
  top: 9px;
  font-size: 15px;
}

@media (min-width: 767px) {
  li.dropdown-submenu>a {
    padding: 10px 20px 10px 15px;
  }
  li.dropdown>a:before {
    content: "\f107";
    font-family: FontAwesome;
    position: absolute;
    right: 3px;
    top: 12px;
    font-size: 15px;
  }
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

  <head>
    <title>Bootstrap Example</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css">
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.2.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
    <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesome/4.7.0/css/font-awesome.min.css">

  </head>

  <body>
    <nav class="navbar navbar-default navbar-fixed-top">
      <div class="container-fluid">
        <!-- Brand and toggle get grouped for better mobile display -->
        <div class="navbar-header">
          <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle collapsed" data-toggle="slide-collapse" data-target="#slide-navbar-collapse" aria-expanded="false">
                    <span class="sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                </button>
          <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">Brand</a>
        </div>
        <!-- Collect the nav links, forms, and other content for toggling -->
        <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="slide-navbar-collapse">
          <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
            <li><a href="#">Link <span class="sr-only">(current)</span></a></li>
            <li><a href="#">Link</a></li>
            <li class="dropdown">
              <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">Dropdown</span></a>
              <ul class="dropdown-menu">
                <li><a href="#">Action</a></li>
                <li><a href="#">Another action</a></li>
                <li><a href="#">Something else here</a></li>
                <li><a href="#">Separated link</a></li>
                <li><a href="#">One more separated link</a></li>
                <li class="dropdown-submenu">
                  <a href="#" data-toggle="dropdown">SubMenu 1</span></a>
                  <ul class="dropdown-menu">
                    <li><a href="#">3rd level dropdown</a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">3rd level dropdown</a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">3rd level dropdown</a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">3rd level dropdown</a></li>
                    <li><a href="#">3rd level dropdown</a></li>
                    <li class="dropdown-submenu">
                      <a href="#" data-toggle="dropdown">SubMenu 2</span></a>
                      <ul class="dropdown-menu">
                        <li><a href="#">3rd level dropdown</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">3rd level dropdown</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">3rd level dropdown</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">3rd level dropdown</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">3rd level dropdown</a></li>
                      </ul>
                    </li>
                  </ul>
                </li>
              </ul>
            </li>
            <li><a href="#">Link</a></li>
          </ul>
          <ul class="nav navbar-nav navbar-right">
            <li><a href="#">Link</a></li>
            <li class="dropdown">
              <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">Dropdown</span></a>
              <ul class="dropdown-menu">
                <li><a href="#">Action</a></li>
                <li><a href="#">Another action</a></li>
                <li><a href="#">Something else here</a></li>
                <li><a href="#">Separated link</a></li>
              </ul>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </div>
        <!-- /.navbar-collapse -->
      </div>
      <!-- /.container-fluid -->
    </nav>
    <div class="menu-overlay"></div>
    <div class="col-md-12">
      <h1>Resize the window to see the result</h1>
      <p>
        Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus non bibendum sem, et sodales massa. Proin quis velit vel nisl imperdiet rhoncus vitae id tortor. Praesent blandit tellus in enim sollicitudin rutrum. Integer ullamcorper, augue ut tristique
        ultrices, augue magna placerat ex, ac varius mauris ante sed dui. Fusce ullamcorper vulputate magna, a malesuada nunc pellentesque sit amet. Donec posuere placerat erat, sed ornare enim aliquam vitae. Nullam pellentesque auctor augue, vel commodo
        dolor porta ac. Sed libero eros, fringilla ac lorem in, blandit scelerisque lorem. Suspendisse iaculis justo velit, sit amet fringilla velit ornare a. Sed consectetur quam eget ipsum luctus bibendum. Ut nisi lectus, viverra vitae ipsum sit amet,
        condimentum condimentum neque. In maximus suscipit eros ut eleifend. Donec venenatis mauris nulla, ac bibendum metus bibendum vel.
      </p>
      <p>
        Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus non bibendum sem, et sodales massa. Proin quis velit vel nisl imperdiet rhoncus vitae id tortor. Praesent blandit tellus in enim sollicitudin rutrum. Integer ullamcorper, augue ut tristique
        ultrices, augue magna placerat ex, ac varius mauris ante sed dui. Fusce ullamcorper vulputate magna, a malesuada nunc pellentesque sit amet. Donec posuere placerat erat, sed ornare enim aliquam vitae. Nullam pellentesque auctor augue, vel commodo
        dolor porta ac. Sed libero eros, fringilla ac lorem in, blandit scelerisque lorem. Suspendisse iaculis justo velit, sit amet fringilla velit ornare a. Sed consectetur quam eget ipsum luctus bibendum. Ut nisi lectus, viverra vitae ipsum sit amet,
        condimentum condimentum neque. In maximus suscipit eros ut eleifend. Donec venenatis mauris nulla, ac bibendum metus bibendum vel.
      </p>
      <p>
        Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus non bibendum sem, et sodales massa. Proin quis velit vel nisl imperdiet rhoncus vitae id tortor. Praesent blandit tellus in enim sollicitudin rutrum. Integer ullamcorper, augue ut tristique
        ultrices, augue magna placerat ex, ac varius mauris ante sed dui. Fusce ullamcorper vulputate magna, a malesuada nunc pellentesque sit amet. Donec posuere placerat erat, sed ornare enim aliquam vitae. Nullam pellentesque auctor augue, vel commodo
        dolor porta ac. Sed libero eros, fringilla ac lorem in, blandit scelerisque lorem. Suspendisse iaculis justo velit, sit amet fringilla velit ornare a. Sed consectetur quam eget ipsum luctus bibendum. Ut nisi lectus, viverra vitae ipsum sit amet,
        condimentum condimentum neque. In maximus suscipit eros ut eleifend. Donec venenatis mauris nulla, ac bibendum metus bibendum vel.
      </p>
      <p>
        Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus non bibendum sem, et sodales massa. Proin quis velit vel nisl imperdiet rhoncus vitae id tortor. Praesent blandit tellus in enim sollicitudin rutrum. Integer ullamcorper, augue ut tristique
        ultrices, augue magna placerat ex, ac varius mauris ante sed dui. Fusce ullamcorper vulputate magna, a malesuada nunc pellentesque sit amet. Donec posuere placerat erat, sed ornare enim aliquam vitae. Nullam pellentesque auctor augue, vel commodo
        dolor porta ac. Sed libero eros, fringilla ac lorem in, blandit scelerisque lorem. Suspendisse iaculis justo velit, sit amet fringilla velit ornare a. Sed consectetur quam eget ipsum luctus bibendum. Ut nisi lectus, viverra vitae ipsum sit amet,
        condimentum condimentum neque. In maximus suscipit eros ut eleifend. Donec venenatis mauris nulla, ac bibendum metus bibendum vel.
      </p>
      <p>
        Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Phasellus non bibendum sem, et sodales massa. Proin quis velit vel nisl imperdiet rhoncus vitae id tortor. Praesent blandit tellus in enim sollicitudin rutrum. Integer ullamcorper, augue ut tristique
        ultrices, augue magna placerat ex, ac varius mauris ante sed dui. Fusce ullamcorper vulputate magna, a malesuada nunc pellentesque sit amet. Donec posuere placerat erat, sed ornare enim aliquam vitae. Nullam pellentesque auctor augue, vel commodo
        dolor porta ac. Sed libero eros, fringilla ac lorem in, blandit scelerisque lorem. Suspendisse iaculis justo velit, sit amet fringilla velit ornare a. Sed consectetur quam eget ipsum luctus bibendum. Ut nisi lectus, viverra vitae ipsum sit amet,
        condimentum condimentum neque. In maximus suscipit eros ut eleifend. Donec venenatis mauris nulla, ac bibendum metus bibendum vel.
      </p>
    </div>

  </body>

</html>

Referenz JS Geige

0
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