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Defekte c ++ - std-Bibliotheken auf macOS High Sierra 10.13

Ich habe kürzlich ein neues MacBook gekauft, auf das ich meine alte Sitzung übertragen habe. Seitdem und nachdem ich auf 10.13 aufgerüstet habe, kann ich nichts dazu bekommen, irgendetwas einschließlich Iostream zu kompilieren.
Bei diesem Programm: 

#include <iostream>

int main(void)
{
    std::cout << "Hello world !" << std::endl;
    return 0;
}

gibt meine Ausgabe wenn g++ main.cpp:

In file included from main.cpp:1:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/iostream:38:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/ios:216:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/__locale:15:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/string:470:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/string_view:171:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/__string:56:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/algorithm:640:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/memory:629:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/typeinfo:61:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/exception:82:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/cstdlib:86:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/stdlib.h:94:
In file included from /usr/include/stdlib.h:65:
In file included from /usr/include/sys/wait.h:110:
In file included from /usr/include/sys/resource.h:72:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/stdint.h:119:
In file included from /usr/local/include/stdint.h:82:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/inttypes.h:247:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/lib/clang/9.0.0/include/inttypes.h:30:
/usr/include/inttypes.h:235:8: error: unknown type name 'intmax_t'
extern intmax_t
       ^
/usr/include/inttypes.h:236:9: error: unknown type name 'intmax_t'
imaxabs(intmax_t j);
        ^
/usr/include/inttypes.h:240:2: error: unknown type name 'intmax_t'
        intmax_t quot;
        ^
/usr/include/inttypes.h:241:2: error: unknown type name 'intmax_t'
        intmax_t rem;
        ^
/usr/include/inttypes.h:246:9: error: unknown type name 'intmax_t'
imaxdiv(intmax_t __numer, intmax_t __denom);
        ^
/usr/include/inttypes.h:246:27: error: unknown type name 'intmax_t'
imaxdiv(intmax_t __numer, intmax_t __denom);
                          ^
/usr/include/inttypes.h:250:8: error: unknown type name 'intmax_t'
extern intmax_t
       ^
/usr/include/inttypes.h:256:8: error: unknown type name 'uintmax_t'; did you
      mean 'uintptr_t'?
extern uintmax_t
       ^
/usr/include/sys/_types/_uintptr_t.h:30:24: note: 'uintptr_t' declared here
typedef unsigned long           uintptr_t;
                                ^
In file included from main.cpp:1:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/iostream:38:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/ios:216:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/__locale:15:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/string:470:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/string_view:171:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/__string:56:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/algorithm:640:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/memory:629:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/typeinfo:61:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/exception:82:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/cstdlib:86:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/stdlib.h:94:
In file included from /usr/include/stdlib.h:65:
In file included from /usr/include/sys/wait.h:110:
In file included from /usr/include/sys/resource.h:72:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/stdint.h:119:
In file included from /usr/local/include/stdint.h:82:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/inttypes.h:247:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/lib/clang/9.0.0/include/inttypes.h:30:
/usr/include/inttypes.h:263:8: error: unknown type name 'intmax_t'
extern intmax_t
       ^
/usr/include/inttypes.h:269:8: error: unknown type name 'uintmax_t'; did you
      mean 'uintptr_t'?
extern uintmax_t
       ^
/usr/include/sys/_types/_uintptr_t.h:30:24: note: 'uintptr_t' declared here
typedef unsigned long           uintptr_t;
                                ^
In file included from main.cpp:1:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/iostream:38:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/ios:216:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/__locale:15:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/string:470:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/string_view:171:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/__string:56:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/algorithm:640:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/memory:629:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/typeinfo:61:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/exception:82:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/cstdlib:86:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/include/c++/v1/stdlib.h:94:
In file included from /usr/include/stdlib.h:65:
In file included from /usr/include/sys/wait.h:110:
/usr/include/sys/resource.h:197:2: error: unknown type name 'uint64_t'
        uint64_t ri_user_time;
        ^
/usr/include/sys/resource.h:198:2: error: unknown type name 'uint64_t'
        uint64_t ri_system_time;
        ^
/usr/include/sys/resource.h:199:2: error: unknown type name 'uint64_t'
        uint64_t ri_pkg_idle_wkups;
        ^
/usr/include/sys/resource.h:200:2: error: unknown type name 'uint64_t'
        uint64_t ri_interrupt_wkups;
        ^
/usr/include/sys/resource.h:201:2: error: unknown type name 'uint64_t'
        uint64_t ri_pageins;
        ^
/usr/include/sys/resource.h:202:2: error: unknown type name 'uint64_t'
        uint64_t ri_wired_size;
        ^
/usr/include/sys/resource.h:203:2: error: unknown type name 'uint64_t'
        uint64_t ri_resident_size;
        ^
/usr/include/sys/resource.h:204:2: error: unknown type name 'uint64_t'
        uint64_t ri_phys_footprint;
        ^
/usr/include/sys/resource.h:205:2: error: unknown type name 'uint64_t'
        uint64_t ri_proc_start_abstime;
        ^
fatal error: too many errors emitted, stopping now [-ferror-limit=]
20 errors generated.

Ich habe folgendes versucht:

  • CLT mit Xcode-select --reset zurücksetzen
  • Installieren Sie CLT erneut
  • Installieren Sie Xcode erneut 

Keine dieser Lösungen hat funktioniert und das hat mich verrückt gemacht. Hat jemand das gleiche Problem und eine Lösung gefunden? 

BEARBEITEN: Xcode C++ - Projekte werden erfolgreich kompiliert. Sie verstehen immer noch nicht, warum es nicht in einem Terminal wäre.

28
Marcadia

Ich hatte genau das gleiche Problem nach der Umstellung auf macOS High Sierra (obwohl die Fehler nicht gleich waren, aber ähnlich).

Ich fand eine Problemumgehung, indem ich /usr/local/include in /usr/local/include_old umbenannte (naja, der Name spielt keine Rolle, nur die Tatsache, dass g++/clang nicht mehr nach Kopfzeilen in diesem Ordner sucht).

57
Anton Malmygin

Ich hatte heute genau das gleiche Problem und nachdem xcode-select --install ausgeführt wurde, funktioniert alles gut!

7
Andres Vidal

Ich hatte das gleiche Problem nach dem Upgrade auf MacOS Mojave 10.14.4 und Xcode 10.2

Das Problem wurde behoben, nachdem das Paket /Library/Developer/CommandLineTools/Packages/macOS_SDK_headers_for_macOS_10.14.pkg installiert wurde

5
Sudheer Hebbale

Ich hatte ein ähnliches Problem, dass mein Standard nach dem Upgrade auf High Sierra (und Xcode 9.1) ungewohnte Warnungen anzeigte.

Es zeichnete .h-Dateien aus /usr/local/include statt aus dem (wie ich dachte) Standard /usr/include. Beispielsweise war kein zlib.h verfügbar.

Das erneute Installieren von Xcode (wer behauptet, auch die Kommandozeilenversion zu installieren) hat nicht geholfen.

Es gab keinen /usr/include, aber das C++ - System-Include war über die in clang --version angegebenen Links verfügbar, aber keines der C-Includes.

Nach xcode-select --install und dem eigentlichen "Installieren" des Befehlszeilenmaterials wurde /usr/include mit den erforderlichen C-Bibliotheken aufgefüllt, und make begann erneut ohne Warnungen zu kompilieren.

1
peter

Vergewissern Sie sich, dass Sie "/ usr/local/include" nicht in den Headers-Suchpfad Ihres Projekts aufnehmen.

0
Stoica Mircea