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So ändern Sie das XML-Attribut

Wie kann ich ein Attribut eines Elements in einer XML-Datei mit C # ändern?

58
Mike

Mike; Jedes Mal, wenn ich ein XML-Dokument ändern muss, arbeite ich folgendermaßen:

//Here is the variable with which you assign a new value to the attribute
string newValue = string.Empty;
XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

xmlDoc.Load(xmlFile);

XmlNode node = xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("Root/Node/Element");
node.Attributes[0].Value = newValue;

xmlDoc.Save(xmlFile);

//xmlFile is the path of your file to be modified

Ich hoffe du findest es nützlich

64
El Padrino

Verwenden Sie LINQ to XML, wenn Sie Framework 3.5 verwenden:

using System.Xml.Linq;

XDocument xmlFile = XDocument.Load("books.xml"); 

var query = from c in xmlFile.Elements("catalog").Elements("book")    
            select c; 

foreach (XElement book in query) 
{
   book.Attribute("attr1").Value = "MyNewValue";
}

xmlFile.Save("books.xml");
59
alexmac

Wenn das Attribut, das Sie ändern möchten, nicht vorhanden ist oder versehentlich entfernt wurde, tritt eine Ausnahme auf. Ich schlage vor, dass Sie zuerst ein neues Attribut erstellen und es an eine Funktion wie die folgende senden:

private void SetAttrSafe(XmlNode node,params XmlAttribute[] attrList)
    {
        foreach (var attr in attrList)
        {
            if (node.Attributes[attr.Name] != null)
            {
                node.Attributes[attr.Name].Value = attr.Value;
            }
            else
            {
                node.Attributes.Append(attr);
            }
        }
    }

Verwendungszweck:

   XmlAttribute attr = dom.CreateAttribute("name");
   attr.Value = value;
   SetAttrSafe(node, attr);
12
Ahmad

Hier sind die Anfänge einer Parser-Klasse, um den Einstieg zu erleichtern. Dies war meine Lösung für ein ähnliches Problem:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Xml.Linq;

namespace XML
{
    public class Parser
    {

        private string _FilePath = string.Empty;

        private XDocument _XML_Doc = null;


        public Parser(string filePath)
        {
            _FilePath = filePath;
            _XML_Doc = XDocument.Load(_FilePath);
        }


        /// <summary>
        /// Replaces values of all attributes of a given name (attributeName) with the specified new value (newValue) in all elements.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="attributeName"></param>
        /// <param name="newValue"></param>
        public void ReplaceAtrribute(string attributeName, string newValue)
        {
            ReplaceAtrribute(string.Empty, attributeName, new List<string> { }, newValue);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Replaces values of all attributes of a given name (attributeName) with the specified new value (newValue) in elements with a given name (elementName).
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="elementName"></param>
        /// <param name="attributeName"></param>
        /// <param name="newValue"></param>
        public void ReplaceAtrribute(string elementName, string attributeName, string newValue)
        {
            ReplaceAtrribute(elementName, attributeName, new List<string> { }, newValue);
        }


        /// <summary>
        /// Replaces values of all attributes of a given name (attributeName) and value (oldValue)  
        /// with the specified new value (newValue) in elements with a given name (elementName).
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="elementName"></param>
        /// <param name="attributeName"></param>
        /// <param name="oldValue"></param>
        /// <param name="newValue"></param>
        public void ReplaceAtrribute(string elementName, string attributeName, string oldValue, string newValue)
        {
            ReplaceAtrribute(elementName, attributeName, new List<string> { oldValue }, newValue);              
        }


        /// <summary>
        /// Replaces values of all attributes of a given name (attributeName), which has one of a list of values (oldValues), 
        /// with the specified new value (newValue) in elements with a given name (elementName).
        /// If oldValues is empty then oldValues will be ignored.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="elementName"></param>
        /// <param name="attributeName"></param>
        /// <param name="oldValues"></param>
        /// <param name="newValue"></param>
        public void ReplaceAtrribute(string elementName, string attributeName, List<string> oldValues, string newValue)
        {
            List<XElement> elements = _XML_Doc.Elements().Descendants().ToList();

            foreach (XElement element in elements)
            {
                if (elementName == string.Empty | element.Name.LocalName.ToString() == elementName)
                {
                    if (element.Attribute(attributeName) != null)
                    {

                        if (oldValues.Count == 0 || oldValues.Contains(element.Attribute(attributeName).Value))
                        { element.Attribute(attributeName).Value = newValue; }
                    }
                }
            }

        }

        public void SaveChangesToFile()
        {
            _XML_Doc.Save(_FilePath);
        }

    }
}
0
Edward Bagby