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sie holen sich die Titel aller geöffneten Fenster

Wie kann ich die Titel aller geöffneten Fenster (einschließlich Fenster wie Registerkarten in Internet Explorer) abrufen?

27
Alon M

Etwas wie das:

using System.Diagnostics;

Process[] processlist = Process.GetProcesses();

foreach (Process process in processlist)
{
    if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(process.MainWindowTitle))
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Process: {0} ID: {1} Window title: {2}", process.ProcessName, process.Id, process.MainWindowTitle);
    }
}
33
CodeCaster

Mit diesem Code können Sie eine Liste aller geöffneten Fenster anzeigen. Tatsächlich erhalten Sie ein Wörterbuch, in dem jedes Element ein KeyValuePair ist, wobei der Schlüssel das Handle (hWnd) des Fensters ist und der Wert der Titel ist.

using HWND = IntPtr;

/// <summary>Contains functionality to get all the open windows.</summary>
public static class OpenWindowGetter
{
  /// <summary>Returns a dictionary that contains the handle and title of all the open windows.</summary>
  /// <returns>A dictionary that contains the handle and title of all the open windows.</returns>
  public static IDictionary<HWND, string> GetOpenWindows()
  {
    HWND shellWindow = GetShellWindow();
    Dictionary<HWND, string> windows = new Dictionary<HWND, string>();

    EnumWindows(delegate(HWND hWnd, int lParam)
    {
      if (hWnd == shellWindow) return true;
      if (!IsWindowVisible(hWnd)) return true;

      int length = GetWindowTextLength(hWnd);
      if (length == 0) return true;

      StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder(length);
      GetWindowText(hWnd, builder, length + 1);

      windows[hWnd] = builder.ToString();
      return true;

    }, 0);

    return windows;
  }

  private delegate bool EnumWindowsProc(HWND hWnd, int lParam);

  [DllImport("USER32.DLL")]
  private static extern bool EnumWindows(EnumWindowsProc enumFunc, int lParam);

  [DllImport("USER32.DLL")]
  private static extern int GetWindowText(HWND hWnd, StringBuilder lpString, int nMaxCount);

  [DllImport("USER32.DLL")]
  private static extern int GetWindowTextLength(HWND hWnd);

  [DllImport("USER32.DLL")]
  private static extern bool IsWindowVisible(HWND hWnd);

  [DllImport("USER32.DLL")]
  private static extern IntPtr GetShellWindow();
}

Und hier ist ein Code, der es verwendet:

foreach(KeyValuePair<IntPtr, string> window in OpenWindowGetter.GetOpenWindows())
{
  IntPtr handle = window.Key;
  string title = window.Value;

  Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", handle, title);
}

Bildnachweis: http://www.tcx.be/blog/2006/list-open-windows/

10
cREcker

Basierend auf der vorherigen Antwort, die mir einige Fehler gab, verwende ich schließlich diesen Code mit der GetOpenedWindows-Funktion:

public class InfoWindow
{
            public IntPtr Handle = IntPtr.Zero;
            public FileInfo File = new FileInfo( Application.ExecutablePath );
            public string Title = Application.ProductName;
            public override string ToString() {
                return  File.Name + "\t>\t" + Title;
            }
 }//CLASS

/// <summary>Contains functionality to get info on the open windows.</summary>
public static class RuningWindows
{   
            internal static event EventHandler WindowActivatedChanged;    
            internal static Timer TimerWatcher = new Timer();    
            internal static InfoWindow WindowActive = new InfoWindow();       
            internal static void DoStartWatcher() {
                TimerWatcher.Interval = 500;
                TimerWatcher.Tick += TimerWatcher_Tick;
                TimerWatcher.Start();    
            }                    

            /// <summary>Returns a dictionary that contains the handle and title of all the open windows.</summary>
            /// <returns>A dictionary that contains the handle and title of all the open windows.</returns>
            public static IDictionary<IntPtr , InfoWindow> GetOpenedWindows()
            {
                IntPtr shellWindow = GetShellWindow();
                Dictionary<IntPtr , InfoWindow> windows = new Dictionary<IntPtr , InfoWindow>();

                EnumWindows( new EnumWindowsProc( delegate( IntPtr hWnd , int lParam ) {
                    if ( hWnd == shellWindow ) return true;
                    if ( !IsWindowVisible( hWnd ) ) return true;    
                    int length = GetWindowTextLength( hWnd );
                    if ( length == 0 ) return true;    
                    StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder( length );
                    GetWindowText( hWnd , builder , length + 1 );    
                    var info = new InfoWindow();
                    info.Handle = hWnd;
                    info.File = new FileInfo( GetProcessPath( hWnd ) );
                    info.Title = builder.ToString();    
                    windows[hWnd] = info;
                    return true;    
                } ) , 0 );    
                return windows;
            }

            private delegate bool EnumWindowsProc( IntPtr hWnd , int lParam );  

            public static string GetProcessPath( IntPtr hwnd )
            {
                uint pid = 0;
                GetWindowThreadProcessId( hwnd , out pid );
                if ( hwnd != IntPtr.Zero ) {
                    if ( pid != 0 ) {
                        var process = Process.GetProcessById( (int) pid );
                        if ( process != null ) {
                            return process.MainModule.FileName.ToString();
                        }
                    }
                }
                return "";
            }    

            [DllImport( "USER32.DLL" )]
            private static extern bool EnumWindows( EnumWindowsProc enumFunc , int lParam );

            [DllImport( "USER32.DLL" )]
            private static extern int GetWindowText( IntPtr hWnd , StringBuilder lpString , int nMaxCount );

            [DllImport( "USER32.DLL" )]
            private static extern int GetWindowTextLength( IntPtr hWnd );

            [DllImport( "USER32.DLL" )]
            private static extern bool IsWindowVisible( IntPtr hWnd );

            [DllImport( "USER32.DLL" )]
            private static extern IntPtr GetShellWindow();

            [DllImport( "user32.dll" )]
            private static extern IntPtr GetForegroundWindow();

            //WARN: Only for "Any CPU":
            [DllImport( "user32.dll" , CharSet = CharSet.Auto , SetLastError = true )]
            private static extern int GetWindowThreadProcessId( IntPtr handle , out uint processId );    


            static void TimerWatcher_Tick( object sender , EventArgs e )
            {
                var windowActive = new InfoWindow();
                windowActive.Handle = GetForegroundWindow();
                string path = GetProcessPath( windowActive.Handle );
                if ( string.IsNullOrEmpty( path ) ) return;
                windowActive.File = new FileInfo( path );
                int length = GetWindowTextLength( windowActive.Handle );
                if ( length == 0 ) return;
                StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder( length );
                GetWindowText( windowActive.Handle , builder , length + 1 );
                windowActive.Title = builder.ToString();
                if ( windowActive.ToString() != WindowActive.ToString() ) {
                    //fire:
                    WindowActive = windowActive;
                    if ( WindowActivatedChanged != null ) WindowActivatedChanged( sender , e );
                    Console.WriteLine( "Window: " + WindowActive.ToString() );
                }
            }

}//CLASS

Warnung: Sie können nur unter "Any CPU" kompilieren/debuggen, um auf 32-Bit-Apps zuzugreifen. 

5
Godvicien

sie sollten die EnumWindow - API verwenden.

es gibt viele Beispiele für die Verwendung von C #. Ich habe hier etwas gefunden:

Holen Sie sich die Fenstergriffe der Anwendung

Problem mit EnumWindows

1
Davide Piras

http://pinvoke.net/default.aspx/user32.EnumDesktopWindows

Es gibt ein Beispiel für die Verwendung von EnumWindow von user.dll in C #, um alle geöffneten Fenster aufzulisten. 

1
62071072SP

Dies ist die Funktion UpdateWindowsList_WindowMenu (), die Sie aufrufen müssen, nachdem alle Vorgänge auf Tabs ausgeführt wurden. Hier ist windowToolStripMenuItem der Menüpunkt, der zur Menüleiste im Fenstermenü hinzugefügt wird.

public void UpdateWindowsList_WindowMenu()  
{  
    //get all tab pages from tabControl1  
    TabControl.TabPageCollection tabcoll = tabControl1.TabPages;  

    //get  windowToolStripMenuItem drop down menu items count  
    int n = windowToolStripMenuItem.DropDownItems.Count;  

    //remove all menu items from of windowToolStripMenuItem  
    for (int i = n - 1; i >=2; i--)  
    {  
        windowToolStripMenuItem.DropDownItems.RemoveAt(i);  
    }  

    //read each tabpage from tabcoll and add each tabpage text to windowToolStripMenuItem  
    foreach (TabPage tabpage in tabcoll)  
    {  
        //create Toolstripmenuitem  
        ToolStripMenuItem menuitem = new ToolStripMenuItem();  
        String s = tabpage.Text;  
        menuitem.Text = s;  

        if (tabControl1.SelectedTab == tabpage)  
        {  
            menuitem.Checked = true;  
        }  
        else  
        {  
            menuitem.Checked = false;  
        }  

        //add menuitem to windowToolStripMenuItem  
        windowToolStripMenuItem.DropDownItems.Add(menuitem);  

        //add click events to each added menuitem  
        menuitem.Click += new System.EventHandler(WindowListEvent_Click);  
    }  
}  

private void WindowListEvent_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)  
{  
    //casting ToolStripMenuItem to ToolStripItem  
    ToolStripItem toolstripitem = (ToolStripItem)sender;  

    //create collection of tabs of tabContro1  
    //check every tab text is equal to clicked menuitem then select the tab  
    TabControl.TabPageCollection tabcoll = tabControl1.TabPages;  
    foreach (TabPage tb in tabcoll)  
    {  
        if (toolstripitem.Text == tb.Text)  
        {  
            tabControl1.SelectedTab = tb;  
            //call UpdateWindowsList_WindowMenu() to perform changes on menuitems  
            UpdateWindowsList_WindowMenu();  
        }  
    }  
}  
0
Pritam Zope