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Einen String in C # ver- und entschlüsseln?

Wie kann ich eine Zeichenfolge in C # verschlüsseln und entschlüsseln?

654
NotDan

EDIT 2013-Oct : Obwohl ich diese Antwort im Laufe der Zeit bearbeitet habe, um Mängel zu beheben, lesen Sie bitte jbtules Antwort für weitere Informationen robuste, informierte Lösung.

https://stackoverflow.com/a/10366194/188474

Ursprüngliche Antwort:

Hier ist ein Arbeitsbeispiel aus der "RijndaelManaged Class" -Dokumentation und dem MCTS Training Kit .

EDIT 2012-April : Diese Antwort wurde bearbeitet, um den Vorschlag des IV per jbtule voranzustellen, und wie hier dargestellt:

http://msdn.Microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.security.cryptography.aesmanaged%28v=vs.95%29.aspx

Viel Glück!

public class Crypto
{

    //While an app specific salt is not the best practice for
    //password based encryption, it's probably safe enough as long as
    //it is truly uncommon. Also too much work to alter this answer otherwise.
    private static byte[] _salt = __To_Do__("Add a app specific salt here");

    /// <summary>
    /// Encrypt the given string using AES.  The string can be decrypted using 
    /// DecryptStringAES().  The sharedSecret parameters must match.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="plainText">The text to encrypt.</param>
    /// <param name="sharedSecret">A password used to generate a key for encryption.</param>
    public static string EncryptStringAES(string plainText, string sharedSecret)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(plainText))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sharedSecret))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("sharedSecret");

        string outStr = null;                       // Encrypted string to return
        RijndaelManaged aesAlg = null;              // RijndaelManaged object used to encrypt the data.

        try
        {
            // generate the key from the shared secret and the salt
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(sharedSecret, _salt);

            // Create a RijndaelManaged object
            aesAlg = new RijndaelManaged();
            aesAlg.Key = key.GetBytes(aesAlg.KeySize / 8);

            // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
            ICryptoTransform encryptor = aesAlg.CreateEncryptor(aesAlg.Key, aesAlg.IV);

            // Create the streams used for encryption.
            using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
            {
                // prepend the IV
                msEncrypt.Write(BitConverter.GetBytes(aesAlg.IV.Length), 0, sizeof(int));
                msEncrypt.Write(aesAlg.IV, 0, aesAlg.IV.Length);
                using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt))
                    {
                        //Write all data to the stream.
                        swEncrypt.Write(plainText);
                    }
                }
                outStr = Convert.ToBase64String(msEncrypt.ToArray());
            }
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg != null)
                aesAlg.Clear();
        }

        // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
        return outStr;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Decrypt the given string.  Assumes the string was encrypted using 
    /// EncryptStringAES(), using an identical sharedSecret.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="cipherText">The text to decrypt.</param>
    /// <param name="sharedSecret">A password used to generate a key for decryption.</param>
    public static string DecryptStringAES(string cipherText, string sharedSecret)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(cipherText))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sharedSecret))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("sharedSecret");

        // Declare the RijndaelManaged object
        // used to decrypt the data.
        RijndaelManaged aesAlg = null;

        // Declare the string used to hold
        // the decrypted text.
        string plaintext = null;

        try
        {
            // generate the key from the shared secret and the salt
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(sharedSecret, _salt);

            // Create the streams used for decryption.                
            byte[] bytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
            using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(bytes))
            {
                // Create a RijndaelManaged object
                // with the specified key and IV.
                aesAlg = new RijndaelManaged();
                aesAlg.Key = key.GetBytes(aesAlg.KeySize / 8);
                // Get the initialization vector from the encrypted stream
                aesAlg.IV = ReadByteArray(msDecrypt);
                // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform decryptor = aesAlg.CreateDecryptor(aesAlg.Key, aesAlg.IV);
                using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                {
                    using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt))

                        // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                        // and place them in a string.
                        plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd();
                }
            }
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg != null)
                aesAlg.Clear();
        }

        return plaintext;
    }

    private static byte[] ReadByteArray(Stream s)
    {
        byte[] rawLength = new byte[sizeof(int)];
        if (s.Read(rawLength, 0, rawLength.Length) != rawLength.Length)
        {
            throw new SystemException("Stream did not contain properly formatted byte array");
        }

        byte[] buffer = new byte[BitConverter.ToInt32(rawLength, 0)];
        if (s.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length) != buffer.Length)
        {
            throw new SystemException("Did not read byte array properly");
        }

        return buffer;
    }
}
408
Brett

Moderne Beispiele für die symmetrische authentifizierte Verschlüsselung eines Strings.

Die allgemeine bewährte Methode für die symmetrische Verschlüsselung ist die Verwendung der Authentifizierten Verschlüsselung mit zugeordneten Daten (AEAD). Dies ist jedoch kein Teil der standardmäßigen .NET-Kryptobibliotheken. Das erste Beispiel verwendet also AES256 und dann HMAC256 , einen zweistufigen dann MAC verschlüsseln , der mehr Overhead und mehr Schlüssel erfordert.

Das zweite Beispiel verwendet die einfachere Übung von AES256 - GCM unter Verwendung der Open-Source-Hüpfburg (über Nuget).

Beide Beispiele haben eine Hauptfunktion, die eine geheime Nachrichtenzeichenfolge, einen oder mehrere Schlüssel sowie eine optionale nicht geheime Nutzlast und eine authentifizierte verschlüsselte Zeichenfolge, der optional die nicht geheimen Daten vorangestellt sind, zurückgibt. Idealerweise würden Sie diese mit 256-Bit-Schlüsseln verwenden, die zufällig generiert wurden (siehe NewKey()).

Beide Beispiele haben auch eine Hilfsmethode, die ein Zeichenfolgenkennwort verwendet, um die Schlüssel zu generieren. Diese Hilfsmethoden werden zur Vereinfachung bereitgestellt, um sie mit anderen Beispielen abzugleichen. Sie sind jedoch weit weniger sicher , da die Stärke des Kennworts sein wird. weitaus schwächer als ein 256-Bit-Schlüssel .

Update: byte[] Überladungen hinzugefügt, und nur das Gist hat die vollständige Formatierung mit 4 Leerzeichen Einzug und API-Dokumenten aufgrund von StackOverflow-Antwortbeschränkungen.


. NET Integrierte Verschlüsselung (AES) -Then-MAC (HMAC) [Gist]

/*
 * This work (Modern Encryption of a String C#, by James Tuley), 
 * identified by James Tuley, is free of known copyright restrictions.
 * https://Gist.github.com/4336842
 * http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/ 
 */

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

namespace Encryption
{
  public static class AESThenHMAC
  {
    private static readonly RandomNumberGenerator Random = RandomNumberGenerator.Create();

    //Preconfigured Encryption Parameters
    public static readonly int BlockBitSize = 128;
    public static readonly int KeyBitSize = 256;

    //Preconfigured Password Key Derivation Parameters
    public static readonly int SaltBitSize = 64;
    public static readonly int Iterations = 10000;
    public static readonly int MinPasswordLength = 12;

    /// <summary>
    /// Helper that generates a random key on each call.
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static byte[] NewKey()
    {
      var key = new byte[KeyBitSize / 8];
      Random.GetBytes(key);
      return key;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Encryption (AES) then Authentication (HMAC) for a UTF8 Message.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="secretMessage">The secret message.</param>
    /// <param name="cryptKey">The crypt key.</param>
    /// <param name="authKey">The auth key.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayload">(Optional) Non-Secret Payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Encrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentException">Secret Message Required!;secretMessage</exception>
    /// <remarks>
    /// Adds overhead of (Optional-Payload + BlockSize(16) + Message-Padded-To-Blocksize +  HMac-Tag(32)) * 1.33 Base64
    /// </remarks>
    public static string SimpleEncrypt(string secretMessage, byte[] cryptKey, byte[] authKey,
                       byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(secretMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      var plainText = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(secretMessage);
      var cipherText = SimpleEncrypt(plainText, cryptKey, authKey, nonSecretPayload);
      return Convert.ToBase64String(cipherText);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Authentication (HMAC) then Decryption (AES) for a secrets UTF8 Message.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="encryptedMessage">The encrypted message.</param>
    /// <param name="cryptKey">The crypt key.</param>
    /// <param name="authKey">The auth key.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayloadLength">Length of the non secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Decrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentException">Encrypted Message Required!;encryptedMessage</exception>
    public static string SimpleDecrypt(string encryptedMessage, byte[] cryptKey, byte[] authKey,
                       int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(encryptedMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      var cipherText = Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedMessage);
      var plainText = SimpleDecrypt(cipherText, cryptKey, authKey, nonSecretPayloadLength);
      return plainText == null ? null : Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainText);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Encryption (AES) then Authentication (HMAC) of a UTF8 message
    /// using Keys derived from a Password (PBKDF2).
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="secretMessage">The secret message.</param>
    /// <param name="password">The password.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayload">The non secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Encrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentException">password</exception>
    /// <remarks>
    /// Significantly less secure than using random binary keys.
    /// Adds additional non secret payload for key generation parameters.
    /// </remarks>
    public static string SimpleEncryptWithPassword(string secretMessage, string password,
                             byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(secretMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      var plainText = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(secretMessage);
      var cipherText = SimpleEncryptWithPassword(plainText, password, nonSecretPayload);
      return Convert.ToBase64String(cipherText);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Authentication (HMAC) and then Descryption (AES) of a UTF8 Message
    /// using keys derived from a password (PBKDF2). 
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="encryptedMessage">The encrypted message.</param>
    /// <param name="password">The password.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayloadLength">Length of the non secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Decrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentException">Encrypted Message Required!;encryptedMessage</exception>
    /// <remarks>
    /// Significantly less secure than using random binary keys.
    /// </remarks>
    public static string SimpleDecryptWithPassword(string encryptedMessage, string password,
                             int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(encryptedMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      var cipherText = Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedMessage);
      var plainText = SimpleDecryptWithPassword(cipherText, password, nonSecretPayloadLength);
      return plainText == null ? null : Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainText);
    }

    public static byte[] SimpleEncrypt(byte[] secretMessage, byte[] cryptKey, byte[] authKey, byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      //User Error Checks
      if (cryptKey == null || cryptKey.Length != KeyBitSize / 8)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Key needs to be {0} bit!", KeyBitSize), "cryptKey");

      if (authKey == null || authKey.Length != KeyBitSize / 8)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Key needs to be {0} bit!", KeyBitSize), "authKey");

      if (secretMessage == null || secretMessage.Length < 1)
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      //non-secret payload optional
      nonSecretPayload = nonSecretPayload ?? new byte[] { };

      byte[] cipherText;
      byte[] iv;

      using (var aes = new AesManaged
      {
        KeySize = KeyBitSize,
        BlockSize = BlockBitSize,
        Mode = CipherMode.CBC,
        Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7
      })
      {

        //Use random IV
        aes.GenerateIV();
        iv = aes.IV;

        using (var encrypter = aes.CreateEncryptor(cryptKey, iv))
        using (var cipherStream = new MemoryStream())
        {
          using (var cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(cipherStream, encrypter, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
          using (var binaryWriter = new BinaryWriter(cryptoStream))
          {
            //Encrypt Data
            binaryWriter.Write(secretMessage);
          }

          cipherText = cipherStream.ToArray();
        }

      }

      //Assemble encrypted message and add authentication
      using (var hmac = new HMACSHA256(authKey))
      using (var encryptedStream = new MemoryStream())
      {
        using (var binaryWriter = new BinaryWriter(encryptedStream))
        {
          //Prepend non-secret payload if any
          binaryWriter.Write(nonSecretPayload);
          //Prepend IV
          binaryWriter.Write(iv);
          //Write Ciphertext
          binaryWriter.Write(cipherText);
          binaryWriter.Flush();

          //Authenticate all data
          var tag = hmac.ComputeHash(encryptedStream.ToArray());
          //Postpend tag
          binaryWriter.Write(tag);
        }
        return encryptedStream.ToArray();
      }

    }

    public static byte[] SimpleDecrypt(byte[] encryptedMessage, byte[] cryptKey, byte[] authKey, int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {

      //Basic Usage Error Checks
      if (cryptKey == null || cryptKey.Length != KeyBitSize / 8)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("CryptKey needs to be {0} bit!", KeyBitSize), "cryptKey");

      if (authKey == null || authKey.Length != KeyBitSize / 8)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("AuthKey needs to be {0} bit!", KeyBitSize), "authKey");

      if (encryptedMessage == null || encryptedMessage.Length == 0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      using (var hmac = new HMACSHA256(authKey))
      {
        var sentTag = new byte[hmac.HashSize / 8];
        //Calculate Tag
        var calcTag = hmac.ComputeHash(encryptedMessage, 0, encryptedMessage.Length - sentTag.Length);
        var ivLength = (BlockBitSize / 8);

        //if message length is to small just return null
        if (encryptedMessage.Length < sentTag.Length + nonSecretPayloadLength + ivLength)
          return null;

        //Grab Sent Tag
        Array.Copy(encryptedMessage, encryptedMessage.Length - sentTag.Length, sentTag, 0, sentTag.Length);

        //Compare Tag with constant time comparison
        var compare = 0;
        for (var i = 0; i < sentTag.Length; i++)
          compare |= sentTag[i] ^ calcTag[i]; 

        //if message doesn't authenticate return null
        if (compare != 0)
          return null;

        using (var aes = new AesManaged
        {
          KeySize = KeyBitSize,
          BlockSize = BlockBitSize,
          Mode = CipherMode.CBC,
          Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7
        })
        {

          //Grab IV from message
          var iv = new byte[ivLength];
          Array.Copy(encryptedMessage, nonSecretPayloadLength, iv, 0, iv.Length);

          using (var decrypter = aes.CreateDecryptor(cryptKey, iv))
          using (var plainTextStream = new MemoryStream())
          {
            using (var decrypterStream = new CryptoStream(plainTextStream, decrypter, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            using (var binaryWriter = new BinaryWriter(decrypterStream))
            {
              //Decrypt Cipher Text from Message
              binaryWriter.Write(
                encryptedMessage,
                nonSecretPayloadLength + iv.Length,
                encryptedMessage.Length - nonSecretPayloadLength - iv.Length - sentTag.Length
              );
            }
            //Return Plain Text
            return plainTextStream.ToArray();
          }
        }
      }
    }

    public static byte[] SimpleEncryptWithPassword(byte[] secretMessage, string password, byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      nonSecretPayload = nonSecretPayload ?? new byte[] {};

      //User Error Checks
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(password) || password.Length < MinPasswordLength)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Must have a password of at least {0} characters!", MinPasswordLength), "password");

      if (secretMessage == null || secretMessage.Length ==0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      var payload = new byte[((SaltBitSize / 8) * 2) + nonSecretPayload.Length];

      Array.Copy(nonSecretPayload, payload, nonSecretPayload.Length);
      int payloadIndex = nonSecretPayload.Length;

      byte[] cryptKey;
      byte[] authKey;
      //Use Random Salt to prevent pre-generated weak password attacks.
      using (var generator = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(password, SaltBitSize / 8, Iterations))
      {
        var salt = generator.Salt;

        //Generate Keys
        cryptKey = generator.GetBytes(KeyBitSize / 8);

        //Create Non Secret Payload
        Array.Copy(salt, 0, payload, payloadIndex, salt.Length);
        payloadIndex += salt.Length;
      }

      //Deriving separate key, might be less efficient than using HKDF, 
      //but now compatible with RNEncryptor which had a very similar wireformat and requires less code than HKDF.
      using (var generator = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(password, SaltBitSize / 8, Iterations))
      {
        var salt = generator.Salt;

        //Generate Keys
        authKey = generator.GetBytes(KeyBitSize / 8);

        //Create Rest of Non Secret Payload
        Array.Copy(salt, 0, payload, payloadIndex, salt.Length);
      }

      return SimpleEncrypt(secretMessage, cryptKey, authKey, payload);
    }

    public static byte[] SimpleDecryptWithPassword(byte[] encryptedMessage, string password, int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      //User Error Checks
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(password) || password.Length < MinPasswordLength)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Must have a password of at least {0} characters!", MinPasswordLength), "password");

      if (encryptedMessage == null || encryptedMessage.Length == 0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      var cryptSalt = new byte[SaltBitSize / 8];
      var authSalt = new byte[SaltBitSize / 8];

      //Grab Salt from Non-Secret Payload
      Array.Copy(encryptedMessage, nonSecretPayloadLength, cryptSalt, 0, cryptSalt.Length);
      Array.Copy(encryptedMessage, nonSecretPayloadLength + cryptSalt.Length, authSalt, 0, authSalt.Length);

      byte[] cryptKey;
      byte[] authKey;

      //Generate crypt key
      using (var generator = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(password, cryptSalt, Iterations))
      {
        cryptKey = generator.GetBytes(KeyBitSize / 8);
      }
      //Generate auth key
      using (var generator = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(password, authSalt, Iterations))
      {
        authKey = generator.GetBytes(KeyBitSize / 8);
      }

      return SimpleDecrypt(encryptedMessage, cryptKey, authKey, cryptSalt.Length + authSalt.Length + nonSecretPayloadLength);
    }
  }
}

Hüpfburg AES-GCM [Gist]

/*
 * This work (Modern Encryption of a String C#, by James Tuley), 
 * identified by James Tuley, is free of known copyright restrictions.
 * https://Gist.github.com/4336842
 * http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/ 
 */

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Engines;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Generators;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Modes;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Parameters;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Security;
namespace Encryption
{

  public static class AESGCM
  {
    private static readonly SecureRandom Random = new SecureRandom();

    //Preconfigured Encryption Parameters
    public static readonly int NonceBitSize = 128;
    public static readonly int MacBitSize = 128;
    public static readonly int KeyBitSize = 256;

    //Preconfigured Password Key Derivation Parameters
    public static readonly int SaltBitSize = 128;
    public static readonly int Iterations = 10000;
    public static readonly int MinPasswordLength = 12;


    /// <summary>
    /// Helper that generates a random new key on each call.
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static byte[] NewKey()
    {
      var key = new byte[KeyBitSize / 8];
      Random.NextBytes(key);
      return key;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Encryption And Authentication (AES-GCM) of a UTF8 string.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="secretMessage">The secret message.</param>
    /// <param name="key">The key.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayload">Optional non-secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Encrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentException">Secret Message Required!;secretMessage</exception>
    /// <remarks>
    /// Adds overhead of (Optional-Payload + BlockSize(16) + Message +  HMac-Tag(16)) * 1.33 Base64
    /// </remarks>
    public static string SimpleEncrypt(string secretMessage, byte[] key, byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(secretMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      var plainText = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(secretMessage);
      var cipherText = SimpleEncrypt(plainText, key, nonSecretPayload);
      return Convert.ToBase64String(cipherText);
    }


    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Decryption & Authentication (AES-GCM) of a UTF8 Message
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="encryptedMessage">The encrypted message.</param>
    /// <param name="key">The key.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayloadLength">Length of the optional non-secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>Decrypted Message</returns>
    public static string SimpleDecrypt(string encryptedMessage, byte[] key, int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(encryptedMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      var cipherText = Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedMessage);
      var plainText = SimpleDecrypt(cipherText, key, nonSecretPayloadLength);
      return plainText == null ? null : Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainText);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Encryption And Authentication (AES-GCM) of a UTF8 String
    /// using key derived from a password (PBKDF2).
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="secretMessage">The secret message.</param>
    /// <param name="password">The password.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayload">The non secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Encrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <remarks>
    /// Significantly less secure than using random binary keys.
    /// Adds additional non secret payload for key generation parameters.
    /// </remarks>
    public static string SimpleEncryptWithPassword(string secretMessage, string password,
                             byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(secretMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      var plainText = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(secretMessage);
      var cipherText = SimpleEncryptWithPassword(plainText, password, nonSecretPayload);
      return Convert.ToBase64String(cipherText);
    }


    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Decryption and Authentication (AES-GCM) of a UTF8 message
    /// using a key derived from a password (PBKDF2)
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="encryptedMessage">The encrypted message.</param>
    /// <param name="password">The password.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayloadLength">Length of the non secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Decrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentException">Encrypted Message Required!;encryptedMessage</exception>
    /// <remarks>
    /// Significantly less secure than using random binary keys.
    /// </remarks>
    public static string SimpleDecryptWithPassword(string encryptedMessage, string password,
                             int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(encryptedMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      var cipherText = Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedMessage);
      var plainText = SimpleDecryptWithPassword(cipherText, password, nonSecretPayloadLength);
      return plainText == null ? null : Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainText);
    }

    public static byte[] SimpleEncrypt(byte[] secretMessage, byte[] key, byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      //User Error Checks
      if (key == null || key.Length != KeyBitSize / 8)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Key needs to be {0} bit!", KeyBitSize), "key");

      if (secretMessage == null || secretMessage.Length == 0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      //Non-secret Payload Optional
      nonSecretPayload = nonSecretPayload ?? new byte[] { };

      //Using random nonce large enough not to repeat
      var nonce = new byte[NonceBitSize / 8];
      Random.NextBytes(nonce, 0, nonce.Length);

      var cipher = new GcmBlockCipher(new AesFastEngine());
      var parameters = new AeadParameters(new KeyParameter(key), MacBitSize, nonce, nonSecretPayload);
      cipher.Init(true, parameters);

      //Generate Cipher Text With Auth Tag
      var cipherText = new byte[cipher.GetOutputSize(secretMessage.Length)];
      var len = cipher.ProcessBytes(secretMessage, 0, secretMessage.Length, cipherText, 0);
      cipher.DoFinal(cipherText, len);

      //Assemble Message
      using (var combinedStream = new MemoryStream())
      {
        using (var binaryWriter = new BinaryWriter(combinedStream))
        {
          //Prepend Authenticated Payload
          binaryWriter.Write(nonSecretPayload);
          //Prepend Nonce
          binaryWriter.Write(nonce);
          //Write Cipher Text
          binaryWriter.Write(cipherText);
        }
        return combinedStream.ToArray();
      }
    }

    public static byte[] SimpleDecrypt(byte[] encryptedMessage, byte[] key, int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      //User Error Checks
      if (key == null || key.Length != KeyBitSize / 8)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Key needs to be {0} bit!", KeyBitSize), "key");

      if (encryptedMessage == null || encryptedMessage.Length == 0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      using (var cipherStream = new MemoryStream(encryptedMessage))
      using (var cipherReader = new BinaryReader(cipherStream))
      {
        //Grab Payload
        var nonSecretPayload = cipherReader.ReadBytes(nonSecretPayloadLength);

        //Grab Nonce
        var nonce = cipherReader.ReadBytes(NonceBitSize / 8);

        var cipher = new GcmBlockCipher(new AesFastEngine());
        var parameters = new AeadParameters(new KeyParameter(key), MacBitSize, nonce, nonSecretPayload);
        cipher.Init(false, parameters);

        //Decrypt Cipher Text
        var cipherText = cipherReader.ReadBytes(encryptedMessage.Length - nonSecretPayloadLength - nonce.Length);
        var plainText = new byte[cipher.GetOutputSize(cipherText.Length)];  

        try
        {
          var len = cipher.ProcessBytes(cipherText, 0, cipherText.Length, plainText, 0);
          cipher.DoFinal(plainText, len);

        }
        catch (InvalidCipherTextException)
        {
          //Return null if it doesn't authenticate
          return null;
        }

        return plainText;
      }

    }

    public static byte[] SimpleEncryptWithPassword(byte[] secretMessage, string password, byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      nonSecretPayload = nonSecretPayload ?? new byte[] {};

      //User Error Checks
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(password) || password.Length < MinPasswordLength)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Must have a password of at least {0} characters!", MinPasswordLength), "password");

      if (secretMessage == null || secretMessage.Length == 0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      var generator = new Pkcs5S2ParametersGenerator();

      //Use Random Salt to minimize pre-generated weak password attacks.
      var salt = new byte[SaltBitSize / 8];
      Random.NextBytes(salt);

      generator.Init(
        PbeParametersGenerator.Pkcs5PasswordToBytes(password.ToCharArray()),
        salt,
        Iterations);

      //Generate Key
      var key = (KeyParameter)generator.GenerateDerivedMacParameters(KeyBitSize);

      //Create Full Non Secret Payload
      var payload = new byte[salt.Length + nonSecretPayload.Length];
      Array.Copy(nonSecretPayload, payload, nonSecretPayload.Length);
      Array.Copy(salt,0, payload,nonSecretPayload.Length, salt.Length);

      return SimpleEncrypt(secretMessage, key.GetKey(), payload);
    }

    public static byte[] SimpleDecryptWithPassword(byte[] encryptedMessage, string password, int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      //User Error Checks
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(password) || password.Length < MinPasswordLength)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Must have a password of at least {0} characters!", MinPasswordLength), "password");

      if (encryptedMessage == null || encryptedMessage.Length == 0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      var generator = new Pkcs5S2ParametersGenerator();

      //Grab Salt from Payload
      var salt = new byte[SaltBitSize / 8];
      Array.Copy(encryptedMessage, nonSecretPayloadLength, salt, 0, salt.Length);

      generator.Init(
        PbeParametersGenerator.Pkcs5PasswordToBytes(password.ToCharArray()),
        salt,
        Iterations);

      //Generate Key
      var key = (KeyParameter)generator.GenerateDerivedMacParameters(KeyBitSize);

      return SimpleDecrypt(encryptedMessage, key.GetKey(), salt.Length + nonSecretPayloadLength);
    }
  }
}
342
jbtule

Hier ist ein Beispiel mit RSA.

Wichtig: Die Datenmenge, die Sie mit der RSA-Verschlüsselung KeySize - MinimumPadding verschlüsseln können, ist begrenzt. z. 256 Bytes (unter der Annahme eines 2048-Bit-Schlüssels) - 42 Bytes (min. OEAP-Auffüllung) = 214 Bytes (max. Klartextgröße)

Ersetzen Sie your_rsa_key durch Ihren RSA-Schlüssel.

var provider = new System.Security.Cryptography.RSACryptoServiceProvider();
provider.ImportParameters(your_rsa_key);

var encryptedBytes = provider.Encrypt(
    System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("Hello World!"), true);

string decryptedTest = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetString(
    provider.Decrypt(encryptedBytes, true));

Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter MSDN - RSACryptoServiceProvider

105
Tamas Czinege

Wenn Sie ASP.Net verwenden, können Sie jetzt die in .NET 4.0 integrierten Funktionen verwenden.

System.Web.Security.MachineKey

.Net 4.5 hat MachineKey.Protect() und MachineKey.Unprotect().

.Net 4.0 hat MachineKey.Encode() und MachineKey.Decode(). Sie sollten nur den MachineKeyProtection auf "Alle" setzen.

Außerhalb von ASP.Net scheint diese Klasse bei jedem Neustart der App einen neuen Schlüssel zu generieren, funktioniert also nicht. Bei einem kurzen Blick auf ILSpy scheint mir, dass es seine eigenen Standardeinstellungen generiert, wenn die entsprechenden App-Einstellungen fehlen. Sie können es also möglicherweise tatsächlich außerhalb von ASP.Net einrichten.

Ich konnte keine Nicht-ASP.Net-Entsprechung außerhalb des System.Web-Namespace finden.

52
mattmanser

BouncyCastle ist eine großartige Crypto-Bibliothek für .NET. Sie ist als Nuget -Paket zur Installation in Ihren Projekten verfügbar. Mir gefällt es viel besser als das, was derzeit in der System.Security.Cryptography-Bibliothek verfügbar ist. Es gibt Ihnen viel mehr Optionen in Bezug auf die verfügbaren Algorithmen und bietet mehr Modi für diese Algorithmen.

Dies ist ein Beispiel für eine Implementierung von TwoFish , die von Bruce Schneier (Held für alle uns Paranoiden da draußen) geschrieben wurde. Es ist ein symmetrischer Algorithmus wie der Rijndael (auch bekannt als AES). Es war einer der drei Finalisten für den AES-Standard und verwandte einen anderen berühmten Algorithmus von Bruce Schneier namens BlowFish.

Das erste, was mit Bouncycastle zu tun hat, ist das Erstellen einer Verschlüsselungsklasse. Dadurch wird es einfacher, andere Blockchiffren in der Bibliothek zu implementieren. Die folgende Verschlüsselungsklasse nimmt ein generisches Argument T auf, wobei T IBlockCipher implementiert und einen Standardkonstruktor hat.

UPDATE: Aufgrund der großen Nachfrage habe ich mich entschieden, eine zufällige IV zu generieren und eine HMAC in diese Klasse aufzunehmen. Obwohl dies aus stilistischer Sicht gegen das SOLID Prinzip der Einzelverantwortung verstößt, habe ich es aufgrund der Art, wie diese Klasse vorgeht, abgelehnt. Diese Klasse nimmt nun zwei generische Parameter an, einen für die Chiffre und einen für den Digest. Die IV wird automatisch mithilfe von RNGCryptoServiceProvider generiert, um eine gute RNG-Entropie bereitzustellen, und Sie können den gewünschten Digest-Algorithmus von BouncyCastle verwenden, um den MAC zu generieren.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Macs;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Modes;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Paddings;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Parameters;

public sealed class Encryptor<TBlockCipher, TDigest>
    where TBlockCipher : IBlockCipher, new()
    where TDigest : IDigest, new()
{
    private Encoding encoding;

    private IBlockCipher blockCipher;

    private BufferedBlockCipher cipher;

    private HMac mac;

    private byte[] key;

    public Encryptor(Encoding encoding, byte[] key, byte[] macKey)
    {
        this.encoding = encoding;
        this.key = key;
        this.Init(key, macKey, new Pkcs7Padding());
    }

    public Encryptor(Encoding encoding, byte[] key, byte[] macKey, IBlockCipherPadding padding)
    {
        this.encoding = encoding;
        this.key = key;
        this.Init(key, macKey, padding);
    }

    private void Init(byte[] key, byte[] macKey, IBlockCipherPadding padding)
    {
        this.blockCipher = new CbcBlockCipher(new TBlockCipher());
        this.cipher = new PaddedBufferedBlockCipher(this.blockCipher, padding);
        this.mac = new HMac(new TDigest());
        this.mac.Init(new KeyParameter(macKey));
    }

    public string Encrypt(string plain)
    {
        return Convert.ToBase64String(EncryptBytes(plain));
    }

    public byte[] EncryptBytes(string plain)
    {
        byte[] input = this.encoding.GetBytes(plain);

        var iv = this.GenerateIV();

        var cipher = this.BouncyCastleCrypto(true, input, new ParametersWithIV(new KeyParameter(key), iv));
        byte[] message = CombineArrays(iv, cipher);

        this.mac.Reset();
        this.mac.BlockUpdate(message, 0, message.Length);
        byte[] digest = new byte[this.mac.GetUnderlyingDigest().GetDigestSize()];
        this.mac.DoFinal(digest, 0);

        var result = CombineArrays(digest, message);
        return result;
    }

    public byte[] DecryptBytes(byte[] bytes)
    {
        // split the digest into component parts
        var digest = new byte[this.mac.GetUnderlyingDigest().GetDigestSize()];
        var message = new byte[bytes.Length - digest.Length];
        var iv = new byte[this.blockCipher.GetBlockSize()];
        var cipher = new byte[message.Length - iv.Length];

        Buffer.BlockCopy(bytes, 0, digest, 0, digest.Length);
        Buffer.BlockCopy(bytes, digest.Length, message, 0, message.Length);
        if (!IsValidHMac(digest, message))
        {
            throw new CryptoException();
        }

        Buffer.BlockCopy(message, 0, iv, 0, iv.Length);
        Buffer.BlockCopy(message, iv.Length, cipher, 0, cipher.Length);

        byte[] result = this.BouncyCastleCrypto(false, cipher, new ParametersWithIV(new KeyParameter(key), iv));
        return result;
    }

    public string Decrypt(byte[] bytes)
    {
        return this.encoding.GetString(DecryptBytes(bytes));
    }

    public string Decrypt(string cipher)
    {
        return this.Decrypt(Convert.FromBase64String(cipher));
    }

    private bool IsValidHMac(byte[] digest, byte[] message)
    {
        this.mac.Reset();
        this.mac.BlockUpdate(message, 0, message.Length);
        byte[] computed = new byte[this.mac.GetUnderlyingDigest().GetDigestSize()];
        this.mac.DoFinal(computed, 0);

        return AreEqual(digest,computed);
    }

    private static bool AreEqual(byte [] digest, byte[] computed)
    {
        if(digest.Length != computed.Length)
        {
            return false;
        }

        int result = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < digest.Length; i++)
        {
            // compute equality of all bytes before returning.
            //   helps prevent timing attacks: 
            //   https://codahale.com/a-lesson-in-timing-attacks/
            result |= digest[i] ^ computed[i];
        }

        return result == 0;
    }

    private byte[] BouncyCastleCrypto(bool forEncrypt, byte[] input, ICipherParameters parameters)
    {
        try
        {
            cipher.Init(forEncrypt, parameters);

            return this.cipher.DoFinal(input);
        }
        catch (CryptoException)
        {
            throw;
        }
    }

    private byte[] GenerateIV()
    {
        using (var provider = new RNGCryptoServiceProvider())
        {
            // 1st block
            byte[] result = new byte[this.blockCipher.GetBlockSize()];
            provider.GetBytes(result);

            return result;
        }
    }

    private static byte[] CombineArrays(byte[] source1, byte[] source2)
    {
        byte[] result = new byte[source1.Length + source2.Length];
        Buffer.BlockCopy(source1, 0, result, 0, source1.Length);
        Buffer.BlockCopy(source2, 0, result, source1.Length, source2.Length);

        return result;
    }
}

Als nächstes rufen Sie einfach die Encrypt- und Decrypt-Methoden der neuen Klasse auf. Hier ist das Beispiel mit twofish:

var encrypt = new Encryptor<TwofishEngine, Sha1Digest>(Encoding.UTF8, key, hmacKey);

string cipher = encrypt.Encrypt("TEST");   
string plainText = encrypt.Decrypt(cipher);

Es ist genauso einfach, eine andere Blockverschlüsselung wie TripleDES zu ersetzen:

var des = new Encryptor<DesEdeEngine, Sha1Digest>(Encoding.UTF8, key, hmacKey);

string cipher = des.Encrypt("TEST");
string plainText = des.Decrypt(cipher);

Wenn Sie AES mit SHA256 HMAC verwenden möchten, können Sie Folgendes tun:

var aes = new Encryptor<AesEngine, Sha256Digest>(Encoding.UTF8, key, hmacKey);

cipher = aes.Encrypt("TEST");
plainText = aes.Decrypt(cipher);

Der schwierigste Teil der Verschlüsselung befasst sich tatsächlich mit den Schlüsseln und nicht mit den Algorithmen. Sie müssen sich überlegen, wo Sie Ihre Schlüssel aufbewahren und wie Sie sie gegebenenfalls austauschen. Diese Algorithmen haben alle den Test der Zeit überstanden und sind extrem schwer zu brechen. Jemand, der Informationen von Ihnen stehlen möchte, wird keine Ewigkeit damit verbringen, Kryptoanalysen an Ihren Nachrichten durchzuführen. Er wird versuchen, herauszufinden, wo sich Ihr Schlüssel befindet. Wählen Sie also # 1 Ihre Schlüssel mit Bedacht aus, # 2 bewahren Sie sie an einem sicheren Ort auf. Wenn Sie eine web.config und IIS verwenden, können Sie Teile der web.config verschlüsseln , und Wenn Sie schließlich Schlüssel austauschen müssen, vergewissern Sie sich, dass Ihr Protokoll für den Austausch des Schlüssels sicher ist.

Update 2 Die Vergleichsmethode wurde geändert, um Timing-Angriffen entgegenzuwirken. Weitere Informationen finden Sie hier http://codahale.com/a-lesson-in-timing-attacks/ . Ebenfalls auf PKCS7-Standardauffüllung aktualisiert und mit einem neuen Konstruktor versehen, damit der Endbenutzer auswählen kann, welche Auffüllung er verwenden möchte. Danke @CodesInChaos für die Vorschläge.

46
nerdybeardo

Haftungsausschluss: Diese Lösung sollte nur für Daten in Ruhe verwendet werden, die nicht öffentlich zugänglich sind (z. B. eine Konfigurationsdatei oder eine Datenbank). Nur in diesem Szenario kann die Quick-and-Dirty-Lösung aufgrund der geringeren Wartung als besser als die @ jbtule-Lösung angesehen werden.

Ursprünglicher Beitrag: Ich fand jbtule s Antwort etwas kompliziert für eine schnelle und schmutzig gesicherte AES-Zeichenkettenverschlüsselung und Brett s Antwort hatte einen Fehler, bei dem der Initialisierungsvektor behoben war Wert, der es anfällig für Padding-Angriffe macht. Deshalb habe ich Bretts Code korrigiert und eine zufällige IV hinzugefügt, die der chipered-Zeichenfolge hinzugefügt wird. Dabei wurde für jede Verschlüsselung mit demselben Wert ein anderer verschlüsselter Wert erstellt:

Verschlüsselung:

public static string Encrypt(string clearText)
{            
    byte[] clearBytes = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(clearText);
    using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
    {
        byte[] IV = new byte[15];
        Rand.NextBytes(IV);
        Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, IV);
        encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
        encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
        using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            {
                cs.Write(clearBytes, 0, clearBytes.Length);
                cs.Close();
            }
            clearText = Convert.ToBase64String(IV) + Convert.ToBase64String(ms.ToArray());
        }
    }
    return clearText;
}

Entschlüsselung:

public static string Decrypt(string cipherText)
{
    byte[] IV = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText.Substring(0, 20));
    cipherText = cipherText.Substring(20).Replace(" ", "+");
    byte[] cipherBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
    using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
    {
        Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, IV);
        encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
        encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
        using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            {
                cs.Write(cipherBytes, 0, cipherBytes.Length);
                cs.Close();
            }
            cipherText = Encoding.Unicode.GetString(ms.ToArray());
        }
    }
    return cipherText;
}

Ersetzen Sie EncryptionKey durch Ihren Schlüssel. In meiner Implementierung wird der Schlüssel in der Konfigurationsdatei (web.config\app.config) gespeichert, da Sie ihn nicht fest codiert speichern sollten. Die Konfigurationsdatei sollte auch verschlüsselt sein, damit der Schlüssel nicht als Klartext darin gespeichert wird.

protected static string _Key = "";
protected static string EncryptionKey
{
    get
    {
        if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(_Key))
        {
            _Key = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["AESKey"].ToString();
        }

        return _Key;
    }
}
17
Gil Cohen

Verschlüsselung

public string EncryptString(string inputString)
{
    MemoryStream memStream = null;
    try
    {
        byte[] key = { };
        byte[] IV = { 12, 21, 43, 17, 57, 35, 67, 27 };
        string encryptKey = "aXb2uy4z"; // MUST be 8 characters
        key = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(encryptKey);
        byte[] byteInput = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(inputString);
        DESCryptoServiceProvider provider = new DESCryptoServiceProvider();
        memStream = new MemoryStream();
        ICryptoTransform transform = provider.CreateEncryptor(key, IV);
        CryptoStream cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memStream, transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write);
        cryptoStream.Write(byteInput, 0, byteInput.Length);
        cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock();
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        Response.Write(ex.Message);
    }
    return Convert.ToBase64String(memStream.ToArray());
}

Entschlüsselung:

public string DecryptString(string inputString)
{
    MemoryStream memStream = null;
    try
    {
        byte[] key = { };
        byte[] IV = { 12, 21, 43, 17, 57, 35, 67, 27 };
        string encryptKey = "aXb2uy4z"; // MUST be 8 characters
        key = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(encryptKey);
        byte[] byteInput = new byte[inputString.Length];
        byteInput = Convert.FromBase64String(inputString);
        DESCryptoServiceProvider provider = new DESCryptoServiceProvider();
        memStream = new MemoryStream();
        ICryptoTransform transform = provider.CreateDecryptor(key, IV);
        CryptoStream cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memStream, transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write);
        cryptoStream.Write(byteInput, 0, byteInput.Length);
        cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock();
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        Response.Write(ex.Message);
    }

    Encoding encoding1 = Encoding.UTF8;
    return encoding1.GetString(memStream.ToArray());
}
11
Gopal Reddy V

Mit der Referenz Ver- und Entschlüsseln eines Strings in c # habe ich eine gute Lösung gefunden:

static readonly string PasswordHash = "[email protected]@Sw0rd";
static readonly string SaltKey = "[email protected]&KEY";
static readonly string VIKey = "@1B2c3D4e5F6g7H8";

Zum Verschlüsseln

public static string Encrypt(string plainText)
{
    byte[] plainTextBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(plainText);

    byte[] keyBytes = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(PasswordHash, Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(SaltKey)).GetBytes(256 / 8);
    var symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged() { Mode = CipherMode.CBC, Padding = PaddingMode.Zeros };
    var encryptor = symmetricKey.CreateEncryptor(keyBytes, Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(VIKey));

    byte[] cipherTextBytes;

    using (var memoryStream = new MemoryStream())
    {
        using (var cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
        {
            cryptoStream.Write(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length);
            cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock();
            cipherTextBytes = memoryStream.ToArray();
            cryptoStream.Close();
        }
        memoryStream.Close();
    }
    return Convert.ToBase64String(cipherTextBytes);
}

Zum Entschlüsseln

public static string Decrypt(string encryptedText)
{
    byte[] cipherTextBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedText);
    byte[] keyBytes = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(PasswordHash, Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(SaltKey)).GetBytes(256 / 8);
    var symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged() { Mode = CipherMode.CBC, Padding = PaddingMode.None };

    var decryptor = symmetricKey.CreateDecryptor(keyBytes, Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(VIKey));
    var memoryStream = new MemoryStream(cipherTextBytes);
    var cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read);
    byte[] plainTextBytes = new byte[cipherTextBytes.Length];

    int decryptedByteCount = cryptoStream.Read(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length);
    memoryStream.Close();
    cryptoStream.Close();
    return Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainTextBytes, 0, decryptedByteCount).TrimEnd("\0".ToCharArray());
}
6
Rahul Modi

Zur Unterstützung mattmanser Antwort . In diesem Beispiel wird die MachineKey-Klasse zum Verschlüsseln/Entschlüsseln von URL-sicheren Werten verwendet.

Beachten Sie, dass hier, wie bereits erwähnt, die Einstellungen für die Maschinenkonfiguration verwendet werden ( https://msdn.Microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff649308.aspx ). Sie können den Verschlüsselungs- und Entschlüsselungsschlüssel/-algorithmus manuell in der Datei web.config festlegen (dies ist möglicherweise besonders erforderlich, wenn Ihre Site auf mehreren Servern ausgeführt wird). Sie können Schlüssel aus IIS generieren (siehe hier: https://blogs.msdn.Microsoft.com/vijaysk/2009/05/13/iis-7-tip-10-you- kann-Maschinenschlüssel-vom-iis-Manager / ) generieren oder kann einen Online-Maschinenschlüsselgenerator verwenden wie: http://www.developerfusion.com/tools/generatemachinekey/ =

    private static readonly UTF8Encoding Encoder = new UTF8Encoding();

    public static string Encrypt(string unencrypted)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(unencrypted)) 
            return string.Empty;

        try
        {
            var encryptedBytes = MachineKey.Protect(Encoder.GetBytes(unencrypted));

            if (encryptedBytes != null && encryptedBytes.Length > 0)
                return HttpServerUtility.UrlTokenEncode(encryptedBytes);    
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            return string.Empty;
        }

        return string.Empty;
    }

    public static string Decrypt(string encrypted)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(encrypted)) 
            return string.Empty;

        try
        {
            var bytes = HttpServerUtility.UrlTokenDecode(encrypted);
            if (bytes != null && bytes.Length > 0)
            {
                var decryptedBytes = MachineKey.Unprotect(bytes);
                if(decryptedBytes != null && decryptedBytes.Length > 0)
                    return Encoder.GetString(decryptedBytes);
            }

        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            return string.Empty;
        }

        return string.Empty;
    }
4
josedbaez

Eine Alternative zu BouncyCastle für AES-GCM Verschlüsselung ist libsodium-net . Es umfasst die Libsodium C-Bibliothek. Ein Vorteil von Nice ist, dass die AES-NI-Erweiterung in CPUs für eine sehr schnelle Verschlüsselung verwendet wird. Der Nachteil ist, dass es überhaupt nicht funktioniert, wenn die CPU nicht die Erweiterung hat. Es gibt keinen Software-Fallback.

3
James McLachlan

Wenn Sie hier nach PGP-Verschlüsselung Ausschau gehalten haben, scheint die Klasse PGPEncryptDecrypt im folgenden Kommentar zu einem Beispiel für die Verwendung der PGP-Verschlüsselung über BouncyCastle im Prinzip sofort zu funktionieren:

http://blogs.Microsoft.co.il/kim/2009/01/23/pgp-Zip-encrypted-files-with-c/#comment-611002

Zum Einfügen hier zu lang, geringfügig geändert: https://Gist.github.com/zaus/c0ea1fd8dad5d9590af1

3
drzaus

Hier ein einfaches Beispiel für das Verschlüsseln von Zeichenfolgen in C # im AES-CBC-Modus mit zufälligen IV- und HMAC-Schlüsseln sowie von Kennwörtern abgeleiteten Schlüsseln, um die grundlegenden beweglichen Teile zu veranschaulichen:

private byte[] EncryptBytes(byte[] key, byte[] plaintext)
{
    using (var cipher = new RijndaelManaged { Key = key })
    {
        using (var encryptor = cipher.CreateEncryptor())
        {
            var ciphertext = encryptor.TransformFinalBlock(plaintext, 0, plaintext.Length);

            // IV is prepended to ciphertext
            return cipher.IV.Concat(ciphertext).ToArray();
        }
    }
}

private byte[] DecryptBytes(byte[] key, byte[] packed)
{
    using (var cipher = new RijndaelManaged { Key = key })
    {
        int ivSize = cipher.BlockSize / 8;

        cipher.IV = packed.Take(ivSize).ToArray();

        using (var encryptor = cipher.CreateDecryptor())
        {
            return encryptor.TransformFinalBlock(packed, ivSize, packed.Length - ivSize);
        }
    }
}

private byte[] AddMac(byte[] key, byte[] data)
{
    using (var hmac = new HMACSHA256(key))
    {
        var macBytes = hmac.ComputeHash(data);

        // HMAC is appended to data
        return data.Concat(macBytes).ToArray();
    }
}

private bool BadMac(byte[] found, byte[] computed)
{
    int mismatch = 0;

    // Aim for consistent timing regardless of inputs
    for (int i = 0; i < found.Length; i++)
    {
        mismatch += found[i] == computed[i] ? 0 : 1;
    }

    return mismatch != 0;
}

private byte[] RemoveMac(byte[] key, byte[] data)
{
    using (var hmac = new HMACSHA256(key))
    {
        int macSize = hmac.HashSize / 8;

        var packed = data.Take(data.Length - macSize).ToArray();

        var foundMac = data.Skip(packed.Length).ToArray();

        var computedMac = hmac.ComputeHash(packed);

        if (this.BadMac(foundMac, computedMac))
        {
            throw new Exception("Bad MAC");
        }

        return packed;
    }            
}

private List<byte[]> DeriveTwoKeys(string password)
{
    var salt = new byte[] { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 };

    var kdf = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(password, salt, 10000);

    var bytes = kdf.GetBytes(32); // Two keys 128 bits each

    return new List<byte[]> { bytes.Take(16).ToArray(), bytes.Skip(16).ToArray() };
}

public byte[] EncryptString(string password, String message)
{
    var keys = this.DeriveTwoKeys(password);

    var plaintext = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(message);

    var packed = this.EncryptBytes(keys[0], plaintext);

    return this.AddMac(keys[1], packed);
}

public String DecryptString(string password, byte[] secret)
{
    var keys = this.DeriveTwoKeys(password);

    var packed = this.RemoveMac(keys[1], secret);

    var plaintext = this.DecryptBytes(keys[0], packed);

    return Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plaintext);
}

public void Example()
{
    var password = "correcthorsebatterystaple";

    var secret = this.EncryptString(password, "Hello World");

    Console.WriteLine("secret: " + BitConverter.ToString(secret));

    var recovered = this.DecryptString(password, secret);

    Console.WriteLine(recovered);
}
3
Jim Flood

Dies ist die Klasse, die Brett hier platziert hat. Ich habe jedoch eine geringfügige Änderung vorgenommen, da die Fehlermeldung "Ungültige Länge für ein Base-64-Zeichen-Array" angezeigt wurde, wenn URL-Zeichenfolgen zum Ver- und Entschlüsseln verwendet wurden.

public class CryptoURL
{
    private static byte[] _salt = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("Catto_Salt_Enter_Any_Value99");

    /// <summary>
    /// Encrypt the given string using AES.  The string can be decrypted using 
    /// DecryptStringAES().  The sharedSecret parameters must match. 
    /// The SharedSecret for the Password Reset that is used is in the next line
    ///  string sharedSecret = "OneUpSharedSecret9";
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="plainText">The text to encrypt.</param>
    /// <param name="sharedSecret">A password used to generate a key for encryption.</param>
    public static string EncryptString(string plainText, string sharedSecret)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(plainText))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sharedSecret))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("sharedSecret");

        string outStr = null;                       // Encrypted string to return
        RijndaelManaged aesAlg = null;              // RijndaelManaged object used to encrypt the data.

        try
        {
            // generate the key from the shared secret and the salt
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(sharedSecret, _salt);

            // Create a RijndaelManaged object
            aesAlg = new RijndaelManaged();
            aesAlg.Key = key.GetBytes(aesAlg.KeySize / 8);

            // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
            ICryptoTransform encryptor = aesAlg.CreateEncryptor(aesAlg.Key, aesAlg.IV);

            // Create the streams used for encryption.
            using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
            {
                // prepend the IV
                msEncrypt.Write(BitConverter.GetBytes(aesAlg.IV.Length), 0, sizeof(int));
                msEncrypt.Write(aesAlg.IV, 0, aesAlg.IV.Length);
                using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt))
                    {
                        //Write all data to the stream.
                        swEncrypt.Write(plainText);
                    }
                }

                outStr = HttpServerUtility.UrlTokenEncode(msEncrypt.ToArray());
                //outStr = Convert.ToBase64String(msEncrypt.ToArray());
                // you may need to add a reference. right click reference in solution Explorer => "add Reference" => .NET tab => select "System.Web"
            }
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg != null)
                aesAlg.Clear();
        }

        // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
        return outStr;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Decrypt the given string.  Assumes the string was encrypted using 
    /// EncryptStringAES(), using an identical sharedSecret.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="cipherText">The text to decrypt.</param>
    /// <param name="sharedSecret">A password used to generate a key for decryption.</param>
    public static string DecryptString(string cipherText, string sharedSecret)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(cipherText))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sharedSecret))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("sharedSecret");

        // Declare the RijndaelManaged object
        // used to decrypt the data.
        RijndaelManaged aesAlg = null;

        // Declare the string used to hold
        // the decrypted text.
        string plaintext = null;

        byte[] inputByteArray;

        try
        {
            // generate the key from the shared secret and the salt
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(sharedSecret, _salt);

            // Create the streams used for decryption.                
            //byte[] bytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
            inputByteArray = HttpServerUtility.UrlTokenDecode(cipherText);

            using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(inputByteArray))
            {
                // Create a RijndaelManaged object
                // with the specified key and IV.
                aesAlg = new RijndaelManaged();
                aesAlg.Key = key.GetBytes(aesAlg.KeySize / 8);
                // Get the initialization vector from the encrypted stream
                aesAlg.IV = ReadByteArray(msDecrypt);
                // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform decryptor = aesAlg.CreateDecryptor(aesAlg.Key, aesAlg.IV);
                using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                {
                    using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt))

                        // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                        // and place them in a string.
                        plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd();
                }
            }
        }
        catch (System.Exception ex)
        {
            return "ERROR";
            //throw ex;

        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg != null)
                aesAlg.Clear();
        }

        return plaintext;
    }

    static string ConvertStringArrayToString(string[] array)
    {
        //
        // Concatenate all the elements into a StringBuilder.
        //
        StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
        foreach (string value in array)
        {
            builder.Append(value);
            builder.Append('.');
        }
        return builder.ToString();
    }

    private static byte[] ReadByteArray(Stream s)
    {
        byte[] rawLength = new byte[sizeof(int)];
        if (s.Read(rawLength, 0, rawLength.Length) != rawLength.Length)
        {
            throw new SystemException("Stream did not contain properly formatted byte array");
        }

        byte[] buffer = new byte[BitConverter.ToInt32(rawLength, 0)];
        if (s.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length) != buffer.Length)
        {
            throw new SystemException("Did not read byte array properly");
        }

        return buffer;
    }

}
2
Catto
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

public class Program
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        var key = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("SUkbqO2ycDo7QwpR25kfgmC7f8CoyrZy");
        var data = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("testData");

        //Encrypt data
        var encrypted = CryptoHelper.EncryptData(data,key);

        //Decrypt data
        var decrypted = CryptoHelper.DecryptData(encrypted,key);

        //Display result
        Console.WriteLine(Encoding.UTF8.GetString(decrypted));
    }
}

public static class CryptoHelper
{
    public static byte[] EncryptData(byte[] data, byte[] key)
    {
        using (var aesAlg = Aes.Create())
        {
            aesAlg.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
            using (var encryptor = aesAlg.CreateEncryptor(key, aesAlg.IV))
            {
                using (var msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    msEncrypt.Write(aesAlg.IV, 0, aesAlg.IV.Length);

                    using (var csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                        csEncrypt.Write(data, 0, data.Length);

                    return msEncrypt.ToArray();
                }
            }
        }

    }

    public static byte[] DecryptData(byte[] encrypted, byte[] key)
    {
        var iv = new byte[16];
        Buffer.BlockCopy(encrypted, 0, iv, 0, iv.Length);
        using (var aesAlg = Aes.Create())
        {
            aesAlg.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
            using (var decryptor = aesAlg.CreateDecryptor(key, iv))
            {
                using (var msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(encrypted, iv.Length, encrypted.Length - iv.Length))
                {
                    using (var csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                    {
                        using (var resultStream = new MemoryStream())
                        {
                            csDecrypt.CopyTo(resultStream);
                            return resultStream.ToArray();
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
2
Davit Tvildiani

Der folgende Code ist eine verbesserte Version von Ghazals Antwort zu einem ähnlichen Frage .

public class EncryptionHelper
{
    private Aes aesEncryptor;

    public EncryptionHelper()
    {
    }

    private void BuildAesEncryptor(string key)
    {
        aesEncryptor = Aes.Create();
        var pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(key, new byte[] { 0x49, 0x76, 0x61, 0x6e, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x65, 0x64, 0x76, 0x65, 0x64, 0x65, 0x76 });
        aesEncryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
        aesEncryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
    }

    public string EncryptString(string clearText, string key)
    {
        BuildAesEncryptor(key);
        var clearBytes = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(clearText);
        using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (var cs = new CryptoStream(ms, aesEncryptor.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            {
                cs.Write(clearBytes, 0, clearBytes.Length);
            }
            var encryptedText = Convert.ToBase64String(ms.ToArray());
            return encryptedText;
        }
    }

    public string DecryptString(string cipherText, string key)
    {
        BuildAesEncryptor(key);
        cipherText = cipherText.Replace(" ", "+");
        var cipherBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
        using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (var cs = new CryptoStream(ms, aesEncryptor.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            {
                cs.Write(cipherBytes, 0, cipherBytes.Length);
            }
            var clearText = Encoding.Unicode.GetString(ms.ToArray());
            return clearText;
        }
    }
}
2
Kolappan Nathan

Verschlüsselung ist eine sehr häufige Sache bei der Programmierung. Ich denke, es ist besser, ein Paket zu installieren, um die Aufgabe für Sie zu erledigen. Vielleicht ein einfaches Open-Source-Nuget-Projekt wie Simple Aes Encryption

Der Schlüssel befindet sich in der Konfigurationsdatei und kann daher leicht in der Produktionsumgebung geändert werden, und ich sehe keine Nachteile

<MessageEncryption>
  <EncryptionKey KeySize="256" Key="3q2+796tvu/erb7v3q2+796tvu/erb7v3q2+796tvu8="/>
</MessageEncryption>
1
Ashkan Sirous

Das folgende Beispiel zeigt, wie Beispieldaten verschlüsselt und entschlüsselt werden:

    // This constant is used to determine the keysize of the encryption algorithm in bits.
    // We divide this by 8 within the code below to get the equivalent number of bytes.
    private const int Keysize = 128;

    // This constant determines the number of iterations for the password bytes generation function.
    private const int DerivationIterations = 1000;

    public static string Encrypt(string plainText, string passPhrase)
    {
        // Salt and IV is randomly generated each time, but is preprended to encrypted cipher text
        // so that the same Salt and IV values can be used when decrypting.  
        var saltStringBytes = GenerateBitsOfRandomEntropy(16);
        var ivStringBytes = GenerateBitsOfRandomEntropy(16);
        var plainTextBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(plainText);
        using (var password = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(passPhrase, saltStringBytes, DerivationIterations))
        {
            var keyBytes = password.GetBytes(Keysize / 8);
            using (var symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                symmetricKey.BlockSize = 128;
                symmetricKey.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
                symmetricKey.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
                using (var encryptor = symmetricKey.CreateEncryptor(keyBytes, ivStringBytes))
                {
                    using (var memoryStream = new MemoryStream())
                    {
                        using (var cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                        {
                            cryptoStream.Write(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length);
                            cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock();
                            // Create the final bytes as a concatenation of the random salt bytes, the random iv bytes and the cipher bytes.
                            var cipherTextBytes = saltStringBytes;
                            cipherTextBytes = cipherTextBytes.Concat(ivStringBytes).ToArray();
                            cipherTextBytes = cipherTextBytes.Concat(memoryStream.ToArray()).ToArray();
                            memoryStream.Close();
                            cryptoStream.Close();
                            return Convert.ToBase64String(cipherTextBytes);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    public static string Decrypt(string cipherText, string passPhrase)
    {
        // Get the complete stream of bytes that represent:
        // [32 bytes of Salt] + [32 bytes of IV] + [n bytes of CipherText]
        var cipherTextBytesWithSaltAndIv = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
        // Get the saltbytes by extracting the first 32 bytes from the supplied cipherText bytes.
        var saltStringBytes = cipherTextBytesWithSaltAndIv.Take(Keysize / 8).ToArray();
        // Get the IV bytes by extracting the next 32 bytes from the supplied cipherText bytes.
        var ivStringBytes = cipherTextBytesWithSaltAndIv.Skip(Keysize / 8).Take(Keysize / 8).ToArray();
        // Get the actual cipher text bytes by removing the first 64 bytes from the cipherText string.
        var cipherTextBytes = cipherTextBytesWithSaltAndIv.Skip((Keysize / 8) * 2).Take(cipherTextBytesWithSaltAndIv.Length - ((Keysize / 8) * 2)).ToArray();

        using (var password = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(passPhrase, saltStringBytes, DerivationIterations))
        {
            var keyBytes = password.GetBytes(Keysize / 8);
            using (var symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                symmetricKey.BlockSize = 128;
                symmetricKey.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
                symmetricKey.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
                using (var decryptor = symmetricKey.CreateDecryptor(keyBytes, ivStringBytes))
                {
                    using (var memoryStream = new MemoryStream(cipherTextBytes))
                    {
                        using (var cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                        {
                            var plainTextBytes = new byte[cipherTextBytes.Length];
                            var decryptedByteCount = cryptoStream.Read(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length);
                            memoryStream.Close();
                            cryptoStream.Close();
                            return Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainTextBytes, 0, decryptedByteCount);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    private static byte[] GenerateBitsOfRandomEntropy(int size)
    {
        // 32 Bytes will give us 256 bits.
        // 16 Bytes will give us 128 bits.
        var randomBytes = new byte[size]; 
        using (var rngCsp = new RNGCryptoServiceProvider())
        {
            // Fill the array with cryptographically secure random bytes.
            rngCsp.GetBytes(randomBytes);
        }
        return randomBytes;
    }
1
reza.Nikmaram

Hier ist ein einfaches Snippet, das ursprünglich von ASP Snippets erstellt wurde

using System.Text;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.IO;


 private string Encrypt(string clearText)
    {
        string EncryptionKey = "yourkey";
        byte[] clearBytes = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(clearText);
        using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
        {
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, new byte[] { 0x49, 0x76, 0x61, 0x6e, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x65, 0x64, 0x76, 0x65, 0x64, 0x65, 0x76 });
            encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
            encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    cs.Write(clearBytes, 0, clearBytes.Length);
                    cs.Close();
                }
                clearText = Convert.ToBase64String(ms.ToArray());
            }
        }
        return clearText;
    }

 private string Decrypt(string cipherText)
    {
        string EncryptionKey = "yourkey";
        cipherText = cipherText.Replace(" ", "+");
        byte[] cipherBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
        using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
        {
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, new byte[] { 0x49, 0x76, 0x61, 0x6e, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x65, 0x64, 0x76, 0x65, 0x64, 0x65, 0x76 });
            encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
            encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    cs.Write(cipherBytes, 0, cipherBytes.Length);
                    cs.Close();
                }
                cipherText = Encoding.Unicode.GetString(ms.ToArray());
            }
        }
        return cipherText;
    }
0
Vijay Kumbhoje

Kopiert in meinem Antwort hier aus einer ähnlichen Frage: Einfache Zwei-Wege-Verschlüsselung für C # .

Basierend auf mehreren Antworten und Kommentaren.

  • Zufälliger Initialisierungsvektor vor Kryptotext (@jbtule)
  • Verwende TransformFinalBlock () anstelle von MemoryStream (@RenniePet)
  • Keine vorgefüllten Schlüssel, damit niemand eine Katastrophe kopieren und einfügen kann
  • Ordnungsgemäße Entsorgung und Verwendung von Mustern

Code:

/// <summary>
/// Simple encryption/decryption using a random initialization vector
/// and prepending it to the crypto text.
/// </summary>
/// <remarks>Based on multiple answers in https://stackoverflow.com/questions/165808/simple-two-way-encryption-for-c-sharp </remarks>
public class SimpleAes : IDisposable
{
    /// <summary>
    ///     Initialization vector length in bytes.
    /// </summary>
    private const int IvBytes = 16;

    /// <summary>
    ///     Must be exactly 16, 24 or 32 characters long.
    /// </summary>
    private static readonly byte[] Key = Convert.FromBase64String("FILL ME WITH 16, 24 OR 32 CHARS");

    private readonly UTF8Encoding _encoder;
    private readonly ICryptoTransform _encryptor;
    private readonly RijndaelManaged _rijndael;

    public SimpleAes()
    {
        _rijndael = new RijndaelManaged {Key = Key};
        _rijndael.GenerateIV();
        _encryptor = _rijndael.CreateEncryptor();
        _encoder = new UTF8Encoding();
    }

    public string Decrypt(string encrypted)
    {
        return _encoder.GetString(Decrypt(Convert.FromBase64String(encrypted)));
    }

    public void Dispose()
    {
        _rijndael.Dispose();
        _encryptor.Dispose();
    }

    public string Encrypt(string unencrypted)
    {
        return Convert.ToBase64String(Encrypt(_encoder.GetBytes(unencrypted)));
    }

    private byte[] Decrypt(byte[] buffer)
    {
        // IV is prepended to cryptotext
        byte[] iv = buffer.Take(IvBytes).ToArray();
        using (ICryptoTransform decryptor = _rijndael.CreateDecryptor(_rijndael.Key, iv))
        {
            return decryptor.TransformFinalBlock(buffer, IvBytes, buffer.Length - IvBytes);
        }
    }

    private byte[] Encrypt(byte[] buffer)
    {
        // Prepend cryptotext with IV
        byte[] inputBuffer = _rijndael.IV.Concat(buffer).ToArray();
        return _encryptor.TransformFinalBlock(inputBuffer, IvBytes, buffer.Length);
    }
}
0
angularsen

AES-Algorithmus:

public static class CryptographyProvider
    {
        public static string EncryptString(string plainText, out string Key)
        {
            if (plainText == null || plainText.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");

            using (Aes _aesAlg = Aes.Create())
            {
                Key = Convert.ToBase64String(_aesAlg.Key);
                ICryptoTransform _encryptor = _aesAlg.CreateEncryptor(_aesAlg.Key, _aesAlg.IV);

                using (MemoryStream _memoryStream = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    _memoryStream.Write(_aesAlg.IV, 0, 16);
                    using (CryptoStream _cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(_memoryStream, _encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                    {
                        using (StreamWriter _streamWriter = new StreamWriter(_cryptoStream))
                        {
                            _streamWriter.Write(plainText);
                        }
                        return Convert.ToBase64String(_memoryStream.ToArray());
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        public static string DecryptString(string cipherText, string Key)
        {

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(cipherText))
                throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(Key))
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");

            string plaintext = null;

            byte[] _initialVector = new byte[16];
            byte[] _Key = Convert.FromBase64String(Key);
            byte[] _cipherTextBytesArray = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
            byte[] _originalString = new byte[_cipherTextBytesArray.Length - 16];

            Array.Copy(_cipherTextBytesArray, 0, _initialVector, 0, _initialVector.Length);
            Array.Copy(_cipherTextBytesArray, 16, _originalString, 0, _cipherTextBytesArray.Length - 16);

            using (Aes _aesAlg = Aes.Create())
            {
                _aesAlg.Key = _Key;
                _aesAlg.IV = _initialVector;
                ICryptoTransform decryptor = _aesAlg.CreateDecryptor(_aesAlg.Key, _aesAlg.IV);

                using (MemoryStream _memoryStream = new MemoryStream(_originalString))
                {
                    using (CryptoStream _cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(_memoryStream, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                    {
                        using (StreamReader _streamReader = new StreamReader(_cryptoStream))
                        {
                            plaintext = _streamReader.ReadToEnd();
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            return plaintext;
        }
    }
0
Skull

Hier ist das Beispiel wie die AES-GCM Verschlüsselung/Entschlüsselung mit dem Bouncy Castle Paket durchgeführt werden kann.

Ich habe dieses Beispiel gefunden, als ich nach der Möglichkeit gegoogelt habe, Daten aus GOlang crypto/aes api zu entschlüsseln:

const (
    gcmBlockSize         = 16 // this is key size
    gcmTagSize           = 16 // this is mac
    gcmStandardNonceSize = 12 // this is nonce
)

func encrypt(data []byte, passphrase string) []byte {
    block, _ := aes.NewCipher([]byte(createHash(passphrase)))
    gcm, err := cipher.NewGCM(block)
    if err != nil {
        panic(err.Error())
    }
    nonce := make([]byte, gcm.NonceSize())
    if _, err = io.ReadFull(Rand.Reader, nonce); err != nil {
        panic(err.Error())
    }
    ciphertext := gcm.Seal(nonce, nonce, data, nil)
    return ciphertext
}

Das .Net-Beispiel funktioniert wie ein Charm mit Key (256 Bit), Mac (128 Bit) und Nonce (96 Bit).

0
oleksa
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;  

/// <summary>
/// Summary description for Encryption
/// </summary>
public class Encryption
{
    public TripleDES CreateDES(string key)
    {
        MD5 md5 = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
        TripleDES des = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
        des.Key = md5.ComputeHash(Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(key));
        des.IV = new byte[des.BlockSize / 8];
        return des;
    }
    public  byte[] Encryptiondata(string PlainText)
    {
        TripleDES des = CreateDES("DreamMLMKey");
        ICryptoTransform ct = des.CreateEncryptor();
        byte[] input = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(PlainText);
        return ct.TransformFinalBlock(input, 0, input.Length);
    }

    public string Decryptiondata(string CypherText)
    {
        string stringToDecrypt = CypherText.Replace(" ", "+");
        int len = stringToDecrypt.Length;
        byte[] inputByteArray = Convert.FromBase64String(stringToDecrypt); 

        byte[] b = Convert.FromBase64String(CypherText);
        TripleDES des = CreateDES("DreamMLMKey");
        ICryptoTransform ct = des.CreateDecryptor();
        byte[] output = ct.TransformFinalBlock(b, 0, b.Length);
        return Encoding.Unicode.GetString(output);
    }
    public string Decryptiondataurl(string CypherText)
    {
        string newcyperttext=CypherText.Replace(' ', '+');
        byte[] b = Convert.FromBase64String(newcyperttext);
        TripleDES des = CreateDES("DreamMLMKey");
        ICryptoTransform ct = des.CreateDecryptor();
        byte[] output = ct.TransformFinalBlock(b, 0, b.Length);
        return Encoding.Unicode.GetString(output);
    }


    #region  encryption & Decription
    public  string Encrypt(string input, string key)
    {
        byte[] inputArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(input);
        TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tripleDES = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
        tripleDES.Key = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);
        tripleDES.Mode = CipherMode.ECB;
        tripleDES.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
        ICryptoTransform cTransform = tripleDES.CreateEncryptor();
        byte[] resultArray = cTransform.TransformFinalBlock(inputArray, 0, inputArray.Length);
        tripleDES.Clear();
        return Convert.ToBase64String(resultArray, 0, resultArray.Length);
    }
    public  string Decrypt(string input, string key)
    {
        byte[] inputArray = Convert.FromBase64String(input);
        TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tripleDES = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
        tripleDES.Key = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);
        tripleDES.Mode = CipherMode.ECB;
        tripleDES.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
        ICryptoTransform cTransform = tripleDES.CreateDecryptor();
        byte[] resultArray = cTransform.TransformFinalBlock(inputArray, 0, inputArray.Length);
        tripleDES.Clear();
        return UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetString(resultArray);
    }

    public string encrypt(string encryptString)
    {
        string EncryptionKey = "0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";
        byte[] clearBytes = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(encryptString);
        using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
        {
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, new byte[] {
                0x49, 0x76, 0x61, 0x6e, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x65, 0x64, 0x76, 0x65, 0x64, 0x65, 0x76
            });
            encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
            encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    cs.Write(clearBytes, 0, clearBytes.Length);
                    cs.Close();
                }
                encryptString = Convert.ToBase64String(ms.ToArray());
            }
        }
        return encryptString;
    }

    public string Decrypt(string cipherText)
    {
        string EncryptionKey = "0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";
        cipherText = cipherText.Replace(" ", "+");
        byte[] cipherBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
        using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
        {
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, new byte[] {
                0x49, 0x76, 0x61, 0x6e, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x65, 0x64, 0x76, 0x65, 0x64, 0x65, 0x76
            });
            encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
            encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    cs.Write(cipherBytes, 0, cipherBytes.Length);
                    cs.Close();
                }
                cipherText = Encoding.Unicode.GetString(ms.ToArray());
            }
        }
        return cipherText;
    }

    #endregion
}
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JIYAUL MUSTAPHA