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Wie kann ich die Bildschirmgrößenkategorie des Geräts (klein, normal, groß, xlarge) mithilfe von Code bestimmen?

Gibt es eine Möglichkeit, die Kategorie der Bildschirmgröße des aktuellen Geräts zu bestimmen, z. B. klein, normal, groß, xlarge?

Nicht die Dichte, sondern die Bildschirmgröße.

295
vieux

Sie können die Bitmaske Configuration.screenLayout verwenden.

Beispiel:

if ((getResources().getConfiguration().screenLayout & 
    Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK) == 
        Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_LARGE) {
    // on a large screen device ...

}
416
Jeff Gilfelt

Der Code unten präzisiert die Antwort oben und zeigt Bildschirmgröße als Toast an.

//Determine screen size
if ((getResources().getConfiguration().screenLayout & Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK) == Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_LARGE) {
    Toast.makeText(this, "Large screen", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}
else if ((getResources().getConfiguration().screenLayout & Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK) == Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_NORMAL) {
    Toast.makeText(this, "Normal sized screen", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}
else if ((getResources().getConfiguration().screenLayout & Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK) == Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_SMALL) {
    Toast.makeText(this, "Small sized screen", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}
else {
    Toast.makeText(this, "Screen size is neither large, normal or small", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}

Dieser Code zeigt den Bildschirmdichte als Toast an.

//Determine density
DisplayMetrics metrics = new DisplayMetrics();
getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(metrics);
int density = metrics.densityDpi;

if (density == DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_HIGH) {
    Toast.makeText(this, "DENSITY_HIGH... Density is " + String.valueOf(density), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}
else if (density == DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_MEDIUM) {
    Toast.makeText(this, "DENSITY_MEDIUM... Density is " + String.valueOf(density), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}
else if (density == DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_LOW) {
    Toast.makeText(this, "DENSITY_LOW... Density is " + String.valueOf(density), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}
else {
    Toast.makeText(this, "Density is neither HIGH, MEDIUM OR LOW.  Density is " + String.valueOf(density), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}
148
Mel

Jeff Gilfelt Antwort als statische Hilfsmethode:

private static String getSizeName(Context context) {
    int screenLayout = context.getResources().getConfiguration().screenLayout;
    screenLayout &= Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK;

    switch (screenLayout) {
    case Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_SMALL:
        return "small";
    case Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_NORMAL:
        return "normal";
    case Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_LARGE:
        return "large";
    case 4: // Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_XLARGE is API >= 9
        return "xlarge";
    default:
        return "undefined";
    }
}
67
qwertzguy

Danke für die Antworten oben, das hat mir sehr geholfen :-) Aber für diejenigen (wie ich), die Android 1.5 noch unterstützen müssen, können wir Java Reflection für abwärtskompatibel verwenden:

Configuration conf = getResources().getConfiguration();
int screenLayout = 1; // application default behavior
try {
    Field field = conf.getClass().getDeclaredField("screenLayout");
    screenLayout = field.getInt(conf);
} catch (Exception e) {
    // NoSuchFieldException or related stuff
}
// Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK == 15
int screenType = screenLayout & 15;
// Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_SMALL == 1
// Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_NORMAL == 2
// Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_LARGE == 3
// Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_XLARGE == 4
if (screenType == 1) {
    ...
} else if (screenType == 2) {
    ...
} else if (screenType == 3) {
    ...
} else if (screenType == 4) {
    ...
} else { // undefined
    ...
}
11
A. Masson
private String getDeviceDensity() {
    int density = mContext.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().densityDpi;
    switch (density)
    {
        case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_MEDIUM:
            return "MDPI";
        case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_HIGH:
            return "HDPI";
        case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_LOW:
            return "LDPI";
        case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_XHIGH:
            return "XHDPI";
        case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_TV:
            return "TV";
        case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_XXHIGH:
            return "XXHDPI";
        case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_XXXHIGH:
            return "XXXHDPI";
        default:
            return "Unknown";
    }
}
11

Wenn Sie die Bildschirmdichte und -größe eines Android-Geräts leicht ermitteln möchten, können Sie diese kostenlose App verwenden (keine Berechtigung erforderlich): https://market.Android.com/details?id=com.jotabout .screeninfo

9
mmathieum

Müssen Sie nach großen Bildschirmen und x ... hohen Dichten suchen? Dies ist der geänderte Code der gewählten Antwort.

//Determine screen size
if ((getResources().getConfiguration().screenLayout &      Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK) == Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_LARGE) {     
    Toast.makeText(this, "Large screen",Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
} else if ((getResources().getConfiguration().screenLayout &      Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK) == Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_NORMAL) {     
    Toast.makeText(this, "Normal sized screen" , Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
} else if ((getResources().getConfiguration().screenLayout &      Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK) == Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_SMALL) {     
    Toast.makeText(this, "Small sized screen" , Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
} else if ((getResources().getConfiguration().screenLayout &      Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK) == Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_XLARGE) {     
    Toast.makeText(this, "XLarge sized screen" , Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
} else {
    Toast.makeText(this, "Screen size is neither large, normal or small" , Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}

//Determine density
DisplayMetrics metrics = new DisplayMetrics();
getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(metrics);
int density = metrics.densityDpi;

if (density==DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_HIGH) {
    Toast.makeText(this, "DENSITY_HIGH... Density is " + String.valueOf(density),  Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
} else if (density==DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_MEDIUM) {
    Toast.makeText(this, "DENSITY_MEDIUM... Density is " + String.valueOf(density),  Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
} else if (density==DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_LOW) {
    Toast.makeText(this, "DENSITY_LOW... Density is " + String.valueOf(density),  Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
} else if (density==DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_XHIGH) {
    Toast.makeText(this, "DENSITY_XHIGH... Density is " + String.valueOf(density),  Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
} else if (density==DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_XXHIGH) {
    Toast.makeText(this, "DENSITY_XXHIGH... Density is " + String.valueOf(density),  Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
} else if (density==DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_XXXHIGH) {
    Toast.makeText(this, "DENSITY_XXXHIGH... Density is " + String.valueOf(density),  Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
} else {
    Toast.makeText(this, "Density is neither HIGH, MEDIUM OR LOW.  Density is " + String.valueOf(density),  Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}
5
Tom McFarlin

Hier ist eine Xamarin.Android-Version von Tom McFarlins Antwort

        //Determine screen size
        if ((Application.Context.Resources.Configuration.ScreenLayout & ScreenLayout.SizeMask) == ScreenLayout.SizeLarge) {
            Toast.MakeText (this, "Large screen", ToastLength.Short).Show ();
        } else if ((Application.Context.Resources.Configuration.ScreenLayout & ScreenLayout.SizeMask) == ScreenLayout.SizeNormal) {
            Toast.MakeText (this, "Normal screen", ToastLength.Short).Show ();
        } else if ((Application.Context.Resources.Configuration.ScreenLayout & ScreenLayout.SizeMask) == ScreenLayout.SizeSmall) {
            Toast.MakeText (this, "Small screen", ToastLength.Short).Show ();
        } else if ((Application.Context.Resources.Configuration.ScreenLayout & ScreenLayout.SizeMask) == ScreenLayout.SizeXlarge) {
            Toast.MakeText (this, "XLarge screen", ToastLength.Short).Show ();
        } else {
            Toast.MakeText (this, "Screen size is neither large, normal or small", ToastLength.Short).Show ();
        }
        //Determine density
        DisplayMetrics metrics = new DisplayMetrics();
        WindowManager.DefaultDisplay.GetMetrics (metrics);
        var density = metrics.DensityDpi;
        if (density == DisplayMetricsDensity.High) {
            Toast.MakeText (this, "DENSITY_HIGH... Density is " + density, ToastLength.Long).Show ();
        } else if (density == DisplayMetricsDensity.Medium) {
            Toast.MakeText (this, "DENSITY_MEDIUM... Density is " + density, ToastLength.Long).Show ();
        } else if (density == DisplayMetricsDensity.Low) {
            Toast.MakeText (this, "DENSITY_LOW... Density is " + density, ToastLength.Long).Show ();
        } else if (density == DisplayMetricsDensity.Xhigh) {
            Toast.MakeText (this, "DENSITY_XHIGH... Density is " + density, ToastLength.Long).Show ();
        } else if (density == DisplayMetricsDensity.Xxhigh) {
            Toast.MakeText (this, "DENSITY_XXHIGH... Density is " + density, ToastLength.Long).Show ();
        } else if (density == DisplayMetricsDensity.Xxxhigh) {
            Toast.MakeText (this, "DENSITY_XXXHIGH... Density is " + density, ToastLength.Long).Show ();
        } else {
            Toast.MakeText (this, "Density is neither HIGH, MEDIUM OR LOW.  Density is " + density, ToastLength.Long).Show ();
        }
3
ellechino

Kopieren Sie diesen Code und fügen Sie ihn in Ihre Activity ein. Wenn er ausgeführt wird, wird Toast die Bildschirmgrößenkategorie des Geräts sein.

int screenSize = getResources().getConfiguration().screenLayout &
        Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK;

String toastMsg;
switch(screenSize) {
    case Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_LARGE:
        toastMsg = "Large screen";
        break;
    case Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_NORMAL:
        toastMsg = "Normal screen";
        break;
    case Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_SMALL:
        toastMsg = "Small screen";
        break;
    default:
        toastMsg = "Screen size is neither large, normal or small";
}
Toast.makeText(this, toastMsg, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
1

Wenn Sie im Jahr 2018 Jeffs Antwort in Kotlin brauchen, dann hier:

  private fun determineScreenSize(): String {
    // Thanks to https://stackoverflow.com/a/5016350/2563009.
    val screenLayout = resources.configuration.screenLayout
    return when {
      screenLayout and Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK == Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_SMALL -> "Small"
      screenLayout and Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK == Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_NORMAL -> "Normal"
      screenLayout and Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK == Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_LARGE -> "Large"
      screenLayout and Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK == Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_XLARGE -> "Xlarge"
      screenLayout and Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_MASK == Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_UNDEFINED -> "Undefined"
      else -> error("Unknown screenLayout: $screenLayout")
    }
  }
1
Thuy Trinh

Könnten Sie dies nicht mit einer Zeichenfolge-Ressource und Aufzählungen tun? Sie können eine Zeichenfolgenressource mit dem Namen der Bildschirmgröße definieren, z. B. SMALL, MEDIUM oder LARGE. Dann könnten Sie den Wert der Zeichenfolgenressource verwenden, um eine Instanz der Aufzählung zu erstellen.

  1. Definieren Sie in Ihrem Code eine Aufzählung für die verschiedenen Bildschirmgrößen, die Sie interessieren.

    public Enum ScreenSize {
        SMALL,
        MEDIUM,
        LARGE,;
    }
    
  2. Definieren Sie eine Zeichenfolgenressource, z. B. screensize, deren Wert entweder SMALL, MEDIUM oder LARGE ist.

    <string name="screensize">MEDIUM</string>
    
  3. Fügen Sie eine Kopie von screensize in eine Zeichenfolgenressource in jeder gewünschten Dimension ein.
    Zum Beispiel würde <string name="screensize">MEDIUM</string> In values-sw600dp/strings.xml und values-medium/strings.xml und <string name="screensize">LARGE</string> In sw720dp/strings.xml und values- large/strings.xml.
  4. Schreiben Sie im Code
    ScreenSize size = ScreenSize.valueOf(getReources().getString(R.string.screensize);
1
Prof Mo

Versuchen Sie diese FunktionisLayoutSizeAtLeast (int screenSize)

Zum Überprüfen eines kleinen Bildschirms mindestens 320x426 dp und darüber GetResources (). GetConfiguration (). IsLayoutSizeAtLeast (Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_SMALL);

Zum Überprüfen des normalen Bildschirms mindestens 320x470 dp und darüber GetResources (). GetConfiguration (). IsLayoutSizeAtLeast (Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_NORMAL);

Zum Überprüfen des großen Bildschirms mindestens 480x640 dp und darüber GetResources (). GetConfiguration (). IsLayoutSizeAtLeast (Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_LARGE);

Zur Überprüfung eines besonders großen Bildschirms mindestens 720x960 dp und darüber GetResources (). GetConfiguration (). IsLayoutSizeAtLeast (Configuration.SCREENLAYOUT_SIZE_XLARGE);

0
Devendra Vaja