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Wie kann ich Dateien und Verzeichnisse auf SD programmatisch verschieben, kopieren und löschen?

Ich möchte Dateien und Verzeichnisse auf der SD-Karte programmgesteuert verschieben, kopieren und löschen. Ich habe eine Google-Suche durchgeführt, aber nichts Nützliches gefunden.

77
Tony

Verwenden Sie Standard Java I/O . Verwenden Sie Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), um an den Stamm des externen Speichers zu gelangen (bei einigen Geräten ist dies eine SD-Karte).

24
CommonsWare

legen Sie die richtigen Berechtigungen im Manifest fest

     <uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />

nachfolgend finden Sie eine Funktion, die Ihre Datei programmgesteuert verschiebt

private void moveFile(String inputPath, String inputFile, String outputPath) {

    InputStream in = null;
    OutputStream out = null;
    try {

        //create output directory if it doesn't exist
        File dir = new File (outputPath); 
        if (!dir.exists())
        {
            dir.mkdirs();
        }


        in = new FileInputStream(inputPath + inputFile);        
        out = new FileOutputStream(outputPath + inputFile);

        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
        int read;
        while ((read = in.read(buffer)) != -1) {
            out.write(buffer, 0, read);
        }
        in.close();
        in = null;

            // write the output file
            out.flush();
        out.close();
        out = null;

        // delete the original file
        new File(inputPath + inputFile).delete();  


    } 

         catch (FileNotFoundException fnfe1) {
        Log.e("tag", fnfe1.getMessage());
    }
          catch (Exception e) {
        Log.e("tag", e.getMessage());
    }

}

Um die Datei zu löschen, verwenden Sie 

private void deleteFile(String inputPath, String inputFile) {
    try {
        // delete the original file
        new File(inputPath + inputFile).delete();  
    }
    catch (Exception e) {
        Log.e("tag", e.getMessage());
    }
}

Kopieren 

private void copyFile(String inputPath, String inputFile, String outputPath) {

    InputStream in = null;
    OutputStream out = null;
    try {

        //create output directory if it doesn't exist
        File dir = new File (outputPath); 
        if (!dir.exists())
        {
            dir.mkdirs();
        }


        in = new FileInputStream(inputPath + inputFile);        
        out = new FileOutputStream(outputPath + inputFile);

        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
        int read;
        while ((read = in.read(buffer)) != -1) {
            out.write(buffer, 0, read);
        }
        in.close();
        in = null;

            // write the output file (You have now copied the file)
            out.flush();
        out.close();
        out = null;        

    }  catch (FileNotFoundException fnfe1) {
        Log.e("tag", fnfe1.getMessage());
    }
            catch (Exception e) {
        Log.e("tag", e.getMessage());
    }

}
140
Daniel Leahy

Datei bewegen: 

File from = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()+"/kaic1/imagem.jpg");
File to = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()+"/kaic2/imagem.jpg");
from.renameTo(to);
128
WonderSoftwares

Funktion zum Verschieben von Dateien:

private void moveFile(File file, File dir) throws IOException {
    File newFile = new File(dir, file.getName());
    FileChannel outputChannel = null;
    FileChannel inputChannel = null;
    try {
        outputChannel = new FileOutputStream(newFile).getChannel();
        inputChannel = new FileInputStream(file).getChannel();
        inputChannel.transferTo(0, inputChannel.size(), outputChannel);
        inputChannel.close();
        file.delete();
    } finally {
        if (inputChannel != null) inputChannel.close();
        if (outputChannel != null) outputChannel.close();
    }

}
33
asivura

Löschen

public static void deleteRecursive(File fileOrDirectory) {

 if (fileOrDirectory.isDirectory())
    for (File child : fileOrDirectory.listFiles())
        deleteRecursive(child);

    fileOrDirectory.delete();

    }

check this link für obige Funktion.

Kopieren

public static void copyDirectoryOneLocationToAnotherLocation(File sourceLocation, File targetLocation)
    throws IOException {

if (sourceLocation.isDirectory()) {
    if (!targetLocation.exists()) {
        targetLocation.mkdir();
    }

    String[] children = sourceLocation.list();
    for (int i = 0; i < sourceLocation.listFiles().length; i++) {

        copyDirectoryOneLocationToAnotherLocation(new File(sourceLocation, children[i]),
                new File(targetLocation, children[i]));
    }
} else {

    InputStream in = new FileInputStream(sourceLocation);

    OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(targetLocation);

    // Copy the bits from instream to outstream
    byte[] buf = new byte[1024];
    int len;
    while ((len = in.read(buf)) > 0) {
        out.write(buf, 0, len);
    }
    in.close();
    out.close();
}

}

Bewegung

verschieben ist nichts, nur kopiere den Ordner an einen anderen Ort und dann lösche den Ordner

manifest

     <uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
12
duggu
  1. Berechtigungen:

    <uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
    <uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
    
  2. SD-Karten-Stammordner abrufen:

    Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()
    
  3. Datei löschen: Dies ist ein Beispiel zum Löschen aller leeren Ordner in einem Stammordner:

    public static void deleteEmptyFolder(File rootFolder){
        if (!rootFolder.isDirectory()) return;
    
        File[] childFiles = rootFolder.listFiles();
        if (childFiles==null) return;
        if (childFiles.length == 0){
            rootFolder.delete();
        } else {
            for (File childFile : childFiles){
                deleteEmptyFolder(childFile);
            }
        }
    }
    
  4. Datei kopieren:

    public static void copyFile(File src, File dst) throws IOException {
        FileInputStream var2 = new FileInputStream(src);
        FileOutputStream var3 = new FileOutputStream(dst);
        byte[] var4 = new byte[1024];
    
        int var5;
        while((var5 = var2.read(var4)) > 0) {
            var3.write(var4, 0, var5);
        }
    
        var2.close();
        var3.close();
    }
    
  5. Datei verschieben = Kopieren + Quelldatei löschen

9
Ken
File from = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath().getAbsolutePath()+"/kaic1/imagem.jpg");
File to = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()+"/kaic2/imagem.jpg");
from.renameTo(to);
6
xnagyg

Datei mit Square Okio kopieren :

BufferedSink bufferedSink = Okio.buffer(Okio.sink(destinationFile));
bufferedSink.writeAll(Okio.source(sourceFile));
bufferedSink.close();
4
LetItRock

Wenn Sie Guava verwenden, können Sie Files.move (source, dest) verwenden.

3
MyDogTom
/**
     * Copy the local DB file of an application to the root of external storage directory
     * @param context the Context of application
     * @param dbName The name of the DB
     */
    private void copyDbToExternalStorage(Context context , String dbName){

        try {
            File name = context.getDatabasePath(dbName);
            File sdcardFile = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() , "test.db");//The name of output file
            sdcardFile.createNewFile();
            InputStream inputStream = null;
            OutputStream outputStream = null;
            inputStream = new FileInputStream(name);
            outputStream = new FileOutputStream(sdcardFile);
            byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
            int read;
            while ((read = inputStream.read(buffer)) != -1) {
                outputStream.write(buffer, 0, read);
            }
            inputStream.close();
            outputStream.flush();
            outputStream.close();
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e("Exception" , e.toString());
        }
    }
2
J.R

Um eine Datei zu verschieben, kann diese API verwendet werden, aber Sie benötigen einen atleat 26 als API-Ebene.

Datei bewegen

Wenn Sie jedoch ein Verzeichnis verschieben möchten, ist keine Unterstützung vorhanden, so dass dieser native Code verwendet werden kann

    import org.Apache.commons.io.FileUtils;

    import Java.io.IOException;
    import Java.io.File;

    public class FileModule {

    public void moveDirectory(String src, String des) {
    File srcDir = new File(src);
    File destDir = new File(des);
     try {
        FileUtils.moveDirectory(srcDir,destDir);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      Log.e("Exception" , e.toString());
      }
    }

    public void deleteDirectory(String dir) {
      File delDir = new File(dir);
      try {
        FileUtils.deleteDirectory(delDir);
       } catch (IOException e) {
      Log.e("Exception" , e.toString());
      }
     }
    }
0
abby37

Datei mit Kotlin verschieben App muss über die Berechtigung verfügen, eine Datei in das Zielverzeichnis zu schreiben.

@Throws(FileNotFoundException::class, IOError::class)
private fun moveTo(source: File, dest: File, destDirectory: File? = null) {

    if (destDirectory?.exists() == false) {
        destDirectory.mkdir()
    }

    val fis = FileInputStream(source)
    val bufferLength = 1024
    val buffer = ByteArray(bufferLength)
    val fos = FileOutputStream(dest)
    val bos = BufferedOutputStream(fos, bufferLength)
    var read = fis.read(buffer, 0, read)
    while (read != -1) {
        bos.write(buffer, 0, read)
        read = fis.read(buffer) // if read value is -1, it escapes loop.
    }
    fis.close()
    bos.flush()
    bos.close()

    if (!source.delete()) {
        HLog.w(TAG, klass, "failed to delete ${source.name}")
    }
}
0
Brownsoo Han

Xamarin Android

public static bool MoveFile(string CurrentFilePath, string NewFilePath)
{
    try
    {
        using (var f = new File(CurrentFilePath))
        using (var i = new FileInputStream(f))
        using (var o = new FileOutputStream(NewFilePath))
        {
            i.Channel.TransferTo(0, i.Channel.Size(), o.Channel);
            f.Delete();
        }

        return true;
    }
    catch { return false; }
}

public static bool CopyFile(string CurrentFilePath, string NewFilePath)
{
    try
    {
        using (var i = new FileInputStream(CurrentFilePath))
        using (var o = new FileOutputStream(NewFilePath))
            i.Channel.TransferTo(0, i.Channel.Size(), o.Channel);

        return true;
    }
    catch { return false; }
}

public static bool DeleteFile(string FilePath)
{
    try
    {
        using (var file = new File(FilePath))
            file.Delete();

        return true;
    }
    catch { return false; }
}
0
Pierre