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So verringern Sie die Größe einer Image-Datei vor dem Hochladen auf einen Server

Viele Anwendungen erlauben das Teilen eines Bildes, das aus der Galerie ausgewählt wird.

Laden sie die Originalbilddatei hoch? Welches ist wie 1-3 mb? Oder verarbeiten sie?

Wie kann ich auf jeden Fall das Bild aus einem Dateipfad nehmen, seine Größe reduzieren, indem ich die Auflösung herabsetze, und es woanders speichern und versuchen, es hochzuladen?

Ich habe es versucht:

Bitmap photo = decodeSampledBitmapFromFile(filePath, DESIRED_WIDTH,
                    DESIRED_HEIGHT);

FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(filePath);
photo.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, out);

public static Bitmap decodeSampledBitmapFromFile(String path, int reqWidth,
        int reqHeight) {

    final BitmapFactory.Options options = new BitmapFactory.Options();
    options.inJustDecodeBounds = true;
    BitmapFactory.decodeFile(path, options);

    final int height = options.outHeight;
    final int width = options.outWidth;
    options.inPreferredConfig = Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888;
    int inSampleSize = 1;

    if (height > reqHeight) {
        inSampleSize = Math.round((float) height / (float) reqHeight);
    }
    int expectedWidth = width / inSampleSize;

    if (expectedWidth > reqWidth) {
        inSampleSize = Math.round((float) width / (float) reqWidth);
    }
    options.inSampleSize = inSampleSize;
    options.inJustDecodeBounds = false;
    return BitmapFactory.decodeFile(path, options);
}

Aber ist das der richtige Weg? Weil ich Antworten gesehen habe, die compression operation takes rather big amount of timehier vorschlagen.

64
user1537779

Das funktioniert großartig Versuchen Sie dies

private String decodeFile(String path,int DESIREDWIDTH, int DESIREDHEIGHT) {
        String strMyImagePath = null;
        Bitmap scaledBitmap = null;

        try {
            // Part 1: Decode image
            Bitmap unscaledBitmap = ScalingUtilities.decodeFile(path, DESIREDWIDTH, DESIREDHEIGHT, ScalingLogic.FIT);

            if (!(unscaledBitmap.getWidth() <= DESIREDWIDTH && unscaledBitmap.getHeight() <= DESIREDHEIGHT)) {
                // Part 2: Scale image
                scaledBitmap = ScalingUtilities.createScaledBitmap(unscaledBitmap, DESIREDWIDTH, DESIREDHEIGHT, ScalingLogic.FIT);
            } else {
                unscaledBitmap.recycle();
                return path;
            }

            // Store to tmp file

            String extr = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().toString();
            File mFolder = new File(extr + "/TMMFOLDER");
            if (!mFolder.exists()) {
                mFolder.mkdir();
            }

            String s = "tmp.png";

            File f = new File(mFolder.getAbsolutePath(), s);

            strMyImagePath = f.getAbsolutePath();
            FileOutputStream fos = null;
            try {
                fos = new FileOutputStream(f);
                scaledBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 75, fos);
                fos.flush();
                fos.close();
            } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {

                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (Exception e) {

                e.printStackTrace();
            }

            scaledBitmap.recycle();
        } catch (Throwable e) {
        }

        if (strMyImagePath == null) {
            return path;
        }
        return strMyImagePath;

    }

ScalingUtilities.Java

import Android.content.res.Resources;
import Android.graphics.Bitmap;
import Android.graphics.Bitmap.Config;
import Android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
import Android.graphics.BitmapFactory.Options;
import Android.graphics.Canvas;
import Android.graphics.Paint;
import Android.graphics.Rect;

/**
 * Class containing static utility methods for bitmap decoding and scaling
 *
 * @author 
 */
public class ScalingUtilities {

    /**
     * Utility function for decoding an image resource. The decoded bitmap will
     * be optimized for further scaling to the requested destination dimensions
     * and scaling logic.
     *
     * @param res The resources object containing the image data
     * @param resId The resource id of the image data
     * @param dstWidth Width of destination area
     * @param dstHeight Height of destination area
     * @param scalingLogic Logic to use to avoid image stretching
     * @return Decoded bitmap
     */
    public static Bitmap decodeResource(Resources res, int resId, int dstWidth, int dstHeight,
            ScalingLogic scalingLogic) {
        Options options = new Options();
        options.inJustDecodeBounds = true;
        BitmapFactory.decodeResource(res, resId, options);
        options.inJustDecodeBounds = false;
        options.inSampleSize = calculateSampleSize(options.outWidth, options.outHeight, dstWidth,
                dstHeight, scalingLogic);
        Bitmap unscaledBitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(res, resId, options);

        return unscaledBitmap;
    }
    public static Bitmap decodeFile(String path, int dstWidth, int dstHeight,
            ScalingLogic scalingLogic) {
        Options options = new Options();
        options.inJustDecodeBounds = true;
        BitmapFactory.decodeFile(path, options);
        options.inJustDecodeBounds = false;
        options.inSampleSize = calculateSampleSize(options.outWidth, options.outHeight, dstWidth,
                dstHeight, scalingLogic);
        Bitmap unscaledBitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeFile(path, options);

        return unscaledBitmap;
    }

    /**
     * Utility function for creating a scaled version of an existing bitmap
     *
     * @param unscaledBitmap Bitmap to scale
     * @param dstWidth Wanted width of destination bitmap
     * @param dstHeight Wanted height of destination bitmap
     * @param scalingLogic Logic to use to avoid image stretching
     * @return New scaled bitmap object
     */
    public static Bitmap createScaledBitmap(Bitmap unscaledBitmap, int dstWidth, int dstHeight,
            ScalingLogic scalingLogic) {
        Rect srcRect = calculateSrcRect(unscaledBitmap.getWidth(), unscaledBitmap.getHeight(),
                dstWidth, dstHeight, scalingLogic);
        Rect dstRect = calculateDstRect(unscaledBitmap.getWidth(), unscaledBitmap.getHeight(),
                dstWidth, dstHeight, scalingLogic);
        Bitmap scaledBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(dstRect.width(), dstRect.height(),
                Config.ARGB_8888);
        Canvas canvas = new Canvas(scaledBitmap);
        canvas.drawBitmap(unscaledBitmap, srcRect, dstRect, new Paint(Paint.FILTER_BITMAP_FLAG));

        return scaledBitmap;
    }

    /**
     * ScalingLogic defines how scaling should be carried out if source and
     * destination image has different aspect ratio.
     *
     * CROP: Scales the image the minimum amount while making sure that at least
     * one of the two dimensions fit inside the requested destination area.
     * Parts of the source image will be cropped to realize this.
     *
     * FIT: Scales the image the minimum amount while making sure both
     * dimensions fit inside the requested destination area. The resulting
     * destination dimensions might be adjusted to a smaller size than
     * requested.
     */
    public static enum ScalingLogic {
        CROP, FIT
    }

    /**
     * Calculate optimal down-sampling factor given the dimensions of a source
     * image, the dimensions of a destination area and a scaling logic.
     *
     * @param srcWidth Width of source image
     * @param srcHeight Height of source image
     * @param dstWidth Width of destination area
     * @param dstHeight Height of destination area
     * @param scalingLogic Logic to use to avoid image stretching
     * @return Optimal down scaling sample size for decoding
     */
    public static int calculateSampleSize(int srcWidth, int srcHeight, int dstWidth, int dstHeight,
            ScalingLogic scalingLogic) {
        if (scalingLogic == ScalingLogic.FIT) {
            final float srcAspect = (float)srcWidth / (float)srcHeight;
            final float dstAspect = (float)dstWidth / (float)dstHeight;

            if (srcAspect > dstAspect) {
                return srcWidth / dstWidth;
            } else {
                return srcHeight / dstHeight;
            }
        } else {
            final float srcAspect = (float)srcWidth / (float)srcHeight;
            final float dstAspect = (float)dstWidth / (float)dstHeight;

            if (srcAspect > dstAspect) {
                return srcHeight / dstHeight;
            } else {
                return srcWidth / dstWidth;
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Calculates source rectangle for scaling bitmap
     *
     * @param srcWidth Width of source image
     * @param srcHeight Height of source image
     * @param dstWidth Width of destination area
     * @param dstHeight Height of destination area
     * @param scalingLogic Logic to use to avoid image stretching
     * @return Optimal source rectangle
     */
    public static Rect calculateSrcRect(int srcWidth, int srcHeight, int dstWidth, int dstHeight,
            ScalingLogic scalingLogic) {
        if (scalingLogic == ScalingLogic.CROP) {
            final float srcAspect = (float)srcWidth / (float)srcHeight;
            final float dstAspect = (float)dstWidth / (float)dstHeight;

            if (srcAspect > dstAspect) {
                final int srcRectWidth = (int)(srcHeight * dstAspect);
                final int srcRectLeft = (srcWidth - srcRectWidth) / 2;
                return new Rect(srcRectLeft, 0, srcRectLeft + srcRectWidth, srcHeight);
            } else {
                final int srcRectHeight = (int)(srcWidth / dstAspect);
                final int scrRectTop = (int)(srcHeight - srcRectHeight) / 2;
                return new Rect(0, scrRectTop, srcWidth, scrRectTop + srcRectHeight);
            }
        } else {
            return new Rect(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Calculates destination rectangle for scaling bitmap
     *
     * @param srcWidth Width of source image
     * @param srcHeight Height of source image
     * @param dstWidth Width of destination area
     * @param dstHeight Height of destination area
     * @param scalingLogic Logic to use to avoid image stretching
     * @return Optimal destination rectangle
     */
    public static Rect calculateDstRect(int srcWidth, int srcHeight, int dstWidth, int dstHeight,
            ScalingLogic scalingLogic) {
        if (scalingLogic == ScalingLogic.FIT) {
            final float srcAspect = (float)srcWidth / (float)srcHeight;
            final float dstAspect = (float)dstWidth / (float)dstHeight;

            if (srcAspect > dstAspect) {
                return new Rect(0, 0, dstWidth, (int)(dstWidth / srcAspect));
            } else {
                return new Rect(0, 0, (int)(dstHeight * srcAspect), dstHeight);
            }
        } else {
            return new Rect(0, 0, dstWidth, dstHeight);
        }
    }

}
50
Biraj Zalavadia

Ich verwende diese Funktion, um die Größe des Bildes vor dem Hochladen zu reduzieren, die Größe des Bildes auf fast 200 KB zu reduzieren und die Qualität relativ gut zu halten. Möglicherweise ändern Sie es durch Ändern von REQUIRED_SIZE und inSampleSize:

public File saveBitmapToFile(File file){
    try {

        // BitmapFactory options to downsize the image
        BitmapFactory.Options o = new BitmapFactory.Options();
        o.inJustDecodeBounds = true;
        o.inSampleSize = 6;
        // factor of downsizing the image

        FileInputStream inputStream = new FileInputStream(file);
        //Bitmap selectedBitmap = null;
        BitmapFactory.decodeStream(inputStream, null, o);
        inputStream.close();

        // The new size we want to scale to
        final int REQUIRED_SIZE=75;

        // Find the correct scale value. It should be the power of 2.
        int scale = 1;
        while(o.outWidth / scale / 2 >= REQUIRED_SIZE &&
                        o.outHeight / scale / 2 >= REQUIRED_SIZE) {
            scale *= 2;
        }

        BitmapFactory.Options o2 = new BitmapFactory.Options();
        o2.inSampleSize = scale;
        inputStream = new FileInputStream(file);

        Bitmap selectedBitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeStream(inputStream, null, o2);
        inputStream.close();

        // here i override the original image file
        file.createNewFile();
        FileOutputStream outputStream = new FileOutputStream(file);

        selectedBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100 , outputStream);

        return file;
    } catch (Exception e) {
        return null;
    }
}

HINWEIS: Ich skaliere und überschreibe das Originalbild in dieser Funktion und schreibe es möglicherweise auch in eine andere Datei.

Ich hoffe es kann dir helfen.

39
MBH

Hier ist eine Lösung, die im Arbeitsspeicher verwaltet wird und nicht das Generieren einer Datei auf dem Dateisystem erfordert.

Aus einem Fragment, nachdem der Benutzer eine Bilddatei ausgewählt hat:

@Override
public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent imageReturnedIntent) {
    super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, imageReturnedIntent);

    if (imageReturnedIntent == null
            || imageReturnedIntent.getData() == null) {
        return;
    }

    // aiming for ~500kb max. assumes typical device image size is around 2megs
    int scaleDivider = 4; 


    try {

        // 1. Convert uri to bitmap
        Uri imageUri = imageReturnedIntent.getData();
        Bitmap fullBitmap = MediaStore.Images.Media.getBitmap(getActivity().getContentResolver(), imageUri);

        // 2. Get the downsized image content as a byte[]
        int scaleWidth = fullBitmap.getWidth() / scaleDivider;
        int scaleHeight = fullBitmap.getHeight() / scaleDivider;
        byte[] downsizedImageBytes =
                getDownsizedImageBytes(fullBitmap, scaleWidth, scaleHeight);

        // 3. Upload the byte[]; Eg, if you are using Firebase
        StorageReference storageReference =
                FirebaseStorage.getInstance().getReference("/somepath");

        storageReference.putBytes(downsizedImageBytes);
    }
    catch (IOException ioEx) {
        ioEx.printStackTrace();
    }
}

public byte[] getDownsizedImageBytes(Bitmap fullBitmap, int scaleWidth, int scaleHeight) throws IOException {

    Bitmap scaledBitmap = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(fullBitmap, scaleWidth, scaleHeight, true);

    // 2. Instantiate the downsized image content as a byte[]
    ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
    scaledBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, baos);
    byte[] downsizedImageBytes = baos.toByteArray();

    return downsizedImageBytes;
}

Dank an:

1
Gene Bo

Hier ist meine Lösung

/*
* This procedure will replace the original image
* So you need to do a tmp copy to send before reduce
*/
public static boolean reduceImage(String path, long maxSize) {
    File img = new File(path);
    boolean result = false;
    BitmapFactory.Options options = new BitmapFactory.Options();
    Bitmap bitmap = null;
    options.inSampleSize=1;
    while (img.length()>maxSize) {
        options.inSampleSize = options.inSampleSize+1;
        bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeFile(path, options);
        img.delete();
        try
            {
                FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(path);
                img.compress(path.toLowerCase().endsWith("png")?
                                Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG:
                                Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, fos);
                fos.close();
                result = true;
             }catch (Exception errVar) { 
                errVar.printStackTrace(); 
             }
    };
    return result;
}

EDITAndere Prozeduraufrufe entfernt

1
San Juan

dieser Code verkleinert das Bild 

private Bitmap compressImage(Bitmap image) {

        ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        image.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, baos);//Compression quality, here 100 means no compression, the storage of compressed data to baos
        int options = 90;
        while (baos.toByteArray().length / 1024 > 400) {  //Loop if compressed picture is greater than 400kb, than to compression
            baos.reset();//Reset baos is empty baos
            image.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, options, baos);//The compression options%, storing the compressed data to the baos
            options -= 10;//Every time reduced by 10
        }
        ByteArrayInputStream isBm = new ByteArrayInputStream(baos.toByteArray());//The storage of compressed data in the baos to ByteArrayInputStream
        Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeStream(isBm, null, null);//The ByteArrayInputStream data generation
        return bitmap;
    }
0
emad pirayesh