it-swarm.com.de

So erhalten Sie den vollständigen Dateipfad von URI

Ich möchte den vollständigen Dateipfad von einer URI erhalten. Der URI ist kein Bild, sondern eine Musikdatei, aber wenn ich es wie die MediaStore-Lösung mache, funktioniert es nicht, wenn der App-Benutzer z. B. Astro als Browser anstelle von Music Player auswählt. Wie löse ich das?

75
tim687

Verwenden:

String path = yourAndroidURI.uri.getPath() // "/mnt/sdcard/FileName.mp3"
File file = new File(new URI(path));

oder

String path = yourAndroidURI.uri.toString() // "file:///mnt/sdcard/FileName.mp3"
File file = new File(new URI(path));
79
Dmytro Danylyk

Die PathUtil-Methode funktioniert nur unter oreo, und wenn es oreo ist, stürzt es wahrscheinlich ab, da in oreo nicht die ID, sondern der gesamte Pfad in data.getData () abgerufen wird. Sie müssen also nur eine Datei erstellen from uri und hole seinen Pfad von getPath () und teile ihn auf. Im Folgenden ist der Arbeitscode: -

Uri uri = data.getData(); 
File file = new File(uri.getPath());//create path from uri
final String[] split = file.getPath().split(":");//split the path.
filePath = split[1];//assign it to a string(your choice).

Der obige Code funktioniert in oreo und wenn er unter oreo liegt, funktioniert PathUtil. Danke!

String filePath=PathUtil.getPath(context,yourURI);

PathUtil.Java

import Android.annotation.SuppressLint; 
import Android.content.ContentUris; 
import Android.content.Context; 
import Android.database.Cursor; 
import Android.net.Uri; 
import Android.os.Build; 
import Android.os.Environment; 
import Android.provider.DocumentsContract;
import Android.provider.MediaStore;

import Java.net.URISyntaxException;

/**
 * Created by Aki on 1/7/2017.
 */

public class PathUtil {
    /*
     * Gets the file path of the given Uri.
     */
    @SuppressLint("NewApi")
    public static String getPath(Context context, Uri uri) throws URISyntaxException {
        final boolean needToCheckUri = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 19;
        String selection = null;
        String[] selectionArgs = null;
        // Uri is different in versions after KitKat (Android 4.4), we need to
        // deal with different Uris.
        if (needToCheckUri && DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context.getApplicationContext(), uri)) {
            if (isExternalStorageDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + split[1];
            } else if (isDownloadsDocument(uri)) {
                final String id = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                uri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(
                        Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"), Long.valueOf(id));
            } else if (isMediaDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                final String type = split[0];
                if ("image".equals(type)) {
                    uri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("video".equals(type)) {
                    uri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("audio".equals(type)) {
                    uri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                }
                selection = "_id=?";
                selectionArgs = new String[]{ split[1] };
            }
        }
        if ("content".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
            String[] projection = { MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA };
            Cursor cursor = null;
            try {
                cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, projection, selection, selectionArgs, null);
                int column_index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA);
                if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                    return cursor.getString(column_index);
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
            }
        } else if ("file".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
            return uri.getPath();
        }
        return null;
    }


    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is ExternalStorageProvider.
     */
    public static boolean isExternalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.Android.externalstorage.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is DownloadsProvider.
     */
    public static boolean isDownloadsDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.Android.providers.downloads.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is MediaProvider.
     */
    public static boolean isMediaDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.Android.providers.media.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }
}
63
akhilesh0707

Versuche dies.

public String getRealPathFromURI(Uri contentUri) 
{
     String[] proj = { MediaStore.Audio.Media.DATA };
     Cursor cursor = managedQuery(contentUri, proj, null, null, null);
     int column_index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaStore.Audio.Media.DATA);
     cursor.moveToFirst();
     return cursor.getString(column_index);
}
20
Chirag

Sie können get File path aus verschiedenen SDk-Versionen verwenden

Verwenden Sie dafür RealPath Utils

public class RealPathUtils {

@SuppressLint("NewApi")
public static String getRealPathFromURI_API19(Context context, Uri uri){
    String filePath = "";
    String wholeID = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);

    // Split at colon, use second item in the array
    String id = wholeID.split(":")[1];

    String[] column = { MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA };

    // where id is equal to
    String sel = MediaStore.Images.Media._ID + "=?";

    Cursor cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI,
            column, sel, new String[]{ id }, null);

    int columnIndex = cursor.getColumnIndex(column[0]);

    if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
        filePath = cursor.getString(columnIndex);
    }
    cursor.close();
    return filePath;
}


@SuppressLint("NewApi")
public static String getRealPathFromURI_API11to18(Context context, Uri contentUri) {
    String[] proj = { MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA };
    String result = null;

    CursorLoader cursorLoader = new CursorLoader(
            context,
            contentUri, proj, null, null, null);
    Cursor cursor = cursorLoader.loadInBackground();

    if(cursor != null){
        int column_index =
                cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA);
        cursor.moveToFirst();
        result = cursor.getString(column_index);
    }
    return result;
}

public static String getRealPathFromURI_BelowAPI11(Context context, Uri contentUri){
    String[] proj = { MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA };
    Cursor cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(contentUri, proj, null, null, null);
    int column_index
            = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA);
    cursor.moveToFirst();
    return cursor.getString(column_index);
}
}

** Jetzt den Dateipfad von URI holen **

 String path = null;
                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 11)
                    path = RealPathUtils.getRealPathFromURI_BelowAPI11(MainActivity.this, uri);

                    // SDK >= 11 && SDK < 19
                else if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 19)
                    path = RealPathUtils.getRealPathFromURI_API11to18(MainActivity.this, uri);

                    // SDK > 19 (Android 4.4)
                else
                    path = RealPathUtils.getRealPathFromURI_API19(MainActivity.this, uri);
                Log.d(TAG, "File Path: " + path);
                // Get the file instance
                 File file = new File(path);
17
Harsh Bhavsar
package com.utils;

import Android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import Android.content.ContentResolver;
import Android.content.ContentUris;
import Android.content.Context;
import Android.database.Cursor;
import Android.net.Uri;
import Android.os.Build;
import Android.os.Environment;
import Android.provider.DocumentsContract;
import Android.provider.MediaStore;
import Android.support.annotation.RequiresApi;
import Android.text.TextUtils;
import Android.util.Log;

import org.Apache.commons.io.IOUtils;

import Java.io.File;
import Java.io.FileOutputStream;
import Java.io.InputStream;
import Java.io.OutputStream;

public class FileUtils {

    /* Get uri related content real local file path. */
    public static String getPath(Context ctx, Uri uri) {
        String ret;
        try {
            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KitKat) {
                // Android OS above sdk version 19.
                ret = getUriRealPathAboveKitkat(ctx, uri);
            } else {
                // Android OS below sdk version 19
                ret = getRealPath(ctx.getContentResolver(), uri, null);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            Log.d("DREG", "FilePath Catch: " + e);
            ret = getFilePathFromURI(ctx, uri);
        }
        return ret;
    }

    private static String getFilePathFromURI(Context context, Uri contentUri) {
        //copy file and send new file path
        String fileName = getFileName(contentUri);
        if (!TextUtils.isEmpty(fileName)) {
            String TEMP_DIR_PATH = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getPath();
            File copyFile = new File(TEMP_DIR_PATH + File.separator + fileName);
            Log.d("DREG", "FilePath copyFile: " + copyFile);
            copy(context, contentUri, copyFile);
            return copyFile.getAbsolutePath();
        }
        return null;
    }

    public static String getFileName(Uri uri) {
        if (uri == null) return null;
        String fileName = null;
        String path = uri.getPath();
        int cut = path.lastIndexOf('/');
        if (cut != -1) {
            fileName = path.substring(cut + 1);
        }
        return fileName;
    }

    public static void copy(Context context, Uri srcUri, File dstFile) {
        try {
            InputStream inputStream = context.getContentResolver().openInputStream(srcUri);
            if (inputStream == null) return;
            OutputStream outputStream = new FileOutputStream(dstFile);
            IOUtils.copyStream(inputStream, outputStream); // org.Apache.commons.io
            inputStream.close();
            outputStream.close();
        } catch (Exception e) { // IOException
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    @RequiresApi(api = Build.VERSION_CODES.KitKat)
    private static String getUriRealPathAboveKitkat(Context ctx, Uri uri) {
        String ret = "";

        if (ctx != null && uri != null) {

            if (isContentUri(uri)) {
                if (isGooglePhotoDoc(uri.getAuthority())) {
                    ret = uri.getLastPathSegment();
                } else {
                    ret = getRealPath(ctx.getContentResolver(), uri, null);
                }
            } else if (isFileUri(uri)) {
                ret = uri.getPath();
            } else if (isDocumentUri(ctx, uri)) {

                // Get uri related document id.
                String documentId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);

                // Get uri authority.
                String uriAuthority = uri.getAuthority();

                if (isMediaDoc(uriAuthority)) {
                    String idArr[] = documentId.split(":");
                    if (idArr.length == 2) {
                        // First item is document type.
                        String docType = idArr[0];

                        // Second item is document real id.
                        String realDocId = idArr[1];

                        // Get content uri by document type.
                        Uri mediaContentUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                        if ("image".equals(docType)) {
                            mediaContentUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                        } else if ("video".equals(docType)) {
                            mediaContentUri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                        } else if ("audio".equals(docType)) {
                            mediaContentUri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                        }

                        // Get where clause with real document id.
                        String whereClause = MediaStore.Images.Media._ID + " = " + realDocId;

                        ret = getRealPath(ctx.getContentResolver(), mediaContentUri, whereClause);
                    }

                } else if (isDownloadDoc(uriAuthority)) {
                    // Build download uri.
                    Uri downloadUri = Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads");

                    // Append download document id at uri end.
                    Uri downloadUriAppendId = ContentUris.withAppendedId(downloadUri, Long.valueOf(documentId));

                    ret = getRealPath(ctx.getContentResolver(), downloadUriAppendId, null);

                } else if (isExternalStoreDoc(uriAuthority)) {
                    String idArr[] = documentId.split(":");
                    if (idArr.length == 2) {
                        String type = idArr[0];
                        String realDocId = idArr[1];

                        if ("primary".equalsIgnoreCase(type)) {
                            ret = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + realDocId;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        return ret;
    }

    /* Check whether this uri represent a document or not. */
    @RequiresApi(api = Build.VERSION_CODES.KitKat)
    private static boolean isDocumentUri(Context ctx, Uri uri) {
        boolean ret = false;
        if (ctx != null && uri != null) {
            ret = DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(ctx, uri);
        }
        return ret;
    }

    /* Check whether this uri is a content uri or not.
     *  content uri like content://media/external/images/media/1302716
     *  */
    private static boolean isContentUri(Uri uri) {
        boolean ret = false;
        if (uri != null) {
            String uriSchema = uri.getScheme();
            if ("content".equalsIgnoreCase(uriSchema)) {
                ret = true;
            }
        }
        return ret;
    }

    /* Check whether this uri is a file uri or not.
     *  file uri like file:///storage/41B7-12F1/DCIM/Camera/IMG_20180211_095139.jpg
     * */
    private static boolean isFileUri(Uri uri) {
        boolean ret = false;
        if (uri != null) {
            String uriSchema = uri.getScheme();
            if ("file".equalsIgnoreCase(uriSchema)) {
                ret = true;
            }
        }
        return ret;
    }

    /* Check whether this document is provided by ExternalStorageProvider. */
    private static boolean isExternalStoreDoc(String uriAuthority) {
        boolean ret = false;

        if ("com.Android.externalstorage.documents".equals(uriAuthority)) {
            ret = true;
        }

        return ret;
    }

    /* Check whether this document is provided by DownloadsProvider. */
    private static boolean isDownloadDoc(String uriAuthority) {
        boolean ret = false;

        if ("com.Android.providers.downloads.documents".equals(uriAuthority)) {
            ret = true;
        }

        return ret;
    }

    /* Check whether this document is provided by MediaProvider. */
    private static boolean isMediaDoc(String uriAuthority) {
        boolean ret = false;

        if ("com.Android.providers.media.documents".equals(uriAuthority)) {
            ret = true;
        }

        return ret;
    }

    /* Check whether this document is provided by google photos. */
    private static boolean isGooglePhotoDoc(String uriAuthority) {
        boolean ret = false;

        if ("com.google.Android.apps.photos.content".equals(uriAuthority)) {
            ret = true;
        }

        return ret;
    }

    /* Return uri represented document file real local path.*/
    @SuppressLint("Recycle")
    private static String getRealPath(ContentResolver contentResolver, Uri uri, String whereClause) {
        String ret = "";

        // Query the uri with condition.
        Cursor cursor = contentResolver.query(uri, null, whereClause, null, null);

        if (cursor != null) {
            boolean moveToFirst = cursor.moveToFirst();
            if (moveToFirst) {

                // Get columns name by uri type.
                String columnName = MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA;

                if (uri == MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI) {
                    columnName = MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA;
                } else if (uri == MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI) {
                    columnName = MediaStore.Audio.Media.DATA;
                } else if (uri == MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI) {
                    columnName = MediaStore.Video.Media.DATA;
                }

                // Get column index.
                int columnIndex = cursor.getColumnIndex(columnName);

                // Get column value which is the uri related file local path.
                ret = cursor.getString(columnIndex);
            }
        }

        return ret;
    }

}

in der build.gradle Datei füge dies hinz

implementation 'org.Apache.commons:commons-lang3:3.4'

Rufen Sie nun FileUtils.getPath(context, uri); aus Ihrer Hauptklasse auf.

8
**Get path from URI Use below class for Android all version. 
access any type of File**.

package com.satya.filemangerdemo.common;

import Android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import Android.content.ContentUris;
import Android.content.Context;
import Android.database.Cursor;
import Android.net.Uri;
import Android.os.Build;
import Android.os.Environment;
import Android.provider.DocumentsContract;
import Android.provider.MediaStore;
import Android.provider.OpenableColumns;
import Android.text.TextUtils;
import Android.util.Log;
import Java.io.File;
import Java.io.FileOutputStream;
import Java.io.InputStream;
import Java.util.List;

public class FileUtils {
    private static Uri contentUri = null;

    /**
     * Get a file path from a Uri. This will get the the path for Storage Access
     * Framework Documents, as well as the _data field for the MediaStore and
     * other file-based ContentProviders.<br>
     * <br>
     * Callers should check whether the path is local before assuming it
     * represents a local file.
     *
     * @param context The context.
     * @param uri     The Uri to query.
     */
    @SuppressLint("NewApi")
    public static String getPath(final Context context, final Uri uri) {
        // check here to KitKat or new version
        final boolean isKitKat = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KitKat;
        String selection = null;
        String[] selectionArgs = null;
        // DocumentProvider
        if (isKitKat && DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, uri)) {
            // ExternalStorageProvider
            if (isExternalStorageDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                final String type = split[0];

                String fullPath = getPathFromExtSD(split);
                if (fullPath != "") {
                    return fullPath;
                } else {
                    return null;
                }
            }

            // DownloadsProvider
            else if (isDownloadsDocument(uri)) {
                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
                    final String id;
                    Cursor cursor = null;
                    try {
                        cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, new String[]{MediaStore.MediaColumns.DISPLAY_NAME}, null, null, null);
                        if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                            String fileName = cursor.getString(0);
                            String path = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().toString() + "/Download/" + fileName;
                            if (!TextUtils.isEmpty(path)) {
                                return path;
                            }
                        }
                    } finally {
                        if (cursor != null)
                            cursor.close();
                    }
                    id = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                    if (!TextUtils.isEmpty(id)) {
                        if (id.startsWith("raw:")) {
                            return id.replaceFirst("raw:", "");
                        }
                        String[] contentUriPrefixesToTry = new String[]{
                                "content://downloads/public_downloads",
                                "content://downloads/my_downloads"
                        };
                        for (String contentUriPrefix : contentUriPrefixesToTry) {
                            try {
                                final Uri contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(Uri.parse(contentUriPrefix), Long.valueOf(id));

                         /*   final Uri contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(
                                    Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"), Long.valueOf(id));*/

                                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, null, null);
                            } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
                                //In Android 8 and Android P the id is not a number
                                return uri.getPath().replaceFirst("^/document/raw:", "").replaceFirst("^raw:", "");
                            }
                        }


                    }

                } else {
                    final String id = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                    final boolean isOreo = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.O;
                    if (id.startsWith("raw:")) {
                        return id.replaceFirst("raw:", "");
                    }
                    try {
                        contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(
                                Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"), Long.valueOf(id));

                    } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                    if (contentUri != null) {
                        return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, null, null);
                    }
                }


            }
            // MediaProvider
            else if (isMediaDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                final String type = split[0];

                Uri contentUri = null;

                if ("image".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("video".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("audio".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                }
                  selection = "_id=?";
                 selectionArgs = new String[]{split[1]};


                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, selection,
                        selectionArgs);
            } else if (isGoogleDriveUri(uri)) {
                return getDriveFilePath(uri, context);
            }
        }


        // MediaStore (and general)
        else if ("content".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {

            if (isGooglePhotosUri(uri)) {
                return uri.getLastPathSegment();
            }

            if (isGoogleDriveUri(uri)) {
                return getDriveFilePath(uri, context);
            }
             if( Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == Build.VERSION_CODES.N)
             {
                // return getFilePathFromURI(context,uri);
                 return getMediaFilePathForN(uri, context);
                // return getRealPathFromURI(context,uri);
             }else
             {

                 return getDataColumn(context, uri, null, null);
             }


        }
        // File
        else if ("file".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
            return uri.getPath();
        }

        return null;
    }

    /**
     * Check if a file exists on device
     *
     * @param filePath The absolute file path
     */
    private static boolean fileExists(String filePath) {
        File file = new File(filePath);

        return file.exists();
    }


    /**
     * Get full file path from external storage
     *
     * @param pathData The storage type and the relative path
     */
    private static String getPathFromExtSD(String[] pathData) {
        final String type = pathData[0];
        final String relativePath = "/" + pathData[1];
        String fullPath = "";

        // on my Sony devices (4.4.4 & 5.1.1), `type` is a dynamic string
        // something like "71F8-2C0A", some kind of unique id per storage
        // don't know any API that can get the root path of that storage based on its id.
        //
        // so no "primary" type, but let the check here for other devices
        if ("primary".equalsIgnoreCase(type)) {
            fullPath = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + relativePath;
            if (fileExists(fullPath)) {
                return fullPath;
            }
        }

        // Environment.isExternalStorageRemovable() is `true` for external and internal storage
        // so we cannot relay on it.
        //
        // instead, for each possible path, check if file exists
        // we'll start with secondary storage as this could be our (physically) removable sd card
        fullPath = System.getenv("SECONDARY_STORAGE") + relativePath;
        if (fileExists(fullPath)) {
            return fullPath;
        }

        fullPath = System.getenv("EXTERNAL_STORAGE") + relativePath;
        if (fileExists(fullPath)) {
            return fullPath;
        }

        return fullPath;
    }

    private static String getDriveFilePath(Uri uri, Context context) {
        Uri returnUri = uri;
        Cursor returnCursor = context.getContentResolver().query(returnUri, null, null, null, null);
        /*
         * Get the column indexes of the data in the Cursor,
         *     * move to the first row in the Cursor, get the data,
         *     * and display it.
         * */
        int nameIndex = returnCursor.getColumnIndex(OpenableColumns.DISPLAY_NAME);
        int sizeIndex = returnCursor.getColumnIndex(OpenableColumns.SIZE);
        returnCursor.moveToFirst();
        String name = (returnCursor.getString(nameIndex));
        String size = (Long.toString(returnCursor.getLong(sizeIndex)));
        File file = new File(context.getCacheDir(), name);
        try {
            InputStream inputStream = context.getContentResolver().openInputStream(uri);
            FileOutputStream outputStream = new FileOutputStream(file);
            int read = 0;
            int maxBufferSize = 1 * 1024 * 1024;
            int bytesAvailable = inputStream.available();

            //int bufferSize = 1024;
            int bufferSize = Math.min(bytesAvailable, maxBufferSize);

            final byte[] buffers = new byte[bufferSize];
            while ((read = inputStream.read(buffers)) != -1) {
                outputStream.write(buffers, 0, read);
            }
            Log.e("File Size", "Size " + file.length());
            inputStream.close();
            outputStream.close();
            Log.e("File Path", "Path " + file.getPath());
            Log.e("File Size", "Size " + file.length());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e("Exception", e.getMessage());
        }
        return file.getPath();
    }

    private static String getMediaFilePathForN(Uri uri, Context context) {
        Uri returnUri = uri;
        Cursor returnCursor = context.getContentResolver().query(returnUri, null, null, null, null);
        /*
         * Get the column indexes of the data in the Cursor,
         *     * move to the first row in the Cursor, get the data,
         *     * and display it.
         * */
        int nameIndex = returnCursor.getColumnIndex(OpenableColumns.DISPLAY_NAME);
        int sizeIndex = returnCursor.getColumnIndex(OpenableColumns.SIZE);
        returnCursor.moveToFirst();
        String name = (returnCursor.getString(nameIndex));
        String size = (Long.toString(returnCursor.getLong(sizeIndex)));
        File file = new File(context.getFilesDir(), name);
        try {
            InputStream inputStream = context.getContentResolver().openInputStream(uri);
            FileOutputStream outputStream = new FileOutputStream(file);
            int read = 0;
            int maxBufferSize = 1 * 1024 * 1024;
            int bytesAvailable = inputStream.available();

            //int bufferSize = 1024;
            int bufferSize = Math.min(bytesAvailable, maxBufferSize);

            final byte[] buffers = new byte[bufferSize];
            while ((read = inputStream.read(buffers)) != -1) {
                outputStream.write(buffers, 0, read);
            }
            Log.e("File Size", "Size " + file.length());
            inputStream.close();
            outputStream.close();
            Log.e("File Path", "Path " + file.getPath());
            Log.e("File Size", "Size " + file.length());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e("Exception", e.getMessage());
        }
        return file.getPath();
    }


    private static String getDataColumn(Context context, Uri uri,
                                        String selection, String[] selectionArgs) {
        Cursor cursor = null;
        final String column = "_data";
        final String[] projection = {column};

        try {
            cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, projection,
                    selection, selectionArgs, null);

            if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                final int index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(column);
                return cursor.getString(index);
            }
        } finally {
            if (cursor != null)
                cursor.close();
        }

        return null;
    }

    /**
     * @param uri - The Uri to check.
     * @return - Whether the Uri authority is ExternalStorageProvider.
     */
    private static boolean isExternalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.Android.externalstorage.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri - The Uri to check.
     * @return - Whether the Uri authority is DownloadsProvider.
     */
    private static boolean isDownloadsDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.Android.providers.downloads.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri - The Uri to check.
     * @return - Whether the Uri authority is MediaProvider.
     */
    private static boolean isMediaDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.Android.providers.media.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri - The Uri to check.
     * @return - Whether the Uri authority is Google Photos.
     */
    private static boolean isGooglePhotosUri(Uri uri) {
        return "com.google.Android.apps.photos.content".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }


    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is Google Drive.
     */
    private static boolean isGoogleDriveUri(Uri uri) {
        return "com.google.Android.apps.docs.storage".equals(uri.getAuthority()) || "com.google.Android.apps.docs.storage.legacy".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }


}
5
satyawan hajare

Ich weiß, dass dies bereits beantwortet wurde, aber es gibt einige Probleme, die ich in den Kommentaren gefunden habe. Ich habe eine sehr zuverlässige Lösung gefunden, die sich aus hier ergibt

um es zu benutzen File file=FileUtils.getFile(uri);

public class FileUtils {

//replace this with your authority
public static final String AUTHORITY = "com.ianhanniballake.localstorage.documents";


private FileUtils() {
} //private constructor to enforce Singleton pattern

/**
 * TAG for log messages.
 */
static final String TAG = "FileUtils";
private static final boolean DEBUG = false; // Set to true to enable logging


/**
 * @return Whether the URI is a local one.
 */
public static boolean isLocal(String url) {
    if (url != null && !url.startsWith("http://") && !url.startsWith("https://")) {
        return true;
    }
    return false;
}


public static boolean isLocalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
    return AUTHORITY.equals(uri.getAuthority());
}

/**
 * @param uri The Uri to check.
 * @return Whether the Uri authority is ExternalStorageProvider.
 * @author paulburke
 */
public static boolean isExternalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
    return "com.Android.externalstorage.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
}

/**
 * @param uri The Uri to check.
 * @return Whether the Uri authority is DownloadsProvider.
 * @author paulburke
 */
public static boolean isDownloadsDocument(Uri uri) {
    return "com.Android.providers.downloads.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
}

/**
 * @param uri The Uri to check.
 * @return Whether the Uri authority is MediaProvider.
 * @author paulburke
 */
public static boolean isMediaDocument(Uri uri) {
    return "com.Android.providers.media.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
}

/**
 * @param uri The Uri to check.
 * @return Whether the Uri authority is Google Photos.
 */
public static boolean isGooglePhotosUri(Uri uri) {
    return "com.google.Android.apps.photos.content".equals(uri.getAuthority());
}

/**
 * Get the value of the data column for this Uri. This is useful for
 * MediaStore Uris, and other file-based ContentProviders.
 *
 * @param context       The context.
 * @param uri           The Uri to query.
 * @param selection     (Optional) Filter used in the query.
 * @param selectionArgs (Optional) Selection arguments used in the query.
 * @return The value of the _data column, which is typically a file path.
 * @author paulburke
 */
public static String getDataColumn(Context context, Uri uri, String selection,
                                   String[] selectionArgs) {

    Cursor cursor = null;
    final String column = "_data";
    final String[] projection = {
            column
    };

    try {
        cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, projection, selection, selectionArgs,
                null);
        if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
            if (DEBUG)
                DatabaseUtils.dumpCursor(cursor);

            final int column_index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(column);
            return cursor.getString(column_index);
        }
    } finally {
        if (cursor != null)
            cursor.close();
    }
    return null;
}

/**
 * Get a file path from a Uri. This will get the the path for Storage Access
 * Framework Documents, as well as the _data field for the MediaStore and
 * other file-based ContentProviders.<br>
 * <br>
 * Callers should check whether the path is local before assuming it
 * represents a local file.
 *
 * @param context The context.
 * @param uri     The Uri to query.
 * @author paulburke
 * @see #isLocal(String)
 * @see #getFile(Context, Uri)
 */
public static String getPath(final Context context, final Uri uri) {


    final boolean isKitKat = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KitKat;

    // DocumentProvider
    if (isKitKat && DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, uri)) {
        // LocalStorageProvider
        if (isLocalStorageDocument(uri)) {
            // The path is the id
            return DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
        }
        // ExternalStorageProvider
        else if (isExternalStorageDocument(uri)) {
            final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
            final String[] split = docId.split(":");
            final String type = split[0];

            if ("primary".equalsIgnoreCase(type)) {
                return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + split[1];
            }

            // TODO handle non-primary volumes
        }
        // DownloadsProvider
        else if (isDownloadsDocument(uri)) {

            final String id = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
            final Uri contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(
                    Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"), Long.valueOf(id));

            return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, null, null);
        }
        // MediaProvider
        else if (isMediaDocument(uri)) {
            final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
            final String[] split = docId.split(":");
            final String type = split[0];

            Uri contentUri = null;
            if ("image".equals(type)) {
                contentUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
            } else if ("video".equals(type)) {
                contentUri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
            } else if ("audio".equals(type)) {
                contentUri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
            }

            final String selection = "_id=?";
            final String[] selectionArgs = new String[]{
                    split[1]
            };

            return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, selection, selectionArgs);
        }
    }
    // MediaStore (and general)
    else if ("content".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {

        // Return the remote address
        if (isGooglePhotosUri(uri))
            return uri.getLastPathSegment();

        return getDataColumn(context, uri, null, null);
    }
    // File
    else if ("file".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
        return uri.getPath();
    }

    return null;
}

/**
 * Convert Uri into File, if possible.
 *
 * @return file A local file that the Uri was pointing to, or null if the
 * Uri is unsupported or pointed to a remote resource.
 * @author paulburke
 * @see #getPath(Context, Uri)
 */
public static File getFile(Context context, Uri uri) {
    if (uri != null) {
        String path = getPath(context, uri);
        if (path != null && isLocal(path)) {
            return new File(path);
        }
    }
    return null;
  }


}
4
Bishoy Abd

Snippet-Code, wenn Sie den Dateipfad erhalten.

 Uri fileUri = data.getData();
 FilePathHelper filePathHelper = new FilePathHelper();
 String path = "";
 if (Android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.KitKat) {
       if (filePathHelper.getPathnew(fileUri, this) != null) {
              path = filePathHelper.getPathnew(fileUri, this).toLowerCase();
       } else {
              path = filePathHelper.getFilePathFromURI(fileUri, this).toLowerCase();
       }
 } else {
       path = filePathHelper.getPath(fileUri, this).toLowerCase();
 }

Unten sehen Sie eine Klasse, auf die Sie zugreifen können, indem Sie ein neues Objekt erstellen. Sie müssen auch eine Abhängigkeit in Gradle hinzufügen implementation 'org.Apache.directory.studio:org.Apache.commons.io:2.4'

public class FilePathHelper {

    public FilePathHelper(){

    }

    public String getMimeType(String url) {
        String type = null;
        String extension = MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl(url.replace(" ", ""));
        if (extension != null) {
            type = MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(extension);
        }
        return type;
    }

    public String getFilePathFromURI(Uri contentUri, Context context) {
        //copy file and send new file path
        String fileName = getFileName(contentUri);
        if (!TextUtils.isEmpty(fileName)) {
            File copyFile = new File(context.getExternalCacheDir() + File.separator + fileName);
            copy(context, contentUri, copyFile);
            return copyFile.getAbsolutePath();
        }
        return null;
    }

    public void copy(Context context, Uri srcUri, File dstFile) {
        try {
            InputStream inputStream = context.getContentResolver().openInputStream(srcUri);
            if (inputStream == null) return;
            OutputStream outputStream = new FileOutputStream(dstFile);
            IOUtils.copy(inputStream, outputStream);
            inputStream.close();
            outputStream.close();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public String getPath(Uri uri, Context context) {
        String filePath = null;
        final boolean isKitKat = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KitKat;
        if (isKitKat) {
            filePath = generateFromKitkat(uri, context);
        }

        if (filePath != null) {
            return filePath;
        }

        Cursor cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, new String[]{MediaStore.MediaColumns.DATA}, null, null, null);

        if (cursor != null) {
            if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                int columnIndex = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaStore.MediaColumns.DATA);
                filePath = cursor.getString(columnIndex);
            }
            cursor.close();
        }
        return filePath == null ? uri.getPath() : filePath;
    }

    @TargetApi(19)
    private String generateFromKitkat(Uri uri, Context context) {
        String filePath = null;
        if (DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, uri)) {
            String wholeID = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);

            String id = wholeID.split(":")[1];

            String[] column = {MediaStore.Video.Media.DATA};
            String sel = MediaStore.Video.Media._ID + "=?";

            Cursor cursor = context.getContentResolver().
                    query(MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI,
                            column, sel, new String[]{id}, null);


            int columnIndex = cursor.getColumnIndex(column[0]);

            if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                filePath = cursor.getString(columnIndex);
            }

            cursor.close();
        }
        return filePath;
    }

    public String getFileName(Uri uri) {
        if (uri == null) return null;
        String fileName = null;
        String path = uri.getPath();
        int cut = path.lastIndexOf('/');
        if (cut != -1) {
            fileName = path.substring(cut + 1);
        }
        return fileName;
    }

    @RequiresApi(api = Build.VERSION_CODES.KitKat)
    public String getPathnew(Uri uri, Context context) {
        final boolean isKitKat = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KitKat;

        // DocumentProvider
        if (isKitKat && DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, uri)) {
            // ExternalStorageProvider
            if (isExternalStorageDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                final String type = split[0];

                if ("primary".equalsIgnoreCase(type)) {
                    return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + split[1];
                }
                // TODO handle non-primary volumes
            }
            // DownloadsProvider
            else if (isDownloadsDocument(uri)) {
                final String id = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final Uri contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"), Long.valueOf(id));
                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, null, null);
            }
            // MediaProvider
            else if (isMediaDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                final String type = split[0];
                Uri contentUri = null;
                if ("image".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("video".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("audio".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                }
                final String selection = "_id=?";
                final String[] selectionArgs = new String[]{split[1]};
                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, selection, selectionArgs);
            }
        }
        // MediaStore (and general)
        else if ("content".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
            // Return the remote address
            if (isGooglePhotosUri(uri))
                return uri.getLastPathSegment();
            return getDataColumn(context, uri, null, null);
        }
        // File
        else if ("file".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
            return uri.getPath();
        }
        return null;
    }

    public String getDataColumn(Context context, Uri uri, String selection, String[] selectionArgs) {
        Cursor cursor = null;
        final String column = "_data";
        final String[] projection = {column};
        try {
            cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, projection, selection, selectionArgs, null);
            if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                final int index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(column);
                return cursor.getString(index);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.out.println("Something with exception - " + e.toString());
        } finally {
            if (cursor != null)
                cursor.close();
        }
        return null;
    }

    public boolean isExternalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.Android.externalstorage.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is DownloadsProvider.
     */
    public boolean isDownloadsDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.Android.providers.downloads.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is MediaProvider.
     */
    public boolean isMediaDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.Android.providers.media.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is Google Photos.
     */
    public boolean isGooglePhotosUri(Uri uri) {
        return "com.google.Android.apps.photos.content".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }
}
2
Vivek Barai

Um einen beliebigen Dateipfad abzurufen, verwenden Sie diesen (entnommen aus https://github.com/iPaulPro/aFileChooser ).

package com.yourpackage;

import Android.content.ContentResolver;
import Android.content.ContentUris;
import Android.content.Context;
import Android.content.Intent;
import Android.database.Cursor;
import Android.database.DatabaseUtils;
import Android.graphics.Bitmap;
import Android.net.Uri;
import Android.os.Build;
import Android.os.Environment;
import Android.provider.DocumentsContract;
import Android.provider.MediaStore;
import Android.util.Log;
import Android.webkit.MimeTypeMap;

import Java.io.File;
import Java.io.FileFilter;
import Java.text.DecimalFormat;
import Java.util.Comparator;
import Java.util.List;

/**
 * @author Peli
 * @author paulburke (ipaulpro)
 * @version 2013-12-11
 */
public class FileUtils {
    private FileUtils() {
    } //private constructor to enforce Singleton pattern

    /**
     * TAG for log messages.
     */
    static final String TAG = "FileUtils";
    private static final boolean DEBUG = true; // Set to true to enable logging

    public static final String MIME_TYPE_AUDIO = "audio/*";
    public static final String MIME_TYPE_TEXT = "text/*";
    public static final String MIME_TYPE_IMAGE = "image/*";
    public static final String MIME_TYPE_VIDEO = "video/*";
    public static final String MIME_TYPE_APP = "application/*";

    public static final String HIDDEN_PREFIX = ".";

    /**
     * Gets the extension of a file name, like ".png" or ".jpg".
     *
     * @param uri
     * @return Extension including the dot("."); "" if there is no extension;
     * null if uri was null.
     */
    public static String getExtension(String uri) {
        if (uri == null) {
            return null;
        }

        int dot = uri.lastIndexOf(".");
        if (dot >= 0) {
            return uri.substring(dot);
        } else {
            // No extension.
            return "";
        }
    }

    /**
     * @return Whether the URI is a local one.
     */
    public static boolean isLocal(String url) {
        if (url != null && !url.startsWith("http://") && !url.startsWith("https://")) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * @return True if Uri is a MediaStore Uri.
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static boolean isMediaUri(Uri uri) {
        return "media".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * Convert File into Uri.
     *
     * @param file
     * @return uri
     */
    public static Uri getUri(File file) {
        if (file != null) {
            return Uri.fromFile(file);
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the path only (without file name).
     *
     * @param file
     * @return
     */
    public static File getPathWithoutFilename(File file) {
        if (file != null) {
            if (file.isDirectory()) {
                // no file to be split off. Return everything
                return file;
            } else {
                String filename = file.getName();
                String filepath = file.getAbsolutePath();

                // Construct path without file name.
                String pathwithoutname = filepath.substring(0,
                        filepath.length() - filename.length());
                if (pathwithoutname.endsWith("/")) {
                    pathwithoutname = pathwithoutname.substring(0, pathwithoutname.length() - 1);
                }
                return new File(pathwithoutname);
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * @return The MIME type for the given file.
     */
    public static String getMimeType(File file) {

        String extension = getExtension(file.getName());

        if (extension.length() > 0)
            return MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(extension.substring(1));

        return "application/octet-stream";
    }

    /**
     * @return The MIME type for the give Uri.
     */
    public static String getMimeType(Context context, Uri uri) {
        File file = new File(getPath(context, uri));
        return getMimeType(file);
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is {@link LocalStorageProvider}.
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static boolean isLocalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
        return LocalStorageProvider.AUTHORITY.equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is ExternalStorageProvider.
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static boolean isExternalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.Android.externalstorage.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is DownloadsProvider.
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static boolean isDownloadsDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.Android.providers.downloads.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is MediaProvider.
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static boolean isMediaDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.Android.providers.media.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is Google Photos.
     */
    public static boolean isGooglePhotosUri(Uri uri) {
        return "com.google.Android.apps.photos.content".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * Get the value of the data column for this Uri. This is useful for
     * MediaStore Uris, and other file-based ContentProviders.
     *
     * @param context       The context.
     * @param uri           The Uri to query.
     * @param selection     (Optional) Filter used in the query.
     * @param selectionArgs (Optional) Selection arguments used in the query.
     * @return The value of the _data column, which is typically a file path.
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static String getDataColumn(Context context, Uri uri, String selection,
                                       String[] selectionArgs) {

        Cursor cursor = null;
        final String column = "_data";
        final String[] projection = {
                column
        };

        try {
            cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, projection, selection, selectionArgs,
                    null);
            if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                if (DEBUG)
                    DatabaseUtils.dumpCursor(cursor);

                final int column_index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(column);
                return cursor.getString(column_index);
            }
        }catch (Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
        }finally {
            if (cursor != null)
                cursor.close();
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * Get a file path from a Uri. This will quickGet the the path for Storage Access
     * Framework Documents, as well as the _data field for the MediaStore and
     * other file-based ContentProviders.<br>
     * <br>
     * Callers should check whether the path is local before assuming it
     * represents a local file.
     *
     * @param context The context.
     * @param uri     The Uri to query.
     * @author paulburke
     * @see #isLocal(String)
     * @see #getFile(Context, Uri)
     */
    public static String getPath(final Context context, final Uri uri) {

        if (DEBUG)
            Log.d(TAG + " File -",
                    "Authority: " + uri.getAuthority() +
                            ", Fragment: " + uri.getFragment() +
                            ", Port: " + uri.getPort() +
                            ", Query: " + uri.getQuery() +
                            ", Scheme: " + uri.getScheme() +
                            ", Host: " + uri.getHost() +
                            ", Segments: " + uri.getPathSegments().toString()
            );
        // DocumentProvider
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KitKat && DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, uri)) {
            // LocalStorageProvider
            if (isLocalStorageDocument(uri)) {
                // The path is the id
                return DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
            }
            // ExternalStorageProvider
            else if (isExternalStorageDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                final String type = split[0];

//                if ("primary".equalsIgnoreCase(type)) {
//                    return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + split[1];
//                }
                return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + split[1];

                // TODO handle non-primary volumes
            }
            // DownloadsProvider
            else if (isDownloadsDocument(uri)) {
                try {
                    final String id = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                    Log.d(TAG, "getPath: id= " + id);
                    final Uri contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"), Long.valueOf(id));
                    return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, null, null);
                }catch (Exception e){
                    e.printStackTrace();
                    List<String> segments = uri.getPathSegments();
                    if(segments.size() > 1) {
                        String rawPath = segments.get(1);
                        if(!rawPath.startsWith("/")){
                            return rawPath.substring(rawPath.indexOf("/"));
                        }else {
                            return rawPath;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            // MediaProvider
            else if (isMediaDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                final String type = split[0];

                Uri contentUri = null;
                if ("image".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("video".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("audio".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                }

                final String selection = "_id=?";
                final String[] selectionArgs = new String[]{
                        split[1]
                };

                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, selection, selectionArgs);
            }
        }
        // MediaStore (and general)
        else if ("content".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {

            // Return the remote address
            if (isGooglePhotosUri(uri))
                return uri.getLastPathSegment();

            return getDataColumn(context, uri, null, null);
        }
        // File
        else if ("file".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
            return uri.getPath();
        }

        return null;
    }

    /**
     * Convert Uri into File, if possible.
     *
     * @return file A local file that the Uri was pointing to, or null if the
     * Uri is unsupported or pointed to a remote resource.
     * @author paulburke
     * @see #getPath(Context, Uri)
     */
    public static File getFile(Context context, Uri uri) {
        if (uri != null) {
            String path = getPath(context, uri);
            if (path != null && isLocal(path)) {
                return new File(path);
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * Get the file size in a human-readable string.
     *
     * @param size
     * @return
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static String getReadableFileSize(int size) {
        final int BYTES_IN_KILOBYTES = 1024;
        final DecimalFormat dec = new DecimalFormat("###.#");
        final String KILOBYTES = " KB";
        final String MEGABYTES = " MB";
        final String GIGABYTES = " GB";
        float fileSize = 0;
        String suffix = KILOBYTES;

        if (size > BYTES_IN_KILOBYTES) {
            fileSize = size / BYTES_IN_KILOBYTES;
            if (fileSize > BYTES_IN_KILOBYTES) {
                fileSize = fileSize / BYTES_IN_KILOBYTES;
                if (fileSize > BYTES_IN_KILOBYTES) {
                    fileSize = fileSize / BYTES_IN_KILOBYTES;
                    suffix = GIGABYTES;
                } else {
                    suffix = MEGABYTES;
                }
            }
        }
        return String.valueOf(dec.format(fileSize) + suffix);
    }

    /**
     * Attempt to retrieve the thumbnail of given File from the MediaStore. This
     * should not be called on the UI thread.
     *
     * @param context
     * @param file
     * @return
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static Bitmap getThumbnail(Context context, File file) {
        return getThumbnail(context, getUri(file), getMimeType(file));
    }

    /**
     * Attempt to retrieve the thumbnail of given Uri from the MediaStore. This
     * should not be called on the UI thread.
     *
     * @param context
     * @param uri
     * @return
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static Bitmap getThumbnail(Context context, Uri uri) {
        return getThumbnail(context, uri, getMimeType(context, uri));
    }

    /**
     * Attempt to retrieve the thumbnail of given Uri from the MediaStore. This
     * should not be called on the UI thread.
     *
     * @param context
     * @param uri
     * @param mimeType
     * @return
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static Bitmap getThumbnail(Context context, Uri uri, String mimeType) {
        if (DEBUG)
            Log.d(TAG, "Attempting to quickGet thumbnail");

        if (!isMediaUri(uri)) {
            Log.e(TAG, "You can only retrieve thumbnails for images and videos.");
            return null;
        }

        Bitmap bm = null;
        if (uri != null) {
            final ContentResolver resolver = context.getContentResolver();
            Cursor cursor = null;
            try {
                cursor = resolver.query(uri, null, null, null, null);
                if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                    final int id = cursor.getInt(0);
                    if (DEBUG)
                        Log.d(TAG, "Got thumb ID: " + id);

                    if (mimeType.contains("video")) {
                        bm = MediaStore.Video.Thumbnails.getThumbnail(
                                resolver,
                                id,
                                MediaStore.Video.Thumbnails.MINI_KIND,
                                null);
                    } else if (mimeType.contains(FileUtils.MIME_TYPE_IMAGE)) {
                        bm = MediaStore.Images.Thumbnails.getThumbnail(
                                resolver,
                                id,
                                MediaStore.Images.Thumbnails.MINI_KIND,
                                null);
                    }
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                if (DEBUG)
                    Log.e(TAG, "getThumbnail", e);
            } finally {
                if (cursor != null)
                    cursor.close();
            }
        }
        return bm;
    }

    /**
     * File and folder comparator. TODO Expose sorting option method
     *
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static Comparator<File> sComparator = new Comparator<File>() {
        @Override
        public int compare(File f1, File f2) {
            // Sort alphabetically by lower case, which is much cleaner
            return f1.getName().toLowerCase().compareTo(
                    f2.getName().toLowerCase());
        }
    };

    /**
     * File (not directories) filter.
     *
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static FileFilter sFileFilter = new FileFilter() {
        @Override
        public boolean accept(File file) {
            final String fileName = file.getName();
            // Return files only (not directories) and skip hidden files
            return file.isFile() && !fileName.startsWith(HIDDEN_PREFIX);
        }
    };

    /**
     * Folder (directories) filter.
     *
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static FileFilter sDirFilter = new FileFilter() {
        @Override
        public boolean accept(File file) {
            final String fileName = file.getName();
            // Return directories only and skip hidden directories
            return file.isDirectory() && !fileName.startsWith(HIDDEN_PREFIX);
        }
    };

    /**
     * Get the Intent for selecting content to be used in an Intent Chooser.
     *
     * @return The intent for opening a file with Intent.createChooser()
     * @author paulburke
     */
    public static Intent createGetContentIntent() {
        // Implicitly allow the user to select a particular kind of data
        final Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
        // The MIME data type filter
        intent.setType("*/*");
        // Only return URIs that can be opened with ContentResolver
        intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);
        return intent;
    }
}
1
Sajid2067

Es fiel mir schwer, das auf Xamarin herauszufinden. Aus den obigen Vorschlägen bin ich auf diese Lösung gekommen.

private string getRealPathFromURI(Android.Net.Uri contentUri)
{
    string filename = "";
    string thepath = "";
    Android.Net.Uri filePathUri;
    ICursor cursor = this.ContentResolver.Query(contentUri, null, null, null, null);

    if (cursor.MoveToFirst())
    {
        int column_index = cursor.GetColumnIndex(MediaStore.Images.Media.InterfaceConsts.Data);//Instead of "MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA" can be used "_data"
        filePathUri = Android.Net.Uri.Parse(cursor.GetString(column_index));
        filename = filePathUri.LastPathSegment;
        thepath = filePathUri.Path;
    }

    return thepath;
}
0
Uchenna Nnodim