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GPS-Standort über einen Dienst in Android abrufen

Ich muss die Standorte eines Benutzers mithilfe eines Hintergrunddiensts überwachen und dann laden und den Pfad für den Benutzer anzeigen.

Mit einer Aktivität war es ziemlich einfach, GPS-Positionen zu ermitteln, aber als ich es über einen Dienst erledigen konnte, kam ich zu einem Problem, da es scheinbar nur für Looper-Threads (oder ähnliches) funktioniert.

Als ich im Internet nach einer Lösung gesucht habe, habe ich herausgefunden, dass viele Leute das gleiche Problem hatten, aber keine funktionierende Lösung gefunden wurde. Einige Leute sagen, dass Sie vorbereiten-> Schleife-> beenden müssen, und andere sagen, dass Sie einen Handler-Thread verwenden müssen, aber ich kann trotzdem nicht herausfinden, wie man solche Dinge richtig macht.

54

Ich verstehe nicht, was genau das Problem ist, wenn die Funktion zur Standortüberwachung im Service implementiert wird. Es sieht ziemlich ähnlich aus wie in Activity . Definieren Sie einfach einen Standortlistener und registrieren Sie sich für Standortaktualisierungen .

Manifest-Datei:

<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />
<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION" />
<application
    Android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
    Android:label="@string/app_name" >
    <activity Android:label="@string/app_name" Android:name=".LocationCheckerActivity" >
        <intent-filter >
            <action Android:name="Android.intent.action.MAIN" />
            <category Android:name="Android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
        </intent-filter>
    </activity>
    <service Android:name=".MyService" Android:process=":my_service" />
</application>

Die Servicedatei:

import Android.app.Service;
import Android.content.Context;
import Android.content.Intent;
import Android.location.Location;
import Android.location.LocationManager;
import Android.os.Bundle;
import Android.os.IBinder;
import Android.util.Log;

public class MyService extends Service {

    private static final String TAG = "BOOMBOOMTESTGPS";
    private LocationManager mLocationManager = null;
    private static final int LOCATION_INTERVAL = 1000;
    private static final float LOCATION_DISTANCE = 10f;

    private class LocationListener implements Android.location.LocationListener {
        Location mLastLocation;

        public LocationListener(String provider) {
            Log.e(TAG, "LocationListener " + provider);
            mLastLocation = new Location(provider);
        }

        @Override
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            Log.e(TAG, "onLocationChanged: " + location);
            mLastLocation.set(location);
        }

        @Override
        public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
            Log.e(TAG, "onProviderDisabled: " + provider);
        }

        @Override
        public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
            Log.e(TAG, "onProviderEnabled: " + provider);
        }

        @Override
        public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
            Log.e(TAG, "onStatusChanged: " + provider);
        }
    }

    LocationListener[] mLocationListeners = new LocationListener[]{
            new LocationListener(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER),
            new LocationListener(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER)
    };

    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent arg0) {
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId) {
        Log.e(TAG, "onStartCommand");
        super.onStartCommand(intent, flags, startId);
        return START_STICKY;
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        Log.e(TAG, "onCreate");
        initializeLocationManager();
        try {
            mLocationManager.requestLocationUpdates(
                    LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, LOCATION_INTERVAL, LOCATION_DISTANCE,
                    mLocationListeners[1]);
        } catch (Java.lang.SecurityException ex) {
            Log.i(TAG, "fail to request location update, ignore", ex);
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException ex) {
            Log.d(TAG, "network provider does not exist, " + ex.getMessage());
        }
        try {
            mLocationManager.requestLocationUpdates(
                    LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, LOCATION_INTERVAL, LOCATION_DISTANCE,
                    mLocationListeners[0]);
        } catch (Java.lang.SecurityException ex) {
            Log.i(TAG, "fail to request location update, ignore", ex);
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException ex) {
            Log.d(TAG, "gps provider does not exist " + ex.getMessage());
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onDestroy() {
        Log.e(TAG, "onDestroy");
        super.onDestroy();
        if (mLocationManager != null) {
            for (int i = 0; i < mLocationListeners.length; i++) {
                try {
                    mLocationManager.removeUpdates(mLocationListeners[i]);
                } catch (Exception ex) {
                    Log.i(TAG, "fail to remove location listners, ignore", ex);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    private void initializeLocationManager() {
        Log.e(TAG, "initializeLocationManager");
        if (mLocationManager == null) {
            mLocationManager = (LocationManager) getApplicationContext().getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
        }
    }
}
48
alex.veprik
public class GPSService extends Service implements GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks, GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener, com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationListener {
    private LocationRequest mLocationRequest;
    private GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
    private static final String LOGSERVICE = "#######";

    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        super.onCreate();
        buildGoogleApiClient();
        Log.i(LOGSERVICE, "onCreate");

    }

    @Override
    public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId) {
        Log.i(LOGSERVICE, "onStartCommand");

        if (!mGoogleApiClient.isConnected())
            mGoogleApiClient.connect();
        return START_STICKY;
    }


    @Override
    public void onConnected(Bundle bundle) {
        Log.i(LOGSERVICE, "onConnected" + bundle);

        Location l = LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.getLastLocation(mGoogleApiClient);
        if (l != null) {
            Log.i(LOGSERVICE, "lat " + l.getLatitude());
            Log.i(LOGSERVICE, "lng " + l.getLongitude());

        }

        startLocationUpdate();
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionSuspended(int i) {
        Log.i(LOGSERVICE, "onConnectionSuspended " + i);

    }

    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
        Log.i(LOGSERVICE, "lat " + location.getLatitude());
        Log.i(LOGSERVICE, "lng " + location.getLongitude());
        LatLng mLocation = (new LatLng(location.getLatitude(), location.getLongitude()));
        EventBus.getDefault().post(mLocation);

    }

    @Override
    public void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        Log.i(LOGSERVICE, "onDestroy - Estou sendo destruido ");

    }

    @Nullable
    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionFailed(ConnectionResult connectionResult) {
        Log.i(LOGSERVICE, "onConnectionFailed ");

    }

    private void initLocationRequest() {
        mLocationRequest = new LocationRequest();
        mLocationRequest.setInterval(5000);
        mLocationRequest.setFastestInterval(2000);
        mLocationRequest.setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY);

    }

    private void startLocationUpdate() {
        initLocationRequest();

        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED && ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            // TODO: Consider calling
            //    ActivityCompat#requestPermissions
            // here to request the missing permissions, and then overriding
            //   public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions,
            //                                          int[] grantResults)
            // to handle the case where the user grants the permission. See the documentation
            // for ActivityCompat#requestPermissions for more details.
            return;
        }
        LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, mLocationRequest, this);
    }

    private void stopLocationUpdate() {
        LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.removeLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, this);

    }

    protected synchronized void buildGoogleApiClient() {
        mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
                .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                .addApi(LocationServices.API)
                .build();
    }

}
20
vrbsm

Ich habe es einfach so umgesetzt und habe normalerweise in meiner Service-Klasse gearbeitet

In meinem Dienst

@Override
public void onCreate()
{
    mHandler = new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper());
    mHandler.post(this);
    super.onCreate();
}

@Override
public void onDestroy() 
{
    mHandler.removeCallbacks(this);     
    super.onDestroy();
}

@Override
public void run()
{
    InciarGPSTracker();
}
1
Renan Barbosa

Hier ist meine Lösung

Schritt 1: Registrieren Sie den Dienst im Manifest

<receiver
    Android:name=".MySMSBroadcastReceiver"
    Android:exported="true">
    <intent-filter>
        <action Android:name="com.google.Android.gms.auth.api.phone.SMS_RETRIEVED" />
    </intent-filter>
</receiver>

Step2 Service-Code

public class FusedLocationService extends Service {

    private String mLastUpdateTime = null;

    // bunch of location related apis
    private FusedLocationProviderClient mFusedLocationClient;
    private SettingsClient mSettingsClient;
    private LocationRequest mLocationRequest;
    private LocationSettingsRequest mLocationSettingsRequest;
    private LocationCallback mLocationCallback;
    private Location lastLocation;

    // location updates interval - 10sec
    private static final long UPDATE_INTERVAL_IN_MILLISECONDS = 5000;

    // fastest updates interval - 5 sec
    // location updates will be received if another app is requesting the locations
    // than your app can handle
    private static final long FASTEST_UPDATE_INTERVAL_IN_MILLISECONDS = 500;
    private DatabaseReference locationRef;
    private int notificationBuilder = 0;
    private boolean isInitRef;

    @Override
    public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId) {
        Log.log("LOCATION GET DURATION", "start in service");
        init();
        return START_STICKY;
    }

    /**
     * Initilize Location Apis
     * Create Builder if Share location true
     */
    private void init() {
        mFusedLocationClient = LocationServices.getFusedLocationProviderClient(this);
        mSettingsClient = LocationServices.getSettingsClient(this);
        mLocationCallback = new LocationCallback() {
            @Override
            public void onLocationResult(LocationResult locationResult) {
                super.onLocationResult(locationResult);
                receiveLocation(locationResult);
            }
        };

        mLocationRequest = new LocationRequest();
        mLocationRequest.setInterval(UPDATE_INTERVAL_IN_MILLISECONDS);
        mLocationRequest.setFastestInterval(FASTEST_UPDATE_INTERVAL_IN_MILLISECONDS);
        mLocationRequest.setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY);

        LocationSettingsRequest.Builder builder = new LocationSettingsRequest.Builder();
        builder.addLocationRequest(mLocationRequest);
        mLocationSettingsRequest = builder.build();
        startLocationUpdates();
    }

    /**
     * Request Location Update
     */
    @SuppressLint("MissingPermission")
    private void startLocationUpdates() {
        mSettingsClient
                .checkLocationSettings(mLocationSettingsRequest)
                .addOnSuccessListener(locationSettingsResponse -> {
                    Log.log(TAG, "All location settings are satisfied. No MissingPermission");

                    //noinspection MissingPermission
                    mFusedLocationClient.requestLocationUpdates(mLocationRequest, mLocationCallback, Looper.myLooper());
                })
                .addOnFailureListener(e -> {
                    int statusCode = ((ApiException) e).getStatusCode();
                    switch (statusCode) {
                        case LocationSettingsStatusCodes.RESOLUTION_REQUIRED:
                            Log.loge("Location settings are not satisfied. Attempting to upgrade " + "location settings ");
                            break;
                        case LocationSettingsStatusCodes.SETTINGS_CHANGE_UNAVAILABLE:
                            Log.loge("Location settings are inadequate, and cannot be " + "fixed here. Fix in Settings.");
                    }
                });
    }

    /**
     * onLocationResult
     * on Receive Location  share to other activity and save if save true
     *
     * @param locationResult
     */
    private void receiveLocation(LocationResult locationResult) {
        lastLocation = locationResult.getLastLocation();

        LocationInstance.getInstance().changeState(lastLocation);

        saveLocation();
    }

    private void saveLocation() {
        String saveLocation = getsaveLocationStatus(this);

        if (saveLocation.equalsIgnoreCase("true") && notificationBuilder == 0) {
            notificationBuilder();
            notificationBuilder = 1;
        } else if (saveLocation.equalsIgnoreCase("false") && notificationBuilder == 1) {
            ((NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE)).cancel(1);
            notificationBuilder = 0;
        }

        Log.logd("receiveLocation : Share :- " + saveLocation + ", [Lat " + lastLocation.getLatitude() + ", Lng" + lastLocation.getLongitude() + "], Time :- " + mLastUpdateTime);

        if (saveLocation.equalsIgnoreCase("true") || getPreviousMin() < getCurrentMin()) {
            setLatLng(this, lastLocation);

            mLastUpdateTime = DateFormat.getTimeInstance().format(new Date());

            if (isOnline(this) && !getUserId(this).equalsIgnoreCase("")) {
                if (!isInitRef) {
                    locationRef = getFirebaseInstance().child(getUserId(this)).child("location");
                    isInitRef = true;
                }
                if (isInitRef) {
                    locationRef.setValue(new LocationModel(lastLocation.getLatitude(), lastLocation.getLongitude(), mLastUpdateTime));
                }
            }
        }
    }

    private int getPreviousMin() {
        int previous_min = 0;
        if (mLastUpdateTime != null) {
            String[] pretime = mLastUpdateTime.split(":");
            previous_min = Integer.parseInt(pretime[1].trim()) + 1;

            if (previous_min > 59) {
                previous_min = 0;
            }
        }
        return previous_min;
    }

    @Override
    public void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        stopLocationUpdates();
    }

    /**
     * Remove Location Update
     */
    public void stopLocationUpdates() {
        mFusedLocationClient
                .removeLocationUpdates(mLocationCallback)
                .addOnCompleteListener(task -> Log.logd("stopLocationUpdates : "));
    }

    private void notificationBuilder() {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 26) {
            String CHANNEL_ID = "my_channel_01";
            NotificationChannel channel = new NotificationChannel(CHANNEL_ID, "Channel human readable title",
                    NotificationManager.IMPORTANCE_DEFAULT);

            ((NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE)).createNotificationChannel(channel);

            Notification notification = new NotificationCompat.Builder(this, CHANNEL_ID)
                    .setContentTitle("")
                    .setContentText("").build();

            startForeground(1, notification);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
        return null;
    }
}

Schritt 3

<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION" />
<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />
<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.FOREGROUND_SERVICE" />

Schritt 4

implementation 'com.google.Android.gms:play-services-location:16.0.0'
0
Rajneesh Shukla

Alle diese Antworten funktionieren nicht von M - bis Android "O" - 8, Aufgrund des Dozer - Modus, der den Dienst einschränkt - können alle Dienste oder Hintergrundoperationen, die diskrete Dinge im Hintergrund erfordern, nicht mehr ausgeführt werden.

Der Ansatz würde also das System FusedLocationApiClient über BroadCastReciever abhören, das immer zuhört und sogar im Doze-Modus funktioniert.

Das Veröffentlichen des Links wäre sinnlos und suchen Sie bitte nach FusedLocation mit dem Broadcast-Empfänger.

Vielen Dank

0
Tot