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Erkennen Sie den Netzwerkverbindungstyp auf Android

Wie erkennen Sie den Netzwerkverbindungstyp unter Android?

Ist es durch ConnectivityManager.getActiveNetworkInfo().getType(), und ist die Antwort auf Wifi und Mobile beschränkt?

175
hpique

Wenn das Problem darin besteht, festzustellen, ob das Netzwerk des Telefons angeschlossen ist und schnell genug ist, um Ihre Anforderungen zu erfüllen, müssen Sie alle von getSubType() zurückgegebenen Netzwerktypen behandeln.

Ich habe ein oder zwei Stunden gebraucht, um diesen Kurs zu recherchieren und zu schreiben, um genau das zu tun, und ich dachte, ich würde es mit anderen teilen, die es nützlich finden könnten.

Hier ist ein Gist der Klasse , so dass Sie es gruppieren und bearbeiten können.

package com.emil.Android.util;

import Android.content.Context;
import Android.net.ConnectivityManager;
import Android.net.NetworkInfo;
import Android.telephony.TelephonyManager;

/**
 * Check device's network connectivity and speed 
 * @author emil http://stackoverflow.com/users/220710/emil
 *
 */
public class Connectivity {

    /**
     * Get the network info
     * @param context
     * @return
     */
    public static NetworkInfo getNetworkInfo(Context context){
        ConnectivityManager cm = (ConnectivityManager) context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
        return cm.getActiveNetworkInfo();
    }

    /**
     * Check if there is any connectivity
     * @param context
     * @return
     */
    public static boolean isConnected(Context context){
        NetworkInfo info = Connectivity.getNetworkInfo(context);
        return (info != null && info.isConnected());
    }

    /**
     * Check if there is any connectivity to a Wifi network
     * @param context
     * @param type
     * @return
     */
    public static boolean isConnectedWifi(Context context){
        NetworkInfo info = Connectivity.getNetworkInfo(context);
        return (info != null && info.isConnected() && info.getType() == ConnectivityManager.TYPE_WIFI);
    }

    /**
     * Check if there is any connectivity to a mobile network
     * @param context
     * @param type
     * @return
     */
    public static boolean isConnectedMobile(Context context){
        NetworkInfo info = Connectivity.getNetworkInfo(context);
        return (info != null && info.isConnected() && info.getType() == ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE);
    }

    /**
     * Check if there is fast connectivity
     * @param context
     * @return
     */
    public static boolean isConnectedFast(Context context){
        NetworkInfo info = Connectivity.getNetworkInfo(context);
        return (info != null && info.isConnected() && Connectivity.isConnectionFast(info.getType(),info.getSubtype()));
    }

    /**
     * Check if the connection is fast
     * @param type
     * @param subType
     * @return
     */
    public static boolean isConnectionFast(int type, int subType){
        if(type==ConnectivityManager.TYPE_WIFI){
            return true;
        }else if(type==ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE){
            switch(subType){
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_1xRTT:
                return false; // ~ 50-100 kbps
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_CDMA:
                return false; // ~ 14-64 kbps
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_Edge:
                return false; // ~ 50-100 kbps
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_0:
                return true; // ~ 400-1000 kbps
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_A:
                return true; // ~ 600-1400 kbps
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_GPRS:
                return false; // ~ 100 kbps
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSDPA:
                return true; // ~ 2-14 Mbps
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSPA:
                return true; // ~ 700-1700 kbps
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSUPA:
                return true; // ~ 1-23 Mbps
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_UMTS:
                return true; // ~ 400-7000 kbps
            /*
             * Above API level 7, make sure to set Android:targetSdkVersion 
             * to appropriate level to use these
             */
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EHRPD: // API level 11 
                return true; // ~ 1-2 Mbps
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_B: // API level 9
                return true; // ~ 5 Mbps
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSPAP: // API level 13
                return true; // ~ 10-20 Mbps
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_IDEN: // API level 8
                return false; // ~25 kbps 
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_LTE: // API level 11
                return true; // ~ 10+ Mbps
            // Unknown
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_UNKNOWN:
            default:
                return false;
            }
        }else{
            return false;
        }
    }

}

Stellen Sie außerdem sicher, dass Sie diese Berechtigung für AndroidManifest.xml hinzufügen

<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE"></uses-permission>

Quellen für die Netzwerkgeschwindigkeit sind wikipedia & http://3gstore.com/page/78_what_is_evdo_mobile_broadband.html

430
Emil Davtyan

Sie können getSubtype () für weitere Details verwenden. Sehen Sie sich Folie 9 hier an: http://dl.google.com/io/2009/pres/W_0300_CodingforLife-BatteryLifeThatIs.pdf

ConnectivityManager mConnectivity = null;
TelephonyManager mTelephony = null;
// Skip if no connection, or background data disabled
NetworkInfo info = mConnectivity.getActiveNetworkInfo();
if (info == null || !mConnectivity.getBackgroundDataSetting()) {
    return false;
}

// Only update if WiFi or 3G is connected and not roaming
int netType = info.getType();
int netSubtype = info.getSubtype();
if (netType == ConnectivityManager.TYPE_WIFI) {
    return info.isConnected();
} else if (netType == ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE
    && netSubtype == TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_UMTS
    && !mTelephony.isNetworkRoaming()) {
        return info.isConnected();
} else {
    return false;
}

Schauen Sie sich auch Emil's Antwort an, um mehr darüber zu erfahren.

52
twk

Um genauere (und benutzerfreundlichere) Informationen zum Verbindungstyp zu erhalten. Sie können diesen Code verwenden (abgeleitet von einer @hide-Methode in TelephonyManager.Java ).

Diese Methode gibt einen String zurück, der den aktuellen Verbindungstyp beschreibt.
eines von: "WIFI", "2G", "3G", "4G", "-" (nicht verbunden) oder "?" (unbekannte)

Anmerkung: Für diesen Code ist API 25+ erforderlich. Sie können jedoch ältere Versionen problemlos mithilfe von int anstelle von const unterstützen. (Siehe Kommentare im Code).

public static String getNetworkClass(Context context) {
    ConnectivityManager cm = (ConnectivityManager) context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);      
    NetworkInfo info = cm.getActiveNetworkInfo();
    if(info==null || !info.isConnected())
        return "-"; //not connected
    if(info.getType() == ConnectivityManager.TYPE_WIFI)
        return "WIFI";
    if(info.getType() == ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE){
        int networkType = info.getSubtype();
        switch (networkType) {
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_GPRS:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_Edge:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_CDMA:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_1xRTT:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_IDEN: //api<8 : replace by 11
                return "2G";
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_UMTS:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_0:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_A:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSDPA:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSUPA:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSPA:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_B: //api<9 : replace by 14
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EHRPD:  //api<11 : replace by 12
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSPAP:  //api<13 : replace by 15
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_TD_SCDMA:  //api<25 : replace by 17
                return "3G";
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_LTE:    //api<11 : replace by 13
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_IWLAN:  //api<25 : replace by 18
            case 19:  //LTE_CA
                return "4G";
            default:
                return "?";
         }
    }
    return "?";
}
51
ben75

@ Emil's Antwort ist brillant.

Kleiner Zusatz: Wir sollten den TelephonyManager idealerweise zur Erkennung von Netzwerktypen verwenden. Das oben genannte sollte stattdessen lesen:

/**
 * Check if there is fast connectivity
 * @param context
 * @return
 */
public static boolean isConnectedFast(Context context){
    ConnectivityManager cm = (ConnectivityManager) context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
    NetworkInfo info = cm.getActiveNetworkInfo();
    TelephonyManager tm = (TelephonyManager) context.getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE);
    return (info != null && info.isConnected() && Connectivity.isConnectionFast(info.getType(), tm.getNetworkType()));
}
13
Suchintya

Die Antwort von Emil Davtyan ist gut, es wurden jedoch Netzwerktypen hinzugefügt, die in seiner Antwort nicht berücksichtigt werden. isConnectionFast(int type, int subType) kann also false zurückgeben, wenn es wahr sein sollte.

Hier ist eine modifizierte Klasse, die Reflektion verwendet, um hinzugefügte Netzwerktypen in späteren APIs zu berücksichtigen:

import Android.content.Context;
import Android.net.ConnectivityManager;
import Android.net.NetworkInfo;
import Android.telephony.TelephonyManager;

import Java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import Java.lang.reflect.Method;

/**
 * <p>Utility methods to check the current network connection status.</p>
 *
 * <p>This requires the caller to hold the permission
 * {@link Android.Manifest.permission#ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE}.</p>
 */
public class NetworkUtils {

  /** The absence of a connection type. */
  public static final int TYPE_NONE = -1;

  /** Unknown network class. */
  public static final int NETWORK_CLASS_UNKNOWN = 0;
  /** Class of broadly defined "2G" networks. */
  public static final int NETWORK_CLASS_2_G = 1;
  /** Class of broadly defined "3G" networks. */
  public static final int NETWORK_CLASS_3_G = 2;
  /** Class of broadly defined "4G" networks. */
  public static final int NETWORK_CLASS_4_G = 3;

  /**
   * Returns details about the currently active default data network. When connected, this network
   * is the default route for outgoing connections. You should always check {@link
   * NetworkInfo#isConnected()} before initiating network traffic. This may return {@code null}
   * when there is no default network.
   *
   * @return a {@link NetworkInfo} object for the current default network or {@code null} if no
   * network default network is currently active
   *
   * This method requires the call to hold the permission
   * {@link Android.Manifest.permission#ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE}.
   * @see ConnectivityManager#getActiveNetworkInfo()
   */
  public static NetworkInfo getInfo(Context context) {
    return ((ConnectivityManager) context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE))
        .getActiveNetworkInfo();
  }

  /**
   * Reports the current network type.
   *
   * @return {@link ConnectivityManager#TYPE_MOBILE}, {@link ConnectivityManager#TYPE_WIFI} ,
   * {@link ConnectivityManager#TYPE_WIMAX}, {@link ConnectivityManager#TYPE_ETHERNET}, {@link
   * ConnectivityManager#TYPE_BLUETOOTH}, or other types defined by {@link ConnectivityManager}.
   * If there is no network connection then -1 is returned.
   * @see NetworkInfo#getType()
   */
  public static int getType(Context context) {
    NetworkInfo info = getInfo(context);
    if (info == null || !info.isConnected()) {
      return TYPE_NONE;
    }
    return info.getType();
  }

  /**
   * Return a network-type-specific integer describing the subtype of the network.
   *
   * @return the network subtype
   * @see NetworkInfo#getSubtype()
   */
  public static int getSubType(Context context) {
    NetworkInfo info = getInfo(context);
    if (info == null || !info.isConnected()) {
      return TYPE_NONE;
    }
    return info.getSubtype();
  }

  /** Returns the NETWORK_TYPE_xxxx for current data connection. */
  public static int getNetworkType(Context context) {
    return ((TelephonyManager) context.getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE))
        .getNetworkType();
  }

  /** Check if there is any connectivity */
  public static boolean isConnected(Context context) {
    return getType(context) != TYPE_NONE;
  }

  /** Check if there is any connectivity to a Wifi network */
  public static boolean isWifiConnection(Context context) {
    NetworkInfo info = getInfo(context);
    if (info == null || !info.isConnected()) {
      return false;
    }
    switch (info.getType()) {
      case ConnectivityManager.TYPE_WIFI:
        return true;
      default:
        return false;
    }
  }

  /** Check if there is any connectivity to a mobile network */
  public static boolean isMobileConnection(Context context) {
    NetworkInfo info = getInfo(context);
    if (info == null || !info.isConnected()) {
      return false;
    }
    switch (info.getType()) {
      case ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE:
        return true;
      default:
        return false;
    }
  }

  /** Check if the current connection is fast. */
  public static boolean isConnectionFast(Context context) {
    NetworkInfo info = getInfo(context);
    if (info == null || !info.isConnected()) {
      return false;
    }
    switch (info.getType()) {
      case ConnectivityManager.TYPE_WIFI:
      case ConnectivityManager.TYPE_ETHERNET:
        return true;
      case ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE:
        int networkClass = getNetworkClass(getNetworkType(context));
        switch (networkClass) {
          case NETWORK_CLASS_UNKNOWN:
          case NETWORK_CLASS_2_G:
            return false;
          case NETWORK_CLASS_3_G:
          case NETWORK_CLASS_4_G:
            return true;
        }
      default:
        return false;
    }
  }

  private static int getNetworkClassReflect(int networkType)
      throws NoSuchMethodException, InvocationTargetException, IllegalAccessException {
    Method getNetworkClass = TelephonyManager.class.getDeclaredMethod("getNetworkClass", int.class);
    if (!getNetworkClass.isAccessible()) {
      getNetworkClass.setAccessible(true);
    }
    return (int) getNetworkClass.invoke(null, networkType);
  }

  /**
   * Return general class of network type, such as "3G" or "4G". In cases where classification is
   * contentious, this method is conservative.
   */
  public static int getNetworkClass(int networkType) {
    try {
      return getNetworkClassReflect(networkType);
    } catch (Exception ignored) {
    }

    switch (networkType) {
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_GPRS:
      case 16: // TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_GSM:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_Edge:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_CDMA:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_1xRTT:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_IDEN:
        return NETWORK_CLASS_2_G;
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_UMTS:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_0:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_A:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSDPA:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSUPA:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSPA:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_B:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EHRPD:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSPAP:
      case 17: // TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_TD_SCDMA:
        return NETWORK_CLASS_3_G;
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_LTE:
      case 18: // TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_IWLAN:
        return NETWORK_CLASS_4_G;
      default:
        return NETWORK_CLASS_UNKNOWN;
    }
  }

  private NetworkUtils() {
    throw new AssertionError();
  }

}
7
Jared Rummler

Sie können eine benutzerdefinierte Methode erstellen, um diese Aufgabe auszuführen. 

  public String getNetworkClass(Context context) {
        TelephonyManager mTelephonyManager = (TelephonyManager)
                context.getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE);
        int networkType = mTelephonyManager.getNetworkType();
        switch (networkType) {
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_GPRS:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_Edge:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_CDMA:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_1xRTT:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_IDEN:
                return "2G";
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_UMTS:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_0:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_A:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSDPA:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSUPA:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSPA:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_B:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EHRPD:
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSPAP:
                return "3G";
            case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_LTE:
                return "4G";
            default:
                return "Unknown";
        }
    }
4
Shafqat Kamal

Neben Emil 's beeindruckender Antwort möchte ich noch eine weitere Methode hinzufügen, um zu überprüfen, ob Sie tatsächlich über einen Internetzugang verfügen, da die Daten auf Ihrem Telefon möglicherweise deaktiviert sind. 

public static boolean hasInternetAccess(Context c){
    TelephonyManager tm = (TelephonyManager) c.getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE);
    if(isConnected(c) && tm.getDataState() == TelephonyManager.DATA_CONNECTED)
       return true;
    else
        return false;
}

Beachten Sie, dass dies nur zur Überprüfung dient, ob eine Mobilfunkdatenverbindung besteht, und wird falsch zurückgegeben, wenn eine WLAN-Verbindung besteht, da die Mobilfunkdaten deaktiviert sind, wenn eine WLAN-Verbindung besteht.

2
Chapz
String active_network = ((ConnectivityManager)
    .getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE))
    .getActiveNetworkInfo().getSubtypeName();

sollte dir den Netzwerknamen geben

2
j2emanue

Sie können dies überprüfen

public void checktype() {
    ConnectivityManager cm = (ConnectivityManager) this.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
    NetworkInfo activeNetwork = cm.getActiveNetworkInfo();
    if (activeNetwork != null) { // connected to the internet
        if (activeNetwork.getType() == ConnectivityManager.TYPE_WIFI) {
            // connected to wifi
            Toast.makeText(this, activeNetwork.getTypeName(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        } else if (activeNetwork.getType() == ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE) {
            // connected to the mobile provider's data plan
            Toast.makeText(this, activeNetwork.getTypeName(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }
}
2
Rahul Nagane

Derzeit werden nur MOBILE und WIFI unterstützt. Schauen Sie sich die von Menschen lesbare Funktion an .

0
jarekrozanski

Sie können dies versuchen: 

public String ConnectionQuality() {
    NetworkInfo info = getInfo(context);
    if (info == null || !info.isConnected()) {
      return "UNKNOWN";
    }

    if(info.getType() == ConnectivityManager.TYPE_WIFI) {
        WifiManager wifiManager = (WifiManager) context.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
        int numberOfLevels = 5;
        WifiInfo wifiInfo = wifiManager.getConnectionInfo();
        int level = WifiManager.calculateSignalLevel(wifiInfo.getRssi(), numberOfLevels);
        if(level == 2 )
                return "POOR";
            else if(level == 3 )
                return "MODERATE";
            else if(level == 4 )
                return "GOOD";
            else if(level == 5 )
                return "EXCELLENT";
            else
            return "UNKNOWN";
        }else if(info.getType() == ConnectivityManager.TYPE_MOBILE) {
            int networkClass = getNetworkClass(getNetworkType(context));
            if(networkClass == 1)
                return "POOR";
            else if(networkClass == 2 )
                return "GOOD";
            else if(networkClass == 3 )
                return "EXCELLENT";
            else
                return "UNKNOWN";
        }else
            return "UNKNOWN";  
}

public NetworkInfo getInfo(Context context) {
    return ((ConnectivityManager) context.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE)).getActiveNetworkInfo();
}

public int getNetworkClass(int networkType) {
    try {
      return getNetworkClassReflect(networkType);
    }catch (Exception ignored) {
    }

    switch (networkType) {
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_GPRS:
      case 16: // TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_GSM:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_Edge:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_CDMA:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_1xRTT:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_IDEN:
        return 1;
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_UMTS:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_0:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_A:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSDPA:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSUPA:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSPA:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EVDO_B:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_EHRPD:
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_HSPAP:
      case 17: // TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_TD_SCDMA:
        return 2;
      case TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_LTE:
      case 18: // TelephonyManager.NETWORK_TYPE_IWLAN:
        return 3;
      default:
        return 0;
    }
}

private int getNetworkClassReflect(int networkType) throws NoSuchMethodException, InvocationTargetException, IllegalAccessException {  
    Method getNetworkClass = TelephonyManager.class.getDeclaredMethod("getNetworkClass", int.class);
    if (!getNetworkClass.isAccessible()) {
      getNetworkClass.setAccessible(true);
    }
    return (Integer) getNetworkClass.invoke(null, networkType); 
}

public static int getNetworkType(Context context) {
    return ((TelephonyManager) context.getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE)).getNetworkType();
}
0
said_dev