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Android-Recyclerview-RasterabstandManager-Spaltenabstand

Wie kann der Spaltenabstand mit einem RecyclerView mit einem GridLayoutManager festgelegt werden Das Festlegen des Randes/der Polsterung in meinem Layout hat keine Auswirkungen.

182
hitch.united

RecyclerViews unterstützen das Konzept von ItemDecoration : Spezialversätzen und Zeichnen um jedes Element. Wie in diese Antwort gezeigt, können Sie verwenden 

public class SpacesItemDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {
  private int space;

  public SpacesItemDecoration(int space) {
    this.space = space;
  }

  @Override
  public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, 
      RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {
    outRect.left = space;
    outRect.right = space;
    outRect.bottom = space;

    // Add top margin only for the first item to avoid double space between items
    if (parent.getChildLayoutPosition(view) == 0) {
        outRect.top = space;
    } else {
        outRect.top = 0;
    }
  }
}

Dann fügen Sie es über hinzu

mRecyclerView = (RecyclerView) rootView.findViewById(R.id.my_recycler_view);
int spacingInPixels = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.spacing);
mRecyclerView.addItemDecoration(new SpacesItemDecoration(spacingInPixels));
289
ianhanniballake

Der folgende Code funktioniert gut und jede Spalte hat dieselbe Breite:

public class GridSpacingItemDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {

    private int spanCount;
    private int spacing;
    private boolean includeEdge;

    public GridSpacingItemDecoration(int spanCount, int spacing, boolean includeEdge) {
        this.spanCount = spanCount;
        this.spacing = spacing;
        this.includeEdge = includeEdge;
    }

    @Override
    public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {
        int position = parent.getChildAdapterPosition(view); // item position
        int column = position % spanCount; // item column

        if (includeEdge) {
            outRect.left = spacing - column * spacing / spanCount; // spacing - column * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)
            outRect.right = (column + 1) * spacing / spanCount; // (column + 1) * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)

            if (position < spanCount) { // top Edge
                outRect.top = spacing;
            }
            outRect.bottom = spacing; // item bottom
        } else {
            outRect.left = column * spacing / spanCount; // column * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)
            outRect.right = spacing - (column + 1) * spacing / spanCount; // spacing - (column + 1) * ((1f /    spanCount) * spacing)
            if (position >= spanCount) {
                outRect.top = spacing; // item top
            }
        }
    }
}

Verwendungszweck

1. keine Kante

enter image description here

int spanCount = 3; // 3 columns
int spacing = 50; // 50px
boolean includeEdge = false;
recyclerView.addItemDecoration(new GridSpacingItemDecoration(spanCount, spacing, includeEdge));

2. mit Kante

enter image description here

int spanCount = 3; // 3 columns
int spacing = 50; // 50px
boolean includeEdge = true;
recyclerView.addItemDecoration(new GridSpacingItemDecoration(spanCount, spacing, includeEdge));
334
edwardaa

Das Folgende ist die schrittweise einfache Lösung, wenn Sie den gleichen Abstand um Elemente und die gleiche Artikelgröße wünschen.

ItemOffsetDecoration

public class ItemOffsetDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {

    private int mItemOffset;

    public ItemOffsetDecoration(int itemOffset) {
        mItemOffset = itemOffset;
    }

    public ItemOffsetDecoration(@NonNull Context context, @DimenRes int itemOffsetId) {
        this(context.getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(itemOffsetId));
    }

    @Override
    public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, RecyclerView parent,
            RecyclerView.State state) {
        super.getItemOffsets(outRect, view, parent, state);
        outRect.set(mItemOffset, mItemOffset, mItemOffset, mItemOffset);
    }
}

Implementierung

Fügen Sie in Ihrem Quellcode ItemOffsetDecoration zu Ihrem RecyclerView. .__ hinzu. Der Elementversatzwert sollte die Hälfte des tatsächlichen Werts sein, den Sie als Leerzeichen zwischen den Elementen hinzufügen möchten.

mRecyclerView.setLayoutManager(new GridLayoutManager(context, NUM_COLUMNS);
ItemOffsetDecoration itemDecoration = new ItemOffsetDecoration(context, R.dimen.item_offset);
mRecyclerView.addItemDecoration(itemDecoration);

Legen Sie außerdem den Elementversatzwert als Auffüllung für _RecyclerView fest und geben Sie Android:clipToPadding=false an.

<Android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
    Android:id="@+id/recyclerview_grid"
    Android:layout_width="match_parent"
    Android:layout_height="match_parent"
    Android:clipToPadding="false"
    Android:padding="@dimen/item_offset"/>
76
yqritc

Versuche dies. Es wird für den gleichen Abstand rundum sorgen. Funktioniert mit List, Grid und StaggeredGrid.

bearbeitet

Der aktualisierte Code sollte die meisten Eckfälle mit Spannweiten, Ausrichtung usw. behandeln. Beachten Sie, dass bei Verwendung von setSpanSizeLookup () mit GridLayoutManager die Einstellung setSpanIndexCacheEnabled () aus Leistungsgründen empfohlen wird. 

Mit StaggeredGrid scheint es einen Fehler zu geben, bei dem der Index der Kinder verrückt und schwer zu verfolgen ist, sodass der folgende Code möglicherweise nicht sehr gut mit StaggeredGridLayoutManager funktioniert.

public class ListSpacingDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {

  private static final int VERTICAL = OrientationHelper.VERTICAL;

  private int orientation = -1;
  private int spanCount = -1;
  private int spacing;
  private int halfSpacing;


  public ListSpacingDecoration(Context context, @DimenRes int spacingDimen) {

    spacing = context.getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(spacingDimen);
    halfSpacing = spacing / 2;
  }

  public ListSpacingDecoration(int spacingPx) {

    spacing = spacingPx;
    halfSpacing = spacing / 2;
  }

  @Override
  public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {

    super.getItemOffsets(outRect, view, parent, state);

    if (orientation == -1) {
        orientation = getOrientation(parent);
    }

    if (spanCount == -1) {
        spanCount = getTotalSpan(parent);
    }

    int childCount = parent.getLayoutManager().getItemCount();
    int childIndex = parent.getChildAdapterPosition(view);

    int itemSpanSize = getItemSpanSize(parent, childIndex);
    int spanIndex = getItemSpanIndex(parent, childIndex);

    /* INVALID SPAN */
    if (spanCount < 1) return;

    setSpacings(outRect, parent, childCount, childIndex, itemSpanSize, spanIndex);
  }

  protected void setSpacings(Rect outRect, RecyclerView parent, int childCount, int childIndex, int itemSpanSize, int spanIndex) {

    outRect.top = halfSpacing;
    outRect.bottom = halfSpacing;
    outRect.left = halfSpacing;
    outRect.right = halfSpacing;

    if (isTopEdge(parent, childCount, childIndex, itemSpanSize, spanIndex)) {
        outRect.top = spacing;
    }

    if (isLeftEdge(parent, childCount, childIndex, itemSpanSize, spanIndex)) {
        outRect.left = spacing;
    }

    if (isRightEdge(parent, childCount, childIndex, itemSpanSize, spanIndex)) {
        outRect.right = spacing;
    }

    if (isBottomEdge(parent, childCount, childIndex, itemSpanSize, spanIndex)) {
        outRect.bottom = spacing;
    }
  }

  @SuppressWarnings("all")
  protected int getTotalSpan(RecyclerView parent) {

    RecyclerView.LayoutManager mgr = parent.getLayoutManager();
    if (mgr instanceof GridLayoutManager) {
        return ((GridLayoutManager) mgr).getSpanCount();
    } else if (mgr instanceof StaggeredGridLayoutManager) {
        return ((StaggeredGridLayoutManager) mgr).getSpanCount();
    } else if (mgr instanceof LinearLayoutManager) {
        return 1;
    }

    return -1;
  }

  @SuppressWarnings("all")
  protected int getItemSpanSize(RecyclerView parent, int childIndex) {

    RecyclerView.LayoutManager mgr = parent.getLayoutManager();
    if (mgr instanceof GridLayoutManager) {
        return ((GridLayoutManager) mgr).getSpanSizeLookup().getSpanSize(childIndex);
    } else if (mgr instanceof StaggeredGridLayoutManager) {
        return 1;
    } else if (mgr instanceof LinearLayoutManager) {
        return 1;
    }

    return -1;
  }

  @SuppressWarnings("all")
  protected int getItemSpanIndex(RecyclerView parent, int childIndex) {

    RecyclerView.LayoutManager mgr = parent.getLayoutManager();
    if (mgr instanceof GridLayoutManager) {
        return ((GridLayoutManager) mgr).getSpanSizeLookup().getSpanIndex(childIndex, spanCount);
    } else if (mgr instanceof StaggeredGridLayoutManager) {
        return childIndex % spanCount;
    } else if (mgr instanceof LinearLayoutManager) {
        return 0;
    }

    return -1;
  }

  @SuppressWarnings("all")
  protected int getOrientation(RecyclerView parent) {

    RecyclerView.LayoutManager mgr = parent.getLayoutManager();
    if (mgr instanceof LinearLayoutManager) {
        return ((LinearLayoutManager) mgr).getOrientation();
    } else if (mgr instanceof GridLayoutManager) {
        return ((GridLayoutManager) mgr).getOrientation();
    } else if (mgr instanceof StaggeredGridLayoutManager) {
        return ((StaggeredGridLayoutManager) mgr).getOrientation();
    }

    return VERTICAL;
  }

  protected boolean isLeftEdge(RecyclerView parent, int childCount, int childIndex, int itemSpanSize, int spanIndex) {

    if (orientation == VERTICAL) {

        return spanIndex == 0;

    } else {

        return (childIndex == 0) || isFirstItemEdgeValid((childIndex < spanCount), parent, childIndex);
    }
  }

  protected boolean isRightEdge(RecyclerView parent, int childCount, int childIndex, int itemSpanSize, int spanIndex) {

    if (orientation == VERTICAL) {

        return (spanIndex + itemSpanSize) == spanCount;

    } else {

        return isLastItemEdgeValid((childIndex >= childCount - spanCount), parent, childCount, childIndex, spanIndex);
    }
  }

  protected boolean isTopEdge(RecyclerView parent, int childCount, int childIndex, int itemSpanSize, int spanIndex) {

    if (orientation == VERTICAL) {

        return (childIndex == 0) || isFirstItemEdgeValid((childIndex < spanCount), parent, childIndex);

    } else {

        return spanIndex == 0;
    }
  }

  protected boolean isBottomEdge(RecyclerView parent, int childCount, int childIndex, int itemSpanSize, int spanIndex) {

    if (orientation == VERTICAL) {

        return isLastItemEdgeValid((childIndex >= childCount - spanCount), parent, childCount, childIndex, spanIndex);

    } else {

        return (spanIndex + itemSpanSize) == spanCount;
    }
  }

  protected boolean isFirstItemEdgeValid(boolean isOneOfFirstItems, RecyclerView parent, int childIndex) {

    int totalSpanArea = 0;
    if (isOneOfFirstItems) {
        for (int i = childIndex; i >= 0; i--) {
            totalSpanArea = totalSpanArea + getItemSpanSize(parent, i);
        }
    }

    return isOneOfFirstItems && totalSpanArea <= spanCount;
  }

  protected boolean isLastItemEdgeValid(boolean isOneOfLastItems, RecyclerView parent, int childCount, int childIndex, int spanIndex) {

    int totalSpanRemaining = 0;
    if (isOneOfLastItems) {
        for (int i = childIndex; i < childCount; i++) {
            totalSpanRemaining = totalSpanRemaining + getItemSpanSize(parent, i);
        }
    }

    return isOneOfLastItems && (totalSpanRemaining <= spanCount - spanIndex);
  }
}

Ich hoffe es hilft.

26

Im folgenden Code werden StaggeredGridLayoutManager, GridLayoutManager und LinearLayoutManager behandelt.

public class SpacesItemDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {

    private int halfSpace;

    public SpacesItemDecoration(int space) {
        this.halfSpace = space / 2;
    }

    @Override
    public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {

        if (parent.getPaddingLeft() != halfSpace) {
            parent.setPadding(halfSpace, halfSpace, halfSpace, halfSpace);
            parent.setClipToPadding(false);
        }

        outRect.top = halfSpace;
        outRect.bottom = halfSpace;
        outRect.left = halfSpace;
        outRect.right = halfSpace;
    }
}

Dann benutze es

mRecyclerView.addItemDecoration(new SpacesItemDecoration(mMargin));
13

Hier ist eine Lösung, die benötigt nicht "spanCount" (Anzahl der Spalten) Ich verwende es, weil ich GridAutofitLayoutManager (berechnet die Anzahl der Spalten entsprechend der erforderlichen Zellengröße).

(Beachten Sie, dass dies nur für GridLayoutManager funktioniert.)

public class GridSpacesItemDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {
    private final boolean includeEdge;
    private int spacing;


    public GridSpacesItemDecoration(int spacing, boolean includeEdge) {
        this.spacing = spacing;
        this.includeEdge = includeEdge;
    }

    @Override
    public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {
        if (parent.getLayoutManager() instanceof GridLayoutManager) {
            GridLayoutManager layoutManager = (GridLayoutManager)parent.getLayoutManager();
            int spanCount = layoutManager.getSpanCount();
            int position = parent.getChildAdapterPosition(view); // item position
            int column = position % spanCount; // item column

            if (includeEdge) {
                outRect.left = spacing - column * spacing / spanCount; // spacing - column * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)
                outRect.right = (column + 1) * spacing / spanCount; // (column + 1) * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)

                if (position < spanCount) { // top Edge
                    outRect.top = spacing;
                }
                outRect.bottom = spacing; // item bottom
            } else {
                outRect.left = column * spacing / spanCount; // column * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)
                outRect.right = spacing - (column + 1) * spacing / spanCount; // spacing - (column + 1) * ((1f /    spanCount) * spacing)
                if (position >= spanCount) {
                    outRect.top = spacing; // item top
                }
            }

        }

    }
}

Hier ist der GridAutofitLayoutManager ist jeder interessiert:

public class GridAutofitLayoutManager extends GridLayoutManager {
    private int mColumnWidth;
    private boolean mColumnWidthChanged = true;

    public GridAutofitLayoutManager(Context context, int columnWidth)
    {
        /* Initially set spanCount to 1, will be changed automatically later. */
        super(context, 1);
        setColumnWidth(checkedColumnWidth(context, columnWidth));
    }

    public GridAutofitLayoutManager(Context context,int unit, int columnWidth)
    {
        /* Initially set spanCount to 1, will be changed automatically later. */
        super(context, 1);
        int pixColumnWidth = (int) TypedValue.applyDimension(unit, columnWidth, context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics());
        setColumnWidth(checkedColumnWidth(context, pixColumnWidth));
    }

    public GridAutofitLayoutManager(Context context, int columnWidth, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout)
    {
        /* Initially set spanCount to 1, will be changed automatically later. */
        super(context, 1, orientation, reverseLayout);
        setColumnWidth(checkedColumnWidth(context, columnWidth));
    }

    private int checkedColumnWidth(Context context, int columnWidth)
    {
        if (columnWidth <= 0)
        {
            /* Set default columnWidth value (48dp here). It is better to move this constant
            to static constant on top, but we need context to convert it to dp, so can't really
            do so. */
            columnWidth = (int) TypedValue.applyDimension(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_DIP, 48,
                    context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics());
        }
        return columnWidth;
    }

    public void setColumnWidth(int newColumnWidth)
    {
        if (newColumnWidth > 0 && newColumnWidth != mColumnWidth)
        {
            mColumnWidth = newColumnWidth;
            mColumnWidthChanged = true;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onLayoutChildren(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state)
    {
        int width = getWidth();
        int height = getHeight();
        if (mColumnWidthChanged && mColumnWidth > 0 && width > 0 && height > 0)
        {
            int totalSpace;
            if (getOrientation() == VERTICAL)
            {
                totalSpace = width - getPaddingRight() - getPaddingLeft();
            }
            else
            {
                totalSpace = height - getPaddingTop() - getPaddingBottom();
            }
            int spanCount = Math.max(1, totalSpace / mColumnWidth);
            setSpanCount(spanCount);

            mColumnWidthChanged = false;
        }
        super.onLayoutChildren(recycler, state);
    }
}

Endlich:

mDevicePhotosView.setLayoutManager(new GridAutofitLayoutManager(getContext(), getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.item_size)));
mDevicePhotosView.addItemDecoration(new GridSpacesItemDecoration(Util.dpToPx(getContext(), 2),true));
7
Gil SH

Es gibt nur eine einfache Lösung, die Sie sich jederzeit merken und implementieren können. Keine Fehler, keine verrückten Berechnungen. Legen Sie einen Rand für das Karten-/Elementlayout fest, und legen Sie dieselbe Größe wie das Auffüllen für die RecyclerView fest:

item_layout.xml

<CardView
    Android:layout_width="match_parent"
    Android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    Android:margin="10dp">

activity_layout.xml

<RecyclerView
    Android:layout_width="match_parent"
    Android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    Android:padding="10dp"/>
5
Galya

Der von @edwardaa bereitgestellte Code wurde kopiert, und ich kann RTL ideal unterstützen:

public class GridSpacingItemDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {
    private int spanCount;
    private int spacing;
    private boolean includeEdge;
    private int headerNum;
    private boolean isRtl = TextUtilsCompat.getLayoutDirectionFromLocale(Locale.getDefault()) == ViewCompat.LAYOUT_DIRECTION_RTL;

    public GridSpacingItemDecoration(int spanCount, int spacing, boolean includeEdge, int headerNum) {
        this.spanCount = spanCount;
        this.spacing = spacing;
        this.includeEdge = includeEdge;
        this.headerNum = headerNum;
    }

    @Override
    public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {
        int position = parent.getChildAdapterPosition(view) - headerNum; // item position
        if (position >= 0) {
            int column = position % spanCount; // item column
            if(isRtl) {
                column = spanCount - 1 - column;
            }
            if (includeEdge) {
                outRect.left = spacing - column * spacing / spanCount; // spacing - column * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)
                outRect.right = (column + 1) * spacing / spanCount; // (column + 1) * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)

                if (position < spanCount) { // top Edge
                    outRect.top = spacing;
                }
                outRect.bottom = spacing; // item bottom
            } else {
                outRect.left = column * spacing / spanCount; // column * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)
                outRect.right = spacing - (column + 1) * spacing / spanCount; // spacing - (column + 1) * ((1f /    spanCount) * spacing)
                if (position >= spanCount) {
                    outRect.top = spacing; // item top
                }
            }
        } else {
            outRect.left = 0;
            outRect.right = 0;
            outRect.top = 0;
            outRect.bottom = 0;
        }
    }
}
5
Xingxing

Wenn Sie die Größe Ihres RecyclerView-Objekts in allen Geräten fixieren möchten. Das kannst du so machen

public class GridSpacingItemDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {

    private int mSpanCount;
    private float mItemSize;

    public GridSpacingItemDecoration(int spanCount, int itemSize) {
        this.mSpanCount = spanCount;
        mItemSize = itemSize;
    }

    @Override
    public void getItemOffsets(final Rect outRect, final View view, RecyclerView parent,
            RecyclerView.State state) {
        final int position = parent.getChildLayoutPosition(view);
        final int column = position % mSpanCount;
        final int parentWidth = parent.getWidth();
        int spacing = (int) (parentWidth - (mItemSize * mSpanCount)) / (mSpanCount + 1);
        outRect.left = spacing - column * spacing / mSpanCount;
        outRect.right = (column + 1) * spacing / mSpanCount;

        if (position < mSpanCount) {
            outRect.top = spacing;
        }
        outRect.bottom = spacing;
    }
}

recyclerview_item.xml

<LinearLayout
    xmlns:Android="http://schemas.Android.com/apk/res/Android"
    Android:layout_width="@dimen/recycler_view_item_width" 
    ...
    >
    ...
</LinearLayout>

dimens.xml

 <dimen name="recycler_view_item_width">60dp</dimen>

Aktivität

int numberOfColumns = 3;
mRecyclerView.setLayoutManager(new GridLayoutManager(this, numberOfColumns));
mRecyclerView.setAdapter(...);
mRecyclerView.addItemDecoration(new GridSpacingItemDecoration(3,
        getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.recycler_view_item_width)));

 enter image description here  enter image description here

4
Linh

Die obigen Antworten haben Möglichkeiten zur Einstellung der Randabwicklung für GridLayoutManager und LinearLayoutManager erläutert.

Für StaggeredGridLayoutManager lautet die Antwort von Pirdad Sakhizada: "Mit StaggeredGridLayoutManager funktioniert es möglicherweise nicht sehr gut". Es sollte das Problem bei IndexOfSpan sein.

Sie können es auf diese Weise bekommen:

private static class MyItemDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {
    @Override
    public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {
        super.getItemOffsets(outRect, view, parent, state);
        int index = ((StaggeredGridLayoutManager.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams()).getSpanIndex();
    }
}
4
wklbeta
class VerticalGridSpacingDecoration(private val spacing: Int) : RecyclerView.ItemDecoration() {

  override fun getItemOffsets(
    outRect: Rect,
    view: View,
    parent: RecyclerView,
    state: State
  ) {
    val layoutManager = parent.layoutManager as? GridLayoutManager
    if (layoutManager == null || layoutManager.orientation != VERTICAL) {
      return super.getItemOffsets(outRect, view, parent, state)
    }

    val spanCount = layoutManager.spanCount
    val position = parent.getChildAdapterPosition(view)
    val column = position % spanCount
    with(outRect) {
      left = if (column == 0) 0 else spacing / 2
      right = if (column == spanCount.dec()) 0 else spacing / 2
      top = if (position < spanCount) 0 else spacing
    }
  }
}
3
fraggjkee

Für diejenigen, die Probleme mit staggeredLayoutManager haben (wie https://imgur.com/XVutH5u )

methoden des RecyclerView:

getChildAdapterPosition(view)
getChildLayoutPosition(view)

manchmal wird -1 als Index zurückgegeben, sodass wir möglicherweise Probleme beim Einstellen von itemDecor haben. Meine Lösung besteht darin, die veraltete ItemDecoration-Methode außer Kraft zu setzen:

public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, int itemPosition, RecyclerView parent)

anstelle des Neulings:

public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, RecyclerView parent, State state)

so was:

recyclerView.addItemDecoration(new RecyclerView.ItemDecoration() {
            @Override
            public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, int itemPosition, RecyclerView parent) {
                TheAdapter.VH vh = (TheAdapter.VH) recyclerView.findViewHolderForAdapterPosition(itemPosition);
                View itemView = vh.itemView;    //itemView is the base view of viewHolder
                //or instead of the 2 lines above maybe it's possible to use  View itemView = layoutManager.findViewByPosition(itemPosition)  ... NOT TESTED

                StaggeredGridLayoutManager.LayoutParams itemLayoutParams = (StaggeredGridLayoutManager.LayoutParams) itemView.getLayoutParams();

                int spanIndex = itemLayoutParams.getSpanIndex();

                if (spanIndex == 0)
                    ...
                else
                    ...
            }
        });

Scheint für mich soweit zu arbeiten :)

1
navid

Die ausgewählte Antwort ist fast perfekt, aber die Breite der Elemente kann nicht gleich sein. (In meinem Fall war es kritisch). Ich habe also diesen Code erhalten, der den Platz etwas erhöht, also sind alle Elemente gleich breit.

class GridSpacingItemDecoration(private val columnCount: Int, @Px preferredSpace: Int, private val includeEdge: Boolean): RecyclerView.ItemDecoration() {

/**
 * In this algorithm space should divide by 3 without remnant or width of items can have a difference
 * and we want them to be exactly the same
 */
private val space = if (preferredSpace % 3 == 0) preferredSpace else (preferredSpace + (3 - preferredSpace % 3))

override fun getItemOffsets(outRect: Rect, view: View, parent: RecyclerView, state: RecyclerView.State?) {
    val position = parent.getChildAdapterPosition(view)

    if (includeEdge) {

        when {
            position % columnCount == 0 -> {
                outRect.left = space
                outRect.right = space / 3
            }
            position % columnCount == columnCount - 1 -> {
                outRect.right = space
                outRect.left = space / 3
            }
            else -> {
                outRect.left = space * 2 / 3
                outRect.right = space * 2 / 3
            }
        }

        if (position < columnCount) {
            outRect.top = space
        }

        outRect.bottom = space

    } else {

        when {
            position % columnCount == 0 -> outRect.right = space * 2 / 3
            position % columnCount == columnCount - 1 -> outRect.left = space * 2 / 3
            else -> {
                outRect.left = space / 3
                outRect.right = space / 3
            }
        }

        if (position >= columnCount) {
            outRect.top = space
        }
    }
}

}

1
Kuva
public class GridSpacingItemDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {

    private int spanCount;
    private int spacing;
    private boolean includeEdge;

    public GridSpacingItemDecoration(int spanCount, int spacing, boolean includeEdge) {
        this.spanCount = spanCount;
        this.spacing = spacing;
        this.includeEdge = includeEdge;
    }

    @Override
    public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {
        StaggeredGridLayoutManager.LayoutParams params = (StaggeredGridLayoutManager.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams();
        int column = params.getSpanIndex();

        if (includeEdge) {
            outRect.left = spacing - column * spacing / spanCount; // spacing - column * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)
            outRect.right = (column + 1) * spacing / spanCount; // (column + 1) * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)

            if (position < spanCount) { // top Edge
                outRect.top = spacing;
            }
            outRect.bottom = spacing; // item bottom
        } else {
            outRect.left = column * spacing / spanCount; // column * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)
            outRect.right = spacing - (column + 1) * spacing / spanCount; // spacing - (column + 1) * ((1f /    spanCount) * spacing)
            if (position >= spanCount) {
                outRect.top = spacing; // item top
            }
        }
    }
}

Etwas anders als die Antwort von edwardaa, ist der Unterschied, wie die Spalte bestimmt wird, da in Fällen wie Artikeln mit verschiedenen Höhen die Spalte nicht einfach durch% spanCount bestimmt werden kann.

1
Jonathan Lee

Hier ist meine Modifikation von SpacesItemDecoration, die numOfColums und Platz gleichermaßen oben, unten, links und rechts einnehmen kann. 

public class SpacesItemDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {
    private int space;
    private int mNumCol;

    public SpacesItemDecoration(int space, int numCol) {
        this.space = space;
        this.mNumCol=numCol;
    }

    @Override
    public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view,
                               RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {

        //outRect.right = space;
        outRect.bottom = space;
        //outRect.left = space;

        //Log.d("ttt", "item position" + parent.getChildLayoutPosition(view));
        int position=parent.getChildLayoutPosition(view);

        if(mNumCol<=2) {
            if (position == 0) {
                outRect.left = space;
                outRect.right = space / 2;
            } else {
                if ((position % mNumCol) != 0) {
                    outRect.left = space / 2;
                    outRect.right = space;
                } else {
                    outRect.left = space;
                    outRect.right = space / 2;
                }
            }
        }else{
            if (position == 0) {
                outRect.left = space;
                outRect.right = space / 2;
            } else {
                if ((position % mNumCol) == 0) {
                    outRect.left = space;
                    outRect.right = space/2;
                } else if((position % mNumCol) == (mNumCol-1)){
                    outRect.left = space/2;
                    outRect.right = space;
                }else{
                    outRect.left=space/2;
                    outRect.right=space/2;
                }
            }

        }

        if(position<mNumCol){
            outRect.top=space;
        }else{
            outRect.top=0;
        }
        // Add top margin only for the first item to avoid double space between items
        /*
        if (parent.getChildLayoutPosition(view) == 0 ) {

        } else {
            outRect.top = 0;
        }*/
    }
}

und verwenden Sie den folgenden Code in Ihrer Logik. 

recyclerView.addItemDecoration(new SpacesItemDecoration(spacingInPixels, numCol));
1
andy anexinet

Es gibt eine sehr einfache und dennoch flexible Lösung für dieses Problem, indem nur XML verwendet wird, das für jeden LayoutManager geeignet ist.

Angenommen, Sie möchten einen gleich großen Abstand von X (beispielsweise 8 dB).

  1. Wickeln Sie Ihr CardView-Element in ein anderes Layout ein

  2. Geben Sie dem äußeren Layout eine Auffüllung von X/2 (4dp).

  3. Machen Sie den äußeren Layouthintergrund transparent

...

<LinearLayout xmlns:Android="http://schemas.Android.com/apk/res/Android"
    Android:layout_width="200dp"
    Android:layout_height="200dp"
    Android:background="@Android:color/transparent"
    Android:padding="4dip">

    <Android.support.v7.widget.CardView
        Android:layout_width="match_parent"
        Android:layout_height="match_parent">
    </Android.support.v7.widget.CardView>

</LinearLayout>
  1. Verleihen Sie Ihrem RecyclerView eine Auffüllung von X/2 (4dp)

...

<Android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
    Android:layout_width="match_parent"
    Android:layout_height="match_parent"
    Android:padding="4dp" />

und das ist es. Sie haben einen perfekten Abstand von X (8dp).

1
kaveh gh

danke edwardaas antwort https://stackoverflow.com/a/30701422/2227031

Ein weiterer wichtiger Punkt ist, dass:

wenn Gesamtabstand und Gesamtelementbreite nicht gleich der Bildschirmbreite sind, müssen Sie auch itemWidth anpassen, z. B. für die onBindViewHolder-Methode des Adapters

Utils.init(_mActivity);
int width = 0;
if (includeEdge) {
    width = ScreenUtils.getScreenWidth() - spacing * (spanCount + 1);
} else {
    width = ScreenUtils.getScreenWidth() - spacing * (spanCount - 1);
}
int itemWidth = width / spanCount;

ConstraintLayout.LayoutParams layoutParams = (ConstraintLayout.LayoutParams) holder.imageViewAvatar.getLayoutParams();
// suppose the width and height are the same
layoutParams.width = itemWidth;
layoutParams.height = itemWidth;
holder.imageViewAvatar.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);
0
jk2K

Am Ende habe ich es für meine RecyclerView mit GridLayoutManager und HeaderView gemacht.

In dem folgenden Code habe ich einen Abstand von 4 dB zwischen jedem Artikel festgelegt (2 dB um jeden einzelnen Artikel und 2 dB-Auffüllung um die gesamte Recyclingübersicht). 

layout.xml

<Android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
    Android:id="@+id/recycleview"
    Android:layout_width="match_parent"
    Android:layout_height="match_parent"
    Android:padding="2dp" />

fragment/Aktivität

GridLayoutManager manager = new GridLayoutManager(getContext(), 3);
recyclerView.setLayoutManager(manager);
int spacingInPixels = Utils.dpToPx(2);
recyclerView.addItemDecoration(new SpacesItemDecoration(spacingInPixels));

SpaceItemDecoration.Java

public class SpacesItemDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {

    private int mSpacing;

    public SpacesItemDecoration(int spacing) {
        mSpacing = spacing;
    }

    @Override
    public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.State state) {
        outRect.left = mSpacing;
        outRect.top = mSpacing;
        outRect.right = mSpacing;
        outRect.bottom = mSpacing;
    }
}

Utils.Java

public static int dpToPx(final float dp) {
    return Math.round(dp * (Resources.getSystem().getDisplayMetrics().xdpi / DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_DEFAULT));
}
0
Simon Schubert

Um https://stackoverflow.com/a/29905000/1649371 (oben) zu lösen, musste ich die folgenden Methoden (und alle nachfolgenden Aufrufe) ändern

@SuppressWarnings("all")
protected int getItemSpanSize(RecyclerView parent, View view, int childIndex) {

    RecyclerView.LayoutManager mgr = parent.getLayoutManager();
    if (mgr instanceof GridLayoutManager) {
        return ((GridLayoutManager) mgr).getSpanSizeLookup().getSpanSize(childIndex);
    } else if (mgr instanceof StaggeredGridLayoutManager) {
        return ((StaggeredGridLayoutManager.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams()).isFullSpan() ? spanCount : 1;
    } else if (mgr instanceof LinearLayoutManager) {
        return 1;
    }

    return -1;
}

@SuppressWarnings("all")
protected int getItemSpanIndex(RecyclerView parent, View view, int childIndex) {

    RecyclerView.LayoutManager mgr = parent.getLayoutManager();
    if (mgr instanceof GridLayoutManager) {
        return ((GridLayoutManager) mgr).getSpanSizeLookup().getSpanIndex(childIndex, spanCount);
    } else if (mgr instanceof StaggeredGridLayoutManager) {
        return ((StaggeredGridLayoutManager.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams()).getSpanIndex();
    } else if (mgr instanceof LinearLayoutManager) {
        return 0;
    }

    return -1;
}
0

Eine Kotlin-Version, die ich basierend auf der großartigen Antwort von edwardaa gemacht habe

class RecyclerItemDecoration(private val spanCount: Int, private val spacing: Int) : RecyclerView.ItemDecoration() {

  override fun getItemOffsets(outRect: Rect, view: View, parent: RecyclerView, state: RecyclerView.State) {

    val spacing = Math.round(spacing * parent.context.resources.displayMetrics.density)
    val position = parent.getChildAdapterPosition(view)
    val column = position % spanCount

    outRect.left = spacing - column * spacing / spanCount
    outRect.right = (column + 1) * spacing / spanCount

    outRect.top = if (position < spanCount) spacing else 0
    outRect.bottom = spacing
  }

}
0
Leon

Wenn Sie einen Umschalter haben, der zwischen der Liste und dem Raster wechselt, vergessen Sie nicht, recyclerView.removeItemDecoration() aufzurufen, bevor Sie eine neue Elementdekoration einstellen. Wenn nicht, dann wären die neuen Berechnungen für den Abstand falsch.


Etwas wie das.

        recyclerView.removeItemDecoration(gridItemDecorator)
        recyclerView.removeItemDecoration(listItemDecorator)
        if (showAsList){
            recyclerView.layoutManager = LinearLayoutManager(this, LinearLayoutManager.VERTICAL, false)
            recyclerView.addItemDecoration(listItemDecorator)
        }
        else{
            recyclerView.layoutManager = GridLayoutManager(this, spanCount)
            recyclerView.addItemDecoration(gridItemDecorator)
        }
0
Sahil Patel

Wenn Sie Header mit GridLayoutManager verwenden, verwenden Sie diesen in kotlin geschriebenen Code für den Abstand zwischen den Gittern:

inner class SpacesItemDecoration(itemSpace: Int) : RecyclerView.ItemDecoration() {
    var space: Int = itemSpace

    override fun getItemOffsets(outRect: Rect?, view: View?, parent: RecyclerView?, state: RecyclerView.State?) {
        super.getItemOffsets(outRect, view, parent, state)
        val position = parent!!.getChildAdapterPosition(view)
        val viewType = parent.adapter.getItemViewType(position)
       //check to not to set any margin to header item 
        if (viewType == GridViewAdapter.TYPE_HEADER) {
            outRect!!.top = 0
            outRect.left = 0
            outRect.right = 0
            outRect.bottom = 0
        } else {
            outRect!!.left = space
            outRect.right = space
            outRect.bottom = space

            if (parent.getChildLayoutPosition(view) == 0) {
                outRect.top = space
            } else {
                outRect.top = 0
            }
        }
    }
    }

Und übergeben Sie ItemDecoration an recyclerview als

mIssueGridView.addItemDecoration(SpacesItemDecoration(10))
0
Kapil Rajput

Dieser Link hat für mich in allen Situationen funktioniert, dass Sie dies versuchen können.

0
Vivek Barai

Dies funktioniert auch für RecyclerView mit Header.

public class GridSpacingItemDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {

    private int spanCount;
    private int spacing;
    private boolean includeEdge;
    private int headerNum;

    public GridSpacingItemDecoration(int spanCount, int spacing, boolean includeEdge, int headerNum) {
        this.spanCount = spanCount;
        this.spacing = spacing;
        this.includeEdge = includeEdge;
        this.headerNum = headerNum;
    }

    @Override
    public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {
        int position = parent.getChildAdapterPosition(view) - headerNum; // item position

        if (position >= 0) {
            int column = position % spanCount; // item column

            if (includeEdge) {
                outRect.left = spacing - column * spacing / spanCount; // spacing - column * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)
                outRect.right = (column + 1) * spacing / spanCount; // (column + 1) * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)

                if (position < spanCount) { // top Edge
                    outRect.top = spacing;
                }
                outRect.bottom = spacing; // item bottom
            } else {
                outRect.left = column * spacing / spanCount; // column * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)
                outRect.right = spacing - (column + 1) * spacing / spanCount; // spacing - (column + 1) * ((1f /    spanCount) * spacing)
                if (position >= spanCount) {
                    outRect.top = spacing; // item top
                }
            }
        } else {
            outRect.left = 0;
            outRect.right = 0;
            outRect.top = 0;
            outRect.bottom = 0;
        }
    }
    }
}
0
DeepakPanwar