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So sichern Sie eine SQL-Datenbank programmgesteuert in C #

Ich möchte einen Code schreiben, um meine SQL Server 2008-Datenbank mithilfe von C # in .Net 4 FrameWork zu sichern. Kann jemand dabei helfen?.

29
user1287692

Der folgende Link hat vollständige Details zum Sichern der SQL Server 2008-Datenbank mit c # erläutert.

SQL-Datenbank-Backup kann auf verschiedene Weise durchgeführt werden. Sie können SQL-Befehle wie in der anderen Antwort verwenden oder eine eigene Klasse erstellen, um Daten zu sichern.

Dies ist jedoch ein anderer Sicherungsmodus.

  1. Vollständige Datenbanksicherung
  2. Differenzielle Datenbanksicherung
  3. Transaktionsprotokollsicherung
  4. Backup mit Komprimierung

Der Nachteil dieser Methode besteht jedoch darin, dass Ihr SQL Management Studio auf Ihrem Clientsystem installiert werden muss.

9
Kishore Kumar

sie können mit SqlConnection und SqlCommand eine Verbindung zur Datenbank herstellen und beispielsweise den folgenden Befehlstext ausführen:

BACKUP DATABASE [MyDatabase] TO  DISK = 'C:\....\MyDatabase.bak'

hier für Beispiele.

23
Davide Piras

Es empfiehlt sich, eine Konfigurationsdatei wie folgt zu verwenden:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<configuration>
  <connectionStrings>
    <add name="MyConnString" connectionString="Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=MyDB; Integrated Security=SSPI" ;Timeout=30"/>
  </connectionStrings>
  <appSettings>
    <add key="BackupFolder" value="C:/temp/"/>
  </appSettings>
</configuration> 

Ihr C # -Code wird ungefähr so ​​aussehen:

// read connectionstring from config file
var connectionString = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["MyConnString"].ConnectionString; 

// read backup folder from config file ("C:/temp/")
var backupFolder = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["BackupFolder"];

var sqlConStrBuilder = new SqlConnectionStringBuilder(connectionString);

// set backupfilename (you will get something like: "C:/temp/MyDatabase-2013-12-07.bak")
var backupFileName = String.Format("{0}{1}-{2}.bak", 
    backupFolder, sqlConStrBuilder.InitialCatalog, 
    DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyy-MM-dd"));

using (var connection = new SqlConnection(sqlConStrBuilder.ConnectionString))
{
    var query = String.Format("BACKUP DATABASE {0} TO DISK='{1}'", 
        sqlConStrBuilder.InitialCatalog, backupFileName);

    using (var command = new SqlCommand(query, connection))
    {
        connection.Open();
        command.ExecuteNonQuery();
    }
}
17
Stacked

Funktioniert bei mir:

public class BackupService
{
    private readonly string _connectionString;
    private readonly string _backupFolderFullPath;
    private readonly string[] _systemDatabaseNames = { "master", "tempdb", "model", "msdb" };

    public BackupService(string connectionString, string backupFolderFullPath)
    {
        _connectionString = connectionString;
        _backupFolderFullPath = backupFolderFullPath;
    }

    public void BackupAllUserDatabases()
    {
        foreach (string databaseName in GetAllUserDatabases())
        {
            BackupDatabase(databaseName);
        }
    }

    public void BackupDatabase(string databaseName)
    {
        string filePath = BuildBackupPathWithFilename(databaseName);

        using (var connection = new SqlConnection(_connectionString))
        {
            var query = String.Format("BACKUP DATABASE [{0}] TO DISK='{1}'", databaseName, filePath);

            using (var command = new SqlCommand(query, connection))
            {
                connection.Open();
                command.ExecuteNonQuery();
            }
        }
    }

    private IEnumerable<string> GetAllUserDatabases()
    {
        var databases = new List<String>();

        DataTable databasesTable;

        using (var connection = new SqlConnection(_connectionString))
        {
            connection.Open();

            databasesTable = connection.GetSchema("Databases");

            connection.Close();
        }

        foreach (DataRow row in databasesTable.Rows)
        {
            string databaseName = row["database_name"].ToString();

            if (_systemDatabaseNames.Contains(databaseName))
                continue;

            databases.Add(databaseName);
        }

        return databases;
    }

    private string BuildBackupPathWithFilename(string databaseName)
    {
        string filename = string.Format("{0}-{1}.bak", databaseName, DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyy-MM-dd"));

        return Path.Combine(_backupFolderFullPath, filename);
    }
}
15
Georgy Batalov
            SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection();
            SqlCommand sqlcmd = new SqlCommand();
            SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter();
            DataTable dt = new DataTable();

            con.ConnectionString = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["MyConString"].ConnectionString;
            string backupDIR = "~/BackupDB";
            string path = Server.MapPath(backupDIR);

            try
            {
                var databaseName = "MyFirstDatabase";
                con.Open();
                string saveFileName = "HiteshBackup";
                sqlcmd = new SqlCommand("backup database" +databaseName.BKSDatabaseName + "to disk='" + path + "\\" + saveFileName + ".Bak'", con);
                sqlcmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                con.Close();                 


                ViewBag.Success = "Backup database successfully";
                return View("Create");
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                ViewBag.Error = "Error Occured During DB backup process !<br>" + ex.ToString();
                return View("Create");
            }
2
Hitesh Patel

Sie können die folgenden Abfragen zum Sichern und Wiederherstellen verwenden. Sie müssen den Pfad für die Sicherung ändern

Datenbankname = [Daten]

Backup:

BACKUP DATABASE [data] TO  DISK = N'C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL10_50.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Backup\data.bak' WITH NOFORMAT, NOINIT,  NAME = N'data-Full Database Backup', SKIP, NOREWIND, NOUNLOAD,  STATS = 10
GO

Wiederherstellen:

RESTORE DATABASE [data] FROM  DISK = N'C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL10_50.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Backup\data.bak' WITH  FILE = 1,  NOUNLOAD,  REPLACE,  STATS = 10
GO
1
Hamed

Das hat für mich funktioniert ...

private void BackupButtonClick(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    // FILE NAME WITH DATE DISTICNTION
    string fileName = string.Format("SchoolBackup_{0}.bak", DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyy_MM_dd_h_mm_tt"));
    try
    {
        // YOUR SEREVER OR MACHINE NAME
        Server dbServer = new Server (new ServerConnection("DESKTOP"));
        Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Backup dbBackup = new Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Backup()
        {
            Action = BackupActionType.Database, 
            Database = "School"
        };

        dbBackup.Devices.AddDevice(@backupDirectory() +"\\"+ fileName, DeviceType.File);
        dbBackup.Initialize = true;
        dbBackup.SqlBackupAsync(dbServer);


        MessageBox.Show("Backup", "Backup Completed!");
    }
    catch(Exception err)
    {
        System.Windows.MessageBox.Show(err.ToString());
    }
}


// THE DIRECTOTRY YOU WANT TO SAVE IN
public string backupDirectory()
{
    using (var dialog = new FolderBrowserDialog())
    {
        var result = dialog.ShowDialog();
        return dialog.SelectedPath;
    }
}
0
Farhan
 private void BackupManager_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            txtFileName.Text = "DB_Backup_" + DateTime.Now.ToString("dd-MMM-yy");
        }

        private void btnDBBackup_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(txtFileName.Text.Trim()))
            {
                BackUp();
            }
            else
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Please Enter Backup File Name", "", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);
                txtFileName.Focus();
                return;
            }
        }

        private void BackUp()
        {
            try
            {

                progressBar1.Value = 0;

                for (progressBar1.Value = 0; progressBar1.Value < 100; progressBar1.Value++)
                {

                }

                pl.DbName = "Inventry";
                pl.Path = @"D:/" + txtFileName.Text.Trim() + ".bak";

                for (progressBar1.Value = 100; progressBar1.Value < 200; progressBar1.Value++)
                {

                }

                bl.DbBackUp(pl);
                for (progressBar1.Value = 200; progressBar1.Value < 300; progressBar1.Value++)
                {

                }

                for (progressBar1.Value = 300; progressBar1.Value < 400; progressBar1.Value++)
                {

                }

                for (progressBar1.Value = 400; progressBar1.Value < progressBar1.Maximum; progressBar1.Value++)
                {

                }
                if (progressBar1.Value == progressBar1.Maximum)
                {
                    MessageBox.Show("Backup Saved Successfully...!!!", "", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);
                }
                else
                {
                    MessageBox.Show("Action Failed, Please try again later", "", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Error);
                }
            }

            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Action Failed, Please try again later", "", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Error);
            }
            finally
            {
                progressBar1.Value = 0;
            }
        }
0
JIYAUL MUSTAPHA